List of consorts of Naples

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This is a list of consorts of Naples. Many Kings of Naples had more than one wife; they may have divorced their wife or she might have died.

Early Byzantine Duchesses of Naples[edit]

See Also: Dukes of Naples

Royal consort of Naples[edit]

Capetian House of Anjou, 1266–1382[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
BeatrixProvensalska.jpg Beatrice of Provence Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence
(Barcelona)
1234 31 January 1246 26 February 1266
husband's ascession
23 September 1267 Charles I
Margaret of Burgundy, wife of Charles of Anjou.jpg Margaret of Burgundy Odo, Count of Nevers
(Burgundy)
1250 18 November 1268 7 January 1285
husband's death
4 September 1308
Marie Uhry neapol.jpg Maria of Hungary Stephen V of Hungary
(Árpád)
1257 May/June 1270 7 January 1285
husband's ascession
5 May 1309
husband's death
25 March 1323 Charles II
Sanchamallorka.jpg Sancha of Majorca James II of Majorca
(Barcelona)
1285 20 September 1304 5 May 1309
husband's ascession
20 January 1343
husband's death
28 July 1345 Robert
Andrew, Duke of Calabria Charles I of Hungary
(Anjou)
30 October 1327 early 1342 August 1344
wife's ascession
18/19 September 1345 Joanna I
James IV of Majorca James III of Majorca
(Barcelona)
c. 1336 26 September 1363 20 January 1375
Otto of Brunswick-Grubenhagen Henry II of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Grubenhagen)
(Welf)
1320 25 September 1376 26 August 1381
wife's deposition
1 December 1398

House of Anjou-Durazzo, 1381–1435[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Armoiries Anjou Durazzo.png Margaret of Durazzo Charles, Duke of Durazzo
(Anjou-Durazzo)
28 July 1347 February 1369 12 May 1382
husband's ascension
24 February 1386
husband's death
6 August 1412 Charles III
Costanza de Clermont
[1]
Manfredo de Clermont, Conte di Motica  ? 1390 - 1392
divorce
 ? Ladislaus
Armoiries Chypre.svg Mary of Lusignan James I of Cyprus
(Lusignan)
c. 1381 12 February 1403 4 September 1404
Mary of Enghien John of Enghien, Count of Castro
(Enghien)
c. 1367/1370 c. 1406 6 August 1414 9 May 1446
husband's death

The rule of the House of Durazzo was contested by the Dukes of Anjou of the House of Valois, who led several military expeditions into the kingdom. In the end Queen Joanna II, being heirless, recognized Duke Louis III in 1426 as Duke of Calabria and heir. Louis predeceased her, but his brother René inherited his claim. Joanna recognised René as her heir before her death.

House of Valois-Anjou, 1382–1426 and 1435–1442[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Louis Marie.jpg Marie of Blois-Châtillon
[1]
Charles of Blois-Châtillon, Duke of Brittany
(Châtillon)
c. 1345 8 July 1360 12 May 1382
husband's ascension as titular king
20 September 1384
husband's death
12 November 1404 Louis I
Yolandadearagon.jpg Yolande of Aragon
[1]
John I of Aragon
(Barcelona)
11 August 1384 2 December 1400 29 April 1417
husband's death
14 November 1442 Louis II
DH-Ulrich der Vielgeliebte Gattinnen.jpg Margaret of Savoy
[1]
Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
c. 1410/1417/7 August 1420 c. 1424/31 August 1432 12 November 1434
husband's death
30 September 1479 Louis III
IsabelaLorraine.jpg Isabelle de Lorraine Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
c. 1400 24 October 1420 2 February 1435
husband's ascension
c. 1442
husband's flight; reverted to titular queen
28 February 1453 René
Jana di anjova.jpg Jeanne de Laval
[1]
Guy XIV de Laval, Count of Laval
(Laval)
10 November 1433 10 September 1454 10 July 1480
husband's death
19 December 1498
Armoiries Comtes Lorraine-Vaudémont.svg Jeanne de Lorraine
[1]
Frederick II of Vaudémont
(Lorraine)
1458 21 January 1474 10 July 1480
husband's ascension
25 January 1480 Charles IV of Anjou

Louis I, Duke of Anjou, was the adopted heir of Joanna I. He succeeded her, de jure, on her death in 1382. His descendants fought the House of Durazzo, mostly in vain, but not without any successes, for the throne until an agreement was reached between Louis III and Joanna II whereby she recognised him and his house as her heirs. René, Louis's brother, succeeded Joanna in 1435.

René had a contestant in King Alfonso V of Aragon who had been previously considered as a successor by Joanna II but had been later discarded in favour of René's brother. Alfonso conquered the kingdom manu militari and René was forced to flee. René's claim was inherited by either his nephew (Charles IV of Anjou, who died in 1481, leaving his claims to French king Louis XI) or his grandson (René II of Lorraine). The latter's descendants continued to claim the throne of Naples, as did the French kings, down to 1529, and intermittently until 1559.

