List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Prince Edward Island

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This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in the province of Prince Edward Island. There are 22 National Historic Sites designated in Prince Edward Island, of which 5 are administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png).[1][2] The first National Historic Site to be designated in Prince Edward Island was Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers in 1933.

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Media related to National Historic Sites of Canada in Prince Edward Island at Wikimedia Commons

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Alberton Court House [3][4] 1878 (completed) 1981 Alberton
46°48′45.1″N 64°4′6.6″W / 46.812528°N 64.068500°W / 46.812528; -64.068500 (Alberton Court House)
A simple wooden hall evocative of a pioneer church, now used as the local museum; representative of the six circuit courthouses, all built according to a standard plan after the passage of Prince Edward Island's County Courts Act in 1873
All Souls' Chapel [5][6] 1888 (completed) 1990 Charlottetown
46°14′2.43″N 63°7′57.56″W / 46.2340083°N 63.1326556°W / 46.2340083; -63.1326556 (All Souls' Chapel)
A small chapel built of rust-red, Prince Edward Island sandstone, attached to St. Peter’s Anglican Cathedral; known as an exceptional example of the High Victorian Gothic Revival style in Canada, and for its 18 interior mural paintings by Robert Harris View of the altar in All Souls' Chapel
Apothecaries Hall [7][8] 1900 (completed) 1969 Charlottetown
46°14′5″N 63°7′41.16″W / 46.23472°N 63.1281000°W / 46.23472; -63.1281000 (Apothecaries Hall)
A three-storey brick building in which an apothecary shop operated from 1810 to 1986, making it one of the oldest continually operated pharmacies in Canada
ArdgowanBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [9][10] 1850 (completed) 1966 Charlottetown
46°15′7.29″N 63°7′34.64″W / 46.2520250°N 63.1262889°W / 46.2520250; -63.1262889 (Ardgowan)
The residence of William Henry Pope, a Father of Confederation; the Popes billetted George Brown and hosted a luncheon for delegates here during the Charlottetown Conference Portrait of William Henry Pope
Charlottetown City Hall [11][12] 1888 (completed) 1984 Charlottetown
46°14′6.97″N 63°7′46.59″W / 46.2352694°N 63.1296083°W / 46.2352694; -63.1296083 (Charlottetown City Hall)
A Romanesque Revival style town hall, the design of which symbolizes the growth and prosperity of Prince Edward Island and its capital in the late 19th century Exterior view of Charlottetown City Hall
Confederation Centre of the Arts [13][14] 1964 (completed) 2003 Charlottetown
46°14′4.29″N 63°7′36.32″W / 46.2345250°N 63.1267556°W / 46.2345250; -63.1267556 (Confederation Centre of the Arts)
A Brutalist style multi-purpose cultural centre containing a theatre, art gallery and public library; built as a memorial to the Fathers of Confederation who met at the Charlottetown Conference, the facility is representative of the wave of cultural complexes built in the 1960s and 1970s in Canada Exterior view of the Confederation Centre of the Arts
Dalvay-by-the-SeaBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [15][16] 1899 (completed) 1990 Prince Edward Island National Park
46°24′53.48″N 63°4′24.01″W / 46.4148556°N 63.0733361°W / 46.4148556; -63.0733361 (Dalvay-by-the-Sea)
A summer residence built for Alexander McDonald, president of Standard Oil of Kentucky; now a hotel, it is a noted example of the Queen Anne Revival style in Canadian domestic architecture Exterior view of Dalvay-by-the-Sea across the water
Dundas Terrace [17][18] 1889 (completed) 1990 Charlottetown
46°13′48.65″N 63°7′39.1″W / 46.2301806°N 63.127528°W / 46.2301806; -63.127528 (Dundas Terrace)
A wooden three-and-a-half-storey apartment building; a noted example of the Queen Anne Revival style in Canadian apartment building architecture
Fairholm [19][20] 1839 (completed) 1992 Charlottetown
46°14′18.36″N 63°7′37.98″W / 46.2384333°N 63.1272167°W / 46.2384333; -63.1272167 (Fairholm)
A brick villa a carriage house built for Thomas Heath Haviland, Sr.; an excellent and rare surviving example of a Picturesque villa in Atlantic Canada
Farmers' Bank of Rustico [21][22] 1863 (completed) 1959 North Rustico
46°25′23.9″N 63°17′0.07″W / 46.423306°N 63.2833528°W / 46.423306; -63.2833528 (Farmers' Bank of Rustico)
A stone building that housed one of the first people’s banks in the country, offering loans to residents in the predominantly Acadian farming community; its establishment heralded the development of the credit union movement in Canada Exterior view of the Farmers' Bank of Rustico
Former Summerside Post Office [23][24] 1887 (completed) 1983 Summerside
46°23′36.04″N 63°47′26.32″W / 46.3933444°N 63.7906444°W / 46.3933444; -63.7906444 (Former Summerside Post Office)
A stone post office with Gothic and Romanesque elements; representative of the small urban post offices erected by the Department of Public Works in smaller urban centres during Thomas Fuller's term as Chief Architect
Government House [25][26] 1834 (completed) 1971 Charlottetown
46°13′52.42″N 63°8′10.15″W / 46.2312278°N 63.1361528°W / 46.2312278; -63.1361528 (Government House)
The official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island Exterior view of Government House and its grounds
Great George Street Historic District [27][28] 1990 Charlottetown
46°14′1.74″N 63°7′28.21″W / 46.2338167°N 63.1245028°W / 46.2338167; -63.1245028 (Great George Street Historic District)
A wide six-block street that begins at the waterfront and ends at Province House; the view up Great George Street from Peake’s Quay contains many elements that the Fathers of Confederation would have experienced on their way to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 Looking from Province House down Great Gorge Street
Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers [29][30] 1732 (establishment) 1933 Brudenell
46°10′54.88″N 62°33′37.13″W / 46.1819111°N 62.5603139°W / 46.1819111; -62.5603139 (Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers)
Jean Pierre Roma established a fishing and trading post on this site in 1732, which was destroyed by New Englanders in 1745 after the Siege of Louisbourg; symbolic of the French presence on Île Saint-Jean (later named Prince Edward Island)
Kensington Railway Station [31][32] 1904 (completed) 1976 Kensington
46°26′16.15″N 63°38′20.15″W / 46.4378194°N 63.6389306°W / 46.4378194; -63.6389306 (Kensington Railway Station)
A fieldstone station with a high gable roof and sheltered platforms, originally built for the Prince Edward Island Railway; commemorates development of the railways in the Maritimes and a rare surviving example of a railway station in Prince Edward Island
