List of New Brunswick by-elections

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The list of New Brunswick by-elections includes every by-election held in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. By-elections occur whenever there is a vacancy in the Legislative Assembly, although an imminent general election may allow the vacancy to remain until the dissolution of parliament. Between 1842 and 1927 incumbent members were required to recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These Ministerial by-elections were almost always uncontested.

Contents

57th New Brunswick Legislature 2010-2014[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Kent April 15, 2013 Shawn Graham      Liberal Brian Gallant      Liberal Resignation Yes
Rothesay June 25, 2012 Margaret-Ann Blaney      Progressive Conservative Ted Flemming      Progressive Conservative Resignation to become CEO of Efficiency New Brunswick Yes

56th New Brunswick Legislature 2006-2010[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Restigouche-La-Vallée March 9, 2009 Percy Mockler      Progressive Conservative Burt Paulin      Liberal Appointed to Senate No
New Maryland-Sunbury West November 3, 2008 Keith Ashfield      Progressive Conservative Jack Carr      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest the 2008 Federal Election Yes
Moncton East March 5, 2007 Bernard Lord      Progressive Conservative Chris Collins      Liberal Resignation No

55th New Brunswick Legislature 2003-2006[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Saint John Harbour November 14, 2005 Elizabeth Weir      New Democrat Ed Doherty      Liberal Resignation No
Shediac-Cap-Pelé October 4, 2004 Bernard Richard      Liberal Victor Boudreau      Liberal Resignation to become Provincial Ombudsman Yes

54th New Brunswick Legislature 1999-2003[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Kent South April 23, 2001 Camille Thériault      Liberal Claude Williams      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Caraquet February 5, 2001 Bernard Thériault      Liberal Gaston Moore      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest the 2000 Federal Election No
Campbellton February 5, 2001 Edmond Blanchard      Liberal Jean F. Dubé      Progressive Conservative Appointed to the Federal Court of Canada No

53rd New Brunswick Legislature 1995-1999[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Moncton East October 19, 1998 Ray Frenette      Liberal Bernard Lord      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Kent October 19, 1998 Alan R. Graham      Liberal Shawn Graham      Liberal Resignation Yes
Fredericton South October 19, 1998 Russell King      Liberal Brad Green      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Tantramar November 17, 1997 Marilyn Trenholme Counsell      Liberal Peter Mesheau      Progressive Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor No
Miramichi-Bay du Vin November 17, 1997 Frank McKenna      Liberal James Doyle      Liberal Resignation Yes
Victoria-Tobique June 23, 1997 Larry Kennedy      Liberal Larry Kennedy      Liberal Void Election Yes

52nd New Brunswick Legislature 1991-1995[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Tracadie September 26, 1994 Denis Losier      Liberal Elvy Robichaud      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Madawaska South November 29, 1993 Pierrette Ringuette-Maltais      Liberal Percy Mockler      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest the 1993 Federal Election No
Carleton North June 28, 1993 Fred Harvey      Liberal Dale Graham      Progressive Conservative Resignation following conviction for election fraud No
Moncton North February 15, 1993 Michael McKee      Liberal John Lebans      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes

51st New Brunswick Legislature 1987-1991[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Tracadie November 14, 1988 Doug Young      Liberal Denis Losier      Liberal Resignation to contest the 1988 Federal Election Yes

50th New Brunswick Legislature 1982-1987[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Edmundston February 10, 1986 Jean-Maurice Simard      Progressive Conservative Robert Beaulieu      Liberal Appointed to the Senate No
Riverview April 29, 1985 Brenda Robertson      Progressive Conservative Hubert Seamans      Liberal Appointed to the Senate No
Madawaska-Centre November 26, 1984 Gérald Clavette      Liberal Donald Marmen      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest the 1984 Federal Election No
East Saint John November 26, 1984 Gerald Merrithew      Progressive Conservative Peter Trites      New Democrat Resignation to contest the 1984 Federal Election No

49th New Brunswick Legislature 1978-1982[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Bay du Vin November 5, 1979 Norbert Thériault      Liberal Reginald MacDonald      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes

48th New Brunswick Legislature 1974-1978[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria-Tobique November 29, 1976 J. Stewart Brooks      Progressive Conservative J. Douglas Moore      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes

47th New Brunswick Legislature 1970-1974[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
York September 30, 1974 Harry Ames      Progressive Conservative David Bishop      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Campbellton September 30, 1974 Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Fernand Dubé      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Saint John Centre June 25, 1973 George E. McInerney      Progressive Conservative John W. Fernhill      Liberal Death No
Saint John East December 11, 1972 Charles A. McIlveen      Progressive Conservative Gerald Merrithew      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Charlotte December 11, 1972 John E. Rigby      Progressive Conservative James N. Tucker, Jr.      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Bathurst December 11, 1972 H. H. Williamson      Liberal Eugene McGinley      Liberal Death Yes
Gloucester September 18, 1972 Bernard Jean      Liberal Lorenzo Morais      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Kent October 1, 1971 Louis Robichaud      Liberal Omer Léger      Progressive Conservative Resignation No

46th New Brunswick Legislature 1967-1970[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Northumberland June 16, 1969 J. L. A. Savoie      Liberal Frank E. Kane      Liberal Death Yes
Restigouche November 4, 1968 J. M. Joffre Daigle      Liberal Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Death No
Fredericton City June 10, 1968 John F. McInerney      Progressive Conservative Lawrence Garvie      Progressive Conservative Death Yes

45th New Brunswick Legislature 1963-1967[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Restigouche February 6, 1967 Georges Dumont      Liberal Charles Van Horne      Progressive Conservative Death No
Saint John City September 12, 1966 Daniel Aloysius Riley      Liberal Stephen Weyman      Liberal Resignation Yes
Westmorland September 27, 1965 Donald C. Harper      Liberal W. Wynn Meldrum      Liberal Death Yes
Kent March 16, 1964 Hugh A. Dysart      Liberal Camille Bordage      Liberal Death Yes

44th New Brunswick Legislature 1960-1963[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Kings December 3, 1962 Gordon Fairweather      Progressive Conservative John B. M. Baxter, Jr.      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest the 1962 Federal Election Yes
Harry N. Jonah      Progressive Conservative George E. Horton      Progressive Conservative Appointed a judge Yes
Northumberland June 19, 1961 Paul B. London      Liberal J. Fraser Kerr      Liberal Resignation Yes
Carleton June 19, 1961 Hugh John Flemming      Progressive Conservative Richard Hatfield      Progressive Conservative Resignation to contest a federal by-election Yes

43rd New Brunswick Legislature 1956-1960[edit]

no by-elections held

42nd New Brunswick Legislature 1952-1956[edit]

no by-elections held

41st New Brunswick Legislature 1948-1952[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Charlotte January 9, 1950 James Joseph Hayes Doone      Liberal William N. Campbell      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes

40th New Brunswick Legislature 1944-1948[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Saint John County July 30, 1945 Alphonso Colby Smith      Progressive Conservative Edward Claude Seeley      Independent Death No
Restigouche July 30, 1945† Benoît Michaud      Liberal Jean-Baptiste D'Astous      Liberal Resignation to contest the 1945 Federal Election Yes
Victoria May 21, 1945† Frederick William Pirie      Liberal Michael F. McCloskey      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes

† Won by acclamation

39th New Brunswick Legislature 1939-1944[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Gloucester August 19, 1940† Frederick T. B. Young      Liberal Joseph E. Connolly      Liberal Death Yes
Kent March 27, 1940† Allison Dysart      Liberal J. Killeen McKee      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Victoria January 24, 1940 John W. Niles      Liberal John B. McNair      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for McNair Yes

† Won by acclamation

38th New Brunswick Legislature 1935-1939[edit]

no by-elections held

37th New Brunswick Legislature 1930-1935[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Gloucester October 26, 1931 John B. London      Liberal Wesley H. Coffyn      Conservative Death No
Saint John County June 29, 1931 John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative Robert McAllister      Conservative Appointed Chief Justice of New Brunswick Yes
Westmorland October 7, 1930† Melville A. Oulton      Conservative Lewis Smith      Conservative Appointed Medical Officer of the New Brunswick Worker's Compensation Board Yes

