List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll

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This is a list of New Zealand disasters by death toll, listing major disasters (excluding epidemics and acts of war) which occurred in New Zealand and its territories or involved a significant number of New Zealand citizens, in a specific incident, where the loss of life was 10 or more.

List of disasters[edit]

Hastings Post Office after the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake
Remnants of Flight 901 fuselage, 2005
Wreck of the HMS Orpheus
Most victims of the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake died in the CTV Building's collapse
Tangiwai Memorial
Wreck of the Tararua
Inside the fissure formed in Tarawera's 1886 eruption
Salvage operations on the wreck of TEV Wahine
Ballantyne's fire seen from ChristChurch Cathedral
Seacliff asylum, before the fire
Restored grave of Dundonald's mate, Auckland Islands
Octagon building fire
Remains of sulphur mine, White Island
Deaths Name or description Type Date Location Notes
257 Air New Zealand Flight TE901 Air accident 28 Nov 1979 Mt Erebus, Ross Dependency, Antarctica Controlled flight into terrain
256[1][2] 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake earthquake 3 Feb 1931 20 km north of Napier
189 HMS Orpheus shipwreck 7 Feb 1863 off the Manukau Heads near Auckland
185[3] February 2011 Christchurch earthquake earthquake 22 February 2011 Christchurch
151 Tangiwai disaster rail accident / lahar 24 Dec 1953 NIMT Whangaehu River bridge, between Waiouru and Ohakune rail bridge destroyed by lahar from Mount Ruapehu
135+[4] landslide 1780 Te Rapa/Waihi Village
131 SS Tararua shipwreck 29 Apr 1881 off Waipapa Point
121 SS Wairarapa shipwreck 29 Oct 1894 off Great Barrier Island
108–153[5][6] Mount Tarawera eruption volcanic eruption 10 Jun 1886 Mount Tarawera
100–200[7] floods and snowstorms Jul 1863 - Aug 1863 Central Otago goldfields
87 Fiery Star shipwreck 11 May 1865 240 km off the Chatham Islands
79[8] Matoaka shipwreck (presumed) 1869 between Lyttelton and London
75 SS Penguin shipwreck 12 Feb 1909 off Cape Terawhiti
68[9] General Grant shipwreck May 1866 Auckland Island
65[10] Brunner Mine disaster mine accident 26 Mar 1896 Brunner
65[11] Little Waihi Landslide landslide 7 May 1846 Waihi Village
53[12] TEV Wahine shipwreck 10 Apr 1968 Barrett Reef, Wellington Harbour
48 Featherston Prisoner of war camp riot Riot 25 Feb 1943 Featherston, New Zealand
45 SS Elingamite shipwreck 9 Nov 1902 off West Island in the Three Kings Islands
43[13] Ralph's Mine mine accident 12 Sep 1914 Huntly
41 Ballantyne's store disaster fire 18 Nov 1947 Christchurch
39[14][15] City of Dunedin shipwreck 20 May 1865 Cook Strait
37 Seacliff Lunatic Asylum fire 8 Dec 1942 Seacliff
34[14][16] SS Taiaroa shipwreck 11 Apr 1886 Clarence River mouth
34 Kaitangata mine mine explosion 21 Feb 1879 Kaitangata
34[17] Dunedin shipwreck (presumed) 1890 between Oamaru and London
30 Marlborough shipwreck (presumed) 1890 between Lyttelton and London
29[18] Pike River Mine disaster mine explosion 19 November 2010 northwest of Greymouth
29[19] MV Kaitawa shipwreck 23 May 1966 near Pandora Bank, Cape Reinga
26 Barque Maria shipwreck[16] 1851 Cape Terawhiti
