List of North American tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Parent article: List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks


These are some notable tornadoes, tornado outbreaks, and tornado outbreak sequences that have occurred in North America.

  1. The listing is U.S.-centric, with greater and more consistent information available for U.S. tornadoes. Some North American outbreaks affecting the U.S. may only include tornado information from the U.S.
  2. Exact death and injury counts are not possible, especially for large events and events before 1955.
  3. Prior to 1950 in the United States, only significant tornadoes are listed for the number of tornadoes in outbreaks.
  4. Due to increasing detection, particularly in the U.S., numbers of counted tornadoes have increased markedly in recent decades although number of actual tornadoes and counted significant tornadoes has not. In older events, the number of tornadoes officially counted is likely underestimated.

United States[edit]

Pre-1900[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Rehoboth, Massachusetts tornado August 1671 Massachusetts 0 fatalities Earliest recorded U.S. tornado.
Cambridge, Massachusetts tornado July 8, 1680 Massachusetts 1 fatality Earliest recorded U.S. tornado with fatalities.
Four-State Tornado Swarm August 15, 1787 New England 2 fatalities First known U.S tornado outbreak.
1812 Washington, D.C. tornado August 25, 1814 Washington, D.C. Killed several British soldiers occupying the city. The British subsequently abandoned the city.
September 1821 New England tornado outbreak Sep 9, 1821 New England >5 8 fatalities One of the most destructive New England outbreaks ever documented. Produced a deadly multiple-vortex tornado in New Hampshire.
Great Natchez Tornado May 7, 1840 Southeastern United States >1 317+ fatalities, 109+ injuries Second-deadliest tornado in U.S. history
September 1845 New York outbreak Sep 20, 1845 New York, Vermont >5 Multiple long-track tornadoes crossed upstate New York
June 1860 Mid-Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak June 3, 1860 Middle Mississippi Valley ≥148 fatalities, ≥409 injuries Very violent outbreak. Produced a deadly tornado or tornado family that struck Camache, Iowa.
1865 Viroqua, Wisconsin tornado June 28, 1865 Viroqua, Wisconsin >1 ≥22 fatalities One of Wisconsin's first killer tornadoes. Also one of the first documentations of a multiple-vortex tornado.
1871 St. Louis tornado March 8, 1871 Middle Mississippi Valley ≥1 9 fatalities, 60 injuries F3 tornado killed nine people in St. Louis.
May 1873 Midwest tornado outbreak May 22, 1873 Midwestern United States ≥7 18 fatalities, ≥ 93 injuries (3 violent killers)
March 1875 Southeast tornado outbreak March 19–20, 1875 Southeastern United States ≥19 ≥96 fatalities, ≥367 injuries Outbreak produced seven F4s. The worst of the damage and most of the fatalities took place in Georgia.
May 1875 Southeast tornado outbreak May 1, 1875 Southeastern United States 58 fatalities, 195 injuries Included several long-tracked, F3 tornado families. (1 violent, 7 killer)
1878 Wallingford tornado August 9, 1878 Connecticut 34 fatalities, ≥70 injuries Deadliest tornado in Connecticut history. Estimated to have been an F4.
May 1879 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 29–30, 1879 Central Great Plains ≥36 fatalities, ≥186 injuries (≥15 significant, 6 violent, ≥9 killer)
April 1880 tornado outbreak April 18, 1880 Mississippi ValleyGreat Plains ≥165 fatalities, ≥511 injuries 99 people killed in and near Springfield and Marshfield, Missouri. Three long-tracked F4s in Missouri. (>22 significant, 5 violent, 14 killer)
1881 Hopkins tornado June 17, 1881 Missouri 1 2 fatalities One of the first F5 tornadoes ever documented.
1881 Minnesota tornado outbreak July 15–16, 1881 Minnesota ≥ 6 24 fatalities, 123 injuries Produced a destructive F4 (possibly F5) tornado in New Ulm, Minnesota, along with other killer tornadoes in rural areas, including one that killed four people.
