List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee

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Following is a list of sites and structures in Tennessee that have been designated National Historic Landmarks. There are 29 National Historic Landmarks located entirely in the state, and one that includes elements in both Tennessee and Mississippi. Two former National Historic Landmarks, whose designations were withdrawn, are also listed. All National Historic Landmarks are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In addition to the National Historic Landmarks, six historic areas in Tennessee that are listed on the National Register are administered by the National Park Service. These are Cumberland Gap National Historical Park (shared with Kentucky and Virginia), established in 1940; the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site, established as a National Monument in 1935 and redesignated a National Historic Site in 1963; and four Civil War sites:

Current National Historic Landmarks[edit]

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Beale Street Historic District
Photograph of historic Beale Street buildings in 2006.
May 23, 1966
(#66000731)
Memphis
35°08′22″N 90°03′07″W / 35.139444°N 90.051944°W / 35.139444; -90.051944 (Beale Street Historic District)
Shelby Birthplace of the blues style of music, Beale Street produced significant developments in African-American music and the music of the United States generally. W.C. Handy was a prominent Beale Street figure from when this was a lively district of saloons and theaters.
2 William Blount Mansion
Blount Mansion, looking north.
January 12, 1965
(#66000726)
Knoxville
35°57′40″N 83°54′55″W / 35.961111°N 83.915194°W / 35.961111; -83.915194 (William Blount Mansion)
Knox The home of William Blount from 1792 to his death in 1800. A veteran of the Congress of the Confederation and the Constitutional Convention where he represented North Carolina, Blount then became governor of the Southwest Territory, led Tennessee to statehood, and later served in the US Senate.
3 Chucalissa Site
Chucalissa
April 19, 1994
(#73001830)
Memphis
35°03′45″N 90°07′44″W / 35.0625°N 90.128889°W / 35.0625; -90.128889 (Chucalissa Site)
Shelby This archaeological mound complex dates from the Walls Phase (approximately 15th century) of the Mississippian period. Its well-preserved historic materials include architecture, flora, fauna, and human skeletal remains.
4 Delta Queen (River Steamboat)
The Delta Queen in Memphis, Tennessee
June 29, 1989
(#70000495)
Chattanooga
35°03′36″N 85°18′31″W / 35.0599°N 85.3086°W / 35.0599; -85.3086 (Delta Queen (River Steamboat))
Hamilton River steamboat.
5 Fort Loudoun
The view inside Fort Loudoun
June 23, 1965
(#66000729)
Vonore
35°35′45″N 84°12′13″W / 35.595833°N 84.203611°W / 35.595833; -84.203611 (Fort Loudoun)
Monroe Built by the British in 1756 during the French and Indian War, Fort Loudoun allied with the Cherokee to protect the British southern marches. The fort was surrendered to the Cherokee in 1760, who had turned hostile and laid siege to the fort.
6 Fort Pillow
Fort Pillow
May 30, 1974
(#73001806)
Henning
35°38′10″N 89°50′32″W / 35.636111°N 89.842222°W / 35.636111; -89.842222 (Fort Pillow)
Lauderdale The Confederate victory at the Battle of Fort Pillow (April 1864) ended in the killing of 229 Black Union soldiers out of 262 engaged in the battle. This slaughter by the Southern troops under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest has been labeled a massacre. "Remember Fort Pillow!" became a battle cry among Black soldiers for the remainder of the Civil War.
7 Franklin Battlefield
Franklin Battlefield
December 19, 1960
(#66000734)
Franklin
35°54′13″N 86°51′58″W / 35.903611°N 86.866111°W / 35.903611; -86.866111 (Franklin Battlefield)
Williamson At the Civil War Battle of Franklin (November 30, 1864), Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's Union troops repelled repeated assaults by Confederate forces under Gen. John Bell Hood. The devastating losses sustained helped doom Hood's Army of Tennessee.
8 George Peabody College for Teachers
Winter photograph of the front façade of Memorial Hall at the George Peabody College for Teachers.
December 21, 1965
(#66000723)
Nashville
36°08′30″N 86°47′55″W / 36.141667°N 86.798611°W / 36.141667; -86.798611 (George Peabody College for Teachers)
Davidson As the University of Nashville, the college was the first institution to receive support from the Peabody Education Fund, which had been founded by George Peabody to rebuild education in the South after the Civil War. The university began operating as a teachers' college in 1875 and formally changed its name in 1909. It moved to its present location in 1914.