L.M. Montgomery's CavendishBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [33][34] 2004 Cavendish
46°29′15.68″N 63°22′54.64″W / 46.4876889°N 63.3818444°W / 46.4876889; -63.3818444 (L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish)
A cultural landscape near Cavendish that author Lucy Maud Montgomery made famous in her Anne of Green Gables books Exterior view of the Green Gables farmhouse
Port-la-Joye—Fort AmherstBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [35][36] 1720 (established) 1958 Rocky Point
46°29′15.68″N 63°22′54.64″W / 46.4876889°N 63.3818444°W / 46.4876889; -63.3818444 (Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst)
A hilly landscape on the west side of the channel entrance to Charlottetown harbour, with remnants of an 18th-century fort built by the French and later occupied by the British; the site was the seat of government and port of entry for settlers to Île Saint-Jean/Prince Edward Island Exterior view of the Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst landscape
Province HouseBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [37][38] 1847 (completed) 1966 Charlottetown
46°14′5.74″N 63°7′33.9″W / 46.2349278°N 63.126083°W / 46.2349278; -63.126083 (Province House)
A neoclassical legislative building that served as the site of the Charlottetown Conference of 1864, the first meeting that led to Canadian Confederation Exterior view of the front facade of Province House
Shaw's Hotel [39][40] 1860 (lodge completed) 2003 Brackley Beach
46°25′26.13″N 63°11′29.84″W / 46.4239250°N 63.1916222°W / 46.4239250; -63.1916222 (Shaw's Hotel)
A two-and-a-half-storey main lodge, with two large barns and twenty-five cottages sitting on a 8-hectare (20-acre) site; operating as a tourist resort for more than 150 years, the site is evocative of the early years of tourism in Canada
St. Dunstan's Roman Catholic Basilica [41][42] 1907 (completed) 1990 Charlottetown
46°14′0.96″N 63°7′31.44″W / 46.2336000°N 63.1254000°W / 46.2336000; -63.1254000 (St. Dunstan's Roman Catholic Basilica)
St. Dunstan's is the centre of the Roman Catholic Church in Prince Edward Island and the mother church of the diocese; it was elevated to the status of Basilica in 1929; a noted example of the High Victorian Gothic Revival style in Canada Exterior view of front facade of St. Dunstan's Basilica
Strathgartney Homestead [43] 1861 (completed) 1996 Bonshaw
46°12′3.33″N 63°21′17.07″W / 46.2009250°N 63.3547417°W / 46.2009250; -63.3547417 (Strathgartney Homestead)
A 13-hectare (32-acre) remnant of the 200-hectare (490-acre) estate of Robert Bruce Stewart, a nineteenth-century landowner; illustrative of the land tenure system that dominated Prince Edward Island until the passage of the Land Purchase Act of 1875
Tryon United Church [44][45] 1881 (completed) 1990 Tryon
46°14′28.64″N 63°30′7.3″W / 46.2412889°N 63.502028°W / 46.2412889; -63.502028 (Tryon United Church)
A wooden church designed for a Methodist congregation by William Critchlow Harris; now a United Church, it is an exceptional example of the Gothic Revival style in Canadian architecture.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada - Prince Edward Island, Parks Canada
  2. ^ Prince Edward Island, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ "Alberton Court House". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Alberton Court House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  5. ^ "All Souls' Chapel". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  6. ^ All Souls' Chapel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Apothecaries Hall". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Apothecaries Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  9. ^ "Ardgowan". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Ardgowan. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  11. ^ "Charlottetown City Hall". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  12. ^ Charlottetown City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Confederation Centre of the Arts". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  14. ^ Confederation Centre of the Arts. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  15. ^ "Dalvay-by-the-Sea". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  16. ^ Dalvay-by-the-Sea. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  17. ^ "Dundas Terrace". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  18. ^ Dundas Terrace. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  19. ^ "Fairholm". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  20. ^ Fairholm. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  21. ^ "Farmers' Bank of Rustico". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  22. ^ Farmers' Bank of Rustico. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  23. ^ "Former Summerside Post Office". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  24. ^ Former Summerside Post Office. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  25. ^ "Government House". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  26. ^ Government House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  27. ^ "Great George Street Historic District". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  28. ^ Great George Street Historic District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  29. ^ "Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  30. ^ Jean-Pierre Roma at Three Rivers. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  31. ^ "Kensington Railway Station". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  32. ^ Kensington Railway Station. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  33. ^ "L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  34. ^ L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  35. ^ "Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  36. ^ Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  37. ^ "Province House". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  38. ^ Province House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  39. ^ "Shaw's Hotel". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  40. ^ Shaw's Hotel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  41. ^ "St. Dunstan's Roman Catholic Basilica". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  42. ^ St. Dunstan's Roman Catholic Basilica. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  43. ^ Strathgartney Homestead. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  44. ^ "Tryon United Church". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  45. ^ Tryon United Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2011.