List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Princeton University

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Thirty-six Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Princeton University. The building pictured is Nassau Hall.

The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Karolinska Institute, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.[1] They were established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, which dictates that the awards should be administered by the Nobel Foundation. Another prize, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, was established in 1968 by the Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, for contributors to the field of economics.[2] Each prize is awarded by a separate committee; the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, and Economics, the Karolinska Institute awards the Prize in Physiology or Medicine, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Prize in Peace.[3] Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma and a cash prize that has varied throughout the years.[2] In 1901, the winners of the first Nobel Prizes were given 150,782 SEK, which is equal to 7,731,004 SEK in December 2007. In 2008, the winners were awarded a prize amount of 10,000,000 SEK.[4] The awards are presented in Stockholm in an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.[5]

In October 2008, 11 then-current faculty and research staff at Princeton University were Nobel laureates.[6] By 2013, the cumulative total of Nobel laureates affiliated with Princeton was 36. Princeton claims laureates who attended as students or who were employed when they received the Prize or did the research leading to it.[7] Woodrow Wilson, the former president of Princeton, was the first Princeton-affiliated laureate, winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.[8] Four Nobel Prizes were shared by Princeton laureates: James Cronin and Val Logsdon Fitch won the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics,[9] Russell Alan Hulse and Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr. won the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physics,[10] David Gross and Frank Wilczek won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics,[11] and Thomas Sargent and Christopher Sims won the 2011 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.[12] Seventeen Princeton laureates have won the Nobel Prize in Physics, more than any other category.[7] Twenty-two laureates were members of the Princeton faculty, 12 laureates received their Ph.D. at Princeton, and four laureates, Woodrow Wilson, Eugene O'Neill, Gary Becker, and Michael Spence, were Princeton undergraduates.

Laureates[edit]