9 Graceland(Home of Elvis Presley)
Photograph of Elvis Presley's grave at Graceland, with flowers.
March 27, 2006
(#91001585)
Memphis
35°02′46″N 90°01′23″W / 35.046111°N 90.023056°W / 35.046111; -90.023056 (Graceland)
Shelby Graceland was Elvis Presley's home for 20 years starting in 1957, and is intimately associated with his music and career. Presley profoundly influenced American music and culture in the 20th century, and has been inducted into the Rock and Roll, Gospel, and Country Halls of Fame.
10 The Hermitage
Oblique front photograph of the Hermitage, showing the false-front architectural style.
December 19, 1960
(#66000722)
Nashville [3]
36°12′54″N 86°36′47″W / 36.214972°N 86.612972°W / 36.214972; -86.612972 (The Hermitage)
Davidson This plantation was the home of Andrew Jackson from 1804 until his death. He built the Greek Revival mansion house in 1819. Jackson served as President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
11 Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7
The Masonic Hall of Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7 is a historic Gothic revival building in Franklin, Tennessee. Constructed in 1823, it is the oldest public building in Franklin.
November 7, 1973
(#73001859)
Franklin
35°55′32″N 86°52′14″W / 35.925556°N 86.870417°W / 35.925556; -86.870417 (Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7)
Williamson Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7 is the oldest public building in Franklin, the oldest Masonic Hall in continuous use in Tennessee, and in 1830 was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Franklin, which ordered the removal of the Chickasaw people from their eastern homeland to territory across the Mississippi River. President Andrew Jackson opened the meeting personally.
12 Jubilee Hall, Fisk University
HABS photo
December 2, 1974
(#71000817)
Nashville
36°10′08″N 86°48′17″W / 36.168889°N 86.804722°W / 36.168889; -86.804722 (Jubilee Hall, Fisk University)
Davidson Fisk University was founded in 1865 by the American Missionary Association to provide a liberal arts education for Blacks after the Civil War. Completed in 1876, this Victorian Gothic structure is the oldest building on campus.
13 Long Island of the Holston
Long Island of the Holston
October 9, 1960
(#66000733)
Kingsport
36°31′49″N 82°33′39″W / 36.530278°N 82.560833°W / 36.530278; -82.560833 (Long Island of the Holston)
Sullivan The Long Island was a sacred council and treaty site among the Cherokee. Daniel Boone began from here to clear the Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap in 1775. The island has been heavily transformed by industrial development, and NPS staff recommended withdrawal of National Historic Landmark status in 1996 due to loss of historic integrity.
14 Moccasin Bend Archeological District
Moccasin Bend Archeological District
September 8, 1986
(#86003510)
Chattanooga
Coordinates missing
Hamilton This archaeological site on the Tennessee River contains a highly diverse set of Native American remains from the Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian periods. Spanish artifacts from the 16th century illustrate the early contact period in the Southeast. Earthworks from the Civil War Battle of Chattanooga are also preserved.
15 Montgomery Bell Tunnel
Montgomery Bell Tunnel opening, viewed from inside the tunnel during low water conditions
April 19, 1994
(#94001188)
White Bluff
36°08′49″N 87°07′19″W / 36.146833°N 87.122056°W / 36.146833; -87.122056 (Montgomery Bell Tunnel)
Cheatham This is the oldest known full-size tunnel in the US. It was built in 1818-1819 by Montgomery Bell to divert water to provide industrial power. Manual drilling was arduous and performed by slaves using tools such as hammers, chisels, and black powder.
16 Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Upload image
June 17, 2011
(#11000560)
Johnson City
36°18′38″N 82°22′24″W / 36.310556°N 82.373333°W / 36.310556; -82.373333 (Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers)
Washington
17 Old First Presbyterian Church
Photograph of the front steps, doors, and façade of Old First Presbyterian Church, showing Egyptian revival details.
April 19, 1993
(#70000608)
Nashville
36°09′47″N 86°46′47″W / 36.163°N 86.7798°W / 36.163; -86.7798 (Old First Presbyterian Church)
Davidson Architect William Strickland designed this church in the Egyptian Revival style. Beginning his career as an apprentice to Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Strickland was one of the most prominent architects in the United States at the time of his simultaneous work on the church and the Tennessee State Capitol. Built in 1849, the church has been nicknamed "Karnak on the Cumberland," and was his most in-depth application of the Egyptian style.
