List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Quebec City

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This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in Quebec City, Quebec. There are 37 National Historic Sites in Quebec City and its enclaves,[1] of which seven are administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png).[2] The first National Historic Site to be designated in Quebec City was Fort Charlesbourg Royal in 1923.

National Historic Sites located elsewhere in Quebec are listed at List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Quebec.

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

Media related to National Historic Sites of Canada in Quebec City at Wikimedia Commons

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
57-63 St. Louis StreetBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [3] 1705-1811 (period of construction) 1969 Quebec City
46°48′39.35″N 71°12′30.53″W / 46.8109306°N 71.2084806°W / 46.8109306; -71.2084806 (57-63 St. Louis Street)
Three early eighteenth and nineteenth century stone houses within the walls of Quebec City’s Upper Town at the foot of Cavelier du Moulin Park; a notable grouping of buildings from the French Regime View of St. Louis Street, with 57-63 St. Louis Street visible on the left side of the photograph
Bélanger-Girardin House [4] 1735 (completed) 1982 Beauport
46°51′33.32″N 71°11′31.09″W / 46.8592556°N 71.1919694°W / 46.8592556; -71.1919694 (Bélanger-Girardin House)
A one-and-a-half-storey stone house with a steep roof located in Beauport, one of the first seigneuries of New France; one of the few remaining early French Regime houses erected in the (then) countryside near Quebec City View of Bélanger-Girardin House
Beth Israël Cemetery [5] 1840-58 (acquisition of land) 1992 Quebec City
46°47′4.15″N 71°15′34.79″W / 46.7844861°N 71.2596639°W / 46.7844861; -71.2596639 (Beth Israël Cemetery)
Since the 19th century, most members of Quebec City's Jewish community have been interred in this cemetery; its age, burial house, linear spatial arrangement, grave marker designs and symbols make it an excellent representative example of a burial ground in the Jewish cultural tradition
Bon-Pasteur Chapel [6] 1868 (completed) 1975 Quebec City
46°48′26.49″N 71°13′4.48″W / 46.8073583°N 71.2179111°W / 46.8073583; -71.2179111 (Bon-Pasteur Chapel)
A rectangular five-storey stone-faced chapel with a gable roof that is part of the motherhouse of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd; it is prized for its interior designed by Charles Baillargé and is recognized as an outstanding example of religious architecture in Quebec Exterior view of the Bon-Pasteur Chapel
Capitol Theatre / Quebec Auditorium [7] 1903 (completed) 1986 Quebec City
46°48′46.24″N 71°12′50.06″W / 46.8128444°N 71.2139056°W / 46.8128444; -71.2139056 (Capitol Theatre / Quebec Auditorium)
Remarkable Beaux Arts-style theatre with a bombé (rounded) facade; evocative of the exuberance of Belle Époque theatres Exterior view of the Capitol Theatre / Quebec Auditorium
Cartier-BrébeufBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [8] 1535-6 (Cartier's wintering site) 1958 Quebec City
46°49′31.01″N 71°14′22.7″W / 46.8252806°N 71.239639°W / 46.8252806; -71.239639 (Cartier-Brébeuf)
A 6.8-hectare (17-acre) park located on the Saint-Charles River, near the former site of the Iroquoian village of Stadacona; commemorates the winter quarters of Jacques Cartier in 1535-1536, and the first residence of Jesuit missionaries in Quebec constructed in 1625-1626 Monument at Cartier-Brébeuf
Château Frontenac [9] 1893 (first phase completed) 1981 Quebec City
46°48′42.99″N 71°12′17.76″W / 46.8119417°N 71.2049333°W / 46.8119417; -71.2049333 (Château Frontenac)
An imposing hotel located prominently on a cliff overlooking the Saint Lawrence River; the first of a series of Chateau-style hotels constructed by railway companies in Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to encourage railway travel, and the prototype for the railway hotels that followed Exterior view of Château Frontenac
Fort Charlesbourg Royal [10] 1541 (established) 1923 Cap-Rouge
46°44′53.35″N 71°20′29.72″W / 46.7481528°N 71.3415889°W / 46.7481528; -71.3415889 (Fort Charlesbourg Royal)
