List of New England towns

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Main article: New England town

See that article for further explanation.

This is called a List of New England Towns, but also includes municipalities incorporated as cities or organized as plantations with those types indicated as such.

Massachusetts[edit]

Barnstable County[edit]

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Berkshire County[edit]

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Bristol County[edit]

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Dukes County[edit]

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Essex County[edit]

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Franklin County[edit]

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Hampden County[edit]

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Hampshire County[edit]

Former towns:

These three towns were disincorporated in 1938 due to the construction of Quabbin Reservoir. The former territory of the three, and of the former town of Dana in Worcester County (which was disincorporated at the same time for the same reason), was annexed to neighboring towns, although much of it is either underwater or closed to development.

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Middlesex County[edit]

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Nantucket County[edit]

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Norfolk County[edit]

Former town:

Hyde Park was annexed by the City of Boston (in neighboring Suffolk County) in 1912. Upon its annexation, Hyde Park's former territory became part of Suffolk County.

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Plymouth County[edit]

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Suffolk County[edit]

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Worcester County[edit]

Former town:

Dana was disincorporated in 1938 due to the construction of Quabbin Reservoir. The former territory of Dana, and of three additional towns in Hampshire County that were disincorporated at the same time for the same reason, was annexed to neighboring towns (although much of it is either underwater or closed to development).

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Rhode Island[edit]

Bristol County[edit]

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Kent County[edit]

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Newport County[edit]

The town of New Shoreham, currently in Washington County, was part of Newport County until 1963.

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Providence County[edit]

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Washington County[edit]

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Connecticut[edit]

Fairfield County[edit]

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Hartford County[edit]

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Litchfield County[edit]

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Middlesex County[edit]

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New Haven County[edit]

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New London County[edit]

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Tolland County[edit]

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Windham County[edit]

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New Hampshire[edit]

Belknap County[edit]

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Carroll County[edit]

Carroll County also contains a very small amount of territory that is not part of any incorporated municipality (Hale's Location). This is the only remaining unincorporated gore-like entity in New Hampshire anywhere outside of Coos County. It is also the only territory in New Hamsphire outside of Coos County which has never been incorporated.

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Cheshire County[edit]

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Coos County[edit]

Coos County also contains a significant amount of territory that is not part of any incorporated municipality, encompassing the bulk of all such territory in New Hampshire. The unincorporated territory covers about 30% of the county's area, but has fewer than 200 residents. This includes six unincorporated townships (Cambridge, Dixville, Kilkenny, Millsfield, Odell and Success), eight grants, six purchases, and three locations. One of the locations was formerly incorporated as a town:

Wentworth's Location disincorporated in 1966 and reverted to unorganized territory.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Grafton County[edit]

Former town:

Livermore disincorporated in 1951 due to population loss. When Livermore disincorporated, it reverted to unorganized territory. It is the only territory in Grafton County that is not currently incorporated; prior to 1951, Grafton County was entirely incorporated.

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Hillsborough County[edit]

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Merrimack County[edit]

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Rockingham County[edit]

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Strafford County[edit]

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Sullivan County[edit]

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Vermont[edit]

Addison County[edit]

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Bennington County[edit]

Former town:

Glastenbury disincorporated in 1937 due to population loss. When Glastenbury disincorporated, it reverted to unorganized territory. It is the only territory in Bennington County that is not currently incorporated; prior to 1937, Bennington County was entirely incorporated.

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Caledonia County[edit]

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Chittenden County[edit]

Chittenden County also contains a very small amount of territory that is not part of any incorporated municipality (Buel's Gore). This is the only remaining gore-like entity in Vermont anywhere outside of Essex County. It is also the only territory in Vermont outside of Essex County which has never been incorporated.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Essex County[edit]

Essex County also contains a significant amount of territory that is not part of any incorporated municipality, encompassing the bulk of all such territory in Vermont. The unincorporated territory covers about 25% of the county's area, but only has about 50 residents. This includes three unincorporated townships (Averill, Ferdinand and Lewis), two gores and one grant.

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Franklin County[edit]

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Grand Isle County[edit]

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Lamoille County[edit]

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Orange County[edit]

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Orleans County[edit]

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Rutland County[edit]

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Washington County[edit]

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Windham County[edit]

Former town:

Somerset disincorporated in 1937 due to population loss. When Somerset disincorporated, it reverted to unorganized territory. It is the only territory in Somerset County that is not currently incorporated; prior to 1937, Windham County was entirely incorporated.

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Windsor County[edit]

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Maine[edit]

Androscoggin County[edit]

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Aroostook County[edit]

Aroostook County also contains a significant amount of unincorporated territory that is not part of any municipality. The majority of the county's terrtitory has historically been unorganized, with organized municipalities existing only in the eastern and northeastern parts of the county. The unorganized areas include the territory of the two former towns shown below:

These towns disincorporated in 1945 (Connor) and 1987 (Benedicta). Both subsequently reverted to unorganized territory.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Cumberland County[edit]

The town of Otisfield, currently in Oxford County, was part of Cumberland County until 1978.

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Franklin County[edit]

Franklin County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas in the central and southern parts of the county as well. This includes the territory of the three former towns shown below:

These three towns disincorporated in 1938 (Freeman), 1945 (Salem) and 2000 (Madrid). All three subsequently reverted to unorganized territory.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Hancock County[edit]

Hancock County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northeastern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas elsewhere in the county as well.