† Won by acclamation

36th New Brunswick Legislature 1925-1930[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Albert February 22, 1927† John L. Peck      Conservative Conrad J. Osman      Conservative Death Yes
Gloucester December 17, 1926† Peter Veniot      Liberal Clovis-Thomas Richard      Liberal Resignation to contest the 1926 Federal Election Yes
Saint John County December 10, 1926† Frank L. Potts      Conservative H. Colby Smith      Conservative Death Yes
St. Stephen-Milltown December 13, 1925† John M. Flewelling      Conservative Arthur R. MacKenzie      Conservative Death Yes
Westmorland September 26, 1925† Antoine Joseph Léger      Conservative Antoine Joseph Léger      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary-Treasurer Yes
Saint John County September 26, 1925† John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General Yes
Restigouche September 26, 1925† David A. Stewart      Conservative David A. Stewart      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Fredericton City September 26, 1925† Charles Dow Richards      Conservative Charles Dow Richards      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Lands and Mines Yes
Charlotte September 26, 1925† Henry I. Taylor      Conservative Henry I. Taylor      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Health Yes
Albert September 26, 1925† Lewis Smith      Conservative Lewis Smith      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes

† Won by acclamation

35th New Brunswick Legislature 1920-1925[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Gloucester February 5, 1925 James P. Byrne      Liberal Ivan Rand      Liberal Appointed a judge Yes
Moncton City December 1, 1924 Clifford William Robinson      Liberal E. Albert Reilly      Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Gloucester February 8, 1923† Jean George Robichaud      Liberal J. André Doucet      Liberal Resignation to contest a federal by-election Yes
Kings June 17, 1922 George Burpee Jones      Conservative James D. McKenna      Liberal Resignation to contest the 1921 Federal Election No
Saint John County June 10, 1922 John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative Allister H. Bentley      Liberal Resignation to contest the 1921 Federal Election No
Madawaska June 3, 1922† Donat L. Daigle      Liberal Lorne J. Violette      Liberal Appointed Sheriff of Madawaska Yes
Northumberland October 3, 1921 John Vanderbeck      Liberal Abram V. Vanderbeck      Liberal Death Yes
Sunbury December 27, 1920† David W. Mersereau      Liberal David W. Mersereau      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Queens December 27, 1920† Judson Hetherington      Liberal Judson Hetherington      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary-Treaurer Yes

† Won by acclamation

34th New Brunswick Legislature 1917-1920[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Saint John City June 14, 1920† William Francis Roberts      Liberal William Francis Roberts      Liberal Sought re-election upon the Minister of Public Health becoming a salaried office Yes
Westmorland April 23, 1917† Ernest A. Smith      Liberal Ernest A. Smith      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Lands and Mines Yes
Victoria April 23, 1917† John F. Tweeddale      Liberal John F. Tweeddale      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
James Burgess      Liberal Walter Edward Foster      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Foster Yes
Northumberland April 23, 1917† Robert Murray      Liberal Robert Murray      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary-Treasurer Yes
Gloucester April 23, 1917† Peter Veniot      Liberal Peter Veniot      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
James P. Byrne      Liberal James P. Byrne      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes

† Won by acclamation

33rd New Brunswick Legislature 1912-1917[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Carleton September 21, 1916 Benjamin Franklin Smith      Conservative Benjamin Franklin Smith      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works Yes
Donald Munro      Conservative William S. Sutton      Conservative Appointed Registrar of Deeds Yes
Westmorland May 30, 1916 Patrick G. Mahoney      Conservative Ernest A. Smith      Liberal Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works No
Carleton January 11, 1915 James Kidd Flemming      Conservative Benjamin Franklin Smith      Conservative Resignation Yes
Saint John County December 31, 1914† John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative John Babington Macaulay Baxter      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes
York February 19, 1914 Harry Fulton McLeod      Conservative Percy A. Guthrie      Conservative Resignation to contest a federal by-election Yes
Charlotte February 19, 1914† George Johnson Clarke      Conservative George Johnson Clarke      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes
W.C.H. Grimmer      Conservative Robert Watson Grimmer      Conservative Appointed to the Supreme Court of New Brunswick Yes
Kings February 5, 1914† James Alexander Murray      Conservative James Alexander Murray      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes

† Won by acclamation

32nd New Brunswick Legislature 1908-1912[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Charlotte February 10, 1912† Thomas Aaron Hartt Scott D. Guptill Resignation to contest the 1911 Federal Election
Sunbury December 7, 1911† John Douglas Hazen George A. Perley Appointed to the Federal Cabinet
Saint John County December 7, 1911 James Lowell John Babington Macaulay Baxter Resignation to contest the 1911 Federal Election
York March 30, 1911 Thomas A. Robinson Oscar Morehouse Death
Saint John County July 20, 1909 Harrison A. McKeown Allister F. Bentley Appointed to the Supreme Court of New Brunswick
Northumberland December 1, 1908 Donald Morrison John Percival Burchill Resignation to contest the 1908 Federal Election
Carleton December 1, 1908 Benjamin Franklin Smith George W. Upham Resignation to contest the 1908 Federal Election
York April 7, 1908† Harry Fulton McLeod Harry Fulton McLeod Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Sunbury April 7, 1908† John Douglas Hazen John Douglas Hazen Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General
Northumberland April 7, 1908† John Morrissy John Morrissy Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
Kent April 7, 1908† David-Vital Landry David-Vital Landry Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture
Charlotte April 7, 1908† W.C.H. Grimmer W.C.H. Grimmer Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
Carleton April 7, 1908† James Kidd Flemming James Kidd Flemming Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary

† Won by acclamation

31st New Brunswick Legislature 1903-1908[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John County November 8, 1907† Robert C. Ruddick Harrison A. McKeown Appointed Inspecting Physician at the Saint John Quarantine Station
Westmorland April 30, 1907† Clifford William Robinson Clifford William Robinson Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Restigouche January 2, 1907 Henry F. McLatchy William Currie Appointed a County Court Judge
Northumberland March 11, 1905† W. S. Loggie Robert Murray Resignation to contest the 1904 Federal Election
Carleton February 15, 1905† Wendell P. Jones Wendell P. Jones Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Westmorland December 30, 1904† Francis J. Sweeney Francis J. Sweeney Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Saint John County December 30, 1904 Albert T. Dunn James Lowell Appointed Collector of the Port of Saint John
Saint John City December 30, 1904 Harrison A. McKeown Robert Maxwell Resignation to contest the 1904 Federal Election
Madawaska December 15, 1903† Narcisse A. Gagnon Cyprien Martin Death
Saint John City April 7, 1903† Harrison A. McKeown Harrison A. McKeown Sought re-election upon appointment at Solicitor General

† Won by acclamation

30th New Brunswick Legislature 1899-1903[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kings March 1, 1902 Albert Scott White Ora P. King Appointed to the Supreme Court of New Brunswick
Saint John County January 18, 1902† John McLeod Robert C. Ruddick Death
Westmorland February 1901† W. Woodbury Wells Arthur Bliss Copp Death
Carleton February 1901† Frank Broadstreet Carvell Stephen Burpee Appleby Resignation to contest the 1900 Federal Election
York February 7, 1901† Alexander Gibson George W. Allen Resignation to contest the 1900 Federal Election
Kent January 1901† Pierre H. Léger Richard A. Poirier Death
Queens October 2, 1900 Laughlin Farris Laughlin Farris Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture
Albert September 29, 1900 Henry Emmerson Sanford S. Ryan Resignation to contest the 1900 Federal Election
Kings September 27, 1900 William Pugsley William Pugsley Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General
Carleton January 1900 Charles L. Smith James Kidd Flemming Appointed Postmaster of Woodstock
Gloucester December 4, 1899 Peter Veniot John Young Appointed Collector of Customs at Bathurst

† Won by acclamation

29th New Brunswick Legislature 1895-1899[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Gloucester February 28, 1898 John Sievewright Joseph Poirier Death
Charlotte January 15, 1898† James Mitchell John Dewolfe Chipman Death
Restigouche June 23, 1897† Charles H. LaBillois Charles H. LaBillois Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture
Westmorland May 29, 1897† Amasa E. Killam Clifford William Robinson Appointed Inspector of Railways for the Inter-Colonial Railway
Albert January 23, 1897 William James Lewis Charles J. Osman Resignation to contest the 1896 Federal Election
Queens September 14, 1896† Andrew George Blair Isaac W. Carpenter Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Northumberland July 30, 1896† James Robinson Allan A. Davidson Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Saint John County July 28, 1896† Albert T. Dunn Albert T. Dunn Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

† Won by acclamation

28th New Brunswick Legislature 1892-1895[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Carleton January 15, 1895† Henry A. Connell Marcus C. Atkinson Resignation due to election petition
Madawaska January 7, 1895 Lévite Thériault Cyprien Martin Appointed Registrar of Deeds
Gloucester November 5, 1894 Théotime Blanchard Peter Veniot Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Kings February 15, 1893† Albert Scott White Albert Scott White Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Queens November 22, 1892 Thomas Hetherington Andrew George Blair Resignation to provide a seat for Blair