April 1883 Southeast tornado outbreak April 22–23, 1883 Southeastern United States ≥109 fatalities, ≥755 injuries Produced several killer F3+ tornadoes in Mississippi and Georgia. (17 significant, 3 violent, 13 killer)
May 1883 tornado outbreak May 18, 1883 Middle-Lower Mississippi Valley ≥64 fatalities, ≥386 injuries One of the most intense outbreaks ever to hit Illinois, where five F4s struck. (≥21 significant, 6 violent, 16 killers)
1883 Rochester tornado August 21, 1883 Rochester, Minnesota 37 fatalities, 200+ injured F5 tornado led to the formation of the Mayo Clinic.[citation needed]
1884 Enigma tornado outbreak February 19–20, 1884 Central – Eastern United States >51 >178 fatalities, ≥1056 injuries Among largest known outbreaks ever recorded. Produced violent and killer tornadoes across a large portion of the Southeastern United States, killing well over 170 people. Long-track F4 tornado moved through Alabama and Georgia, killing 30 people. Another F4—the deadliest in North Carolina history—hit Rockingham, North Carolina, and killed 23.
1884 March tornado outbreak March 24–25, 1884 Southeastern United States – Ohio Valley >29 32 fatalities (29 significant, 11 killer)
1884 Howard, South Dakota tornado August 28, 1884 Howard, South Dakota 4 fatalities, 2 injuries Oldest known tornado photograph[1]
1886 Sauk Rapids tornado April 14, 1886 Central Minnesota 72 fatalities, 200+ injuries Deadliest tornado in Minnesota history. Estimated to have been an F4.
1890 St. Louis tornado outbreak January 12, 1890 Middle Mississippi Valley 16 fatalities, 91 injuries (≥1 violent, 3 killer)
March 1890 middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak March 27, 1890 Middle Mississippi Valley ≥146 fatalities, ≥847 injuries Deadly tornado outbreak killed at least 146 people across the Midwest. An F4 that struck downtown Louisville killed 76 people alone. Four other F4s, including a long-tracked tornado family that killed 21 people in southern Indiana and northern Kentucky.
1890 Lawrence tornado July 26, 1890 Lawrence, Massachusetts 8 fatalities, 63 injuries Path 11 mi (18 km) long through the city.
1892 Southern Minnesota tornado June 15, 1892 Minnesota 12 fatalities, 72 injuries Estimated to have been F5 intensity.
1894 Upper Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak September 21–22, 1894 Upper Mississippi Valley >63 fatalities, >253 injuries Included a long-tracked F4 tornado family in Iowa and Wisconsin. (>9 significant, 4 violent, 5 killer)
1895 Kansas-Iowa tornado outbreak May 1–3, 1895 Central-Northern Great Plains >18–35 fatalities, >67 injuries Seven people killed in schools in Ireton-Hull, Iowa. (2 F5s, 3 killer)
May 1896 tornado outbreak sequence May 15–28, 1896 Upper Mississippi ValleyGreat Lakes (Ontario) ≥484 fatalities, >2,000 injuries The deadliest tornado outbreak sequence in American history. Killer tornadoes touched down from Texas to Pennsylvania. Produced at least three F5 tornadoes and several F4s, including an F4 that killed at least 255 people and injured 1,236 in the St. Louis area.
1898 Fort Smith, Arkansas tornado January 11, 1898 Lower Mississippi Valley ≥56 fatalities, ≥119 injuries Devastating F4 tornado struck Fort Smith. (1 violent, 2 killer)
May 1898 Mississippi Valley tornado outbreaks May 17–18, 1898 Middle-Upper Mississippi Valley 55 fatalities, ≥380 injuries (5 violent, 10 killer)
1899 New Richmond tornado June 11–12, 1899 Upper Midwest ≥117 fatalities, ≥203 injuries Devastating F5 destroyed the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin. Deadliest Wisconsin tornado on record, ninth deadliest in US history.

1900–1919[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1900 Plains tornado outbreak May 5–6, 1900 Nebraska-Texas-Missouri ≥3 fatalities, ≥16 injuries May 6 named "day of the cyclones" by the press. (≥19 significant, 2 killer)
1902 Goliad, Texas tornado May 18, 1902 South Central U.S. 114 fatalities, ≥279 injuries Tied with the Waco tornado as deadliest in Texas history.
1904 Chappaqua tornado July 16, 1904 New York 1 2 fatalities F3 struck upstate New York.
1904 St. Louis tornado August 19, 1904 MissouriIllinois 1 3 fatalities, ≥10 injuries Heavy damage in downtown St. Louis.
1905 Snyder, Oklahoma tornado May 10, 1905 Oklahoma ≥1 97 fatalities, ≥150 injuries F5 largely destroyed Snyder, Oklahoma.
