List of National Historic Landmarks in New Mexico

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This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in New Mexico. New Mexico has 46 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), including Raton Pass which is shared with Colorado, and listed by the National Park Service as in that state.

Current NHLs[edit]

The NHLs are distributed across 22 of New Mexico's 33 counties.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Abo
Mission ruins at Abó
June 13, 1962
(#66000497)
Abo
34°26′56″N 106°22′17″W / 34.448889°N 106.371389°W / 34.448889; -106.371389 (Abo)
Torrance Pueblo ruins, and ruins of a Spanish mission, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
2 Acoma Pueblo
Acoma Pueblo
October 9, 1960
(#66000500)
Acoma Pueblo
34°53′47″N 107°34′55″W / 34.896389°N 107.581944°W / 34.896389; -107.581944 (Acoma Pueblo)
Cibola Native American pueblo built atop a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa
3 Bandelier CCC Historic District
100 px
May 28, 1987
(#87001452)
Bandelier National Monument
35°46′46″N 106°16′13″W / 35.77942°N 106.270287°W / 35.77942; -106.270287 (Bandelier CCC Historic District)
Los Alamos and Sandoval Civilian Conservation Corps buildings
4 Barrio De Analco Historic District
San Miguel chapel
November 24, 1968
(#68000032)
Santa Fe
35°41′00″N 105°56′11″W / 35.683333°N 105.936389°W / 35.683333; -105.936389 (Barrio De Analco Historic District)
Santa Fe Historic district including the oldest house in the state of New Mexico, and the oldest Catholic church in the continental United States.

(Oldest Churches, Annexed Territories vs original founding Colony States.[3] Oldest house, continental U.S., St. Augustine, FL.[4])

