List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Kingston, Ontario

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This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in Kingston, Ontario. There are 21 National Historic Sites designated in Kingston,[1] including the Rideau Canal which extends from Ottawa and traverses 202 kilometres (126 mi) to Kingston. Six of the sites are administered by Parks Canada: Bellevue House, Fort Henry, Kingston Fortifications, Murney Tower, the Rideau Canal and Shoal Tower (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png).[2] Fort Henry and Fort Frontenac were both designated in 1923 and were the first sites designated in Kingston.

National Historic Sites located elsewhere in Ontario are listed at List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Ontario.

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Media related to National Historic Sites of Canada in Ontario at Wikimedia Commons

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Ann Baillie Building [3][4] 1904 (completed) 1997 Kingston
44°13′25.56″N 76°29′32.53″W / 44.2237667°N 76.4923694°W / 44.2237667; -76.4923694 (Ann Baillie Building)
One of the first purpose-built nurses’ residences in Canada, the building represents the professionalization of nursing in Canada in the early 20th-century, and now serves as the Museum of Health Care Postcard from circa 1910 showing the Nurses' house at the Kingston General Hospital, now known as the Ann Baillie Building
Bellevue HouseBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [5] 1841 (completed) 1995 Kingston
44°13′22″N 76°30′12″W / 44.22278°N 76.50333°W / 44.22278; -76.50333 (Bellevue House)
A noted example of Italianate architecture in the Picturesque manner in Canada, and the former residence of John A. Macdonald, a Father of Confederation and the first Prime Minister of Canada Exterior view of Bellevue House in winter
Cataraqui Cemetery [6][7] 1850 (established) 2011 Kingston
44°15′52″N 76°32′28″W / 44.26444°N 76.54111°W / 44.26444; -76.54111 (Cataraqui Cemetery)
One of the best examples of a medium-sized rural or garden cemetery in Canada, containing a range of remarkable monuments, a Gothic Revival lodge, and the graves of many notable Canadians, including the gravesite of Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada’s first Prime Minister (itself a NHSC) A view of grave markers in Cataraqui Cemetery
Elizabeth Cottage [8] 1843 (completed) 1993 Kingston
44°13′54.46″N 76°29′20.26″W / 44.2317944°N 76.4889611°W / 44.2317944; -76.4889611 (Elizabeth Cottage)
A representative example of a 19th-century Gothic Revival villa Exterior view of Elizabeth Cottage in winter
Fort Frontenac [9][10] 1673 (original fort completed) 1923 Kingston
44°14′00″N 76°28′43″W / 44.23333°N 76.47861°W / 44.23333; -76.47861 (Fort Frontenac)
Originally a French trading post that served as a gateway to the West, the base of Robert de LaSalle’s explorations and a French outpost against the Iroquois and English forces Remnants of the old fort with the new Fort Frontenac in background
Fort HenryBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [11][12] 1840 (completed) 1923 Kingston
44°13′48.95″N 76°27′34.85″W / 44.2302639°N 76.4596806°W / 44.2302639; -76.4596806 (Fort Henry)
British fort that served as the principal fortification among a series of military works designed to defend Kingston, its harbour and dockyard and the entrance to the Rideau Canal Soldiers at Fort Henry
Frontenac County Court House [13][14] 1858 (completed) 1980 Kingston
44°13′40″N 76°29′23″W / 44.227777°N 76.489777°W / 44.227777; -76.489777 (Frontenac County Court House)
Representative of the large-scale court houses erected in Ontario after 1850, when the Municipal Act was amended to give increased power to counties to construct court houses on a monumental scale to accommodate various county functions Exterior view of front facade of Frontenac County Court House and fountain
Kingston City Hall [15][16] 1844 (completed) 1961 Kingston
44°13′47.68″N 76°28′50.1″W / 44.2299111°N 76.480583°W / 44.2299111; -76.480583 (Kingston City Hall)
A prominent example of the Neoclassical style in Canada, with a landmark tholobate and dome; its scale and design are reflective of Kingtson's status at the time of construction as capital of the Province of Canada Exterior view of Kingston City Hall
Kingston Customs House [17][18] 1859 (completed) 1971 Kingston
44°13′46.64″N 76°28′56.45″W / 44.2296222°N 76.4823472°W / 44.2296222; -76.4823472 (Kingston Customs House)
A limestone former customs house; an excellent example of the architectural quality of mid-19th-century public buildings designed in the British classical tradition A 1907 postcard of the Kingston Customs House
Kingston Dry Dock [19][20] 1892 (completed) 1978 Kingston
44°13′30.63″N 76°29′0.16″W / 44.2251750°N 76.4833778°W / 44.2251750; -76.4833778 (Kingston Dry Dock)
An important construction and repair facility for ships on the Great Lakes; noted for the Second World War naval vessels, notably corvettes, built in this dry dock Dry dock in 1890
Kingston FortificationsBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [21][22] 1840 (completed) 1989 Kingston
44°13′20″N 76°29′25″W / 44.222275°N 76.490357°W / 44.222275; -76.490357 (Kingston Fortifications)
A fortification system consisting of five installations (Fort Henry NHSC, Fort Frederick, Murney Tower NHSC, Shoal Tower NHSC and Cathcart Tower), crucial to the 19th century defense of Kingston and the terminus of the Rideau Canal The Martello Tower at Fort Frederick
Kingston General Hospital [23][24] 1833-1924 (completion of historic buildings) 1995 Kingston
44°13′27″N 076°29′35″W / 44.22417°N 76.49306°W / 44.22417; -76.49306 (Kingston General Hospital)
A complex of limestone buildings, built between 1833 and 1924, set in a campus of more recent hospital buildings; the oldest public hospital in Canada still in operation, with facilities illustrative of health care in Canada in the 19th and 20th centuries 1920 aerial photograph of Kingston General Hospital
Kingston Navy Yard [25] 1788 (established) 1928 Kingston
44°13′44″N 76°28′07″W / 44.22889°N 76.46861°W / 44.22889; -76.46861 (Kingston Navy Yard)
The site of a Royal Navy Dockyard from 1788 to 1853 Naval shipyard, Point Frederick, July 1815. Watercolour by Emeric Essex Vidal. Commodore's house and two ships under construction, the Canada and the Wolfe, can be seen in the background
Kingston Penitentiary [26][27] 1835 (established) 1990 Kingston
44°13′14″N 76°30′48″W / 44.22069°N 76.51340°W / 44.22069; -76.51340 (Kingston Penitentiary)
Canada’s oldest reformatory prison, with a layout that served as a model for other federal prisons for more than a century; its massive stone wall and north gate are an imposing local landmark Exterior view of the north gate of Kingston Penitentiary
Murney TowerBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [28][29] 1846 (completed) 1930 Kingston
44°13′20″N 76°29′26″W / 44.22228°N 76.490582°W / 44.22228; -76.490582 (Murney Tower)
A martello tower located on Murray Point on the west shore of Kingston Harbour; also a component of the Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site of Canada Exterior view of Murney Tower
Old Kingston Post Office [30][31] 1859 (completed) 1971 Kingston
44°13′47.91″N 76°28′58.89″W / 44.2299750°N 76.4830250°W / 44.2299750; -76.4830250 (Old Kingston Post Office)
A two-storey, limestone building built in the Neoclassical style, illustrative of the popularity of neoclassical elements in the mid-19th century and the eclecticism of early Victorian architecture in Canada Exterior view of the Old Post Office in Kingston
Point Frederick Buildings [32][33] 1973 Kingston
44°13′40.73″N 76°28′10.12″W / 44.2279806°N 76.4694778°W / 44.2279806; -76.4694778 (Point Frederick Buildings)
A peninsula upon which a major British naval base was located during the War of 1812; an assemblage of architecturally significant structures used by the Royal Military College of Canada Exterior view of the martello tower on Point Frederick in winter
Rideau CanalBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [34][35] 1837 (completed) 1925 Ottawa to Kingston
45°25′33″N 75°41′50″W / 45.42583°N 75.69722°W / 45.42583; -75.69722 (Rideau Canal)
Built for the British government by Lieutenant-Colonel John By as a defensive work in the event of war with the United States, the canal is the best preserved example of a 19th-century slack water canal in North America, with most of its original structures intact View of the canal locks at Jones Falls
Roselawn [36][37] 1841 (completed) 1969 Kingston
44°13′31.98″N 76°30′36.66″W / 44.2255500°N 76.5101833°W / 44.2255500; -76.5101833 (Roselawn)
A two-storey neoclassical house, now used as a conference centre by Queen's University; at one time the centre of a large estate, it is representative of the large 19th-century country houses built for affluent Kingstonians just beyond the (then) city outskirts Exterior view of the Roselawn house
Shoal TowerBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [38][39] 1847 (completed) 1930 Kingston
44°13′43.69″N 76°28′41.14″W / 44.2288028°N 76.4780944°W / 44.2288028; -76.4780944 (Shoal Tower)
A martello tower located on a shoal in Kingston harbour; a component of the Kingston Fortifications NHSC, and symbolic of Kingston's military and naval significance in the 19th century Exterior view of Shoal Tower
Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite [40][41] 1891 (burial) 1938 Kingston
44°15′43″N 76°32′32″W / 44.262080°N 76.542188°W / 44.262080; -76.542188 (Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite)
The burial place of Sir John A. Macdonald, a Father of Confederation and the first Prime Minister of Canada, in the Cataraqui Cemetery NHSC 1891 photo of Macdonald's funeral in Cataraqui Cemetery


