List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Ottawa

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This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in the capital of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. There are 25 National Historic Sites in Ottawa,[1] of which two (Laurier House and the Rideau Canal) are administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png).[2] The Rideau Canal, which extends to Lake Ontario at Kingston, was designated in 1925 and was the first site designated in Ottawa.[3]

There are six other National Historic Sites of Canada located within the National Capital Region, but not within Ottawa proper: the Former Almonte Post Office and Rosamond Woollen Mill in Almonte, the Gillies Grove and House in Arnprior, the Manoir Papineau in Montebello, the Symmes Hotel in the Aylmer sector of Gatineau, and the First Geodetic Survey Station in Chelsea.

National Historic Sites located elsewhere in Ontario are listed at List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Ontario.

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Aberdeen Pavilion [4] 1898 (completed) 1983 Ottawa
45°24′0.15″N 75°40′58.16″W / 45.4000417°N 75.6828222°W / 45.4000417; -75.6828222 (Aberdeen Pavilion)
The only large-scale exhibition building in Canada surviving from the 19th century, and also the oldest surviving venue in which the Stanley Cup was contested Image of the Aberdeen Pavilion during the Ottawa Exhibition in 2004
Beechwood Cemetery [5] 1873 (established) 2000 Ottawa
45°26′49″N 75°39′36″W / 45.4469°N 75.6599°W / 45.4469; -75.6599 (Beechwood Cemetery)
An exceptional example of 19th-century rural cemetery design, containing a concentration of mausolea, monuments, and markers of significant importance to the history of Canada, Ontario and Ottawa; the cemetery was declared the national cemetery of Canada in 2009, and has served as the National Military Cemetery of the Canadian Forces since 1944 and the RCMP National Memorial Cemetery since 2004 A stone Celtic cross in Beechwood Cemetery
Billings House [6] 1829 (completed) 1968 Ottawa
45°23′23″N 75°40′20″W / 45.389832°N 75.672235°W / 45.389832; -75.672235 (Billings House)
One of Ottawa's oldest homes, this Georgian homestead was built by Braddish Billings, the first settler of Gloucester Township, where his home formed the nucleus of Ottawa's Billings Bridge area Exterior view of the Billings House
Central Chambers [7] 1891 (completed) 1990 Ottawa
45°25′23.65″N 75°41′42.95″W / 45.4232361°N 75.6952639°W / 45.4232361; -75.6952639 (Central Chambers)
A noted example of Queen Anne Revival commercial architecture, with a high profile location on Ottawa's Confederation Square Exterior view of the front facade of the Central Chambers building
Central Experimental Farm [8] 1886 (established) 1997 Ottawa
45°22′57″N 75°42′49″W / 45.382537°N 75.713654°W / 45.382537; -75.713654 (Central Experimental Farm)
A rare example of a farm within a city; the site of significant scientific contributions to agriculture in Canada Exterior view of the agricultural museum at the Central Experimental Farm
Château Laurier [9][10] 1912 (completion of first wing) 1980 Ottawa
45°25′32.04″N 75°41′42.39″W / 45.4255667°N 75.6951083°W / 45.4255667; -75.6951083 (Château Laurier)
One of Canada's landmark railway hotels, built in the distinctly Canadian Château-style; dubbed the "Third Chamber of Parliament" due to its proximity to Parliament Hill Exterior view of the west facade of the Château Laurier
Confederation Square [11] 1939 (established) 1984 Ottawa
45°25′26.72″N 75°41′43.8″W / 45.4240889°N 75.695500°W / 45.4240889; -75.695500 (Confederation Square)
The second most important ceremonial centre in Ottawa, after Parliament Hill, with Canada's National War Memorial at its centre and the Valiants Memorial at its periphery, and framed by the Château Laurier, the Government Conference Centre, the National Arts Centre, the Central Chambers, the Scottish-Ontario Chambers, the Central Post Office, the Langevin Block and the East Block View of Confederation Square from the northeast
Connaught Building [12] 1916 (completed) 1990 Ottawa
45°25′36″N 75°41′41″W / 45.426562°N 75.694669°W / 45.426562; -75.694669 (Connaught Building)
A testament to Wilfrid Laurier’s commitment to enhance the architecture in Canada's capital; one of the best works of David Ewart, the Chief Dominion Architect from 1896 to 1914 Northwest corner of the Connaught Building
Diefenbunker / Central Emergency Government Headquarters [13] 1959 (completed) 1994 Ottawa
45°21′06″N 76°02′50″W / 45.35167°N 76.04722°W / 45.35167; -76.04722 (Diefenbunker / Central Emergency Government Headquarters)
An underground 4-storey bunker, capable of withstanding a near-hit from a nuclear explosion, built to shelter key Canadian political and military personnel in the event of a nuclear war View of the Diefenbunker gate and entrance in Carp, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Earnscliffe [14] 1857 (completed) 1960 Ottawa
45°26′15″N 75°41′56″W / 45.437378°N 75.698912°W / 45.437378; -75.698912 (Earnscliffe)