18 Pinson Mounds
Sauls' Mound (Mound 9) at Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park
January 29, 1964
(#66000727)
Pinson
35°29′52″N 88°40′57″W / 35.497778°N 88.6825°W / 35.497778; -88.6825 (Pinson Mounds)
Madison This site, occupied as early as 5000 BCE, consists mainly of mounds constructed during the Middle Woodland Period (ca. 500 B.C. - 500 A.D.).Built here are two temple mounds, one effigy mound, and several other earthworks.
19 James K. Polk House
James K. Polk House
July 4, 1961
(#66000728)
Columbia
35°36′54″N 87°02′14″W / 35.614919°N 87.037322°W / 35.614919; -87.037322 (James K. Polk House)
Maury This house, built in 1816 was the home of future President James K. Polk for several years when he was a young man.
20 Rattle and Snap
Rattle and Snap
November 11, 1971
(#71000825)
Columbia
35°33′40″N 87°09′23″W / 35.561138°N 87.156281°W / 35.561138; -87.156281 (Rattle and Snap)
Maury This mansion was built in the Greek Revival style by a relative of President James K. Polk, and sports a distinctive Corinthian portico.
21 Rhea County Courthouse
Front of the Rhea County Courthouse
December 8, 1976
(#72001251)
Dayton
35°29′42″N 85°00′46″W / 35.494928°N 85.012675°W / 35.494928; -85.012675 (Rhea County Courthouse)
Rhea This courthouse was the scene of the Scopes Trial of July 1925, in which teacher John T. Scopes faced charges for including Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in his public school lessons. The trial became a clash of titans between the lawyers William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution and Clarence Darrow for the defense, and epitomizes the tension between fundamentalism and modernism in a wide range of aspects of American society.
22 Ryman Auditorium
Photograph of the brick façade of Ryman Auditorium on a sunny day.
January 3, 2001
(#71000819)
Nashville
36°09′41″N 86°46′43″W / 36.161278°N 86.7785°W / 36.161278; -86.7785 (Ryman Auditorium)
Davidson This auditorium was the home of the Grand Ole Opry from for 31 years from 1943 to 1974. The Opry, with its live music shows and radio programs, has deeply influenced the development of country music.
23 Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites
Engraving of Union artillery in combat at the Second Battle of Corinth. The Confederate front line is in the background.
May 6, 1991
(#91001050)
Pocahontas, TN, Corinth, MS and other
35°01′51″N 88°47′44″W / 35.030833°N 88.795556°W / 35.030833; -88.795556 (Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites)
Hardeman, TN and Alcorn, MS The Davis Bridge Battlefield in Tennessee, site of the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge on 5 April 1862, is part of an NHL along with a long list of areas in nearby Mississippi, as the "Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites".
24 Shiloh Indian Mounds Site
Two house mounds (low in front, taller towards back) Indian Mound NHL
May 5, 1989
(#79000279)
Hurley
35°08′29″N 88°19′15″W / 35.141481°N 88.32085°W / 35.141481; -88.32085 (Shiloh Indian Mounds Site)
Hardin This is the largest remaining fortified Mississippian ceremonial mound complex in the Tennessee Valley, including 6 Mississippian temple mounds, one Woodland burial mound, a village site, and a palisade foundation.
25 Sun Record Company
Interior photo of the Sun Record Company front office, with period furnishings and pictures of recording artists on the wall.
July 31, 2003
(#03001031)
Memphis
35°08′21″N 90°02′16″W / 35.139247°N 90.037678°W / 35.139247; -90.037678 (Sun Record Company)
Shelby This musical recording studio was established by Sam Phillips in 1952. It was here that he discovered and/or recorded many of the greatest names in rock and roll, including: B.B. King, Howlin' Wolf, Ike Turner, Rufus Thomas, Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Charlie Rich, and Roy Orbison. Rock and roll was deeply influenced by Phillips' work, and its advent drove profound changes in American music, society, and race relations.