† Won by acclamation

27th New Brunswick Legislature 1890-1892[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kent September 15, 1891 Olivier J. Leblanc Auguste Théophile Léger Resignation to contest the 1891 Federal Election
Westmorland February 12, 1891 H.T. Stevens Joseph A. McQueen Resignation to recontest over election petition
Henry Absalom Powell Henry Absalom Powell
York October 23, 1890 Andrew George Blair Andrew George Blair Void Election
William Wilson William Wilson
John Anderson John Anderson
Richard Bellamy Thomas Colter
Victoria August 23, 1890 George Thomas Baird James Porter Resignation to recontest over election petition
Northumberland February 20, 1890 Lemuel John Tweedie Lemuel John Tweedie Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

26th New Brunswick Legislature 1886-1890[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
King's May 25, 1889† William Pugsley William Pugsley Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Albert February 23, 1889 Henry Emmerson Henry Emmerson By-election results voided
Albert September 28, 1888 William James Lewis Henry Emmerson Resignation to recontest
Northumberland December 13, 1887 William A. Park John Morrissy Appointed Collector of Customs for the Port of Newcastle
Westmorland August 10, 1887 William Wheten James D. Phinney Appointed High Sheriff of Kent
Olivier J. Leblanc Olivier J. Leblanc Resignation to recontest over election petition
Madawaska April 6, 1887 Lévite Thériault Lévite Thériault Resignation to contest the 1887 Federal Election
Northumberland March 16, 1887 Michael Adams John Percival Burchill Resignation to contest the 1887 Federal Election
Saint John City March 8, 1887† John Valentine Ellis Silas Alward Resignation to contest the 1887 Federal Election

† Won by acclamation

25th New Brunswick Legislature 1882-1886[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York July 4, 1885 Frederick P. Thompson William Wilson Appointed to the Legislative Council
Kings July 4, 1885 Edwin Arnold Vail William Pugsley Appointed to the Legislative Council
Restigouche June 1885† Joseph Cunard Barberie William Murray Appointed to the Legislative Council
Sunbury January 9, 1885 Arthur Glasier Arthur Glasier By-election results voided
Victoria June 28, 1884 Richard Tibbits George Thomas Baird Appointed Deputy Provincial Secretary
Sunbury December 4, 1883 George A. Sterling Arthur Glasier Death
Westmorland October 13, 1883 Pierre-Amand Landry Amasa E. Killam Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Saint John County & City August 23, 1883 William Elder Alfred Augustus Stockton Death
David McLellan David McLellan Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Charlotte March 26, 1883† James Mitchell James Mitchell Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
York March 24, 1883† Andrew George Blair Andrew George Blair Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General
Gloucester March 21, 1883† Patrick G. Ryan Patrick G. Ryan Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
Saint John County & City March 16, 1883† William Elder William Elder Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Robert J. Ritchie Robert J. Ritchie Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Westmorland January 9, 1883 Pierre-Amand Landry Pierre-Amand Landry Resignation to recontest over election petition
Charles A. Black Charles A. Black
Daniel Lionel Hanington Daniel Lionel Hanington
John A. Humphrey John A. Humphrey
Madawaska October 7, 1882† Patrick Lynott Mathias Nadeau Resignation due to election petition
Kings September 27, 1882 Finnemore E. Morton Finnemore E. Morton Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
John Herbert Crawford Gabriel Flewelling Death
Kent September 25, 1882 William Wheton William Wheton Resignation to recontest over election petition
Olivier J. Leblanc Olivier J. Leblanc

† Won by acclamation

24th New Brunswick Legislature 1878-1882[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Sunbury April 6, 1881 John S. Covert James S. White Death
Kings May 28, 1879 John Herbert Crawford John Herbert Crawford Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
York November 14, 1878 Andrew George Blair Andrew George Blair Resignation to recontest over election petition
Frederick P. Thompson Frederick P. Thompson
Westmorland July 24, 1878† Pierre-Amand Landry Pierre-Amand Landry Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
Northumberland July 24, 1878† Michael Adams Michael Adams Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

† Won by acclamation

23rd New Brunswick Legislature 1874-1878[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John City January 19, 1877† Robert Marshall Robert Marshall By-election results voided
Saint John City November 18, 1876 William H.A. Keans Robert Marshall Death
Gloucester January 31, 1876 Théotime Blanchard Patrick G. Ryan Appointed Inspector of Weights and Measures for Restigouche County
Albert January 18, 1876 Alexander Rogers Alexander Rogers By-election results voided
James Ryan James Ryan
Albert August 28, 1875 Alexander Rogers Alexander Rogers Void Election
James Ryan James Ryan
Saint John County & City March 6, 1875 Joseph Coram William Elder Death