5 Big Bead Mesa Upload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000958)
Casa Salazar
Coordinates missing
Sandoval Fortified Navajo village site; served as a base for trade and raiding from 1745 to 1812
6 Blackwater Draw Upload image
January 20, 1961
(#66000483)
Clovis
34°16′40″N 103°19′28″W / 34.277874°N 103.32458°W / 34.277874; -103.32458 (Blackwater Draw)
Roosevelt Archaeological type site of the Clovis culture
7 Ernest L. Blumenschein House
100 px
December 21, 1965
(#66000495)
Taos
36°24′14″N 105°34′34″W / 36.403967°N 105.576137°W / 36.403967; -105.576137 (Ernest L. Blumenschein House)
Taos Home of painter Ernest L. Blumenschein, co-founder of Taos Art Colony
8 Carlsbad Irrigation District
1990 HAER photo
July 19, 1964
(#66000476)
Carlsbad
32°29′27″N 104°15′08″W / 32.490796°N 104.252119°W / 32.490796; -104.252119 (Carlsbad Irrigation District)
Eddy Irrigation-related dams, spillways, other structures
9 Kit Carson House
1936 HABS photo
May 23, 1963
(#66000948)
Taos
36°24′19″N 105°34′20″W / 36.405159°N 105.572131°W / 36.405159; -105.572131 (Kit Carson House)
Taos Home of frontiersman Kit Carson
10 Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension (Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad)
Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension
October 16, 2012
(#73000462)
Antonito, CO and Chama, NM
36°59′04″N 106°18′20″W / 36.98442°N 106.305563°W / 36.98442; -106.305563 (Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension)
Archuleta, CO, Conejos, CO, and Rio Arriba, NM Longest and most complete representation of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century railroading.
11 El Santuario De Chimayo
El Santuario De Chimayo
April 15, 1970
(#70000412)
Chimayo
35°59′21″N 105°55′54″W / 35.989167°N 105.931667°W / 35.989167; -105.931667 (El Santuario De Chimayo)
Santa Fe Roman Catholic church, famous for the story of its founding and as a contemporary pilgrimage site
12 Folsom Site
Folsom Site
January 20, 1961
(#66000473)
Folsom
36°52′54″N 104°04′16″W / 36.88169°N 104.07108°W / 36.88169; -104.07108 (Folsom Site)
Colfax Archaeological site; type site for the Folsom tradition
13 Fort Bayard Site
Fort Bayard Site
March 19, 2004
(#02000726)
Santa Clara
32°47′47″N 108°08′56″W / 32.796389°N 108.148889°W / 32.796389; -108.148889 (Fort Bayard Site)
Grant Site of an 1866 post of Buffalo Soldiers
14 Glorieta Pass Battlefield
Glorieta Pass Battlefield
November 5, 1961
(#66000486)
Pecos
35°33′36″N 105°47′08″W / 35.56°N 105.785556°W / 35.56; -105.785556 (Glorieta Pass Battlefield)
San Miguel Site of decisive American Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass
15 Hawikuh
Hawikuh
October 9, 1960
(#66000502)
Zuni
34°56′18″N 108°59′57″W / 34.938404°N 108.999155°W / 34.938404; -108.999155 (Hawikuh)
Valencia Largest of the Zuni pueblos; founded in the 13th century
16 Las Trampas Historic District
Las Trampas Historic District
May 28, 1967
(#67000007)
Las Trampas
36°07′51″N 105°45′48″W / 36.130701°N 105.763285°W / 36.130701; -105.763285 (Las Trampas Historic District)
Taos Founded in 1751 by twelve Spanish families from Santa Fe; known for the church of San José de Gracia
17 Lincoln Historic District
100 px
December 19, 1960
(#66000477)
Lincoln
33°29′41″N 105°22′56″W / 33.494722°N 105.382222°W / 33.494722; -105.382222 (Lincoln Historic District)
Lincoln Well-preserved cow town
18 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory
December 21, 1965
(#66000893)
Los Alamos
35°52′32″N 106°19′27″W / 35.875556°N 106.324167°W / 35.875556; -106.324167 (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory)
Los Alamos United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory; site of the Manhattan Project
19 Mabel Dodge Luhan House
Mabel Dodge Luhan House
December 4, 1991
(#78001832)
Taos
36°24′29″N 105°33′52″W / 36.408056°N 105.564444°W / 36.408056; -105.564444 (Mabel Dodge Luhan House)
Taos Artists' haven, now a historic inn
20 Manuelito Complex Upload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000894)
Manuelito
Coordinates missing
McKinley NRHP 66000894
21 Mesilla Plaza
Mesilla Plaza
July 4, 1961
(#82003323)
Mesilla
32°16′19″N 106°48′16″W / 32.271867°N 106.804479°W / 32.271867; -106.804479 (Mesilla Plaza)
Doña Ana NRHP 66000475
22 National Park Service Region III Office
National Park Service Region III Office
May 28, 1987
(#70000067)
Santa Fe
35°39′54″N 105°55′21″W / 35.665134°N 105.922622°W / 35.665134; -105.922622 (National Park Service Region III Office)
Santa Fe Masterpiece of Spanish/Pueblo revival architecture
23 Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio
Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio
August 5, 1998
(#98001197)
Abiquiu
36°12′22″N 106°19′01″W / 36.206172°N 106.316872°W / 36.206172; -106.316872 (Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio)
Rio Arriba Home and studio of artist Georgia O'Keeffe
24 Palace of the Governors
Palace of the Governors
October 9, 1960
(#66000489)
Santa Fe
35°41′09″N 105°56′15″W / 35.685936°N 105.937504°W / 35.685936; -105.937504 (Palace of the Governors)
Santa Fe Adobe structure; construction began in 1610; served as the seat of government in New Mexico for centuries; oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States
25 Pecos Pueblo
Pecos Pueblo
October 9, 1960