1908 Dixie tornado outbreak April 23–25, 1908 Southeastern United States 324 fatalities, ≥1,720 injuries Tied with the 2011 Super Outbreak for fourth-deadliest US tornado outbreak. Produced numerous violent tornadoes in the Southern United States and Great Plains, including an F5 in Nebraska. One long-track tornado killed 143 people alone in Louisiana and Mississippi.
Late-April 1909 tornado outbreak April 29 – May 1, 1909 MississippiTennessee Valley ≥165 fatalities, ≥696 injuries Produced numerous killer tornadoes across the Southern United States. Two tornadoes in Mississippi and Alabama killed 29 each.
November 1911 tornado outbreak November 11, 1911 Midwestern United States ≥9 13 fatalities, 117 injuries Outbreak was produced by a large and dynamic storm system. F4 struck Janesville, Wisconsin, and killed nine people. Other killer tornadoes occurred in Illinois and Michigan. (9 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
April 20‑22, 1912 tornado outbreak April 20–22, 1912 Southern-Central Great PlainsMiddle Mississippi Valley – Southeastern United States ≥104 fatalities, ≥630 injuries Numerous violent tornadoes in North Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, including what is now the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. (≥59 significant, 17 violent, ≥34 killer)
Regina Cyclone June 30, 1912 Saskatchewan, CanadaCanadian Prairies 1 28 fatalities, hundreds injured Deadliest tornado in Canada, F4 left 2,500 people homeless.
Mid-March 1913 tornado outbreak March 13–14, 1913 Southeastern United States – Middle Mississippi Valley 78 fatalities, ≥492 injuries Produced deadly, long-tracked F3+ tornadoes in Tennessee. (20 significant, 3 violent, 16 killer)
March 1913 tornado outbreak sequence March 20–23, 1913 Southeastern United States – Central Great PlainsMiddle Mississippi Valley ≥ 241 fatalities, ≥ 1,535 injuries Produced the devastating Omaha tornado (103 deaths), among several other violent and deadly tornadoes in Nebraska. Other violent tornadoes killed numerous people in Alabama and one in Terre Haute, Indiana, killed 21. (19 significant, 7 violent, 15 killer)
June 1916 tornado outbreak June 5–6, 1916 Mississippi ValleySouthern U.S. 112 fatalities, 741 injuries Produced numerous killer tornadoes in Arkansas, including one that killed 25 people. An F3 killed 13 people in the northern suburbs of Jackson, Mississippi. (35 significant, 1 violent, 23 killer)
February 1917 Southeast tornado outbreak February 23, 1917 Southeastern United States 17 fatalities, 81 injuries Six strong tornadoes touched down across the South.
1917 New Albany, Indiana tornado March 23, 1917 Middle Mississippi Valley 47 fatalities, 311 injuries F4 tornado devastated the town. Destroyed two schools and a wood shop. At least 300 homes were destroyed, some swept away.
May–June 1917 tornado outbreak sequence May 25 – June 1, 1917 Central – Southeastern United States ≥ 73 >382 fatalities One of the deadliest tornado outbreak sequences in US history. An F5 killed 23 people in Kansas. One tornado family in Illinois killed 101 people alone. A long-track tornado killed 67 people, mostly in Kentucky. (63 significant, 15 violent, 35 killer)
May 1918 tornado outbreak sequence May 18–21, 1918 Central-Northern Great PlainsUpper Midwest 44 fatalities, 340 injuries (≥34 significant, 5 violent, 13 killer)
1918 Tyler tornado August 21, 1918 Tyler, Minnesota 36 killed, 225 injured F4 tornado killed 36 people in and near Tyler.
March 1919 tornado outbreak March 14–16, 1919 Central United States 53 fatalities, 219 injuries (4 violent, 18 killer)
April 1919 tornado outbreak April 8–9, 1919 Southern Great Plains 92 fatalities, 412 injuries Unusual nocturnal outbreak produced numerous violent, large, long-tracked tornadoes in East Texas. (4 violent, 10 killer)
1919 Fergus Falls tornado June 22, 1919 Fergus Falls, Minnesota 57 fatalities, 200 injured F5 tornado leveled many homes in Fergus Falls, killing 57 people. 35 of the deaths were at the three story Grand Hotel, which was completely destroyed.

