List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana

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The List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Montana. There are 26 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Montana.

The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources nationwide according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] The state of Montana is home to 26 of these landmarks, emphasizing Montana's frontier heritage and the passage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Montana's contributions to the national park movement, and other themes.

Two sites in Montana extend across the Idaho state line, and are listed by the National Park Service as Idaho NHLs.

Landmark name[2] Image Date designated[2] Locality[2][3] County[2] Description[3]
1 Bannack Historic District Bannack, Montana. A well preserved ghost town. July 4, 1961 Bannack
45°9′40″N 112°59′44″W / 45.16111°N 112.99556°W / 45.16111; -112.99556 (Bannack Historic District)
Beaverhead Site of Montana's first major gold discovery in 1862, and served as the capital of Montana Territory briefly.[3]
2 Butte Historic District Butte, Montana. July 4, 1961 Butte
46°00′59″N 112°32′10″W / 46.01646°N 112.5361°W / 46.01646; -112.5361 (Butte Historic District)
Deer Lodge and Silver Bow One of the largest and most notorious copper boomtowns in the American West; the district includes more than 6,000 contributing properties.[4]
3 Camp Disappointment CampDissapointmentB.jpg May 23, 1966 Browning
48°35′57″N 112°47′53″W / 48.59917°N 112.79806°W / 48.59917; -112.79806 (Camp Disappointment (Historical))[5]
Glacier Lewis and Clark Expedition site.[6]
4 Chief Joseph Battleground of Bear's Paw Bear Paw Battlefield.jpg June 7, 1988 Chinook
48°22′39″N 109°12′34″W / 48.37750°N 109.20944°W / 48.37750; -109.20944 (Chief Joseph Battleground of Bear's Paw)
Blaine Site of the final engagement of the Nez Perce War.[7]
5 Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home House of Chief Plenty Coups at Chief Plenty Coups State Park. January 20, 1999 Pryor
45°25′35″N 108°32′54″W / 45.42639°N 108.54833°W / 45.42639; -108.54833 (Chief Plenty Coups (Alek-Chea-Ahoosh) Home)
Big Horn The 2-story house of Crow Nation chief Plenty Coups during 1884-1932, plus a log store and the Plenty Coups Spring.[8]
6 Deer Medicine Rocks March 2, 2012 near Lame Deer Rosebud
7 Fort Benton Historic District Missouri River as seen from historic district in Fort Benton November 5, 1961 Fort Benton
47°49′10″N 110°40′11″W / 47.819444°N 110.6697°W / 47.819444; -110.6697 (Fort Benton)</ref>
Chouteau Established as a fur trading center in 1847, the fort prospered with the growth of steamboat traffic starting in 1859 and an 1862 gold strike, but declined with the advent of the railroad.[9]
8 Going-to-the-Sun Road Going-to-the-Sun Road December 18, 1997 Glacier National Park
48°44′N 113°46′W / 48.733°N 113.767°W / 48.733; -113.767 (Going-to-the-Sun Road)
Flathead and Glacier Main parkway through the heart of Glacier National Park.[4]
9 Grant-Kohrs Ranch A split-rail fence and ranch buildings at Grant-Kohrs Ranch on a spring day, with grass in foreground and mountains behind. December 19, 1960 Deer Lodge
46°24′30″N 112°44′22″W / 46.40833°N 112.73944°W / 46.40833; -112.73944 (Grant-Kohrs Ranch)
Powell John Grant[disambiguation needed], the original owner of the ranch, from 1853, is sometimes credited with founding the range-cattle industry in Montana. Conrad Kohrs, who bought the ranch c.1866, was among the foremost "cattle kings" of his era.[10]
10 Great Falls Portage GREAT FALLS PORTAGE, CASCADE COUNTY, MONTANA.jpg May 23, 1966 Great Falls
47°31′52″N 111°09′05″W / 47.531111°N 111.151389°W / 47.531111; -111.151389 (Great Falls Portage)
Cascade The Lewis and Clark Expedition undertook an 18-mile, 31-day portage at Great Falls, one of the most difficult ordeals of their westward trip. The Great Falls Portage NHL is within Giant Springs State Park.[11]
11 Great Northern Railway Buildings Granite Park Chalet.jpg May 28, 1987 Glacier National Park
48°46′05″N 113°46′11″W / 48.76812°N 113.76982°W / 48.76812; -113.76982 (Great Northern Railway Buildings (Granite Park Chalet))
Flathead and Glacier These lodges or associated buildings, dated c.1913-1915, represent European-style hostelries unique among NPS concessions. The landmark contains 5 building groups: Granite Park Chalet, Many Glacier Hotel, Sperry Chalet, Two Medicine Store, and Belton Chalet
12 Hagen Site July 19, 1964 Glendive Dawson An archeological site representing one of the Crow villages after the tribe had split from the Hidatsa on the Missouri River (c. 1550-1675); site has evidence of horticulture and diet.[12]
13 Lake McDonald Lodge Interior of the great room in the Lake McDonald Lodge, showing unique chandeliers, massive rough wood construction, and mounted animal heads. May 28, 1987 Glacier National Park
48°36′55″N 113°52′41″W / 48.61538°N 113.8781°W / 48.61538; -113.8781 (Lake McDonald Lodge)
Flathead A Swiss chalet-style hotel in Glacier National Park.[13]
14 Lemhi Pass View from Lemhi Pass, eastward over the rolling, green, and partially wooded Bitterroot Mountains. October 9, 1960 Tendoy, ID
44°58′29″N 113°26′41″W / 44.97472°N 113.44472°W / 44.97472; -113.44472 (Lemhi Pass)