The former site of two sixteenth-century forts established in 1541 by Jacques Cartier and abandoned in 1543; the first French colony in North America
Fortifications of QuebecBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [11] 1608-1871 (period of construction) 1948 Quebec City
46°48′35.9″N 71°12′41.79″W / 46.809972°N 71.2116083°W / 46.809972; -71.2116083 (Fortifications of Quebec)
Quebec City's historic fortifications began with the city's founding by Samuel de Champlain and are located on a plateau overlooking the convergence of the Saint Lawrence and the Saint Charles Rivers; the city is the sole surviving example of a fortified city in North America Part of the top of Kent gate, seen from above
Henry-Stuart House [12] 1849 (completed) 1999 Quebec City
46°48′8.99″N 71°13′26.09″W / 46.8024972°N 71.2239139°W / 46.8024972; -71.2239139 (Henry-Stuart House)
A brick cottage set in a garden; a noted example of the "cottage orné" style in Quebec, evocative of the picturesque aesthetics favoured by British settlers Exterior view of Henry-Stuart House
Holy Trinity Anglican Cathedral [13] 1804 (completed) 1989 Quebec City
46°48′46.08″N 71°12′23.76″W / 46.8128000°N 71.2066000°W / 46.8128000; -71.2066000 (Holy Trinity Anglican Cathedral)
A simple Palladian-style church, the construction of which introduced British classicism to Quebec City; the first purpose-built Anglican cathedral outside the British Isles Exterior view of Holy Trinity Anglican Cathedral
Hôpital-Général de Québec Cemetery [14] 1755 (established) 1999 Notre-Dame-des-Anges
46°48′52.04″N 71°13′54.18″W / 46.8144556°N 71.2317167°W / 46.8144556; -71.2317167 (Hôpital-Général de Québec Cemetery)
The small central part of the hospital cemetery, containing the graves of over 1000 French, British and aboriginal soldiers, many of whom died in the battles of the Plains of Abraham and Sainte-Foy, the two decisive battles between France and England for colonial supremacy of North America Memorial in the Hôpital-Général de Québec Cemetery
Hôtel-Dieu de Québec [15] 1637 (established) 1936 Quebec City
46°48′54.76″N 71°12′38.26″W / 46.8152111°N 71.2106278°W / 46.8152111; -71.2106278 (Hôtel-Dieu de Québec)
The first permanent hospital established in North America north of Mexico Exterior view of the hospital
La Fabrique [16][17] 1871 (completed) 2011 Quebec City
46°48′45″N 71°13′34″W / 46.81250°N 71.22611°W / 46.81250; -71.22611 (La Fabrique)
The former Dominion Corset Manufacturing building; representative of female industrial workers in Canada's textile industries La Fabrique
Loyola House / National School Building [18] 1823 (completed) 1989 Quebec City
46°48′44.97″N 71°12′44.61″W / 46.8124917°N 71.2123917°W / 46.8124917; -71.2123917 (Loyola House / National School Building)
The oldest known Gothic Revival-style public building in Canada; erected in order to educate orphans, following the model of the National Society for Promoting Religious Education, the building housed a number of educational and charitable works; it was renamed Loyola House when it came to be owned by the Jesuits in 1904 Exterior view of the Loyola House / National School Building
Maillou House(fr)Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [19] 1737 (first storey completed), 1767 (second storey added) 1958 Quebec City
46°48′42.62″N 71°12′23.18″W / 46.8118389°N 71.2064389°W / 46.8118389; -71.2064389 (Maillou House)
A two-storey stone house that served as the residence of a number of notable figures of the French Regime and British colonial administration; served as the meeting place for the military council that governed Quebec from 1760 to 1764 and ultimately became the headquarters of the local militia Exterior view of the front facade of Maillou House
Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec [20][21] 1887 (completed) 1986 Quebec City
46°48′22.68″N 71°12′50.4″W / 46.8063000°N 71.214000°W / 46.8063000; -71.214000 (Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec)
Designed by Quebec architect Eugène-Étienne Taché, it was the precursor of the Chateau-style in Canadian architecture; unique among armouries in Canada due to its design, it was heavily damaged by fire in 2008 Headquarters and Barracks of Les Voltigeurs de Québec, Quebec City Canada. In the foreground is the Regimental War Memorial.