1920–1929[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak March 28, 1920 MidwestSoutheast ≥380 fatalities, ≥1215 injuries First and deadliest of the Palm Sunday outbreaks; one of the deadliest outbreaks in US history. Tornadoes devastated the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley, including parts of the Chicago metropolitan area. Other long-track killer tornadoes tore across the Southern states. Official death toll is uncertain and may be considerably higher than what is listed. (32 significant, 8 violent, 19 killer)
April 1920 tornado outbreak April 19–21, 1920 Southeastern United States 224 fatalities, 1374 injuries Several violent, long-track tornadoes touched down across the South, killing numerous people. Mississippi and Alabama were the hardest hit, with multiple tornadoes producing double-digit death tolls, including one that killed 88 people alone. (14 significant, 7 violent, 9 killer)
April 1921 tornado outbreak April 15–16, 1921 Southern U.S. 90 fatalities, 676 injuries Violent, long-tracked tornado killed 59 people in Texas and Arkansas. (34 significant, 1 violent, 17 killer)
1922 Austin twin tornadoes May 4, 1922 Texas 2 13 fatalities, 50 injuries (Deadliest tornadoes in Austin history)
November 1922 Great Plains tornado outbreak November 4, 1922 Great Plains 17 fatalities, 68 injuries (1 violent, 4 killer)
April 1924 tornado outbreak April 30, 1924 Southeastern United States 110 fatalities, 1133 injuries Long-tracked tornado family killed seven people at a school in Horrell Hill, South Carolina. Multiple violent killer tornadoes struck the Carolinas and Georgia.
1924 Lorain–Sandusky tornado June 28, 1924 Eastern Great Lakes 90 fatalities, 349 injuries Deadliest tornado in Ohio history, estimated to have been an F4.
Tri-State Tornado March 18, 1925 Middle MississippiOhio Valley ≥747 fatalities, ≥2298 injuries Part of a deadly outbreak, including the deadliest and longest-tracked tornado in US history. A massive F5 tornado traveled 219 mi (352 km) across the three states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people. Third-costliest US tornado ever. Other violent tornadoes hit Kentucky and Tennessee, including a long-tracked F4 that killed 38 people.
1926 La Plata, Maryland tornado outbreak November 9, 1926 Mid-Atlantic 17 fatalities, 65 injuries 17 people killed at schools in La Plata. An F4 tornado also hit the area on April 28, 2002.
Late-November 1926 tornado outbreak November 25–26, 1926 South 107 fatalities, 451 injuries Deadliest November tornado outbreak in the US, produced several long-tracked, strong, killer tornadoes. (27 significant, 2 violent, 18 killer)
1927 Rocksprings, Texas tornado April 12, 1927 Southern Great Plains 74 fatalities, 205 injuries A large F5 tornado struck Rocksprings, Texas, destroying 235 of 247 buildings in town. (1 violent, 1 killer)
April 1927 Southern Plains-Midwest tornado outbreak April 18–19, 1927 Southern Great PlainsMidwest ≥46 fatalities, ≥235 injuries (16 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
May 1927 tornado outbreak May 8–9, 1927 Great PlainsMississippi Valley 217 fatalities, 1156 injuries One of the most active outbreaks in US history. A long-tracked F5 on May 7 in Kansas killed 10 people and injured 300. Other deadly tornadoes hit Missouri, Illinois, and Arkansas including an F4 on May 9 that devastated Poplar Bluff, Missouri, killing 98 people. (32 significant, 8 violent, 17 killer)
1927 St. Louis tornado outbreak September 29, 1927 Middle-Lower Mississippi Valley 82 fatalities, 620 injuries Produced a devastating tornado that struck St. Louis and killed 79 people. Estimated to have been an F3, but may have been an F4.
