List of New York Yankees managers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Joe Girardi, the current Yankees' manager

The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in New York City, New York in the borough of The Bronx. The Yankees are members of the American League (AL) East Division in Major League Baseball (MLB). The Yankees have won the World Series 27 times, more than any other MLB team.[1][2] In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager, or more formally, the field manager. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[3][4] Since starting to play as the Baltimore Orioles (no relationship to the current Baltimore Orioles team[5]) in 1901, the team has employed 34 different managers.[6] The current Yankee manager is Joe Girardi, the current general manager is Brian Cashman and the current owners are Hal and Hank Steinbrenner, who are sons of the late George Steinbrenner, who first bought the Yankees in 1973.[7][8][9]

The franchise's first manager was Hall of Famer John McGraw, who managed the team for one year and part of a second before becoming manager of the New York Giants.[10] In 1903, the team moved from Baltimore to New York, where it was initially known as the New York Highlanders.[11] Its first manager in New York was Clark Griffith, who managed the team from 1903 to 1908.[6] Miller Huggins was the next manager to manage the team for more than three seasons. Huggins took over the managerial duties in 1918 and led the Yankees to six American League championships and three World Series titles until his death in 1929. Huggins won 1,067 regular season games with the Yankees, which ranks fourth all-time among Yankee managers.[6][12]

Several other managers spent long tenures with the Yankees. Joe McCarthy managed the Yankees from 1931 until midway through the 1946 season. During his tenure, the Yankees won eight American League titles and won the World Series seven times. He won 1,460 regular season games with the Yankees and lost 867, both more than any other Yankee manager.[6][13] Casey Stengel managed the team from 1949 until 1960, winning 10 American League championships, 7 World Series titles, and 1,149 games, which ranks third among Yankee managers.[14] After Stengel retired, Ralph Houk managed the Yankees from 1961 through 1963, winning American League titles each season, and winning the World Series twice. He served a second term as Yankee manager from 1966 through 1973.[15]

From 1974 until 1995, no Yankee managerial term lasted as long as three complete seasons.[6] Joe Torre managed the Yankees from 1996 through 2007 and the team made the playoffs each season. He also won six American League championships and four World Series titles. His 1,173 regular season wins are second all-time among Yankees managers. He also has the most playoff appearances, playoff wins and playoff losses of any Yankee manager. Torre was named American League Manager of the Year twice, in 1996 and 1998.[16] His predecessor, Buck Showalter, also was named Manager of the Year in 1994.[16] Torre left after the 2007 season and was replaced by Joe Girardi, who is the current manager of the New York Yankees.[6][17][18]

Several managers have had multiple tenures with the Yankees. Billy Martin served five terms as Yankee manager.[19][20] Before his death in 1989, Martin was rumored to be in line for a sixth term if the Yankees started the 1990 season poorly.[21] Yogi Berra, Houk, Bob Lemon, Gene Michael, Lou Piniella and Dick Howser each served two terms as the Yankees' manager. Howser's first term lasted only a single game, as interim manager in 1978 between Martin's firing and Lemon's hiring.[22] Howser also managed a full season in 1980, leading the team to the playoffs, but was fired after the Yankees failed to advance to the World Series. Howser has the highest career winning percentage among all Yankee managers at .632.[6][22]

Key[edit]

# Number of managers[a]
G Regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W Regular season wins
L Regular season losses
Win% Winning percentage
PA Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW Playoff wins
PL Playoff losses
Ref Reference
LC League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS World Series Championships: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a manager or executive
* Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a player

Managers[edit]