head (MT)
and Lemhi, ID
See main listing under Idaho.
15 Lolo Trail At the Idaho/Montana border October 9, 1960 Lolo Hot Springs, ID
46°38′7″N 114°34′47″W / 46.63528°N 114.57972°W / 46.63528; -114.57972 (Lolo Trail)
Missoula, MT and Clear-
water, ID
16 Northeast Entrance Station Log Northeast Entrance Station of Yellowstone National Park as one approaches by car. May 28, 1987 Yellowst. National Park
45°00′10″N 110°00′33″W / 45.00281°N 110.0092°W / 45.00281; -110.0092 (Northeast Entrance Station)
Park Rustic entrance station built in 1935 that is a prime example of form fitting function, in Yellowstone National Park.
17 Pictograph Cave Pictograph Cave, Billings, Montana.jpg July 19, 1964 Billings
45°44′12″N 108°25′47″W / 45.73667°N 108.42972°W / 45.73667; -108.42972 (Pictograph Cave)
One of the key archeological sites used in determining the sequence of prehistoric occupation on the northwestern Plains. The deposits indicate occupation from 2600 BC to after 1800 AD.[14]
18 Pompey's Pillar Pompey's Pillar, looking upward over the rocky slope and summit to the cloud-speckled sky. July 23, 1965 Pompey's Pillar
45°59′43″N 108°0′20″W / 45.99528°N 108.00556°W / 45.99528; -108.00556 (Pompey's Pillar)
The massive natural block of sandstone was a major landmark on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark's signature is carved on its surface.[15]
19 Rankin Ranch May 11, 1976 Avalanche Gulch
46°12′37″N 111°45′21″W / 46.21028°N 111.75583°W / 46.21028; -111.75583 (Rankin Ranch)[16]
Residence (1923–56) of Jeannette Rankin, first woman elected to U.S. House of Representatives (1916), had two terms 1917-19 & 1941-43, only member to oppose the declaration of war against Japan in 1941.[17]
20 Rosebud Battlefield-Where the Girl Saved Her Brother RosebudByPhilKonstantin.jpg August 16, 2008 Kirby
45°13′17″N 106°59′21″W / 45.22139°N 106.98917°W / 45.22139; -106.98917 (Rosebud Battlefield-Where the Girl Saved Her Brother)
Big Horn Site of the Battle of the Rosebud[18]
21 Charles M. Russell House and Studio Great Falls - C. M. Russell Museum.jpg December 21, 1965 Great Falls
47°30′35″N 111°17′09″W / 47.509650°N 111.285921°W / 47.509650; -111.285921 (Charles M. Russell House and Studio)
Cascade Home and studio of artist Charles M. Russell.[19]
22 Three Forks of the Missouri Confluence of the Madison and Jefferson rivers at Three Forks, Montana October 9, 1960 Three Forks
45°55′39″N 111°30′18″W / 45.92750°N 111.50500°W / 45.92750; -111.50500 (Three Forks of the Missouri)
Gallatin Captain William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, first European-American to visit this spot, concluded the Missouri River originated where the Three Forks joined.[20]
23 Travelers Rest View to the northeast at Traveler's Rest October 9, 1960 Lolo
46°45′0″N 114°5′20″W / 46.75000°N 114.08889°W / 46.75000; -114.08889 (Travelers Rest)
Missoula Campsite used during the westward passage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1805 as the party prepared to cross the Bitterroot Mountains, and again during return passage in 1806.
24 Virginia City Historic District Structures in Virginia City July 4, 1961 Virginia City
45°17′37″N 111°56′41″W / 45.29361°N 111.94472°W / 45.29361; -111.94472 (Virginia City Historic District)
Madison More than 200 historic 19th century buildings remain in this 1860s mining town; it also served as the Montana Territorial Capitol during the same period.
25 Burton K. Wheeler House Burton K. Wheeler House (2013) - Silver Bow County, Montana.png December 8, 1976 Butte
46°00′20″N 112°31′17″W / 46.00565°N 112.52151°W / 46.00565; -112.52151 (Burton K. Wheeler House)
Silver Bow Former residence of noted Montana Senator Burton K. Wheeler.[21]
26 Wolf Mountains Battlefield-Where Big Crow walked Back and Forth October 6, 2008 Birney
45°17′18″N 106°34′53″W / 45.28823°N 106.58146°W / 45.28823; -106.58146 (Wolf Mountains Battlefield--Where Big Crow walked Back and Forth)
Rosebud Site of the Battle of Wolf Mountain.[22]

See also


  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions & Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  4. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-306.
  5. ^ "Camp Disappointment (Historical)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  6. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-303.
  7. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-940.
  8. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-919**.
  9. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-300.
  10. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-1235.
  11. ^ NPS webpage: NPS-gov-298.
  12. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-301.
  13. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1630.
  14. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-307.
  15. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-308.
  16. ^ "Rankin Ranch". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  17. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1630.
  18. ^ NPS, April 2009, webpage: [1].
  19. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-299.
  20. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-302.
  21. ^ NPS, March 2009, webpage: NPS-gov-1631.
  22. ^ NPS, April 2009, webpage: [2].

External links