(#66000485)
Pecos
35°33′00″N 105°41′22″W / 35.549905°N 105.68939°W / 35.549905; -105.68939 (Pecos Pueblo)
San Miguel NRHP 66000485, Pecos National Historical Park
26 Puye Ruins
Puye Ruins
May 23, 1966
(#66000481)
Espanola
35°58′32″N 106°13′39″W / 35.975556°N 106.2275°W / 35.975556; -106.2275 (Puye Ruins)
Rio Arriba and Sandoval NRHP 66000481
27 Ernie Pyle House
Ernie Pyle House
September 20, 2006
(#97001103)
Albuquerque
35°04′13″N 106°36′45″W / 35.070156°N 106.612581°W / 35.070156; -106.612581 (Ernie Pyle House)
Bernalillo Former home of famed war correspondent Ernie Pyle
28 Quarai
Quarai
June 13, 1962
(#66000498)
Manzano
34°35′45″N 106°17′42″W / 34.595833°N 106.295°W / 34.595833; -106.295 (Quarai)
Torrance Ruins in Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
29 Rabbit Ears
Rabbit Ears
May 23, 1963
(#66000499)
Clayton
36°35′32″N 103°13′28″W / 36.592222°N 103.224444°W / 36.592222; -103.224444 (Rabbit Ears)
Union Twin mountain peaks that were landmarks to wagon trains
30 Raton Pass
View from Raton Pass from I-25
December 19, 1960
(#66000474)
Raton, NM and Trinidad, CO
36°59′28″N 104°29′12″W / 36.991134°N 104.486654°W / 36.991134; -104.486654 (Raton Pass)
Colfax, NM and Las Animas, CO Mountain pass on the Santa Fe Trail along the Colorado-New Mexico border. Also in Colorado.
31 San Estevan Del Rey Mission Church
1934 HABS photo
April 15, 1970
(#70000417)
Acoma
34°53′50″N 107°34′55″W / 34.897222°N 107.582°W / 34.897222; -107.582 (San Estevan Del Rey Mission Church)
Valencia Church founded in 1629
32 San Francisco de Assisi Mission Church
HABS photo
April 15, 1970
(#70000416)
Ranchos de Taos
36°21′31″N 105°36′28″W / 36.3586°N 105.6078°W / 36.3586; -105.6078 (San Francisco de Assisi Mission Church)
Taos Mission church on Ranchos de Taos Plaza
33 San Gabriel De Yungue-ouinge
1934 HABS photo
July 19, 1964
(#66000482)
Espanola
Coordinates missing
Rio Arriba First Spanish capitol of New Mexico
34 San José de Gracia Church
San José de Gracia Church
April 15, 1970
(#70000415)
Las Trampas
36°07′53″N 105°45′28″W / 36.131389°N 105.757778°W / 36.131389; -105.757778 (San José de Gracia Church)
Taos Built between 1760 and 1776; model of the adobe architecture; once used by Los Hermanos Penitentes
35 San Jose de los Jemez Mission and Giusewa Pueblo Site
San Jose de los Jemez Mission and Giusewa Pueblo Site
October 16, 2012
(#12001007, 73001147)
Jemez Springs
35°46′42″N 106°41′11″W / 35.778445°N 106.686498°W / 35.778445; -106.686498 (San Jose de los Jemez Mission and Giusewa Pueblo Site)
Sandoval
36 San Lazaro Upload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000490)
Santa Fe
Coordinates missing
Santa Fe NRHP 66000490
37 Sandia Cave
Sandia Cave
January 20, 1961
(#66000487)
Bernalillo
35°15′08″N 106°24′27″W / 35.252221°N 106.407583°W / 35.252221; -106.407583 (Sandia Cave)
Sandoval Cave in which prehistoric artifacts were found and excavated in the 1930s. Accessible via a USFS hiking trail.
38 Santa Fe Plaza
Santa Fe Plaza
December 19, 1960
(#66000491)
Santa Fe
35°41′07″N 105°56′15″W / 35.685396°N 105.937498°W / 35.685396; -105.937498 (Santa Fe Plaza)
Santa Fe Central park lined with grass, trees, and benches; Indian War Memorial monument; performing arts stage
39 Seton Village
Seton Village
December 21, 1965
(#66000492)
Santa Fe
35°35′56″N 105°55′54″W / 35.598889°N 105.931667°W / 35.598889; -105.931667 (Seton Village)
Santa Fe NRHP 66000492
40 Taos Pueblo
Taos Pueblo
October 9, 1960
(#66000496)
Taos
36°26′21″N 105°32′44″W / 36.43917°N 105.54559°W / 36.43917; -105.54559 (Taos Pueblo)
Taos This ancient pueblo belongs to a Northern Tiwa speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. At approximately 1000 years old, it is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited building in North America. It is a multi-storied residential complex of reddish-brown adobe divided into two parts by the Rio Pueblo de Taos.
41 Trinity Site
Trinity Site
December 21, 1965
(#66000493)
Bingham
33°40′38″N 106°28′31″W / 33.6773°N 106.4754°W / 33.6773; -106.4754 (Trinity Site)
Socorro Site of the first nuclear weapon detonation.
42 Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong
Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong
May 15, 1975
(#75001164)
Columbus
31°49′39″N 107°37′50″W / 31.8275°N 107.630556°W / 31.8275; -107.630556 (Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong)
Luna Site of 1914 raid by Pancho Villa that had wide impacts
43 Wagon Mound
100 px
May 23, 1963
(#66000478)
Wagon Mound
36°00′01″N 104°41′41″W / 36.000278°N 104.694722°W / 36.000278; -104.694722 (Wagon Mound)
Mora Landmark on the Santa Fe Trail
44 Watrous (La Junta)
1940 HABS photo of Watrous House
May 23, 1963
(#66000480)
Watrous
35°48′03″N 105°00′05″W / 35.800833°N 105.001389°W / 35.800833; -105.001389 (Watrous (La Junta))
Mora Mountain and Cimarron Cutoff routes of Santa Fe Trail joined here
45 White Sands V-2 Launching Site
1984 HAER photo
October 3, 1985
(#85003541)
White Sands Missile Range
32°23′58″N 106°22′40″W / 32.399378°N 106.377814°W / 32.399378; -106.377814 (White Sands V-2 Launching Site)
Doña Ana
46 Zuni-Cibola Complex Upload image
December 2, 1974
(#74002267)
Zuni Pueblo
34°56′17″N 108°59′56″W / 34.938°N 108.999°W / 34.938; -108.999 (Zuni-Cibola Complex)
Cibola, McKinley, and Valencia NRHP 74002267