Montmorency ParkBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [22] 1908 (park established) 1966 Quebec City
46°48′49.05″N 71°12′14.64″W / 46.8136250°N 71.2040667°W / 46.8136250; -71.2040667 (Montmorency Park)
An urban park that forms part of the Fortifications of Quebec NHSC; a former building on the site housed the Parliament of the Province of Canada at various times between 1841 and 1866, and briefly accommodated the Legislative Assembly of Quebec Statue of George-Étienne Cartier in Montmorency Park
Morrin College / Former Quebec Prison [23] 1814 (completed) 1981 Quebec City
46°48′45.74″N 71°12′37.77″W / 46.8127056°N 71.2104917°W / 46.8127056; -71.2104917 (Morrin College / Former Quebec Prison)
A four-storey Palladian-style stone prison, converted to a college and home of the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec in the 19th century; the first prison in Canada to reflect the ideas of British reformer John Howard Front facade of Morrin College
Mount Hermon Cemetery [24] 1848 (established) 2007 Quebec City
46°46′51.06″N 71°14′49.91″W / 46.7808500°N 71.2471972°W / 46.7808500; -71.2471972 (Mount Hermon Cemetery)
The first rural cemetery established near Quebec City, created due to overcrowding at the old Protestant burying ground in the city; the funerary monuments and significance of many of the persons buried in the cemetery commemorate many aspects of the history of Quebec City, Quebec and Canada Forsyth family grave marker in the Mount Hermon Cemetery
New Quebec Custom House [25] 1860 (completed) 1972 Quebec City
46°49′2.43″N 71°12′4.5″W / 46.8173417°N 71.201250°W / 46.8173417; -71.201250 (New Quebec Custom House)
A neoclassical, stone custom house with Italianate detailing; its construction reflected Quebec City's exceptional growth as a commercial and political centre in the mid 19th century Exterior view of New Quebec Custom House
Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Church [26] 1722 (first church completed), 1865 (present church completed) 1981 Wendake
46°51′22.32″N 71°21′16.92″W / 46.8562000°N 71.3547000°W / 46.8562000; -71.3547000 (Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Church)
A church at the centre of Old Wendake Historic District; the establishment of this Jesuit mission was a significant step in the migration of the Huron-Wendat people Exterior view of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Church
Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Cathedral [27] 1647 (first completed) 1989 Quebec City
46°49′2.43″N 71°12′4.5″W / 46.8173417°N 71.201250°W / 46.8173417; -71.201250 (Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Cathedral)
The first parish church of the colony of New France; first built in 1647, the present cathedral is the product of many reconstructions, and it has been a significant influence on ecclesiastical architecture in Quebec Exterior view of the Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Cathedral
Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church [28] 1688 (completed) 1988 Quebec City
46°48′46.08″N 71°12′9.72″W / 46.8128000°N 71.2027000°W / 46.8128000; -71.2027000 (Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church)
Built on the site of Samuel de Champlain’s 1608 Habitation, the first permanent French establishment in North America; a symbol of the French presence in North America Exterior view of Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church
Old Quebec Custom House [29] 1832 (completed) 1990 Quebec City
46°48′36.95″N 71°12′10.91″W / 46.8102639°N 71.2030306°W / 46.8102639; -71.2030306 (Old Quebec Custom House)
An excellent and rare surviving example of a neoclassical-style government building from the 1830s Exterior view of Old Quebec Custom House
Old Wendake Historic District [30] 1697 (established) 2000 Wendake
46°51′41.3″N 71°21′25.6″W / 46.861472°N 71.357111°W / 46.861472; -71.357111 (Old Wendake Historic District)
A Huron-Wendat community established by those who survived the 17th-century dispersal of the inhabitants of Huronia Streetscape in Wendake
Quebec Bridge [31] 1917 (completed) 1995 Quebec City
46°44′43.72″N 71°17′16.06″W / 46.7454778°N 71.2877944°W / 46.7454778; -71.2877944 (Quebec Bridge)
The world's longest clear-span cantilever bridge; the first major bridge to use the K truss, and the first bridge in North America to be constructed with nickel steel View of Quebec Bridge
Quebec Citadel [32] 1720 (established); 1832 (completed) 1946 Quebec City
46°48′28.45″N 71°12′30.55″W / 46.8079028°N 71.2084861°W / 46.8079028; -71.2084861 (Quebec Citadel)
A fortress located on Cap Diamant which also forms part of the Fortifications of Quebec NHSC; the secondary residence of the Governor General and the ceremonial home of the Royal 22e Régiment, the most famous francophone organization of the Canadian Forces View of the gate of the Quebec Citadel
Quebec City Hall [33] 1896 (completed) 1984 Quebec City
46°48′50.08″N 71°12′28.63″W / 46.8139111°N 71.2079528°W / 46.8139111; -71.2079528 (Quebec City Hall)
A town hall of the late-Victorian period, whose opulently eclectic exterior and richly decorated interiors make it one of the most stately municipal buildings in Canada View of the Quebec City Hall
Quebec Court House [34] 1887 (completed) 1981 Quebec City
46°48′43.86″N 71°12′23.14″W / 46.8121833°N 71.2064278°W / 46.8121833; -71.2064278 (Quebec Court House)
A Second Empire-style courthouse designed by Eugène-Étienne Taché; served as a courthouse for almost a century, and is a symbol of the judicial system in the province of Quebec View of the Quebec Court House
Quebec Garrison ClubBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [35] 1816 (building completed), 1879 (club established) 1999 Quebec City
46°48′34.32″N 71°12′38.99″W / 46.8095333°N 71.2108306°W / 46.8095333; -71.2108306 (Quebec Garrison Club)
First constructed as an administrative headquarters by the Royal Engineers, the building also forms part of the Fortifications of Quebec NHSC; in 1879, officers of the Canadian Militia established the only military club in Canada that follows the British colonial tradition of social gatherings between military officers and influential civilians Exterior view of the Garrison Club from Côte de la Citadelle