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Kennebec County[edit]

Kennebec County also contains a small amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality (the former Unity Plantation, territory which was originally a gore). Prior to Unity Plantation's surrender of organization in 1942, Kennebec County was entirely organized, although it has never been entirely incorporated.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Knox County[edit]

Knox County also contains a small amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality (the former Criehaven Plantation, a small group of offshore islands which surrendered its organization in 1925). Two additional island municipalities in Knox County also dissolved in the early 20th century, including the former town shown below:

Hurricane Isle disincorporated in 1915. It initially reverted to unorganized territory, but its former territory was later annexed by another town. For a time in the late 19th century and early 20th century, prior to the above municipal dissolutions, Knox County was entirely organized, but it has never been entirely incorporated.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Lincoln County[edit]

Lincoln County also contains a very small amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality (Hibberts Gore). This is one of only a few remaining gore-like entities in Maine outside of the sparsely-settled northern and interior parts of the state.

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Oxford County[edit]

Oxford County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas in the southern part of the county as well. This includes the territory of the three former towns shown below:

These three towns disincorporated in 1919 (Grafton), 1935 (Mason), and 1937 (Albany). All three subsequently reverted to unorganized territory.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Penobscot County[edit]

Penobscot County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas in the east central part of the county, along the boundary with Hancock and Washington counties, as well. This includes the territory of the five former towns shown below:

These five towns disincorporated in 1907 (Mattamiscontis), 1935 (Kingman), 1938 (Argyle), 1939 (Prentiss) and 1993 (Greenfield). All five subsequently reverted to unorganized territory. (Note: Following its disincorporation as a town, Prentiss operated under a plantation form of government for many years, but it surrendered its organization in 1990.) In addition to those former towns listed above, Carroll and Drew were incorporated towns prior to 1934 and 1937, respectively, after which each disincorporated and adopted a plantation form of government instead.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Piscataquis County[edit]

Piscataquis County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas in the central and southern parts of the county as well. This includes the territory of the three former towns shown below:

These three towns disincorporated in 1940 (Williamsburg), 1945 (Orneville), and 1951 (Blanchard). All three subsequently reverted to unorganized territory. (Note: Following its disincorporation as a town, Blanchard operated under a plantation form of government for many years, but it surrendered its organization in 1984.)

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Sagadahoc County[edit]

Former town:

Perkins disincorporated in 1918. Perkins consisted of a small island in the Kennebec River, also known as Swan Island. When Perkins disincorporated, it reverted to unorganized territory. It is the only territory in Sagadahoc County that is not currently incorporated; prior to 1918, Sagadahoc County was entirely incorporated.

Historical U.S. Census Totals

Somerset County[edit]

Somerset County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern part of the county has never been organized or incorporated. This includes the territory of the former town shown below:

Concord disincorporated in 1935, and subsequently reverted to unorganized territory.

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Waldo County[edit]

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Washington County[edit]

Washington County also contains a significant amount of unorganized territory that is not part of any municipality. Much of the northern and western parts of the county have never been organized or incorporated, and there are some unorganized areas elsewhere in the county as well. This includes the territory of the six former towns shown below:

These six towns disincorporated in 1924 (Forest City), 1938 (Edmunds), 1939 (Marion), 1942 (Brookton), 1945 (Trescott) and 2004 (Centerville). All six subsequently reverted to unorganized territory. In addition to those former towns listed above, Baring was an incorporated town prior to 1942, after which it disincorporated. It later adopted a plantation form of government.

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York County[edit]

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Notes[edit]

The following criteria were used in the above list:

  • In Connecticut, coextensive towns/cities are listed as cities. Towns which include a city within, but not coextensive with, the town, are shown as towns.
  • In Massachusetts, only those municipalities which title themselves as cities are shown as cities. Those municipalities which are considered to be legal cities by the Massachusetts Secretary of State's office but which title themselves as towns are shown as towns.
  • If a county includes any unincorporated territory, this is noted following the list of municipalities in the county.

Trivia[edit]

The only municipality name that is found in all six New England states is Warren. The Warren in Rhode Island is the largest of the six.

There are several municipality names that can be found in five of the six New England states. These include Andover, Bridgewater, Bristol, Chester, Franklin, Lincoln, Plymouth, Richmond, Salisbury, Sharon, Washington and Windsor. Manchester also exists in five states if the Manchester-by-the-Sea in Massachusetts is counted (prior to the early 1990s, the Massachusetts community used to be just "Manchester", like the others). In most of the above cases, the missing state is Rhode Island, although in a few it is Connecticut (Lincoln, Richmond) or Massachusetts (Bristol).

There are at least three other place names that existed as municipality names in five of the six states in the 19th century, but lost this status due to one of more of the communities disincorporating or being annexed. Most notably, there were once municipalities named Roxbury in every New England state except Rhode Island, but the one in Massachusetts was annexed by Boston in the 1860s. "Roxbury" is still commonly used as a place name for the neighborhood in question, however, and is even recognized by the U.S. Postal Service as acceptable for addressing mail. Towns named Salem and Berlin could also once be found in five of the six New England states.