List of National Park Service areas in Maryland

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This is a list of National Park System areas in Maryland, consisting of lands, trails, or park networks maintained by the National Park Service of the United States within the U.S. State of Maryland. The National Park Service controls 24 units in the state of Maryland. They range from sites of historical interest to sites of ecological interest to portions of the parkway system around Washington, DC. Many of the sites currently under the control of the National Park Service in Maryland were previously under the control of other agencies in the federal government, such as Antietam National Battlefield, which was originally managed by the Department of War.[1] There are eight units administered by the National Park System as part of the National Capital Parks. The most recent unit created in Maryland is the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail, which was authorized by Congress in 2006.

National Park System areas[edit]

A view of Antietam National Battlefield, site of one of the bloodiest battles of the American Civil War
The C&O Canal at Swain's Lock. The canal runs between Washington, DC and Cumberland, Maryland.
The sally port, or main entrance, to Fort McHenry in Baltimore. The Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner.
Close-up view of sign on the former bumper car pavilion at Glen Echo Park
Farmhouse and slave quarters at Hampton National Historic Site. Photo by James G. Howes.
Haberdaventure, the home of Thomas Stone, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, centerpiece of the Thomas Stone National Historic Site.
Name Location Description Date established Notes
Antietam National Battlefield Washington County Site of the Battle of Antietam (Civil War) 1890[B] [2]
Appalachian National Scenic Trail Washington County 2,175 mi (3,500 km) footpath stretching through 14 eastern states from Maine to Georgia.[3] 1970 [4]
Assateague Island National Seashore Worcester County 37 mi (60 km) long barrier island managed to conserve its plants and animals.[5] 1965 [6]
Baltimore-Washington Parkway[A] Anne Arundel and Prince George's Counties 29 mi (47 km) highway connecting Washington, DC with Baltimore, Maryland.[7] 1954 [6]
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Chesapeake Bay Water trail tracing Smith's explorations of the Chesapeake Bay, accessible from many points on Maryland's Chesapeake shoreline.[8] 2006 [8]
Catoctin Mountain Park Frederick County 5,810-acre (23.5 km2) forest park in the Appalachian Mountains.[9] 1954 [6]
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Montgomery, Frederick, Washington, and Allegany Counties Park paralleling the Potomac River, preserving remains of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.[10] 1938 [6]
Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network Chesapeake Bay shoreline Network of sites of historic and environmental interest across the Chesapeake Bay watershed.[11] 1998 [11]
Clara Barton National Historic Site Montgomery County Home of Clara Barton (1821–1912), the founder of the American Red Cross. 1975 [12]
Fort Foote Park[A] Prince George's County Wood and earthwork fort on the Potomac River that formed part of Washington, DC's military defenses in the Civil War era. 1946c. 1946 [13]
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine Baltimore City Star-shaped fort that successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy during the War of 1812, in the battle that inspired Francis Scott Key to write The Star-Spangled Banner. 1925 [6]
Fort Washington Park[A] Prince George's County Had a long history of military use as a defensive fort protecting Washington, DC 1946 [6]
George Washington Memorial Parkway Montgomery County Parkway in Virginia and Washington, DC; the short Clara Barton Parkway section connects to Glen Echo Park and the Clara Barton National Historic Site in Maryland 1930 [6]
Glen Echo Park Montgomery County Park was first established in 1891 as a National Chautauqua Assembly; later it became an amusement park, which closed in 1968. 1971 [14]
Greenbelt Park[A] Prince George's County A 1,176-acre (476 ha) recreational area within an urban environment.[15] 1950 [6]
Hampton National Historic Site Baltimore County 18th century estate including Georgian manor house, gardens and grounds, and original stone slave quarters 1948 [6]
Harmony Hall[A] Prince George's County 18th-century country house surrounded by 65 acres (26 ha) of parkland.[16] 1966 [17]
Monocacy National Battlefield Frederick County Civil War battlefield straddling the Monocacy River southwest of Frederick. 1976 [6]
Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm[A] Prince George's County Located in Washington, DC and Prince George's County, Maryland, Oxon Cove Park provides recreational activities.[18] 1959 [19]
Piscataway Park[A] Prince George's County Across the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, established to protect the view from Mount Vernon. 1961 [6]
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail Potomac River shoreline Network of trails along the Potomac River and its tributaries, from the mouth of the river near St. Mary's County to the headwaters. 1983 [6]
Suitland Parkway[A] Prince George's County 9.35 mi (15 km) historic parkway built during World War II to connect Washington, DC-area military facilities 1944 [6]
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Charles County Home and estate of Thomas Stone, a signer of the Declaration of Independence 1978 [6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A ^ Part of the National Capital Parks.[7][20][21][22][23]
B ^ Antietam National Battlefield was originally two separate units, a cemetery established in 1865 and the battlefield established in 1890 under the War department. Both the battlefield and the cemetery were transferred to the National Park Service from the War Department in 1933, and the two units were combined in 1974.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tilberg, Frederick (1960). "Antietam National Battlefield Site and Cemetery". Antietam National Battlefield Site Maryland Historical Handbook. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  2. ^ "1930 through 1939". National Park System Timeline. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  3. ^ "Appalachian National Scenic Trail". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  4. ^ "History". Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  5. ^ "Experience Your Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "National Park System Timeline". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Baltimore-Washington Parkway". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  8. ^ a b "Captain John Smith Management". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  9. ^ "Catoctin Mountain Park - Nature & Science". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  10. ^ "Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park - Nature & Science". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  11. ^ a b "Sarbanes and Mikulski Announce New Chesapeake Bay Gateway Network Sites". Office of U.S. Senator Barbara Mikulski. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  12. ^ "The Clara Barton House". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  13. ^ "Fort Foote Park: History & Culture". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  14. ^ "About Glen Echo Park". Glen Echo Park Partnership for Arts and Culture, Inc. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  15. ^ "Greenbelt Park". MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  16. ^ "Harmony Hall". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  17. ^ "Harmony Hall". Pack Your Gear.com. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  18. ^ "Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm: History & Culture". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  19. ^ "Oxon Cove Park and Oxon Hill Farm: History & Culture". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  20. ^ "Fort Foote Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  21. ^ "Harmony Hall". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  22. ^ "National Capital Parks-East". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  23. ^ "Suitland Parkway". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 

External links[edit]