List of birds of North America

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The first edition of the North American checklist of the American Ornithologists Union, published in 1886

This list is based on the North American Checklist of the American Ornithologists Union[1] supplemented by checklists from Panama, Greenland, Bermuda and Trinidad and Tobago. It includes the birds of Greenland, Canada, the United States (excluding Hawaii), Mexico, Central America, Bermuda, and the Caribbean Islands. It does include the offshore islands of Colombia and Venezuela.


The taxonomic treatment[2] (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) used in the accompanying bird lists adhere to the conventions of the AOU's (1998) Check-list of North American Birds, the recognized scientific authority on the taxonomy and nomenclature of North America birds. The AOU's Committee on Classification and Nomenclature, the body responsible for maintaining and updating the Check-list, "strongly and unanimously continues to endorse the biological species concept (BSC), in which species are considered to be genetically cohesive groups of populations that are reproductively isolated from other such groups" (AOU 1998). See Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy for an alternative phylogenetic arrangement based on DNA-DNA hybridization.

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in North America as permanent residents, summer or winter residents or visitors, or migrants. The following codes are used to designate some species:

  • (A) Accidental - occurrence based on one or two (rarely more) records, and unlikely to occur regularly
  • (C) Casual - occurrence based on two or a few records, with subsequent records not improbable
  • (E) Extinct - a recent species that no longer exists
  • (Ex) Extirpated - no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere
  • (I) Introduced - population established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the Wild
CR - Critically Endangered, EN - Endangered, VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near Threatened, LC - Least Concern
DD - Data Deficient, NE - Not Evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[3])

and Endangered Species Act:

E - endangered, T - threatened
XN, XE - experimental non essential or essential population
E(S/A), T(S/A) - endangered or threatened due to similarity of appearance
(including taxa not necessarily found in the United States, the data is current as of March 28, 2014[4])

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Check-list of North American Birds, seventh edition". The American Ornitologists' Union. Retrieved 16 June 2012. the official source on the taxonomy of birds found in North and Middle America 
  2. ^ Clements, James F. (2000 (supplements up to July, 2005)). Birds of the World: A Checklist (fifth and supplements ed.). Vista, California: Ibis Publishing. ISBN 0-934797-16-1.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries, § 17.11 Endangered and threatened wildlife.". US Government Printing Office. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]