25+[14][20] Great storm of 1868, flash floods and 12 shipwrecks storm 3 Feb 1868
25[21][22] MV Joyita ghost ship Oct 1955 En route from Apia, Samoa to Tokelau
24[23] Assaye shipwreck (presumed) 1890 between London and Wellington; wreckage washed up at the Chatham Islands 7 months after the ship left London
23 New Zealand National Airways Corporation Flight 441 air accident 3 Jul 1963 Kaimai Ranges
22[24] launch Ranui shipwreck 30 Dec 1950 off Mount Maunganui, Bay of Plenty
21 Hyde railway disaster rail accident 4 Jun 1943 near Hyde
21[25] railway workers camp flood 19 Feb 1938 Kopuawhara
21[26][27] brigantine Sophia Pate shipwreck Aug 1841 Kaipara Harbour
20[16] schooner St. Vincent shipwreck 1869 Palliser Bay
19[28] Strongman Mine mine explosion 19 Jan 1967 near Greymouth
18[29] Clyde shipwreck 6 Nov 1884 Horseshoe Bay, near Akaroa, Banks Peninsula
18[30] Lastingham shipwreck 1 Sep 1884 Cape Jackson, Cook Strait
18[31] schooners Enterprise and Tauranga shipwreck 23 Jul 1870 between Cape Rodney and Sail Rock, Hauraki Gulf
17[32] 1929 Murchison earthquake earthquake 17 Jun 1929 Murchison
17 North Island Main Trunk express rail accident [14] 6 Jul 1923 Ongarue
16[33] Capitaine Bougainville shipwreck 3 Sep 1975 Whananaki
16[34] 1943 Liberator crash at Whenuapai air accident 2 Aug 1943 Whenuapai
15[35] Brynderwyns bus accident road accident 7 Feb 1963 Brynderwyn Hills
15[36] MV Holmglen shipwreck 24 Nov 1959 near Timaru
15[14] Lockheed Lodestar airliner crash air accident 18 Mar 1949 near Waikanae
15[37] Derry Castle shipwreck 20 Mar 1887 Enderby Island, Auckland Islands
14 Cave Creek disaster structural failure 28 Apr 1995 Paparoa National Park
14[38] Aramoana massacre spree killing 13 Nov 1990 Aramoana, near Dunedin
14[39] Two Hudson bombers lost off the New Zealand coast air accident 21 Aug 1944 en route from Fiji No. 4 Squadron RNZAF
14[40] floods 17 Jan 1858 Hutt Valley
13 NAC Electra air crash air accident 23 Oct 1948 on Mount Ruapehu
13[41] SS Ventnor shipwreck 28 Oct 1902 off Omapere, Hokianga
13[16] Tasmania shipwreck 1897 Mahia Peninsula
12[42] barque Dundonald shipwreck 7 Mar 1907 Disappointment Island, Auckland Islands
12[43] Barque Lizzie Bell shipwreck 24 Jul 1901 Waimate, Taranaki
12[44] floods 16 Apr 1897 Clive, Hawkes Bay
12[45] Zuleika shipwreck 16 Apr 1897 near Cape Palliser
12[46] Cafe Chantant fire, The Octagon, Dunedin fire 8 Sep 1879 Dunedin
12[47] ferry Pride of the Yarra and paddle steamer Favourite collision 6 Jul 1863 Otago Harbour
12[48] Alcmène shipwreck 3 Jun 1851 Baylys Beach, Kaipara
12[49][50] Brigantine Rio Loge shipwreck (presumed) Jan 1909 Last seen in Cook Strait on 14 January, en route from Kaipara to Dunedin May have caused the wreck of the Penguin a month later.[51]
11[52] 2012 Carterton hot air balloon crash air accident 7 Jan 2012 near Carterton
11[53] Glen Afton mine, carbon monoxide asphyxiation mine disaster 24 Sep 1939 Huntly
11[54] B17 bomber crash air accident 12 Jun 1942 RNZAF Base Auckland at Whenuapai
10[55] Aspiring Air Britten-Norman Islander, collided with terrain air crash 8 Aug 1989 Upper Dart Valley
10[56] Brig Australia shipwreck 23 May 1873 off Cape Campbell
10[57] Husky and Argo lost to storm in yacht race shipwrecks 21 Jan 1951 between Wellington and Christchurch
10[58] sulphur mine destroyed lahar 10 Sep 1914 Whakaari/White Island