Historic areas of the NPS in New Mexico[edit]

National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are nine of these in New Mexico. The National Park Service lists these fourteen together with the NHLs in the state.[5]

Landmark name
Image Date established[6] Location County Description
1 Aztec Ruins National Monument West walls of the ruins January 24, 1923 Aztec San Juan Preserves ancestral Pueblo structures in north-western New Mexico
2 Bandelier National Monument Cliff dwellings at Bandelier February 11, 1916 Santa Fe Sandoval and Los Alamos Includes Frijoles Canyon; contains (restored) ruins of dwellings, kivas, rock paintings and petroglyphs
3 Chaco Culture National Historical Park Casa Rinconada, one of the Chacoan Great Houses. March 11, 1907 Farmington San Juan and McKinley Densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest
4 El Morro National Monument El morro view.JPG December 8, 1906 Ramah Cibola Sandstone promontory with a pool of water at its base; shaded oasis in the western U.S. deser; Zuni Indians call it "A'ts'ina" (Place of writings on the rock); Anglo-Americans called it "Inscription Rock"; travelers left signatures, names, dates, and stories of their treks
5 Fort Union National Monument Fort Union ruins April 5, 1956 Las Vegas, NM Mora Preserves the second of three forts constructed on the site beginning in 1851; also ruins of the third; visible network of ruts from the old Santa Fe Trail
6 Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Looking out from one of the cave dwellings November 16, 1907 Silver City Catron Cliff dwellings from the 1280s through the early 1300s
7 Pecos National Historical Park Pecos pueblo and mission church June 28, 1965 Santa Fe Santa Fe and San Miguel Includes parts of Glorieta Pass Battlefield, an NHL, as well as a mission and other areas.
8 Petroglyph National Monument Petroglyphs on a large rock at Petroglyph National Monument June 27, 1990 Albuquerque Bernalillo Variety of cultural and natural resources including five volcanic cones, hundreds of archeological sites and an estimated 25,000 images carved by native peoples and early Spanish settlers
9 Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Salinas Pueblo ruinsCourtesy National Park Service November 1, 1909 Albuquerque Torrance and Socorro Reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials: the ruins of four mission churches and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ List of the oldest churches in the United States
  4. ^ http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/3d/staugbuild/staugbuild02.htm
  5. ^ These are listed on p.114 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
  6. ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

External links[edit]

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.