† Won by acclamation

22nd New Brunswick Legislature 1870-1874[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kent December 24, 1873 William Shand Caie Henry O'Leary Death
Carleton November 4, 1873 George W. White David Irvine Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Kings October 24, 1873 George Otty James William Nowlan Appointed a judge
Albert August 13, 1873 Rufus Palmer Martin B. Palmer Death
Charlotte September 20, 1872 John McAdam John Cameron Brown Resignation to contest the 1872 Federal Election
York August 3, 1872† George Luther Hathaway John James Fraser Death
Queens June 21, 1872 Gideon D. Bailey Walter S. Butler Appointed to the Legislative Council
Westmorland February 24(?), 1872 Joseph Lytle Moore John A. Humphrey Death
Westmorland September 12, 1871 Daniel Lionel Hanington Daniel Lionel Hanington By-election results voided
Queens April 4, 1871 Robert Thorne Babbit Ebenezer Williams Appointed Registrar of Deeds
Charlotte March 16, 1871 Benjamin Robert Stephenson Benjamin Robert Stephenson Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
York March 10, 1871† George Luther Hathaway George Luther Hathaway Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Provincial Secretary
Westmorland December 26, 1870 Bliss Botsford Daniel Lionel Hanington Appointed a judge
Restigouche December 3, 1870 Alexander C. DesBrisay John Phillips Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Carleton October 26, 1870† William Lindsay William Lindsay Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

† Won by acclamation

21st New Brunswick Legislature 1866-1870[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Northumberland May 27, 1869 William Moore Kelly William Moore Kelly Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
Kings March 8, 1869† William P. Flewelling William P. Flewelling Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
Northumberland February 20, 1869† Jacob C. Gough Jacob C. Gough Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Kent February 12, 1869 Owen McInerney Urbain Johnson Appointed to the Legislative Council
Victoria February 9, 1869 Benjamin Beveridge Charles A. Hammond Appointed to the Legislative Council
York November 1868 John Pickard William Hayden Needham Resignation to contest a federal by-election
Carleton November 14, 1868 James Hartley George W. White Death
Sunbury September 22, 1868 John Glasier John S. Covert Appointed to the Senate
Saint John County & City April 4, 1868† Charles Nelson Skinner John Waterbury Cudlip Appointed a judge
Victoria January 3, 1868 Vital Hébert Lévite Thériault Death
Gloucester January 1-6, 1868 Robert Young William Taylor Appointed to the Legislative Council
Northumberland October 22, 1867† Richard Sutton Richard Sutton Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
York October 19, 1867† John Adolphus Beckwith John Adolphus Beckwith Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Kings October 19, 1867 George Ryan Gideon McLeod Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Saint John City October 16, 1867 Samuel Leonard Tilley William Keans Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Saint John County & City October 15, 1867 John Hamilton Gray Joseph Coram Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Robert Duncan Wilmot George Edwin King Appointed to the Senate
Westmorland October 14, 1867† Albert James Smith Joseph Lytle Moore Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Charlotte October 10, 1867 James Watson Chandler Henry Frye Appointed County Court judges
James G. Stevens Benjamin Robert Stephenson
Saint John City October 4, 1867 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore Andrew Rainsford Wetmore Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General
York October 2, 1867 Charles Fisher John Pickard Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Queens September 23, 1867† John Ferris Walter S. Butler Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Carleton September 21, 1867 Charles Connell James Hartley Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Albert September 14, 1867 Abner Reid McClelan Charles Peck Appointed to the Senate
John Lewis Amos Atkinson Bliss Appointed to the Legislative Council
Restigouche September 11, 1867 John McMillan William Montgomery Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Saint John County & City September 4, 1867† Charles Nelson Skinner Charles Nelson Skinner Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Northumberland August 10, 1867† John Mercer Johnson William Moore Kelly Resignation to contest the 1867 Federal Election
Edward Williston Jacob C. Gough Appointed a County Court judge
Charlotte July 1867† John McAdam John McAdam Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
Carleton July 24, 1866† Charles Connell Charles Connell Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

† Won by acclamation

20th New Brunswick Legislature 1865-1866[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York November 6, 1865 John Campbell Allen Charles Fisher Appointed to the Supreme Court
Westmorland October 9, 1865† Albert James Smith Albert James Smith Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General
Carleton April 20, 1865† Arthur Hill Gillmor Arthur Hill Gillmor Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Westmorland April 1865† Bliss Botsford Bliss Botsford Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
York April 17, 1865† George Luther Hathaway George Luther Hathaway Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works
John Campbell Allen John Campbell Allen Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General