September 1928 Upper Plains-Midwest tornado outbreak September 13–14, 1928 Upper Great PlainsMidwest 23 fatalities, 197 injuries Most intense September outbreak in US history. Several violent tornadoes, including one F4 that hit Rockford, Illinois. (15 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
January 1929 Mid-Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak January 18, 1929 Middle Mississippi Valley 10 fatalities, 46 injuries (7 significant, 5 killer)
1929 Slocum, Texas-Statesboro, Georgia tornado outbreaks April 24–25, 1929 Great PlainsMidwestSoutheast 63 fatalities, 567 injuries (15 significant, 4 violent, 7 killer)
1929 Rye Cove, Virginia tornado outbreak May 1–2, 1929 Southern – Eastern United States 44 fatalities, 349 injuries 13 people killed at school in Rye Cove, Virginia. (17 significant, 10 killer)

1930–1939[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
May 1930 tornado outbreak sequence May 1–2 & 5–6, 1930 Great PlainsMississippi Valley 94 fatalities, 520 injuries Very intense and prolific outbreak sequence including a deadly F4 tornado in Frost, Texas, which resulted in 41 fatalities. (51 significant, 11 violent, 15 killer)
November 1930 Southern Plains tornado outbreak November 19, 1930 Southern Great Plains 24 fatalities, 162 injuries (8 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
1932 Deep South tornado outbreak March 21–22, 1932 Southeastern United States ≥330 fatalities, 2145 injuries One of the most intense outbreaks in US history, produced 10 violent tornadoes. Third-deadliest continuous tornado outbreak in US history. Hundreds of people were killed by violent tornadoes across the Southern United States. Deadliest Alabama outbreak with 268 fatalities. (36 significant, 10 violent, 27 killer)
March 1933 Nashville tornado outbreak March 14, 1933 Tennessee Valley 44 fatalities, 461 injuries Destructive F3 tornado through downtown Nashville, killing 11 people. Other tornadoes touched down across the Ohio Valley, including an F4 that killed 12.
Late-March 1933 tornado outbreak March 30–31, 1933 Southeast 87 fatalities, 620 injuries (30 significant, 1 violent, 16 killer)
Early-May 1933 tornado outbreak sequence May 4–10, 1933 South 128 fatalities Produced an F4 that struck Tompkinsville, Kentucky, and killed 36 people. Another F4 struck rural Tennessee and killed 35. Numerous other killer tornadoes touched down across the Southern United States. (27 significant, 3 violent, 10 killer)
1936 Cordele-Greensboro tornado outbreak April 1–2, 1936 Southeast 45 fatalities, 568 injuries Produced multiple killer tornadoes in Georgia and the Carolinas. An F4 tornado in Cordele, Georgia, killed 23 people. (8 significant, 3 violent, 10 killer)
1936 Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak April 5–6, 1936 Southeastern United States 17 454 fatalities, 2498 injuries Second-deadliest continuous tornado outbreak in US history. Several strong and deadly tornadoes were observed across the South. Two of the individual tornadoes killed well over 200 people each. (12 significant, 3 violent, 11 killer)
1938 Bakerville, Missouri tornado outbreak March 15, 1938 Mississippi Valley 24 fatalities, 200 injuries (14 significant, 2 violent, 6 killer)
Late-March 1938 tornado outbreak March 30–31, 1938 Southern PlainsMississippi Valley 40 fatalities, 548 injuries An F3 tornado in South Pekin, Illinois destroyed the town and killed 9. Remains Central Illinois' deadliest tornado after 75 years, (26 significant, 3 violent, 9 killer)
1938 Oshkosh, Nebraska tornado outbreak April 26, 1938 Great Plains 6 fatalities, 39 injuries F5 near Oshkosh killed three students at a leveled school. Several other strong tornadoes were observed that day, killing three others.
1938 Charleston, South Carolina tornadoes September 29, 1938 South Carolina 32 fatalities, 100 injuries (2 killers)
April 1939 tornado outbreak sequence April 14–17, 1939 Great PlainsMississippi Valley 57 fatalities, 316 injuries Included a long-tracked F5 tornado family on April 14 in Oklahoma and Kansas that killed seven people. (25 significant, 3 violent, 11 killer)
August 1939 tornado outbreak August 25, 1939 Rural Kansas 1 Injury (1 Significant)

1940–1949[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
February 1942 tornado outbreak February 5–6, 1942 Southeast 22 fatalities, 330 injuries (22 significant, 9 killer)
March 1942 tornado outbreak March 16, 1942 CentralSouthern U.S. 148 fatalities, ≥1284 injuries Produced a deadly tornado family in Mississippi that killed 63 people. An F5 struck Lacon, Illinois, killing eight people. A long-tracked F4 killed 15 people in Tennessee. (25 significant, 7 violent, 18 killer)
April–May 1942 tornado outbreak sequence April 27–30 & May 2, 1942 Great Plains 123 fatalities, ≥839 injuries Included six F4s that devastated northeast Oklahoma and southeast Kansas on May 2. (20 significant, 11 violent, 17 killer)
May 1943 tornado outbreak May 15, 1943 Great Plains ≥6 fatalities, ≥222 injuries (21 significant, 4 violent, 2 killer)
January 1944 Oklahoma tornado outbreak January 26. 1944 Southern Great Plains 2 fatalities, 40 injuries (8 significant, 2 killer)
1944 Appalachians tornado outbreak June 22–23, 1944 Great LakesMid-Atlantic 163 fatalities, ≥1044 injuries 100 died in a single tornado in West Virginia, the deadliest in the state's history. Other deadly tornadoes were observed in Pennsylvania and Maryland. First of two violent outbreaks in Pennsylvania, the other occurring on May 31, 1985, with an F5 tornado hitting Wheatland, Pennsylvania.