Joe Torre managed the Yankees to 12 playoff appearances, six American League championships, and four World Series titles.
Buck Showalter worked four years as Yankee manager.
Miller Huggins managed the Yankees to three World Series championships.
Billy Martin served five terms as Yankee manager.
Statistics current through 2013 season
#[a] Manager Seasons G W L Win% PA PW PL LC WS Ref
1 McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw 19011902 193 94 96 .495 [10]
2 Robinson, WilbertWilbert Robinson 1902 83 24 57 .296 [23]
3 Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith 19031908 807 490 370 .558 [24]
4 Elberfeld, KidKid Elberfeld 1908 98 27 71 .276 [25]
5 Stallings, GeorgeGeorge Stallings 19091910 295 152 136 .515 [26]
6 Chase, HalHal Chase 19101911 167 86 80 .515 [27]
7 Wolverton, HarryHarry Wolverton 1912 153 50 102 .327 [28]
8 Chance, FrankFrank Chance* 19131914 290 117 168 .403 [29]
9 Peckinpaugh, RogerRoger Peckinpaugh 1914 20 10 10 .500 [30]
10 Donovan, Wild BillWild Bill Donovan 19151917 465 220 239 .473 [31]
11 Huggins, MillerMiller Huggins 19181929 1,796 1,067 719 .594 6 18 15 6 3 [12][32]
12 Fletcher, ArtArt Fletcher 1929 11 6 5 .545 [33]
13 Shawkey, BobBob Shawkey 1930 154 86 68 .558 [34]
14 McCarthy, JoeJoe McCarthy 19311946 2,348 1,460 867 .627 8 29 9 8 7 [13][35]
15 Dickey, BillBill Dickey* 1946 105 57 48 .543 [36]
16 Neun, JohnnyJohnny Neun 1946 14 8 6 .571 [37]
17 Harris, BuckyBucky Harris 19471948 309 191 117 .620 1 4 3 1 1 [38][39]
18 Stengel, CaseyCasey Stengel 19491960 1,851 1,149 696 .623 10 37 26 10 7 [14][40]
19 Houk, RalphRalph Houk 19611963 486 309 176 .637 3 8 8 3 2 [15][41]
20 Berra, YogiYogi Berra* 1964 164 99 63 .611 1 3 4 1 0 [42][43]
21 Keane, JohnnyJohnny Keane 19651966 182 81 101 .445 [44]
Houk, RalphRalph Houk 19661973 1,271 635 630 .502 [15]
22 Virdon, BillBill Virdon 19741975 266 142 124 .534 [45]
23 Martin, BillyBilly Martin[b] 19751978 471 279 192 .592 2 10 10 2 1 [19][46]
24 Howser, DickDick Howser[b] 1978 1 0 1 .000 [22]
25 Lemon, BobBob Lemon*[b] 19781979 133 82 51 .617 1 7 3 1 1 [47][48]
Martin, BillyBilly Martin 1979 95 55 40 .579 [19]
Howser, DickDick Howser 1980 162 103 59 .636 1 0 3 0 0 [22][49]
26 Michael, GeneGene Michael[c] 1981 82 48 34 .585 [50]
Lemon, BobBob Lemon*[c] 19811982 39 17 22 .436 1 8 6 1 0 [47][48]
Michael, GeneGene Michael 1982 86 44 42 .512 [50]
27 King, ClydeClyde King 1982 62 29 33 .468 [51]
Martin, BillyBilly Martin 1983 162 91 71 .562 [19]
Berra, YogiYogi Berra* 19841985 178 93 85 .522 [42]
Martin, BillyBilly Martin 1985 145 91 54 .628 [19]
28 Piniella, LouLou Piniella 19861987 324 179 145 .552 [52]
Martin, BillyBilly Martin 1988 68 40 28 .588 [19]
Piniella, LouLou Piniella 1988 93 45 48 .484 [52]
29 Green, DallasDallas Green 1989 121 56 65 .463 [53]
30 Dent, BuckyBucky Dent 19891990 89 36 53 .404 [54]
31 Merrill, StumpStump Merrill 19901991 275 120 155 .436 [55]
32 Showalter, BuckBuck Showalter[d] 19921995 582 313 268 .539 1 2 3 0 0 [56][57]
33 Torre, JoeJoe Torre[e] 19962007 1,942 1,173 767 .605 12 76 47 6 4 [17][58]
34 Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi 2008 972 564 408 .580 4 21 15 3 1 [18][59][60]

Managers with multiple tenures[edit]