House of Trastámara, 1442–1501[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Marie Castila 1433.jpg Maria of Castile Henry III of Castile
(Trastamara)
1 September 1401 12 October 1415 2 June 1442
husband became King of Naples
4 October 1458 Alfonso I
Isabella of Clermont Tristan de Clermont, Count of Copertino 1424 30 May 1444/5 27 June 1458
husband's accession
30 March 1465 Ferdinand I
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg Joanna of Aragon John II of Aragon
(Trastámara)
c. 1454/16 June 1455 14 September 1476 25 January 1494
husband's death
9 January 1517
Joanna of Naples Ferdinand I
(Trastámara)
1478 1496 7 September 1496
husband's death
27 August 1518 Ferdinand II
Isabella del Balzo Pietro del Balzo, Duke of Andria  ? 28 November 1486 7 September 1496
husband's accession
1501
husband's desposition
1533 Frederick IV

The French conquered the kingdom in 1501 and King Frederick was taken as a prisoner to France, where he died.

House of Valois-Orléans, 1501–1504[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany
(Dreux-Montfort)
25 January 1477 8 January 1499 c. 1501
husband's accession
29 December 1503
husband's desposition
9 January 1514 Louis (IV)

The kingdom was conquered by the Spanish in 1504, after the Battle of the Garigliano

House of Trastamara, 1412–1516[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg Isabella I of Castile John II of Castile
(Trastámara)
22 April 1451 19 October 1469 29 December 1503
husband's ascension
26 November 1504 Ferdinand III
Germaine de Foix1.jpg Germaine of Foix John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne
(Foix-Grailly)
c. 1488 19 October 1505 23 January 1516
husband's death
18 October 1538

House of Habsburg, 1516–1700[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Tizian 057.jpg Isabella of Portugal Manuel I of Portugal
(Aviz)
24 October 1503 11 March 1526 1 May 1539 Charles IV
Maria Tudor1.jpg Mary I of England Henry VIII of England
(Tudor)
18 February 1516 25 July 1554 17 November 1558 Philip I
Isabel de Valois2.jpg Elisabeth of Valois Henry II of France
(Valois)
2 April 1545 22 June 1559 3 October 1568
Ana de Austria2.jpg Anna of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
1 November 1549 4 May 1570 26 October 1580
Margaret of austria 1609.jpg Margaret of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
25 December 1584 18 April 1599 3 October 1611 Philip II
Isabel de Borbón, from Statens Museum for Kunst, by Diego Velázquez.jpg Elisabeth of Bourbon Henry IV of France
(Bourbon)
22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's ascension
6 October 1644 Philip III
Retratodelareinamariana.jpg Mariana of Austria Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
24 December 1634 7 October 1649 17 September 1665
husband's death
16 May 1696
Marie Louise of Orleans.jpg Marie Louise of Orléans Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
(Orléans)
26 March 1662 19 November 1679 19 12 February 1689 Charles V
W. Humer 001.jpg Maria Anna of Neuburg Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
(Wittelsbach)
28 October 1667 14 May 1690 1 November 1700
husband's death
16 July 1740

House of Bourbon, 1700–1713[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
1688 Louise.JPG Maria Luisa of Savoy Victor Amadeus II of Savoy
(Savoy)
17 September 1688 2 November 1701 11 April 1713
Naples ceded to Austria
14 February 1714 Philip IV

The Spanish lost the kingdom to the Austrians during the War of the Spanish Succession.

House of Habsburg, 1714–1734[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig Wolfenbuettel Austria.jpg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
28 August 1691 1 August 1708 11 April 1713
husband's ascension
25 May 1734
Naples ceded to Spain
21 December 1750 Charles IV

The kingdom was conquered by a Spanish army in 1734, during the War of the Polish Succession. Together with Sicily Naples was recognized independent under a cadet branch of the Spanish Bourbons by the Treaty of Vienna in 1738.

House of Bourbon, 1735–1806[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
MariaAmalia.jpg Maria Amalia of Saxony Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
24 November 1724 19 June 1738 10 August 1759
husband's abdication, elevated to Queen of Spain
27 September 1760 Charles V
Johann Georg Weikert 001.jpg Marie Caroline of Austria Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
13 August 1752 12 May 1768 8 September 1814 Ferdinand IV

House of Bonaparte, 1806–1815[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Julie Clary - enfants.jpg Marie Julie Clary François Clary 26 December 1771 1 August 1794 30 March 1806
husband's accession
1 August 1808
husband's abdication, elevated to Queen of Spain
7 April 1845 Joseph
Caroline Murat by Vigee-Lebrun.jpg Maria Annunziata Carolina Bonaparte Carlo Maria Buonaparte
(Bonaparte)
25 March 1782 20 January 1800 1 August 1808
husband's accession
3 May 1815
husband's deposition
18 May 1839 Joachim

House of Bourbon, 1815–1816[edit]

none

In 1816 King Ferdinand IV merged the two Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily into the new Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and took the new title of Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Titular Queen consort of Naples.

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]