Year Image Laureate Relation Category Rationale
1919 President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson Class of 1879; member of the faculty and president emeritus of the University Peace 28th President of the United States; founder of the League of Nations.[8]
1927 Arthur Holly Compton.gif Compton, ArthurArthur Compton
(shared with Charles Thomson Rees Wilson)
Ph.D., 1916 Physics "for his discovery of the effect named after him"[13]
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg O'Neill, EugeneEugene O'Neill Class of 1910 Literature "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[14]
1937 Clinton Davisson.jpg Davisson, ClintonClinton Davisson
(shared with George Paget Thomson)
Ph.D., 1911 Physics "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"[15]
1951 McMillan, EdwinEdwin McMillan
(shared with Glenn T. Seaborg)
Ph.D., 1933 Chemistry "for their discoveries in the chemistry of transuranium elements"[16]
1956 Bardeen.jpg Bardeen, JohnJohn Bardeen
(shared with William Shockley and Walter Houser Brattain)
Ph.D., 1936 Physics "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"[17]
1961 Robert Hofstadter.jpg Hofstadter, RobertRobert Hofstadter
(shared with Rudolf Mössbauer)
Ph.D., 1938 Physics "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"[18]
1963 Wigner, EugeneEugene Wigner Jones Professor of Mathematical Physics Physics "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"[19]
1965 RichardFeynman-PaineMansionWoods1984 copyrightTamikoThiel bw.jpg Feynman, RichardRichard Feynman
(shared with Sin-Itiro Tomonaga and Julian Schwinger)
Ph.D., 1942 Physics "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"[20]
1977 Andersonphoto.jpg Anderson, Philip WarrenPhilip Warren Anderson
(shared with Nevill Francis Mott and John Hasbrouck Van Vleck)
Joseph Henry Professor of Physics Physics "for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems"[21]
1978 Arno Penzias.jpg Penzias, Arno AllanArno Allan Penzias
(shared with Pyotr Kapitsa and Robert Woodrow Wilson)
Visiting lecturer with rank of professor Physics "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation"[22]
1979 Lewis, ArthurArthur Lewis
(shared with Theodore Schultz)
James Madison Professor of Political Economy Economics "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."[23]
1979 Steven-weinberg.jpg Weinberg, StevenSteven Weinberg
(shared with Sheldon Lee Glashow and Abdus Salam)
Ph.D., 1957 Physics "for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"[24]
1980 James Watson Cronin 2006.jpg Cronin, JamesJames Cronin
(shared with Val Logsdon Fitch)
Professor of physics Physics "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"[9]
1980 Fitch, Val LogsdonVal Logsdon Fitch
(shared with James Cronin)
Fogg Brackett Professor of Physics Physics "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"[9]
1992 GaryBecker-May24-2008.jpg Becker, GaryGary Becker Class of 1951 Economics "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including non-market behaviour."[25]
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Morrison, ToniToni Morrison Robert F. Goheen Professor in the Humanities Literature "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[26]
1993 Hulse, Russell AlanRussell Alan Hulse
(shared with Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr.)
Principal research physicist, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Physics "for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"[10]
1993 Taylor, Jr., Joseph HootonJoseph Hooton Taylor, Jr.
(shared with Russell Alan Hulse)
James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor of Physics Physics "for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"[10]
1994 John f nash 20061102 3.jpg Nash, John ForbesJohn Forbes Nash
(shared with John Harsanyi and Reinhard Selten)
Ph.D., 1950, senior research mathematician Economics "for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games."[27]
1995 Eric F. Wieschaus.jpg Wieschaus, Eric F.Eric F. Wieschaus
(shared with Edward B. Lewis and Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard)
Squibb Professor in Molecular Biology Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"[28]
1996 Richard Smalley.jpg Smalley, RichardRichard Smalley
(shared with Robert Curl and Harold Kroto)
Ph.D., 1974 Chemistry "for their discovery of fullerenes"[29]
1998 Tsui, Daniel CheeDaniel Chee Tsui
(shared with Robert B. Laughlin and Horst Ludwig Störmer)
Arthur Legrand Doty Professor of Electrical Engineering Physics "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"[30]
2000 James Heckman.jpg Heckman, JamesJames Heckman
(shared with Daniel McFadden)
M.A., 1968, Ph.D., 1971 Economics "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples."[31]
2001 A Michael Spence.jpg Spence, MichaelMichael Spence
(shared with George Akerlof and Joseph Stiglitz)
Class of 1966 Economics "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information."[32]
2002 Daniel KAHNEMAN.jpg Kahneman, DanielDaniel Kahneman
(shared with Vernon L. Smith)
Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology and professor of public affairs Economics "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty."[33]
2004 David Gross cropped.JPG Gross, DavidDavid Gross
(shared with H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek)
Thomas Jones Professor of Mathematical Physics Emeritus Physics "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"[11]
2004 FrankStockholm2004.jpg Wilczek, FrankFrank Wilczek
(shared with David Gross and H. David Politzer)
Ph.D., 1975 Physics "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"[11]
2007 Eric Maskin at UCI.jpg Maskin, EricEric Maskin
(shared with Leonid Hurwicz and Roger Myerson)
Visiting lecturer with the rank of professor of economics Economics "for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory."[34]
2008 Osamu Shimomura-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg Shimomura, OsamuOsamu Shimomura
(shared with Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien)
Research associate in biology Chemistry "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"[35]
2008 Paul Krugman at the German National Library in Frankfurt.jpg Krugman, PaulPaul Krugman Professor of economics and international affairs Economics "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity."[36]
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa (2010).jpg Vargas Llosa, MarioMario Vargas Llosa Visiting professor of Latin American Studies Literature "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"[37]
2011 Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7770.jpg Sargent, ThomasThomas Sargent
(shared with Christopher Sims)
Visiting professor of economics Economics "for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"[12]
2011 Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7720.jpg Sims, ChristopherChristopher Sims
(shared with Thomas Sargent)
Harold B. Helms Professor of Economics Economics "for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"[12]
2012 Lloyd Shapley 2 2012.jpg Shapley, LloydLloyd Shapley
(shared with Alvin E. Roth)
Ph.D., 1953 Economics "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design"[38]
2013 Rothman, JamesJames Rothman
(shared with Randy Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof)
Squibb Professor in Molecular Biology[39] Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfred Nobel – The Man Behind the Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  2. ^ a b "The Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  3. ^ "The Nobel Prize Awarders". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. [dead link]
  4. ^ "The Nobel Prize Amounts". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2008-07-31. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  5. ^ "The Nobel Prize Award Ceremonies". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  6. ^ "Current Nobel Prize winners on Princeton's faculty". Princeton University. 2008-10-13. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  7. ^ a b "Princeton - Nobel Prize Winners". Princeton University. Retrieved 2013-11-18. "This list includes faculty and staff who were engaged by Princeton at the time they did the research that led to the award, who were employed by the University at the time of the award and those who are currently working at the University." 
  8. ^ a b "Nobel Peace Prize 1919". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  9. ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1980". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  10. ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  11. ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2004". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  12. ^ a b c "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2011". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  13. ^ "Nobel Prize in Physics 1927". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  14. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1936". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  15. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1937". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  16. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  17. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  18. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1961". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  19. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  20. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1965". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  21. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1977". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  22. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1978". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  23. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1979". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  24. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1979". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  25. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1992". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  26. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  27. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  28. ^ "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1995". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  29. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  30. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1998". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  31. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2000". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  32. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2001". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  33. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2002". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  34. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2007". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  35. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  36. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2008". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  37. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2010". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  38. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2012". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  39. ^ James Rothman profile, Yale School of Medicine. Accessed 2013–11–23.
  40. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 

External links[edit]