A house overlooking the Ottawa River, once the home to Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, now the official residence of the British High Commissioner to Canada View of Earnscliffe
Former Archives Building [15] 1906 (completed) 1990 Ottawa
45°25′50″N 75°41′55.89″W / 45.43056°N 75.6988583°W / 45.43056; -75.6988583 (Former Archives Building)
The home of the Public Archives of Canada from 1906 to 1967, and the Canadian War Museum from 1967 to 2005, this building was constructed as part of Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier’s efforts to transform Ottawa from a lumber town into a capital city with requisite cultural and civic amenities and architecture Exterior view of the Former Archives Building in 2010
Former Geological Survey of Canada Building [16] 1863 (completion of the oldest part of the building) 1955 Ottawa
45°25′35.45″N 75°41′38.16″W / 45.4265139°N 75.6939333°W / 45.4265139; -75.6939333 (Former Geological Survey of Canada Building)
Among the oldest government buildings in the capital, the building was the first Ottawa home of the Geological Survey of Canada; the building was also used to host the inaugural exhibit of the Canadian Academy of Arts in 1880 (the genesis of the collection of the National Gallery of Canada), and to display the Geological Survey's museum collections (which served as the foundation of the Canadian Museum of Nature) Exterior view of the Former Geological Survey of Canada Building
Former Ottawa Teachers' College [17] 1875 (completed) 1974 Ottawa
45°25′11.97″N 75°41′27.35″W / 45.4199917°N 75.6909306°W / 45.4199917; -75.6909306 (Former Ottawa Teachers' College)
A nationally significant example of the Gothic Revival style in an eclectic design; the building served as a normal school until 1974, and now serves as a wing of Ottawa City Hall Exterior view of the Elgin Street frontage of the Former Ottawa Teachers' College
John R. Booth Residence [18] 1909 (completed) 1990 Ottawa
45°25′00″N 75°41′33″W / 45.416762°N 75.692480°W / 45.416762; -75.692480 (John R. Booth Residence)
Built for lumber baron John R. Booth, the house is a nationally significant example of the Queen Anne Revival style in domestic architecture Exterior view of the front facade of Booth House
Langevin Block [19] 1889 (completed) 1977 Ottawa
45°25′25.23″N 75°41′49.42″W / 45.4236750°N 75.6970611°W / 45.4236750; -75.6970611 (Langevin Block)
One of the finest examples of Second Empire style office building architecture in Canada, the Langevin Block was the first purpose-built office building erected by the federal government outside the boundaries of Parliament Hill; currently serves as home to the Prime Minister’s Office and the Privy Council Office Exterior view of the Wellington Street facade of the Langevin Block, as viewed from Parliament Hill
Laurier HouseBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [20] 1878 (completed) 1956 Ottawa
45°25′40″N 75°40′41″W / 45.4277°N 75.6781°W / 45.4277; -75.6781 (Laurier House)
As Canada did not have official residences for elected officials until 1950, this house was the home of Sir Wilfrid Laurier and then William Lyon Mackenzie King during the periods when both men were leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada; Laurier and King served both as Prime Ministers and Leaders of the Opposition while living in this home Exterior view of Laurier House
Maplelawn & Gardens [21] 1834 (completed) 1989 Ottawa
45°23′17.63″N 75°45′43.02″W / 45.3882306°N 75.7619500°W / 45.3882306; -75.7619500 (Maplelawn & Gardens)
A rare example of an early 19th-century country estate in Canada and an excellent example of the British classical style; the gardens are the best preserved of the few surviving examples of 19th-century walled gardens in Canada View of the gardens of Maplelawn, with the house visible in the distance
National Arts Centre [22] 1969 (completed) 2006 Ottawa
45°25′23″N 75°41′38″W / 45.4230°N 75.6938°W / 45.4230; -75.6938 (National Arts Centre)
Built to commemorate the Canadian Centennial and designed in the shape of hexagons, the centre heralded Canada's cultural and architectural achievements in the second half of the 20th century; also a component of the Confederation Square National Historic Site of Canada Exterior view of the National Arts Centre from Elgin Street
Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Basilica [23] 1842-1897 (construction) 1990 Ottawa
45°25′47″N 75°41′47″W / 45.42971°N 75.69646°W / 45.42971; -75.69646 (Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Basilica)
A Basilica prominently located on Sussex Drive, whose twin towers mark the entrance to Lower Town, one of Ottawa’s earliest neighbourhoods; it is considered an exceptional example of Gothic Revival architecture in Canada Exterior view of Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica from Sussex Drive
Parliament Buildings [24] 1865 (West Block completed), 1866 (East Block), 1876 (Library of Parliament), 1920 (Centre Block) 1976 Ottawa
45°25′29″N 75°41′57″W / 45.4248°N 75.6992°W / 45.4248; -75.6992 (Parliament Buildings)