Yogi Berra served two terms as the Yankees' manager.
#[a] Manager Seasons G W L Win% PA PW PL LC WS Ref
19 Houk, RalphRalph Houk 19611963, 19661973 1,757 944 806 .539 3 8 8 3 2 [15][41]
20 Berra, YogiYogi Berra* 1964, 19841985 342 192 148 .565 1 3 4 1 0 [42][43]
23 Martin, BillyBilly Martin[b] 19751978, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1988 941 556 385 .591 2 10 10 2 1 [19][46]
24 Howser, DickDick Howser[b] 1978, 1980 163 103 60 .632 1 0 3 0 0 [22][49]
25 Lemon, BobBob Lemon*[b][c] 19781979, 19811982 172 99 73 .576 2 15 9 2 1 [47][48]
26 Michael, GeneGene Michael[c] 1981, 1982 168 92 76 .548 [50]
28 Piniella, LouLou Piniella 19861987, 1988 417 224 193 .537 [52]

Notes[edit]

  • a A running total of the number of managers of the Yankees. Thus, any manager who has two or more separate terms as a manager is only counted once.
  • b Three managers, Billy Martin, Dick Howser and Bob Lemon, managed the Yankees during their World Series Championship season of 1978. Lemon managed the Yankees in the playoffs, and thus is credited with the playoff appearance, league championship and World Series championship for that season.
  • c Two managers, Gene Michael and Bob Lemon, managed the Yankees during their league championship season of 1981. Lemon managed the Yankees in the playoffs, and thus is credited with the playoff appearance and league championship for that season.
  • d Buck Showalter won the Manager of the Year Award in 1994.[16][56]
  • e Joe Torre won the Manager of the Year Award in 1996 and 1998.[16][17]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Baseball-Reference Playoff and World Series Index". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  2. ^ "New York Yankees Timeline". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  3. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-393-06681-4. 
  5. ^ "Baltimore Orioles Timeline". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "New York Yankees Managerial Register". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  7. ^ "Yankees Managers". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  8. ^ "Yankees, GM Brian Cashman Agree To New Three-Year Contract". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  9. ^ "Yankees Owners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  10. ^ a b "John McGraw". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  11. ^ "New York Yankees Timeline". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  12. ^ a b "Miller Huggins". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  13. ^ a b "Joe McCarthy". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  14. ^ a b "Casey Stengel". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Ralph Houk". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Manager of the Year winners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-11-16. 
  17. ^ a b c "Joe Torre". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  18. ^ a b "Joe Girardi". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g "Billy Martin". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  20. ^ "New York Yankees Timeline". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  21. ^ Chass, M. (December 26, 1989). "Billy Martin of the Yankees Killed in Crash on Icy Road". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "Dick Howser". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  23. ^ "Wilbert Robinson". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  24. ^ "Clark Griffith". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  25. ^ "Kid Elberfeld". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  26. ^ "George Stallings". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  27. ^ "Hal Chase". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  28. ^ "Harry Wolverton". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  29. ^ "Frank Chance". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  30. ^ "Roger Peckinpaugh". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  31. ^ "Bill Donovan". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  32. ^ "Miller Huggins - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  33. ^ "Art Fletcher". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  34. ^ "Bob Shawkey". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  35. ^ "Joe McCarthy - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  36. ^ "Bill Dickey". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  37. ^ "Johnny Neun". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  38. ^ "Bucky Harris". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  39. ^ "1947 WS". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  40. ^ "Casey Stengel - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  41. ^ a b "Ralph Houk - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  42. ^ a b c "Yogi Berra". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  43. ^ a b "1964 WS". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  44. ^ "Johnny Keane". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  45. ^ "Bill Virdon". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  46. ^ a b "Billy Martin - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  47. ^ a b c "Bob Lemon". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  48. ^ a b c "Bob Lemon - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  49. ^ a b "1980 ALCS". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  50. ^ a b c "Gene Michael". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  51. ^ "Clyde King". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  52. ^ a b c "Lou Piniella". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  53. ^ "Dallas Green". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  54. ^ "Bucky Dent". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  55. ^ "Stump Merrill". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  56. ^ a b "Buck Showalter". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  57. ^ "1995 ALDS". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  58. ^ "Joe Torre - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  59. ^ "Joe Girardi - Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  60. ^ "2011 New York Yankees". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2011-10-10.