List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] There are 46 NHLs in Texas.[2]

Current National Historic Landmarks in Texas[edit]

The 46 NHLs in Texas are distributed across just 29 of the 254 counties in the state. Eight of the sites are in Bexar County.

[3] Landmark name[2] Image Date designated[2] Locality[2][4] County[2] Description[5]
1 Alamo Alamo Mission in San Antonio December 19, 1960 San Antonio
29°25′25″N 98°29′09″W / 29.423525°N 98.485778°W / 29.423525; -98.485778 (Alamo)
Bexar Former mission and fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; later used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo
2 Apollo Mission Control Center Aerial View of the Johnson Space Center - GPN-2000-001112.jpg October 3, 1985 Houston
29°33′23″N 95°05′18″W / 29.556471°N 95.088460°W / 29.556471; -95.088460 (Apollo Mission Control Center)
Harris NASA control center
3 Bastrop State Park Bastrop State Park Lake is surrounded by the "Lost Pines of Texas" and is prime breeding ground for the Houston toad. September 25, 1997 Bastrop
30°06′39″N 97°16′25″W / 30.110833°N 97.273611°W / 30.110833; -97.273611 (Bastrop State Park)
Bastrop This park was designed in the 1930s as a showcase of Civilian Conservation Corps work. Its facilities were designed by CCC architect Herbert Maier.
4 Dealey Plaza Historic District Dealey Plaza 2003.jpg October 12, 1993 Dallas
32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.778611°N 96.808333°W / 32.778611; -96.808333 (Dealey Plaza Historic District)
Dallas Site of Kennedy assassination and surrounding buildings that are rumored to have held additional assassins.
5 East End Historic District 1967 HABS photo. Also known as Bishop's Palace May 11, 1976 Galveston
29°18′16″N 94°46′58″W / 29.304444°N 94.782778°W / 29.304444; -94.782778 (East End Historic District)
Galveston Galveston's East End was where the city elite built a number of elaborate mansions.
6 ELISSA (Bark) Elissa-ship.jpg December 14, 1990 Galveston
29°20′00″N 94°46′39″W / 29.333255°N 94.777452°W / 29.333255; -94.777452 (ELISSA (Bark))
Galveston Tall ship launched in 1877
7 Espada Aqueduct Aqueduct 01.jpg July 19, 1964 San Antonio
29°18′16″N 98°28′10″W / 29.304556°N 98.469444°W / 29.304556; -98.469444 (Espada Aqueduct)
Bexar Built by Franciscan friars in 1731 to supply irrigation water to the lands near Mission San Francisco de la Espada
8 Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings State Fair Hall of State1.jpg September 24, 1986 Dallas
32°46′55″N 96°45′56″W / 32.781944°N 96.765556°W / 32.781944; -96.765556 (Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings)
Dallas Surviving Art Deco buildings from the 1937 Texas Centennial Exposition.
9 Fort Belknap Fort Belknap Colonel Young.jpg December 19, 1960 Newcastle
33°09′03″N 98°44′28″W / 33.150775°N 98.741211°W / 33.150775; -98.741211 (Fort Belknap)
Young Key frontier post of the 1850s; now a museum.
10 Fort Brown UTB Commandants House.jpg December 19, 1960 Brownsville
25°53′54″N 97°29′32″W / 25.898333°N 97.492222°W / 25.898333; -97.492222 (Fort Brown)
Cameron Military post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century
11 Fort Concho Fort Concho visitors center.jpg July 4, 1961 San Angelo
31°27′10″N 100°25′45″W / 31.452778°N 100.429167°W / 31.452778; -100.429167 (Fort Concho)
Tom Green Established as U.S. Army post in 1867; deactivated 1889; comprises most of the original fort
12 Fort Davis FortDavisNationalHistoricSiteMarker.JPG December 19, 1960 Fort Davis
30°35′45″N 103°55′33″W / 30.595833°N 103.925833°W / 30.595833; -103.925833 (Fort Davis)
Jeff Davis From 1854 to 1891 Fort Davis protected migrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons, and controlled the southern stem of the Great Comanche War Trail and Mescalero Apache war trails.
13 Fort Richardson Fort Richardson.JPG November 27, 1963 Jacksboro
33°12′29″N 98°09′53″W / 33.208056°N 98.164722°W / 33.208056; -98.164722 (Fort Richardson)
Jack This Texas frontier fort was established in 1867 and abandoned in 1878. It was renovated and reopened as a state park in 1973.
14 Fort Sam Houston Clock tower built in 1870 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, Texas May 15, 1975 San Antonio
29°28′35″N 98°25′51″W / 29.476255°N 98.43083°W / 29.476255; -98.43083 (Fort Sam Houston)
Bexar Since the 1870s this facility has served as a major military base for the southern United States. It housed Geronimo folllowing his capture, and has been used as the launching point for a variety of military operations.
15 John Nance Garner House The John Nance Garner House December 8, 1976 Uvalde
29°12′44″N 99°47′31″W / 29.212152°N 99.791837°W / 29.212152; -99.791837 (Garner, John Nance, House)