The seat of the Parliament of Canada in a striking location on a hill above the Ottawa River; an important symbol serving as the physical embodiment of the Canadian government and federation Exterior view of the Peace Tower clock
Public Grounds of the Parliament Buildings [25] 1875 (initial completion) 1976 Ottawa
45°25′29″N 75°41′57″W / 45.424807°N 75.699234°W / 45.424807; -75.699234 (Parliament Buildings)
The focal point for national celebrations in Ottawa; the grounds were originally designed by Calvert Vaux, and since supplemented by 18 monuments and memorials Exterior view of grounds in front of the Centre Block, with the East Block and Langevin Block in the image
Rideau CanalBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [26] 1837 (completed) 1925 Ottawa to Kingston
45°25′33″N 75°41′50″W / 45.42583°N 75.69722°W / 45.42583; -75.69722 (Rideau Canal)
Built for the British government by Lieutenant-Colonel John By as a defensive work in the event of war with the United States, the canal is the best preserved example of a 19th-century slack water canal in North America, with most of its original structures intact; a World Heritage Site and a unique historic landmark in the central core of Ottawa View of the Rideau Canal in downtown Ottawa
Rideau Hall and Landscaped Grounds [27] 1838 (completion of original villa) 1977 Ottawa
45°26′39.73″N 75°41′9.5″W / 45.4443694°N 75.685972°W / 45.4443694; -75.685972 (Rideau Hall and Landscaped Grounds)
The official residence of the Governor General of Canada; excellent example of the transposition of the natural style of the English country estate to Canada Rideau Hall front facade
Royal Canadian Mint [28] 1908 (completion of main building) 1979 Ottawa
45°25′52.14″N 75°41′57.36″W / 45.4311500°N 75.6992667°W / 45.4311500; -75.6992667 (Royal Canadian Mint)
Representative of the federal government’s approach to using the Tudor Gothic architectural style to create a distinctive identity in Canada's capital; the construction of this building, combining a mint and a refinery for gold produced by Canadian mines, symbolized the patriation of control over Canada’s currency from Britain View of the Royal Canadian Mint from Sussex Drive
Victoria Memorial Museum [29] 1911 (completed) 1990 Ottawa
45°24′46″N 75°41′20″W / 45.41266°N 75.68875°W / 45.41266; -75.68875 (Victoria Memorial Museum)
Built to house Canada's first national museum, the building originally served as the home of the National Gallery of Canada and of the geological and natural history collections of the Geological Survey of Canada, and then served as the temporary premises of the Parliament of Canada from 1916 to 1922 when the original Centre Block was destroyed by fire; now the home of the Canadian Museum of Nature View of the front facade of the Canadian Museum of Nature

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ottawa, Carp, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  2. ^ Ottawa, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ Rideau Canal, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  4. ^ Aberdeen Pavilion. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  5. ^ Beechwood Cemetery. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  6. ^ Billings House. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  7. ^ Central Chambers. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  8. ^ Central Experimental Farm. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  9. ^ Château Laurier. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  10. ^ Hotel History, Fairmont Château Laurier - Fairmont Hotels
  11. ^ Confederation Square. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  12. ^ Connaught Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  13. ^ Diefenbunker / Central Emergency Government Headquarters. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  14. ^ Earnscliffe. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  15. ^ Former Archives Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  16. ^ Former Geological Survey of Canada Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  17. ^ Former Ottawa Teachers' College. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  18. ^ John R. Booth Residence. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  19. ^ Langevin Block. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  20. ^ Laurier House. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  21. ^ Maplelawn & Gardens. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  22. ^ National Arts Centre. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  23. ^ Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Basilica. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  24. ^ Parliament Buildings. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  25. ^ Public Grounds of the Parliament Buildings. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  26. ^ Rideau Canal. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  27. ^ Rideau Hall and Landscaped Grounds. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  28. ^ Royal Canadian Mint. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  29. ^ Victoria Memorial Museum. Canadian Register of Historic Places.