† Won by acclamation

19th New Brunswick Legislature 1861-1865[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Northumberland January 13, 1865 Robinson Crocker Richard Hutchison Death
Charlotte July 25, 1864 George S. Grimmer John McAdam Appointed Clerk of the Peace
Carleton June 23, 1864 David Munro Charles Connell Appointed Registrar of Deeds
Queens June 22, 1864 Samuel H. Gilbert Joseph B. Perkins Death
Saint John County & City March 18, 1863 John Jordan John Hamilton Gray Death
Victoria January 5, 1863 David B. Raymond Benjamin Beveridge Death
Northumberland October 28, 1862† John Mercer Johnson John Mercer Johnson Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General
Restigouche August 16, 1861 John McMillan John McMillan Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
York August 15, 1861 George Luther Hathaway George Luther Hathaway Sought re-election upon appointment as Chief Commissioner of Public Works

† Won by acclamation

18th New Brunswick Legislature 1857-1861[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Westmorland June 8, 1860† James Steadman James Steadman Sought re-election upon appointment as Postmaster General
Carleton November 15, 1858 Charles Connell Charles Connell Sought re-election upon appointment as Postmaster General
Saint John City July 14, 1858 James A. Harding Joseph Lawrence Appointed Sheriff of Saint John
Westmorland December 28, 1857 Robert K. Gilbert Daniel Hanington Death
Northumberland December 26, 1857 Richard Sutton Edward Williston Sought re-election upon appointment to as Deputy Treasurer of the port of Newcastle
Charlotte July 1857 James Brown James Brown Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
Northumberland July 22, 1857† John Mercer Johnson John Mercer Johnson Sought re-election upon appointment as Postmaster General
Victoria July 18, 1857† Charles Watters Charles Watters Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
Saint John City July 6, 1857 Samuel Leonard Tilley Samuel Leonard Tilley Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
York June 13, 1857† Charles Fisher Charles Fisher Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General

† Won by acclamation

17th New Brunswick Legislature 1856-1857[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York September 1856† Charles Macpherson Charles Macpherson Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Restigouche August 20, 1856† John Montgomery John Montgomery Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General

† Won by acclamation

16th New Brunswick Legislature 1854-1856[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York February 28, 1856 James Taylor John Campbell Allen Death
Saint John County & City September 22, 1855 John Richard Partelow John F. Godard Appointed Auditor General
William Johnstone Ritchie R. Sands Armstrong Appointed to the Supreme Court
Victoria September 10, 1855 Francis Rice Charles Watters Appointed to the Legislative Council
Charlotte December 1854 James Brown James Brown Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor General
Saint John City November 15, 1854† Samuel Leonard Tilley Samuel Leonard Tilley Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary
Northumberland November 14, 1854† John Mercer Johnson John Mercer Johnson Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General
York November 12, 1854† Charles Fisher Charles Fisher Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General

† Won by acclamation

15th New Brunswick Legislature 1850-1854[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Westmorland May 1853 William Crane Amand Landry Death
Carleton April 18, 1853 Horace H. Beardsley Charles Connell Death
Saint John County & City July 19, 1852 John Johnston John Jordan Appointed Police Magistrate for Saint John
Northumberland July 6, 1852 Alexander Rankin George Kerr Death
Westmorland May 18, 1852 Robert B. Chapman Albert James Smith Void Election
Albert January 1852 William Steeves John Lewis Appointed to the Legislative Council
Queens January 1852 Thomas Gilbert Samuel H. Gilbert Appointed to the Legislative Council
Restigouche November or December 1851 Andrew Barberie Andrew Barberie Sought re-election upon appointment as Clerk of the Crown in the Supreme Court
Saint John City November 15, 1851 Samuel Leonard Tilley James A. Harding Resignation
Saint John County & City November 14, 1851 Charles Simonds John F. Goddard Resignation
Saint John County & City November 11, 1851† William Johnstone Ritchie John Johnston Resignation
Saint John County & City October 18, 1851 Robert Duncan Wilmot Robert Duncan Wilmot Sought re-election upon appointment as Surveyor-General
Gloucester September 29, 1851 Joseph Read Joseph Read Sought re-election upon appointment as Deputy Treasurer of Gloucester
Carleton February 1851 Charles Connell Richard English Appointed to the Legislative Council
York February 1851 Lemuel Allan Wilmot Charles McPherson Appointed a judge
Northumberland February 16, 1851† John Ambrose Street John Ambrose Street Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General

