List of National Wildlife Refuges established for endangered species

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This is a list of National Wildlife Refuges (NWR) established specifically for the protection of one or more endangered species.

State Unit name Species of concern Unit area (acres)
Alabama Sauta Cave NWR Indiana bat, Gray bat 264
Fern Cave NWR Indiana bat, Gray bat 199
Key Cave NWR Alabama cavefish, Gray bat 1,060
Watercress Darter NWR watercress darter 25
Arizona Buenos Aires NWR Masked Bobwhite Quail 116,585
Leslie Canyon NWR Gila Topminnow, Yaqui Chub, Peregrine Falcon 2,765
San Bernardino NWR Gila Topminnow, Yaqui Chub, Yaqui catfish, Beautiful Shiner, Huachuca Water Umbel 2,369
Arkansas Logan Cave NWR Cave crayfish, Gray bat, Indiana bat, Ozark cavefish 124
California Antioch Dunes NWR Lange's Metalmark Butterfly, Antioch Dunes Evening-primrose, Contra Costa Wallflower 55
Bitter Creek NWR California Condor 14,054
Blue Ridge NWR California Condor 897
Castle Rock NWR Aleutian Canada Goose 14
Coachella Valley NWR Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard 3,592
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay NWR California Clapper Rail, California Least Tern, Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse 21,524
Ellicott Slough NWR Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander 139
Hopper Mountain NWR California Condor 2,471
Sacramento River NWR Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Bald Eagle, Least Bell's Vireo 7,884
San Diego NWR San Diego Fairy Shrimp, San Diego mesa mint, Otay Mesa Mint, California Orcutt Grass, San Diego Button-celery 1,840
San Joaquin River NWR Aleutian Canada Goose 1,638
Seal Beach NWR Light-footed Clapper Rail, California Least Tern 911
Sweetwater Marsh NWR Light-footed Clapper Rail 316
Tijuana Slough NWR Light-footed Clapper Rail 1,023
Florida Archie Carr NWR Loggerhead Sea Turtle, Green Sea Turtle 29
Crocodile Lake NWR American Crocodile 6,686
Crystal River NWR West Indian Manatee 80
Florida Panther NWR Florida Panther 23,379
Hobe Sound NWR Loggerhead Sea Turtle, Green Sea Turtle 980
Lake Wales Ridge NWR Florida Scrub Jay, Snakeroot, Scrub Blazing Star, Carter's Mustard, Papery Whitlow-wort, Florida Bonamia, Scrub Lupine, Highlands Scrub Hypericum, Garett's Mint, Scrub Mint, Pygmy Gringe-tree, Wireweed, Florida Ziziphus, Scrub Plum, Eastern Indigo Snake, Bluetail Mole Skink, Sand Skink 659
National Key Deer Refuge Key Deer 8,542
St. Johns NWR Dusky Seaside Sparrow 6,255
Hawaii Hakalau Forest NWR Akepa, Akiapolaau, 'O'u, Hawaiian Hawk, Hawaiian Creeper 32,730
Hanalei NWR Hawaiian Stilt, Hawaiian Coot, Hawaiian Gallinule, Hawaiian Duck 917
Huleia NWR Hawaiian Stilt, Hawaiian Coot, Hawaiian Gallinule, Hawaiian Duck 241
James C. Campbell NWR Hawaiian Stilt, Hawaiian Coot, Hawaiian Gallinule, Hawaiian Duck 164
Kakahaia NWR Hawaiian Stilt, Hawaiian Coot 45
Kealia Pond NWR Hawaiian Stilt, Hawaiian Coot 691
Pearl Harbor NWR Hawaiian Stilt 61
Iowa Driftless Area NWR Iowa Pleistocene Snail 521
Massachusetts Massasoit NWR Plymouth Red-bellied Turtle 184
Michigan Kirtlands Warbler Wildlife Management Area Kirtland's Warbler 6,535
Mississippi Mississippi Sandhill Crane NWR Mississippi Sandhill Crane 19,713
Missouri Ozark Cavefish NWR Ozark Cavefish 42
Pilot Knob NWR Indiana bat 90
Montana Red Rock LakesNWR Trumpeter Swan 65,810
Nebraska Karl E. Mundt NWR Bald Eagle 19
Nevada Ash Meadows NWR Devil's Hole Pupfish, Warm Springs Pupfish, Ash Meadows Amargosa Pupfish, Ash Meadows Speckled Dace, Ash Meadows Naucorid, Ash Meadows Blazing Star, Amargosa Niterwort, Ash Meadows Milk-Vetch, Ash Meadows Sunray, Spring-loving Centaury, Ash Meadows Gumplant, Ash Meadows Invesia 13,268
Moapa Valley NWR Moapa Dace 32
Oklahoma Ozark Plateau NWR Ozark Big-eared Bat, Gray Bat 2,208
Oregon Bear Valley NWR Bald Eagle 4,200
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tail Deer Columbian white-tailed deer 2,750
Nestucca Bay NWR Aleutian Canada Goose 457
South Dakota Karl E. Mundt NWR Bald Eagle 1,044
Texas Attwater Prairie Chicken NWR Attwater's Greater Prairie Chicken 8,007
Balcones Canyonlands NWR Black-capped Vireo, Golden-cheeked Warbler 14,144
US Virgin Islands Green Cay NWR St. Croix Ground Lizard 14
Sandy Point NWR Leatherback Sea Turtle 327
Virginia James River NWR Bald Eagle 4,147
Mason Neck NWR Bald Eagle 2,276
Washington Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-tail Deer Columbian white-tailed deer 2,777
Wyoming Mortenson Lake NWR Wyoming Toad 1,776

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