April 1945 tornado outbreak April 12, 1945 Southern Great PlainsMississippi Valley 128 fatalities, 1001 injuries A large and deadly F5 struck Antlers, Oklahoma, killing at least 69 people. (17 significant, 5 violent, 10 killer)
1946 Windsor–Tecumseh tornado June 17, 1946 River Rouge, Michigan, Windsor, Ontario 17 dead, dozens injured Third-deadliest tornado in Canadian history, formed in River Rouge, Michigan. May have been an F5.
January 1947 tornado outbreak January 29–30, 1947 Mississippi ValleySoutheast 8 fatalities, 155 injuries (15 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
1947 Glazier–Higgins–Woodward tornadoes April 9–10, 1947 Southern Great Plains 181 fatalities, 980 injuries Deadly tornado family devastated multiple towns in Texas and Oklahoma, producing F5 damage. Entire communities were either partly or totally swept away in both states.
1947 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak December 31, 1947 Southern U.S. 20 fatalities, 256 injuries (7 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
1948 Alton-Bunker Hill-Gillespie tornado outbreak March 18–19, 1948 Great PlainsMiddle Mississippi Valley 43 fatalities, ≥566 injuries Early-morning F4 killed 33 people in Illinois. (25 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
1948 Tinker Air Force Base tornadoes March 20 & 25, 1948 Oklahoma City First successful tornado prediction in history.
Late-March 1948 tornado outbreak March 25–27, 1948 Central United States 37 fatalities, 321 injuries (19 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
1949 Warren, Arkansas tornado outbreak January 3, 1949 South Central U.S. 60 fatalities, 504 injuries Deadly F4 tornado killed 55 people in and near Warren. (12 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
May 1949 tornado outbreak May 20–21, 1949 Central – Southeastern United States ≥56 fatalities, ≥552 injuries Perhaps second-most intense outbreak in US history. (≥29 significant, ≥5 violent, ≥2 killer)
October 1949 tornado outbreak October 9–10, 1949 Great Plains 2 fatalities, 6 injuries (11 significant, 2 killer)

1950–1959[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
March 1952 Southern United States tornado outbreak March 21–22, 1952 Lower-Middle Mississippi Valley 31 209 fatalities Fourth-most violent outbreak in U.S. since 1950 with 11 F4 tornadoes, most intense ever in Arkansas. F4 tornadoes that struck Judsonia and Cotton Plant killed a total of 79 people. Other F4s struck Tennessee and northern Mississippi.
April - May 1953 tornado outbreak sequence April 28 – May 2, 1953 Southeastern United States 37 fatalities, 366 injuries (17 significant, 5 violent, 9 killer)
1953 Waco tornado outbreak May 9–11, 1953 Southern-Central Great Plains / Upper Mississippi Valley 33 144 fatalities, 903 injuries Produced an F5 tornado in Waco, Texas, killing 114 people. Tied for deadliest tornado in Texas history and tenth deadliest in United States. Other deadly tornadoes struck Hebron, Nebraska, and San Angelo, Texas.
Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence June 7–9, 1953 Central Great PlainsGreat LakesNew England 46 247 fatalities Numerous tornadoes struck the Great Plains and Midwestern United States. The Flint-Beecher F5 produced the last 100+ death toll for a single tornado in US history until the 2011 Joplin tornado. A tornado that struck Worcester, Massachusetts, killed 94 people and may have been an F5 as well. A tornado family killed 18 people in northern Ohio as well.
