List of Navarrese consorts

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Margaret of Angoulême (1492–1549), Queen of Navarre and Duchess of Alençon.

This is a list of those men and women who have been royal consorts of the Kingdom of Navarre. Because the laws of Navarre did not prohibit women from inheriting the crown, on a number of occasions, the Kingdom was inherited or transmitted via heiresses. Thus, whilst most of the royal consorts were women, who held the title of queen consort, several were men, who by their marriages held the title of king, and who are given regnal designations in the lists of Navarrese kings and queens regnant.

Most of these men, although granted power through marriage rather than through inheritance, nonetheless were significant or dominant in their marriages and the rule of the country; indeed, one king by marriage, John II of Navarre (who would late in life also become John II of Aragon by rightful inheritance), husband of Blanche I of Navarre, refused to surrender the crown following her death to their son, Charles of Viana, the rightful heir to the Kingdom, instead retaining the power for himself.

Vicissitudes of the crown[edit]

From 1285–1328, the crowns of Navarre and France were united by virtue of the marriage of Joan I of Navarre, Queen regnant of Navarre and queen consort of France, to King Philip IV of France (who became King-by-marriage of Navarre), and by the succession of their three sons, Louis I/X, Philip II/V, and Charles I/IV. Thus, the wives of these three Kings were Queen-consort of both France and Navarre. However, the inheritance of Navarre by Philip II/V and Charles I/IV following the death of Louis I/X, and his son John I, was, strictly speaking, against the laws of Navarre: that realm did not employ salic law, meaning that the Kingdom should have passed to Jeanne, heiress of Louis, rather than to Philip, the next male heir of Joan I. However, Jeanne being a young child still, and her uncles being of Navarrese blood, she was denied her rights until the death of Charles in 1328, at which point the male-line of Joan I died out, and Jeanne was allowed to inherit Navarre. Her husband, Philip of Évreux, became King Philip III of Navarre with his wife due to this.

Thereafter, Navarre on several occasions experienced an extinction of its ruling male line, and consequent absorption or inclusion in the lands of other families. In most cases, the beginning of a new dynasty in Navarre was preceded by the father of the new monarch serving as royal consort - the exception being the De Foix family, none of whom ever served as Navarrese consorts (due to the death of Gaston IV, Count of Foix prior to the inheritance of his wife).

In 1512–13, Upper Navarre, the portion of the Kingdom below the Pyrenees and the independent portion of the Kingdom from which the crown derived, was occupied by Spanish forces under Ferdinand the Catholic, the son of John II, and husband of Germaine de Foix (an heiress of Navarre), driving out the king and queen, John III and Catherine I. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Navarre by the cortes there; his wife became queen consort of the realm, and thereafter the de facto queens consort of Navarre are identical with the queens consort of Spain. John and Catherine maintained claims to Navarre, which were inherited by their heirs, and their line continued to use the titles of King and Queen of Navarre; however, all that remained to them were the feudal lands they held from the French crown, and they ceased to be monarchs other than by right.

The final dynastic change was the marriage of Joan III to Antoine de Bourbon, an heir to the French throne, and the subsequent succession to the throne of their son, Henry III. He later became King of France as Henry IV, and French and Navarrese queens consort once again become one and the same. However, the Navarrese crown and lands were merged into the French crown in 1620, and thereafter the French queens consort, though honorifically still queens consort of Navarre, ceased to be so in any real sense.

House of Íñiguez (c. 824 – 905)[edit]

Name House Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
perhaps Urraca García Íñiguez
Leodegundia Ordoñez of León Pérez Dynasty unknown
Auria 880 Fortún Garcés the One-Eyed
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Jiménez (905–1234)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Toda Aznárez Aznar Sánchez, Lord of Larraún
(Íñiguez)
885 - 905
husband's accession
- 11 December 925
husband's death
after 970 Sancho I Garcés
Sancha Aznárez Aznar Sánchez, Lord of Larraún
(Íñiguez)
- - 11 December 925
husband's accession
- 29 May 931
husband's death
- Jimeno Garcés
Andregoto Galíndez Galindo Aznárez II, Count of Aragon
(Aragon)
900s after 9 March 933 - 940
repudiated
972 García Sánchez I
Theresa of León Ramiro II of León
(Beni Alfons)
928 943, or before - 22 February 970
husband's death
after September 957
UrracaF.jpg Urraca Fernández Fernán González, Count of Castile
(Castile)
920/35 962 22 February 970
husband's accession
- December 994
husband's death
after 1007 Sancho II Garcés Abarca
Jimena Fernández Fernando Bermúdez de Cea 970s by August 981 December 994
husband's accession
- 1004
husband's death
after 1035 García Sánchez II
Muniadona Mayor García Sánchez, Count of Castile
(Castile)
990/5 before 27 June 1011 - 18 October 1035
husband's death
after 13 July 1066 Sancho III Garcés
Stephanie Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona
or
Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre
- 1038 - 1 September 1054
husband's death
after 1066 García Sánchez III
Placentia of French or Norman origins - after 1068 - 4 June 1076
husband's death
after 14 April 1088 Sancho IV Garcés
Felicia of Roucy Hilduin IV, Count of Roucy
(Montdidier)
1060 1076 - 4 June 1094
husband's death
3 May 1123 Sancho V Ramírez
Agnes of Aquitaine William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine
(Ramnulfids)
end 1072 January 1086 4 June 1094
husband's accession
- 6 June 1097 Peter I
Bertha of Aragon of Italian origins 1075 16 August 1097 - 28 September 1104
husband's death
before 1111
UrracaCastile.jpg Urraca of León and Castile Alfonso VI of León and Castile
(Jiménez)
April 1079 October 1109 - 1115
marriage annulled
8 March 1126 Alfonso I
Margaret of L'Aigle Gilbert of L'Aigle 1104 after 1130 1134
husband's accession
- 25 May 1141 García Ramírez
Urraca the Asturian Alfonso VII of León and Castile
(Ivrea)
1132 24 June 1144 - 21 November 1150
husband's death
26 October 1164
Sancha of Castile Alfonso VII of León and Castile
(Ivrea)
1139 20 July 1153 - 5 August 1177 Sancho VI Garcés
Constance de Toulouse.jpg Constance of Toulouse Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse
(Rouergue)
1180 1195 - 1200
marriage annulled
after 12 May 1260 Sancho VII Sánchez