References[edit]

  1. ^ Kingston, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  2. ^ Kingston, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ Ann Baillie Building, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  4. ^ Ann Baillie Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  5. ^ Bellevue House. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  6. ^ Cataraqui Cemetery. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  7. ^ "National Historic Designations, Historic Communities (Backgrounder)". News Releases and Backgrounders. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  8. ^ Elizabeth Cottage. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  9. ^ Fort Frontenac, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  10. ^ Fort Frontenac. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  11. ^ Fort Henry, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  12. ^ Fort Henry. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  13. ^ Frontenac County Court House, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  14. ^ Frontenac County Court House. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  15. ^ Kingston City Hall, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  16. ^ Kingston City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  17. ^ Kingston Customs House, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  18. ^ Kingston Customs House. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  19. ^ Kingston Dry Dock, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  20. ^ Kingston Dry Dock. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  21. ^ Kingston Fortifications, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  22. ^ Kingston Fortifications. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  23. ^ Kingston General Hospital, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  24. ^ Kingston General Hospital. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  25. ^ Kingston Navy Yard, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  26. ^ Kingston Penitentiary, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  27. ^ Kingston Penitentiary. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  28. ^ Murney Tower, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  29. ^ Murney Tower. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  30. ^ Old Kingston Post Office, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  31. ^ Old Kingston Post Office. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  32. ^ Point Frederick Buildings, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  33. ^ Point Frederick Buildings. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  34. ^ Rideau Canal, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  35. ^ Rideau Canal. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  36. ^ Roselawn, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  37. ^ Roselawn. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  38. ^ Shoal Tower, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  39. ^ Shoal Tower. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  40. ^ Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  41. ^ Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite. Canadian Register of Historic Places.