1953 Vicksburg, Mississippi tornadoes December 5, 1953 LouisianaMississippi 4 38 fatalities Small outbreak produced a violent tornado that struck downtown Vicksburg. Produced one of only two official December F5 tornadoes in US history, though the rating is disputed. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
1955 Commerce Landing, Mississippi tornado outbreak February 1, 1955 MississippiAlabama 23 fatalities An F3 tornado killed 23 people at school in Commerce Landing. Tornado is officially undocumented. (>2 significant)
1955 Great Plains tornado outbreak May 25–26, 1955 Great PlainsMidwestMississippi Valley 47 102 fatalities One of the deadliest Plains outbreaks on record. An F5 tornado struck Blackwell, Oklahoma, killing 20 people. Another F5 from the same storm struck Udall, Kansas, killing 80.
February 1956 tornado outbreak February 24–25, 1956 Central United States 6 fatalities (14 significant, 2 violent killers)
April 1956 tornado outbreak April 2–3, 1956 Central United States 46 40 fatalities Produced numerous violent tornadoes from the Great Plains to the Great Lakes. An F4 struck Berlin, Wisconsin, and killed seven people. A violent F5 killed 18 people near Grand Rapids, Michigan. Several other violent and deadly tornadoes occurred in Oklahoma.
April 1956 Birmingham tornado April 15, 1956 Alabama 1 25 fatalities F4 killed 25 people in northern Birmingham.
Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence April 2, 1957 Texas – Oklahoma 28 17 fatalities A widely-photographed and -filmed F3 tornado struck Dallas and killed 10 people. Other violent and deadly tornadoes struck Oklahoma.
April 1957 Southeastern United States tornado outbreak April 8, 1957 AlabamaGeorgiaNorth CarolinaSouth CarolinaTennesseeVirginia 15 7 fatalities Produced several destructive tornadoes across the Southern United States and the Carolinas. The town of Jefferson, South Carolina, was devastated.
1957 Lubbock tornado outbreak April 21, 1957 Texas 0 fatalities Violent tornadoes took unusual paths to the north-northwest. (4 significant, 2 violent)
1957 Silverton, Texas tornado outbreak May 15, 1957 Texas 21 fatalities F4 tornado struck Silverton, Texas. (6 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
May 1957 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 19–21, 1957 Central Great PlainsMiddle-Upper Mississippi Valley 59 fatalities Produced numerous tornadoes across the Great Plains states, including an F5 that ripped through several Kansas City suburbs and killed 44 people. Other deadly tornadoes touched down in Missouri.
Late-May 1957 tornado outbreak May 24, 1957 New Mexico and southern Great Plains 4 fatalities Produced several strong tornadoes across the southern Great Plains. An F3 caused severe damage in Olton, Texas, and an F4 killed four people near Lawton, Oklahoma.
1957 Fargo tornado June 20, 1957 Northern Great Plains 10 fatalities May have been one of the most intense tornadoes in US history, an F5 that killed 10 people in Fargo, North Dakota.
November 1957 tornado outbreak November 7–8, 1957 Southeastern United States 20 12 fatalities (12 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
December 1957 tornado outbreak sequence December 18–19, 1957 Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama 37 19 fatalities Includes the most intense December outbreak in the contiguous United States and the most intense Illinois tornado outbreak in any month. Long-track F4 struck several of the towns hit by the Tri-State Tornado and an F5 completely destroyed Sunfield, Illinois.
April 1958 Florida tornado outbreak April 15, 1958 Florida and Georgia 5 0 fatalities, 65–72 injuries Produced one of only two known F4 tornadoes in Florida. (3 significant, 1 violent)
1958 Colfax, Wisconsin tornado outbreak June 4, 1958 MinnesotaWisconsin 9 28 fatalities Produced a series of strong and destructive tornadoes in Wisconsin, including an F5 that devastated the town of Colfax.
November 1958 tornado outbreak November 17, 1958 Southern U.S.Great Plains 34 0 fatalities (16 significant)
1959 St. Louis tornado outbreak February 10, 1959 Middle Mississippi Valley 21 fatalities Produced a destructive F4 tornado near downtown St. Louis.