House of Champagne (1234–1284)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret Bourbon.jpg Coat of Arms of Margaret of Bourbon, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Margaret of Bourbon Archambaud VIII of Bourbon
(Bourbon-Dampierre)
1211 22 September 1232 7 April 1234
husband's accession
- 8 July 1253
husband's death
12 April 1256 Theobald I
Isabella of France (1242-1271).jpg Coat of Arms of Isabella of France, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Isabella of France Louis IX of France
(Capet)
2 March 1241 6 April 1255 - 4 December 1270
husband's death
17 April 1271 Theobald II
BlancheArtois.jpg Coat of Arms of Blanche of Artois, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Blanche of Artois Robert I, Count of Artois
(Artois)
1248 1269 4 December 1270
husband's accession
- 22 July 1274
husband's death
2 May 1302 Henry I

House of Capet (1284–1349)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Burgundy.jpg Coat of Arms of Margaret of Burgundy as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Margaret of Burgundy Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
(Burgundy)
1290 23 September 1305 - 14 August 1315 Louis I
Clémence d'Anjou.jpg Coat of Arms of Clementia of Hungary as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Clémence d'Anjou Charles Martel of Anjou
(Anjou)
February 1293 19 August 1315 - 5 June 1316
husband's death
12 October 1328
Joan II of Burgundy.jpg Coat of Arms of Joan II and Blanche of Burgundy as Queens Consort of Navarre.svg Joan II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
(Châlon)
15 January 1292 January 1307 20 November 1316
husband's accession
- 3 January 1322
husband's death
21 January 1330 Philip II
Blanka hlava.jpg Coat of Arms of Joan II and Blanche of Burgundy as Queens Consort of Navarre.svg Blanche of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
(Châlon)
1296 20 May 1308 3 January 1322
husband's accession
Never crowned 3 January 1322
marriage annulled by the Pope
29 April 1326 Charles I
MarieLuxembourg.jpg Coat of Arms of Marie of Luxembourg as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Marie of Luxembourg Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
(Luxembourg)
1304 21 September 1322 - 26 March 1324
Jeanne d'Évreux mini.jpg Coat of Arms of Jeanne d'Évreux as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Jeanne d'Évreux Louis, Count of Évreux
(Évreux)
1310 5 July 1325 11 May 1326 1 February 1328
husband's death
4 March 1371

House of Évreux (1328–1441)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Joan of Valois, Queen of Navarre.jpg Coat of Arms of Joan of Valois, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Joan of Valois John II of France
(Valois)
24 June 1343 12 February 1352 - 3 November 1373 Charles II
Leonor de trastamara-2.jpg Coat of Arms of Eleanor of Castile, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Eleanor of Castile Henry II of Castile
(Trastámara)
after 1363 27 May 1375 1 January 1387
husband's accession
- 27 February 1416 Charles III

House of Trastámara (1425–1479)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Royal Arms of Navarre (1425-1479).svg Coat of Arms of Agnes of Cleves as Navarrese Consort.svg Agnes of Cleves
de jure
Adolph I, Duke of Cleves
(La Marck)
24 March 1422 30 September 1439 1 April 1441
husband's accession
- 6 April 1448 Charles IV
Juana Enríquez.png Coat of Arms of Juana Enríquez, Queen of Aragon.svg Juana Enríquez
de facto
Fadrique Enríquez, Count of Melba and Rueda
(Enríquez)
1425 1 April 1444 - 13 February 1468 John II

House of Albret (1483–1572)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Marguerite d'Angoulême.jpg Coat of Arms of Marguerite of Angouleme, Queen Consort of Navarre.svg Margaret of Angoulême Charles, Count of Angoulême
(Valois-Angoulême)
11 April 1492 24 January 1527 - 21 December 1549 Henry II

House of Bourbon (1572–1620)[edit]

Picture Arms Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margot.JPG CoA of Marguerite of France.png Margaret of France Henry II of France
(Valois-Angoulême)
14 May 1553 18 August 1572 - 1599
marriage annulled
27 March 1615 Henry III
0 Marie de Médicis - Frans Pourbus le Jeune - Louvre (INV1710) - (2).JPG CoA of Marie of Medicis.png Marie de' Medici Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(Medici)
26 April 1575 5 October 1600 - 14 May 1610
husband's death
3 July 1642
MariaAnnaofSpain06.jpg CoA of Anne of Austria.png Anne of Austria Philip III of Spain
(Habsburg)
22 September 1601 24 November 1615 - 20 October 1620
Navarre merged into France
20 January 1666 Louis II

Monarchs of Navarre since 1620[edit]

Henry III of Navarre became Henry IV of France and thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France, although the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived from 1814 to 1830 during the Restoration. In Spain (which is the actual country to where most of the territories of historical Navarre belong), the monarch uses the title King of Navarre as part of his more extended titulary.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]