Quebec Martello Towers [36] 1812 (completed) 1990 Quebec City
46°48′33.66″N 71°13′38.49″W / 46.8093500°N 71.2273583°W / 46.8093500; -71.2273583 (Quebec Martello Towers)
Three Martello towers at some distance from one another, also forming part of the Fortifications of Quebec NHSC; the towers symbolize the importance of Quebec City and its fortifications to the defence of British North America in the early 19th century Exterior view of one of the Martello Towers
Quebec Seminary [37] 1663 (established) 1929 Quebec City
46°48′52.75″N 71°12′20.52″W / 46.8146528°N 71.2057000°W / 46.8146528; -71.2057000 (Quebec Seminary)
One of the oldest educational institutions in Canada Exterior view of the Quebec Seminary
Saint-Louis Forts and ChâteauxBeaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [38] 1620 (first construction on site) 2002 Quebec City
46°48′44.64″N 71°12′15.84″W / 46.8124000°N 71.2044000°W / 46.8124000; -71.2044000 (Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux)
Archaeological remains of 4 forts and 3 châteaux from both the French and British regimes; the seat of colonial executive authority for over 200 years, and the site of the official residences of 32 of the 40 Governors General from the colonial period Exterior view of the ruins of the Saint-Louis forts and châteaux
Sewell House [39] 1804 (completed) 1969 Quebec City
46°48′35.1″N 71°12′36.76″W / 46.809750°N 71.2102111°W / 46.809750; -71.2102111 (Sewell House)
The two-storey palladian residence of Chief Justice Jonathan Sewell; illustrative of the early 19th-century development of Quebec City's Upper Town Exterior view of the Sewell House
Têtu House [40] 1854 (completed) 1973 Quebec City
46°48′36.21″N 71°12′23.81″W / 46.8100583°N 71.2066139°W / 46.8100583; -71.2066139 (Têtu House)
A three-storey, stone townhouse designed in the Neoclassical style by Charles Baillairgé; excellent example of the urban townhouses built for wealthy Canadian merchants during the mid-19th century Têtu House
Ursuline Monastery [41] 1639 (established) 1972 Quebec City
46°48′43.54″N 71°12′29.26″W / 46.8120944°N 71.2081278°W / 46.8120944; -71.2081278 (Ursuline Monastery)
A complex of 17th, 18th and 19th century stone buildings; the old monastery is the largest and most imposing vestige of 17th-century Canadian architecture and the chapel altar, made in 1730, is a masterpiece of French Canadian wood sculpture The interior of the Ursuline chapel in 1890

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The 37 sites in Quebec City are listed in the Directory of Federal Heritage Designations as being located in Quebec and the following boroughs/enclaves: Beauport, Cap-Rouge, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Sainte-Foy and Wendake.
  2. ^ "Quebec". National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  3. ^ 57-63 St. Louis Street. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  4. ^ Bélanger-Girardin House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
  5. ^ Beth Israël Cemetery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  6. ^ Bon-Pasteur Chapel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  7. ^ Capitol Theatre / Quebec Auditorium. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  8. ^ Cartier-Brébeuf. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  9. ^ Château Frontenac. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  10. ^ Fort Charlesbourg Royal. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  11. ^ Fortifications of Quebec. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  12. ^ Henry-Stuart House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  13. ^ Cathédrale Holy Trinity. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  14. ^ Hôpital-Général de Québec Cemetery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  15. ^ Hôtel-Dieu de Québec. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  16. ^ La Fabrique. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
  17. ^ "Corset factory in Quebec City named national historic site of Canada". Winnipeg Free Press. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  18. ^ Loyola House / National School Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  19. ^ Maillou House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  20. ^ Manège militaire Voltigeurs de Québec. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  21. ^ "Final Report - Public Consultations on the Future of Quebec City's Grande-Allée Armoury". 29 September 2009. Public Works and Government Services Canada. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  22. ^ Montmorency Park. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  23. ^ Morrin College / Former Quebec Prison. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  24. ^ Mount Hermon Cemetery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  25. ^ New Quebec Custom House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  26. ^ Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  27. ^ Notre-Dame Roman Catholic Cathedral. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  28. ^ Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  29. ^ Old Quebec Custom House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  30. ^ Old Wendake Historic District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  31. ^ Quebec Bridge. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  32. ^ Quebec Citadel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  33. ^ Quebec City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  34. ^ Quebec Court House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  35. ^ Quebec Garrison Club. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  36. ^ Quebec Martello Towers. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  37. ^ Quebec Seminary. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  38. ^ Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  39. ^ Sewell House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  40. ^ Têtu House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  41. ^ Ursuline Monastery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-09-17.