Uvalde Home of U.S. Vice President John Nance Garner
16 Governor's Mansion 1966 HABS photo December 2, 1974 Austin
30°16′20″N 97°44′34″W / 30.272318°N 97.742708°W / 30.272318; -97.742708 (Governor's Mansion)
Travis First designated Texas historic landmark, damaged by arson June 8, 2008
17 HA. 19 (Midget Submarine) US Navy photo June 30, 1989 Fredericksburg
30°16′20″N 98°52′06″W / 30.272222°N 98.868333°W / 30.272222; -98.868333 (HA. 19 (Midget Submarine))
Gillespie Historic I.J.N. Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine; part of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; grounded and captured
18 Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base Brooksafb-2.jpg December 8, 1976 San Antonio
29°20′32″N 98°26′37″W / 29.342129°N 98.443645°W / 29.342129; -98.443645 (Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base)
Bexar Only surviving hangar of 16 builtin at Brooks Air Force Base in 1918. It is now a museum.
19 Harrell Site July 19, 1964 South Bend
Young A late prehistoric Plains Indian archeological site.
20 Highland Park Shopping Village Highland Park Village 1.jpg February 16, 2000 Highland Park
32°50′09″N 96°48′20″W / 32.835833°N 96.805556°W / 32.835833; -96.805556 (Highland Park Shopping Village)
Dallas Second shopping mall constructed in the U.S.; opened in 1931, and still in operation
21 J A Ranch JA Ranch IMG 0052.JPG December 19, 1960 Amarillo
34°49′00″N 101°11′17″W / 34.816667°N 101.188056°W / 34.816667; -101.188056 (J A Ranch)
Armstrong Founded by John George Adair and Charles Goodnight, this is still one of the largest ranches in the Texas Panhandle, and remains in the hands of Adair descendants.
22 Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home President Johnson's birthplace May 23, 1966 Johnson City
30°14′27″N 98°37′27″W / 30.240833°N 98.624167°W / 30.240833; -98.624167 (Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home)
Blanco Birthplace, boyhood home, and resting place of President Lyndon B. Johnson
23 King Ranch November 5, 1961 Kingsville
27°31′07″N 97°55′01″W / 27.518611°N 97.916944°W / 27.518611; -97.916944 (King Ranch)
Kenedy, Kleberg, Nueces, and Willacy Founded in 1853, this is the largest ranch in the United States; it is larger than Rhode Island.
24 Landergin Mesa July 19, 1964 Vega
Oldham This is a major Panhandle culture archeological site.
25 USS Lexington US Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington anchored in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Bay of Corpus Christi at Corpus Christi, Texas, in 2001 as a floating museum July 19, 2003 Corpus Christi
27°48′54″N 97°23′19″W / 27.815°N 97.388611°W / 27.815; -97.388611 (USS Lexington (Aircraft Carrier))
Nueces This Essex-class aircraft carrier, known as "The Blue Ghost", was the fifth United States Naval ship named in honor of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington. After service in the Second World War and the Cold War, it is now a museum ship.
26 Lubbock Lake Site Main building at Lubbock Lake Landmark December 22, 1977 Lubbock
33°37′19″N 101°53′23″W / 33.621944°N 101.889722°W / 33.621944; -101.889722 (Lubbock Lake Site)
Lubbock This major archeological site includes evidence from as far back as 10,000BC. The public can view ongoing archeological work at the site.
27 Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop, Jan 10, 1901 November 13, 1966 Beaumont
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
Jefferson The Spindletop Oil Field was in 1901 where the first major oil gusher of the Texas Oil Boom was discovered.
28 Majestic Theatre MajesticSA (1).JPG April 19, 1993 San Antonio
29°25′35″N 98°29′27″W / 29.426460°N 98.490713°W / 29.426460; -98.490713 (Majestic Theatre)
Bexar This 1929 theater is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States.
29 Mission Concepcion 1983 HABS photo April 15, 1970 San Antonio
29°23′27″N 98°29′34″W / 29.390888°N 98.492760°W / 29.390888; -98.492760 (Mission Concepcion)
Bexar Part of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, this 1731 Spanish mission was also the site of the 1831 Battle of Concepción, and early action in the Texas Revolution.
30 Palmito Ranch Battlefield Palmito Ranch Battlefield 2012-09-30 11-15-36.jpg September 25, 1997 Brownsville
25°56′48″N 97°17′07″W / 25.946667°N 97.285278°W / 25.946667; -97.285278 (Palmito Ranch Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last major engagement of the American Civil War.
31 Palo Alto Battlefield Palo Alto Battlefield NHP.JPG December 19, 1960 Brownsville
26°01′17″N 97°28′50″W / 26.021389°N 97.480556°W / 26.021389; -97.480556 (Palo Alto Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Palo Alto, a precipitating event of the Mexican-American War.