26 Sycamore Shoals
Reconstructed Fort Watauga
July 19, 1964
(#66000721)
Elizabethton
36°20′33″N 82°15′21″W / 36.3425°N 82.255833°W / 36.3425; -82.255833 (Sycamore Shoals)
Carter The Treaty of Sycamore Shoals with the Cherokee, signed here in 1775, allowed the United States to acquire 20,000,000 acres (81,000 km2) of Cherokee land and to promote settlement of present day Kentucky. Sycamore Shoals later served as an Revolutionary War staging area for the 1780 march of the Overmountain Men to victory over British loyalists at the Kings Mountain.
27 Tennessee State Capitol
Photograph of the Tennessee State Capitol on a sunny day, the central cupola soaring against a clear sky.
November 11, 1971
(#70000894)
Nashville
36°09′57″N 86°47′03″W / 36.165833°N 86.784167°W / 36.165833; -86.784167 (Tennessee State Capitol)
Davidson This fine example of Greek Revival architecture includes four Ionic porticos and a simple, well-proportioned interior. It was built in 1845-1859 under the direction of the noted architect William Strickland.
28 Wynnewood
Photograph of the main structure at Wynnewood
November 11, 1971
(#71000838)
Castalian Springs
36°23′39″N 86°18′59″W / 36.394167°N 86.316389°W / 36.394167; -86.316389 (Wynnewood)
Sumner This was the earliest settlement in Middle Tennessee, and remains today as a group of six log buildings at a sulfur spring. The 1828 main house was a stagecoach inn and residence.
29 X-10 Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Workers in the Graphite Reactor used rods to push fresh uranium slugs into the reactor's concrete loading face.
December 21, 1965
(#66000720)
Oak Ridge
35°55′35″N 84°18′59″W / 35.926347°N 84.316463°W / 35.926347; -84.316463 (X-10 Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
Roane As the main atomic research facility in the United States, this nuclear reactor pioneered the production of plutonium and, later, medical radioisotopes. Built in 1943, it was the world's first full-scale reactor.
30 Alvin Cullom York Farm
Sgt. York Park
May 11, 1976
(#76001773)
Pall Mall
36°32′32″N 84°57′37″W / 36.542222°N 84.960278°W / 36.542222; -84.960278 (Alvin Cullom York Farm)
Fentress At the 1918 Battle of the Argonne Forest during World War I, Sergeant Alvin C. York distinguished himself with a one-man action that killed 25 enemy soldiers, took 132 prisoners, and captured 35 machine guns. York received the Medal of Honor for this feat, and became even more famous for his refusal to capitalize on the award. He lived at this farm from 1922 until his death in 1964.

Former National Historic Landmarks[edit]

The following table provides information on two Tennessee properties that were formerly National Historic Landmarks.

Landmark name Image Date of designation Date of withdrawal Locality County Description
1 Isaac Franklin Plantation Fairvue, U.S. Highway 31-E, Gallatin vicinity Sumner County, Tennessee.jpg 1977[4] 2005[4] Gallatin
36°20′41″N 86°29′36″W / 36.344793°N 86.493195°W / 36.344793; -86.493195 (Isaac Franklin Plantation)
Sumner Fairvue Plantation was built in 1832 by Isaac Franklin. Franklin retired to be a planter after a successful career as a partner in the largest slave-trading firm in the South prior to the Civil War. Loss of historic integrity due to physical alterations and construction of a golf course community around the home led to the withdrawal of National Historic Landmark designation.[4]
2 Nashville Union Station and Trainshed Photograph of the front of Nashville Union Station in 2006, five years after demolition of the trainshed. 1975[5] 2003[5] Nashville[5]
36°09′26″N 86°47′05″W / 36.1572°N 86.7848°W / 36.1572; -86.7848 (Nashville Union Station and Trainshed)
Davidson[5] The station and trainshed were built in the 1890s by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad as a major transfer station for routing passengers to the Midwest and West. The trainshed was the longest single-span, gable roof structure constructed in the United States. The trainshed was demolished in 2001 due to dangerous structural deterioration, leading to withdrawal of National Historic Landmark designation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  4. ^ a b c Withdrawal of National Historic Landmark Designation: Isaac Franklin Plantation (Fairvue), Gallatin, Sumner County, Tennessee, National Park Service National Historic Landmarks Program
  5. ^ a b c d Withdrawal at NHL program