List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Nunavut

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This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in the territory of Nunavut. There are 12 National Historic Sites designated in Nunavut, of which none are administered by Parks Canada.[1][2]

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk [3] 1995 Arviat and Sentry Island
61°08′23″N 093°59′36″W / 61.13972°N 93.99333°W / 61.13972; -93.99333 (Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk)
A traditional summer camp of the Paallirmiut Inuit and an archaeological site on Hudson Bay; representative of the cultural, spiritual and economic life of the Inuit in the Arviat region
Beechey Island Sites[4] 1845–46 (wintering site), 1852–54 (search expeditions) 1993 Beechey Island and Devon Island
74°43′N 091°51′W / 74.717°N 91.850°W / 74.717; -91.850 (Beechey Island Sites)
Sites associated with Arctic exploration, including the wintering site of Franklin's lost expedition and a base for subsequent search expeditions Graves of the dead crewman from the 1845 Franklin Northwest Passage expedition
Blacklead Island Whaling Station[5] 1860 (established) 1985 Blacklead Island
64°58′59″N 066°12′00″W / 64.98306°N 66.20000°W / 64.98306; -66.20000 (Blacklead Island Whaling Station)
One of the most important whaling stations and wintering sites in Cumberland Sound from the 1860s until the early 20th century; a good example of a contact-period Inuit village Blacklead Island Whaling Station in 1903
Bloody Falls[6] 1700 BCE (c.) (human occupation) 1978 Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park
67°44′36″N 115°22′03″W / 67.74333°N 115.36750°W / 67.74333; -115.36750 (Bloody Falls)
Archaeological remains on river terraces of pre-contact hunting and fishing sites; a record of the presence of Pre-Dorset, Thule, First Nation and Inuit peoples over the last 3000 years Middle of Blood Falls rapids
Fall Caribou Crossing[7] 1995 Kivalliq Region
63°38′37″N 096°02′58″W / 63.64361°N 96.04944°W / 63.64361; -96.04944 (Fall Caribou Crossing)
A section of the lower Kazan River which has witnessed centuries of inland caribou hunting; symbolic of the cultural, spiritual and economic life of the Inuit in the region
Erebus and Terror[8] 1845–46 (expedition) 1992 King William Island (possible location)
69°17′59″N 098°55′00″W / 69.29972°N 98.91667°W / 69.29972; -98.91667 (Erebus & Terror)
The remains of the HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, the two ships of Franklin's lost expedition in 1845–46, believed to have been trapped and wrecked by pack ice; official location of designation in abeyance until remains found Engraving of HMS Terror thrown up by the ice
Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites[9] 2000 BCE (c.) (human occupation) 1978 Igloolik Island
69°23′N 081°40′W / 69.383°N 81.667°W / 69.383; -81.667 (Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites)
Nine archaeological sites dating from Dorset and Pre-Dorset occupations, demonstrating 4000 years of human activity; also the wintering site for William Parry in 1821 and the base of the Fifth Thule Expedition of 1921–24
Inuksuk[10] 1969 Foxe Peninsula
64°34′19″N 078°10′17″W / 64.57194°N 78.17139°W / 64.57194; -78.17139 (Inuksuk)
100 inuksuit standing on a treeless headland; a testament to the ingenuity and artistry of the Inuit Inuksuit at Inuksuk Point
Kekerten Island Whaling Station[11] 1857 (established) 1985 Cumberland Sound
65°42′N 065°48′W / 65.700°N 65.800°W / 65.700; -65.800 (Kekerten Island Whaling Station)
The remains of a whaling station, as well as a burial ground and a shipwreck; symbolic of whaling in the Eastern Arctic and of the economic and cultural impact of the whaling on the Inuit in the region Structures at Kekerten
Kodlunarn Island[12] 1576–78 (expeditions) 1964 Frobisher Bay
62°49′03″N 065°25′44″W / 62.81750°N 65.42889°W / 62.81750; -65.42889 (Kodlunarn Island)
The ruins of a stone house, earthworks and mining excavations from Martin Frobisher's gold mining expeditions to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Port Refuge[13] 1978 Grinnell Peninsula
77°00′17″N 096°09′49″W / 77.00472°N 96.16361°W / 77.00472; -96.16361 (Port Refuge)
Archaeological sites dating to prehistoric occupation, including a Thule winter village and remains of Pre-Dorset dwellings, including evidence of Thule contact with the medieval Norse colonies of Greenland
Wreck of HMS Breadalbane[14] 1853 (wreck) 1983 Beechey Island
74°43′N 091°51′W / 74.717°N 91.850°W / 74.717; -91.850 (Wreck of HMS Breadalbane)
The wreck of the ship involved in the search for Franklin's lost expedition Engraving of the sinking of Breadalbane

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nunavut". Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Nunavut, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ Arvia'juaq and Qikiqtaarjuk. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  4. ^ Beechey Island Sites. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  5. ^ Blacklead Island Whaling Station. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  6. ^ Bloody Falls. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  7. ^ Fall Caribou Crossing. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  8. ^ Erebus and Terror. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  9. ^ Igloolik Island Archaeological Sites. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  10. ^ Inuksuk. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  11. ^ Kekerten Island Whaling Station. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  12. ^ Kodlunarn Island. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  13. ^ Port Refuge. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  14. ^ Wreck of HMS Breadalbane. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 October 2013.