Significant international events involving New Zealanders[edit]

Confirmed Deaths Name Type Date Location Notes
470[59] Cospatrick fire 17 Nov 1874 640 km south-west of the Cape of Good Hope, en route to Auckland Only 3 people survived
100[60] The Trevelyan (immigrant ship en route from Glasgow) storm 3 Jun 1888 Presumed foundered off the South African coast, en route to Port Chalmers, New Zealand
89[61] Knowsley Hall shipwreck (presumed) 1879 between London and Lyttelton
10[62] Bere Ferrers rail accident, train hit NZ troops on tracks by platform train accident 24 Sep 1917 Bere Ferrers, Devon, UK

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia, edition 4 (1995). Article: |earthquake 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, Hawke's Bay region, Napier
  2. ^ Welch, Denis (4 February 2006). "Shake, Rattle & Roll". New Zealand Listener (3430): 29–30.  A larger death toll of 258 includes two missing, presumed dead.
  3. ^ "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake". New Zealand Police. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Waihi Landslide, GeoNet News, Vol. 2, February 2003, p. 7. Death toll calculated by subtracting death tolls for two later landslides (64 and 1 in 1846 and 1910 respectively) from the total of "more than 200" given for all three.
  5. ^ The eruption's death toll is uncertain. While 153 is a commonly quoted figure, only 108 named victims have been identified. Death list, Anheizen.com.
  6. ^ In 2007, the General Manager of the Earthquake Commission said that "... Ngati Hinemihi oral accounts put the death toll in the thousands." David Middleton (2007). A Roof Over Their Heads? The challenge of accommodation following disasters. (Accessed 2008-04-12.)
  7. ^ Disasters and Mishaps – Flood Hazards - Blizzard and Flood in 1863, from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966. Accessed 2008-01-22.
  8. ^ The Missing New Zealand Ship 'MATOAKA', which cites The Times, London, 22 March 1870, page 9. Accessed 2008-05-21.
  9. ^ Five more died before the survivors were rescued 18 months later.
  10. ^ Brunner mine disaster
  11. ^ Lamorna Cooper, Hipaua Steaming Cliffs and Little Waihi Landslide, Tephra, Vol. 19, June 2002, 42-47.
  12. ^ The original Wahine death toll was 51; two names were added 22 and 40 years later. Three more people were killed by Cyclone Giselle elsewhere in New Zealand.
  13. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Mining: Ralph's Mine, Christchurch City Libraries.
  14. ^ a b c d e New Zealand disasters timeline, Ministry for Culture and Heritage.
  15. ^ Steamer 'City of Dunedin'- Mysterious Sinking - Cook Strait, New Zealand - 20 May 1865
  16. ^ a b c d Disasters and Mishaps – Shipwrecks, from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966, updated 2007-09-18.
  17. ^ Dunedin, which cites W.H. Brett's White Wings: Fifty years of sail in the New Zealand Trade, Vol. I. 1925.
  18. ^ Beswick, Angela. "Pike River: Second explosion, no survivors". 3 News. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  19. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Sinking of MV Kaitawa - 1966
  20. ^ Great storm of 1868, flash floods and 12 shipwrecks
  21. ^ Field, Michael (6 March 2012). "1955 Pacific mystery to be finally marked". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  22. ^ All 25 on board were missing when the boat was found, and are presumed dead.
  23. ^ Assaye
  24. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Ranui sinking - 1950
  25. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Kopuawhara flood, Christchurch City Libraries.
  26. ^ Ryburn, Wayne (1999). Tall Spars, Steamers & Gum. Auckland, N.Z.: Kaipara Publications. p. 230. ISBN 0-473-06176-7. 
  27. ^ "Not many remember the Sophia Pate". 
  28. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Strongman Mine Explosion, Christchurch City Libraries.
  29. ^ Clyde, Dive New Zealand Magazine.
  30. ^ The Lastingham Wreck, Paul's Dive Planet.
  31. ^ New Zealand Historical Data - Ship "Tauranga"
  32. ^ Eileen McSaveney, Historic earthquakes - The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Updated 2007-09-21. Accessed 2008-01-05.
  33. ^ Whananaki Coastal Walk
  34. ^ Livingstone, Bob (1998). Under the Southern Cross: The B-24 Liberator in the South Pacific. Turner. p. 115. ISBN 1-56311-432-1. 
  35. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Brynderwyns bus accident, Christchurch City Libraries.
  36. ^ Disasters and Mishaps – Shipwrecks - Holmglen, from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966, updated 2007-09-18.
  37. ^ "The Derry Castle". Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  38. ^ [13 murder victims plus perpetrator]
  39. ^ A. H. McLintock, ed. (1966). "Pre-war and Wartime Accidents". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  40. ^ Weekly Feature - Early settler had leading role, Wairarapa Times-Age, 17 May 2003.
  41. ^ Disasters and Mishaps – Shipwrecks - Ventnor, from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966, updated 2007-09-18. The cargo included the remains of 499 Chinese miners who had died in NZ and whose remains were being repatriated. The wreck was discovered in December 2012.102-year-old SS Ventnor shipwreck mystery revealed.
  42. ^ Three more died before being rescued.
  43. ^ New Zealand Disasters - Barque Lizzie Bell sinking - 1901
  44. ^ Clive floods - Hawkes Bay, North Island - Good Friday 16 April 1897
  45. ^ The Wreck of The "Zuleika", Palliser Bay. Quotes from NZ Truth, 16 March 1976.
  46. ^ Octagon building fire, Dunedin - 8 September 1879
  47. ^ Wreck information, Quay Stuff.
  48. ^ Wreck of the Alcmène
  49. ^ "The Rio Loge". Press (Wellington). Press Association. 13 February 1909. p. 11. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  50. ^ "Supposed Hull of Rio Loge". Poverty Bay Herald. 22 February 1909. p. 5. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  51. ^ Stacey Wood; Greer McDonald (11 February 2009). "Search for wreck of Penguin". Dominion Post. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  52. ^ "Hot air balloon crash near Carterton kills 11". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  53. ^ Sherwood, Alan and Phillips, Jock. "Coal and coal mining". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  54. ^ Lomas, David (10 April 2010). "Secret deaths". The New Zealand Listener. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  55. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  56. ^ "Loss of the brig Australia, at Cape Campbell". Grey River Argus. 7 June 1873. p. 2. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  57. ^ "Yacht Wrecked in Ocean Race". The Press. 29 January 1951. p. 6. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  58. ^ A death toll of 12 is sometimes given. This may include two miners who died during the year before the lahar.
  59. ^ John Wilson, The voyage out - Fire on the Cospatrick, from Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Updated 2007-09-21. Accessed 2008-05-20.
  60. ^ The Mercury newspaper (Hobart, Australia), [1], Tuesday 30 October 1888
  61. ^ Board of Trade Wreck Report for 'Knowsley Hall', 1880, Board of Trade, 1880. Accessed 2008-05-21.
  62. ^ BBC - Devon - News - Bere Ferrers unveils memorial to 10 New Zealand soldiers killed in a train accident in 1917

External links[edit]