List of North African Campaign battles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a listing of World War II battles occurring Northern Africa and is sometimes known as the "Desert War". This includes the campaigns in Egypt and Libya (often referred to as the Western Desert Campaign or the Egypt-Libya Campaign) and those campaigns in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia (usually referred to as the North African Campaign. This is not a comprehensive list of all engagements, and generally does not cover isolated skirmishes of units smaller than a Company in size.

This is part of the more comprehensive List of World War II Battles.

1940[edit]

1941[edit]

  • Operation Compass continued
    • The Offensive Resumes
  • Rommel's First Offensive
    • March 21–23: Battle of the Oasis
    • March 24: First Battle of El Agheila
    • April 6–8: Battle of Mechili
    • April 10 - November 27: Siege of Tobruk
    • April 12: Second Battle of Bardia[4]
    • April 12: First Battle of Sollum[4]
    • April 12: Fourth Battle of Fort Capuzzo[4]
    • April 30: First Battle of Halfaya Pass[4]
  • Operation Brevity
    • May 15: Second Battle of Halfaya Pass
    • May 15–16: Fifth Battle of Fort Capuzzo[5]
  • Operation Skorpion
    • May 27: Third Battle of Halfaya Pass[6][7]
  • Operation Battleaxe
    • June 15–17: Fourth Battle of Halfaya Pass[4]
    • June 15: Battle for Point 206
    • June 15–16: Battle for Hafid Ridge[4]
    • June 15–16: Sixth Battle of Fort Capuzzo
    • June 16: Battle of Sidi Omar
    • June 17: Battle of Sidi Suleiman
  • Operation Crusader
    • November 19 - December 4: Battle of Bir el Gubi
    • November 19 - December 1: Battle of Sidi Rezegh (Known by the Germans as "de Salis Ridge"[4])
    • November 21 - December 7: Second Battle of Tobruk
    • November 21: Battle of Bir el Haiad
    • November 22: Battle of Bir Ghirba
    • November 22: Second Battle of Sidi Omar
    • November 27: Battle of Bir el Chleta
    • November 29 - December 4: Battle of Ed Dedu
    • November 29 - December 1: Battle of Belhamed
    • December 1: Battle of Zaafran
    • December 2: Battle of Belhamed Road
    • December 11–27: First Battle of Cyrenaica Line[4]
      • December 13: Battle of Alem Hamza
      • December 13–14: Battle of Point 204
    • December 23: Battle of Antelat[4]
    • December 23: Second Battle of Beda Fomm[4]

1942[edit]

  • Operation Crusader continued
    • January 2: Battle of Bardia
    • January 12: Third Battle of Sollum
  • Rommel's Second Offensive
    • January 21: Second Battle of El Agheila
    • January 23: Second Battle of Cyrenaica Line[8]
    • January 28: Second Battle of Benghazi[8]
  • Battle of Gazala[9]
  • First Battle of El Alamein
    • June 26–28: Battle of Mersa Matruh
    • June 28: Battle of Fuka
    • June 30: Battle of the El Alamein Box
    • July 1–2: First Battle of the Coast Road
    • July 1: Battle of Deir el Shein
    • July 2: First Battle of Ruweisat Ridge
    • July 3–5: Battle of the Qattara box (Also known as Battle of the Kaponga box)
    • July 10: First Battle of Tel el Eisa
    • July 14: Second Battle of Ruweisat Ridge
    • July 14: Second Battle of Tel el Eisa
    • July 22: Third Battle of Ruweisat Ridge
    • July 27: Third Battle of Tel el Eisa
    • July 27: Battle of Miteiriya Ridge
  • August 30 - September 2: Battle of Alam el Halfa[8]
  • September 2: Battle of Himeimat[8]
  • Second Battle of El Alamein[10]
    • October 23–28: Operation Lightfoot
      • October 23–25: Battle of the Oxalic Line
      • October 23: Fourth Battle of Ruweisat Ridge
      • October 24–26: Battle of Kidney Ridge
      • October 25: Fourth Battle of Tell el Eisa
      • October 25–26: Battle of Point 29
    • October 26–28: The German Counter Attack
      • October 27: Battle of Position Snipe
      • October 28 - November 1: Battle of Thompson's Post
    • November 1–2: Operation Supercharge
      • November 2: Battle of Tell el Aqqaqir
      • November 2–4: Battle of Sidi Abdel Rahman
      • November 2: Battle of Himeimat[8]
  • Operation Torch[2]
  • Eighth Army Offensive
    • November 7: Battle of Marsa Matruh
    • November 9: Battle of Sidi Barrani
    • November 9: Third Battle of Halfaya Pass
    • November 13:Battle of Agedabia
    • November 13: Third Battle of Torbuk
    • November 17 - Nov. 26: Battle of Djebel Abiod
    • November 20: Second Battle of Bengahzi
    • December 12: Second Battle of the Coast Road
    • December14–16: Second Battle of El Agheila[8]
    • December 15: Battle of Wadi Zem Zem (or Buerat)[8]
    • December 25: Battle of Sirte
  • Tunisia Campaign
    • November 24: First Battle of Medjez
    • November 24: First Battle of Djedeida Airfield]
    • November 26: Battle of Djebel Abiod
    • November 27: Second Battle of Medjez
    • November 28: Second Battle of Djedeida Airfield
    • December 1: First Battle of Tebourba
    • December 16–17: Battle of Maknassy
    • December 22–23: Battle of Longstop Hill
    • December 22–25: Second Battle of Tebourba

1943[edit]

References[edit]

  • Long, Gavin (1961) [1952]. Official History of Australia in the Second World War Volume I – To Benghazi. Series 1 - Army. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. 
  • Maughan, Barton (1966). Official History of Australia in the Second World War Volume III – Tobruk and El Alamein. Series 1 - Army. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; with Stitt R.N., Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO 1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume I The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-065-3. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; with Flynn R.N., Captain F.C.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO 1956]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-066-1. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; with Flynn R.N., Captain F.C.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO 1960]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War United Kingdom Military Series. Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-067-X. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; and Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; with Flynn R.N., Captain F.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO 1966]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume IV: The Destruction of the Axis Forces in Africa. History of the Second World War United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-068-8. 
  • Rommel, Erwin; with Basil Liddell-Hart (1982) [1953]. The Rommel Papers. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80157-0. 
  • Walker, Ronald (1967). The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–1945: Alam Halfa and Alamein. Wellington, NZ: Historical Publications Branch. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the 7th Armored, List of Battles, 1940"[dead link]
  2. ^ a b c "War in North Africa 1940-1942"
  3. ^ "Battle of the Marmarica". Time Magazine (23 December 1940). December 23, 1940. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j ""History of the 7th Armored, List of Battles, 1941"". Archived from the original on 2012-08-02. [dead link]
  5. ^ Playfair, V.II pg. 162
  6. ^ Rommel, pg. 137
  7. ^ Playfair, V. II pg. 163
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of the 7th Armored, List of Battles, 1942"[dead link]
  9. ^ "Battle of Gazala"
  10. ^ "The Battle of El Alamein"
  11. ^ Playfair, V IV Map 31
  12. ^ Playfair, V IV Map 34
  13. ^ Playfair, V IV Pg 446