† Won by acclamation

14th New Brunswick Legislature 1846-1850[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John City March 6, 1849 Robert Leonard Hazen Barzilla Ansley Appointed to the Legislative Council
Queens March 1847 Hugh Johnston John Earle Void Election

13th New Brunswick Legislature 1843-1846[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kings May 1844 Samuel Freeze William McLeod Death
Northumberland July 1843 John T. Williston John Ambrose Street Void Election
York June 1843† Lemuel Allan Wilmot Lemuel Allan Wilmot Sought re-election upon appointment to the Executive Council
Saint John City June 7, 1843† Robert Leonard Hazen Robert Leonard Hazen Sought re-election upon appointment to the Executive Council

† Won by acclamation

12th New Brunswick Legislature 1837-1842[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Charlotte November 1839 Thomas Wyer James Boyd Appointed to the Legislative Council
Restigouche November 5, 1838† New Seat Andrew Barberie Restigouche County created

† Won by acclamation

11th New Brunswick Legislature 1835-1837[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York January 1837 Jedediah Slason D. L. Robinson Death
Westmorland November–December 1836 Edward Barron Chandler William Wilson Appointed to Legislative Council

10th New Brunswick Legislature 1830-1834[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York June 16, 1834† William Taylor Lemuel Allan Wilmot Death
Northumberland February 28, 1833† Joseph Cunard John Ambrose Street Appointed to Legislative Council
York September 1832 John Dow Jeremiah Connell Death
Jeremiah Connell James Taylor By-election results reversed March 1833

† Won by acclamation

9th New Brunswick Legislature 1827-1830[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Northumberland December 28, 1828 Richard Simonds Joseph Cunard Appointed Provincial Treasurer
Queens August 14–27, 1828 Harry Peters Thomas Gilbert Appointed to the Council

8th New Brunswick Legislature 1820-1827[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John County & City February 2, 1826† Ward Chipman Robert Parker Appointed a judge and to the Council
Westmorland April 27, 1825 Benjamin Wilson Robert Scott Death
Sunbury March 1824 William Wilmot Samuel Nevers Unseated for being a member of the clergy
Westmorland March 2, 1824 William Botsford William Crane Appointed a judge and to the Council
Sunbury May 1823 William Wilmot William Wilmot Unseated for being a member of the clergy
Sunbury March 1823 Amos Perley William Wilmot Death
Westmorland March 19, 1822 Joseph Crandall Malcolm Wilmot Unseated for being a member of the clergy
York March 1, 1822 Stair Agnew Jedediah Slason Death

† Won by acclamation

7th New Brunswick Legislature 1819-1820[edit]

no by-elections held

6th New Brunswick Legislature 1816-1819[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John City May 12, 1818 Stephen Humbert Stephen Humbert Expulsion for writing a newspaper editorial criticizing another member of the House.
Queens August 10, 1817 Richard Yeamans Richard Yeamans Void Election

5th New Brunswick Legislature 1809-1816[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
York January 26, 1814 Duncan McLeod John Murray Bliss Death
Westmorland February 24, 1813† Amos Botsford William Botsford Death
Saint John City November 7, 1810 John Garrison John Robinson Death
Kings March 1810 John Coffin Jasper Belding Void Election
George Pitfield George Leonard

† Won by acclamation

4th New Brunswick Legislature 1802-1809[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Saint John County & City November 9, 1803 Edward Sands Munson Jarvis Void Election
Westmorland November 1803 Hugh McMonagle Titus Knapp Death

3rd New Brunswick Legislature 1795-1802[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kings May 1, 1801 David Fanning George Leonard Expulsion following conviction for rape.
Charlotte April 1799 David Owen Ninian Lindsay Did not take seat

2nd New Brunswick Legislature 1793-1795[edit]

no by-elections held

1st New Brunswick Legislature 1785-1792[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Winner Cause
Kings March 2–12, 1791 John Hamilton David Fanning Left the Province
York February 25–26, 1791 Edward Stelle John Saunders Left the Province
Northumberland March 1791 William Davidson Harris William Hailes Death
Saint John County & City November 24-December 1, 1789 Stanton Hazard Nehemiah Rogers Death
Sunbury November 9, 1789 Richard Vandeburg James Glenie Left the Province
Charlotte November 1789 William Paine Colin Campbell Left the Province
Kings September 1788 Ebenezer Foster John Hamilton Death

See also[edit]

References[edit]