32 Plainview Site January 20, 1961 Plainview Hale A major archeological site known for Plainview point spear tips.
33 Porter Farm July 19, 1964 Terrell
32°46′40″N 96°16′28″W / 32.777778°N 96.274444°W / 32.777778; -96.274444 (Porter Farm)
Kaufman Part of this farm was used as an experimental agricultural farm in the early 20th century. Successful experiments here led to the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Extension Service.
34 Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia Presidio La Bahia today December 24, 1967 Goliad
28°38′48″N 97°22′54″W / 28.646667°N 97.381667°W / 28.646667; -97.381667 (Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia)
Goliad Chapel and former fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; also used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of Goliad and Goliad Massacre
35 Randolph Field Historic District Taj Morning.jpg August 7, 2001 San Antonio
29°31′56″N 98°16′48″W / 29.532222°N 98.28°W / 29.532222; -98.28 (Randolph Field Historic District)
Bexar The historic core of Randolph Air Force Base, this area was established in the 1920s as a training field for military aviators.
36 Samuel T. Rayburn House Sam Rayburn House Museum in 2009.jpg May 11, 1976 Bonham
33°34′05″N 96°12′26″W / 33.567967°N 96.207174°W / 33.567967; -96.207174 (Rayburn, Samuel T., House)
Fannin Longtime home of United States Speaker of the House Samuel T. Rayburn
37 Resaca De La Palma Battlefield Currier & Ives print December 19, 1960 Brownsville
25°56′15″N 97°29′10″W / 25.9375°N 97.486111°W / 25.9375; -97.486111 (Resaca De La Palma Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Resaca de La Palma, fought early in the Mexican-American War.
38 Roma Historic District 1961 HABS photo November 4, 1993 Roma
26°24′22″N 99°01′05″W / 26.406111°N 99.018056°W / 26.406111; -99.018056 (Roma Historic District)
Starr A well-preserved 19th century Rio Grande border town.
39 San Jacinto Battlefield San Jacinto Monument December 19, 1960 Houston
29°44′56″N 95°04′49″W / 29.748889°N 95.080278°W / 29.748889; -95.080278 (San Jacinto Battlefield)
Harris Site of the decisive Battle of San Jacinto, securing the independence of Texas from Mexico.
40 Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B Space Environment Silumation Chamber with Apollo Spacecraft October 3, 1985 Houston
29°33′32″N 95°05′17″W / 29.559003°N 95.0881°W / 29.559003; -95.0881 (Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B)
Harris This laboratory for testing equipment in space-like environments has been in use since 1965.
41 Spanish Governor's Palace Inside of Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, Texas April 15, 1970 San Antonio
29°25′30″N 98°29′40″W / 29.425082°N 98.494570°W / 29.425082; -98.494570 (Spanish Governor's Palace)
Bexar This early Spanish colonial house was home to aristocratic leaders of the Spanish Texas, and is now a city museum.
42 Strand Historic District Galvestonstrand2.jpg May 11, 1976 Galveston
29°18′23″N 94°47′37″W / 29.306389°N 94.793611°W / 29.306389; -94.793611 (Strand Historic District)
Galveston The Victorian downtown of Galveston.
43 USS TEXAS USS Texas at San Jacinto State Park, October 2006 December 8, 1976 Houston
29°45′15″N 95°05′22″W / 29.754217°N 95.089499°W / 29.754217; -95.089499 (TEXAS (USS))
Harris After seeing action in the First and Second World Wars, this ship was the first United States Navy battleship to become a museum, and the first to be named a National Historic Landmark.
44 Texas State Capitol Texas State Capitol. June 23, 1986 Austin
30°16′22″N 97°44′28″W / 30.272734°N 97.741078°W / 30.272734; -97.741078 (Texas State Capitol)
Travis The seat of Texas government, construction on this Italian Renaissance Revival building began in the 1870s.
45 Trevino-Uribe Rancho Trevino-Uribe Rancho - San Ygnacio August 5, 1998 San Ygnacio
27°02′42″N 99°26′36″W / 27.045°N 99.443333°W / 27.045; -99.443333 (Trevino-Uribe Rancho)
Zapata Fortified house built c. 1830, shortly after San Ygnacio's founding.
46 Woodland Woodland (Sam Houston's Home) in Huntsville, Texas.JPG May 30, 1974 Huntsville
30°42′53″N 95°33′10″W / 30.714722°N 95.552778°W / 30.714722; -95.552778 (Woodland)
Walker This modest house was the home of Texas leader Sam Houston in the 1840s and 1850s.

Other National Park Service areas in Texas[edit]

Former NHLs in Texas[edit]

  • USS Cabot (CVL-28) - Port of Brownsville - designated June 29, 1990 (located in New Orleans), designation withdrawn August 7, 2001 (located in Port Brownsville).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  4. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  5. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates.

External links[edit]