May 1959 tornado outbreak May 4–5, 1959 Central United States 49 0 fatalities (8 significant)

1960–1969[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
May 1960 tornado outbreak sequence May 4–6, 1960 Southern Great Plains, South, Midwest 66 33 fatalities Produced numerous violent and killer tornadoes, especially in Oklahoma. An F5 killed five people and produced extreme damage near Prague and Iron Post. An F4 struck Wilburton and killed 16. (41 significant, 5 violent, 8 killer)
Hurricane Carla September 1961 Southern U.S. 8 Produced several strong tornadoes, including an F4 killer tornado that hit Galveston, Texas.
1964 Wichita Falls Tornado April 3, 1964 Wichita Falls, Texas 7 dead, 100+ injured Was rated F5. First tornado ever captured on live television. First of two violent tornadoes to hit Wichita Falls, the other—an F4 that killed 42—occurring on April 10, 1979.
1964 Michigan tornado May 8, 1964 Metro Detroit 1 11 fatalities F4 tornado struck suburban areas of metropolitan Detroit in Macomb and St. Clair Counties, before continuing into Lambton County in Ontario.[2]
February 1965 South Florida tornado outbreak February 23, 1965 Southern Florida 4 0 fatalities, 8 injuries Produced an unusually strong tornado in South Florida, an F3 that hit Fort Lauderdale. (2 significant, 0 violent, 0 killer)
1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak April 11–12, 1965 Central United States 47 256–271 fatalities Among the most intense outbreaks ever recorded. Numerous violent and long-track tornadoes, some possibly F5s, tore across the Great Lakes states, killing hundreds of people. Two violent F4s hit Dunlap, Indiana, killing 51 people there. Two F4s with parallel paths in Michigan killed 44 people. Deadly tornadoes also impacted the Cleveland and Toledo areas. (32 significant, 17 violent, 21 killer)
Early-May 1965 tornado outbreak sequence May 6–8, 1965 Minnesota, Front Range, Great Plains 50 17 fatalities Included the 1965 Twin Cities tornado outbreak, in which a series of violent tornadoes struck the Twin Cities metro area on May 6, devastating Fridley and Golden Valley. A violent outbreak occurred on May 8 in Nebraska and South Dakota, including a massive F5 tornado in Tripp County and two long-tracked F4s, one of which almost obliterated Primrose, killing four people. (28 significant, 7 violent, 5 killer)
Late-May 1965 tornado outbreak May 25–26, 1965 Great Plains 51 0 fatalities Produced multiple strong tornadoes in the Great Plains, including an F3 near Pratt, Kansas.
1966 Candlestick Park tornado March 3, 1966 MississippiAlabama 1 58 fatalities Extremely violent F5 tornado or tornado family that killed 57 people and traveled 202.5 mi (325.9 km) across Mississippi and Alabama, one of the longest such paths on record. One of only four official F5s to hit Mississippi.
1966 Tampa tornado family April 4, 1966 Central Florida, I-4 corridor 2 11 fatalities Third-deadliest tornado event in Florida, behind those of February 2, 2007, and February 22–23, 1998. Produced at least two long-tracked tornadoes, including one of only two F4s in Florida history, killing 11 people. Affected major urban areas in Tampa and Greater Orlando, but crossed the entire state as well.
June 1966 tornado outbreak sequence June 8–9, 1966 KansasIllinois 57 18 fatalities Outbreak sequence produced a series of tornadoes across the Great Plains states. An F5 devastated downtown Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and disproving myths about the city's being protected. A large F3 also hit Manhattan, Kansas.
1967 St. Louis tornado outbreak January 24, 1967 Midwest 32 6 fatalities One of the most intense January outbreaks ever documented. F3+ tornadoes occurred as far north as Wisconsin. An F4 tornado killed three in the St. Louis suburbs, paralleling the paths of earlier tornadoes in 1896 and 1927. Two students were killed at a high school in Orrick, Missouri.
1967 Oak Lawn tornado outbreak April 21, 1967 Midwest 45 58 fatalities One of the most intense outbreaks to hit the Chicago metropolitan area. An F4 devastated Belvidere, Illinois, killing 13 people in a school (one of the highest such tolls in US history. Another very destructive F4 hit Oak Lawn, killing 33 people in rush-hour traffic. Other violent tornadoes touched down in Missouri and Michigan.
1967 Southern Minnesota tornado outbreak April 30, 1967 Minnesota 9 13 fatalities Only one tornado below F2 strength in Minnesota. The towns of Albert Lea and Waseca were devastated by deadly F4s.
Hurricane Beulah September 19–23, 1967 Texas – Mexico >115 5 fatalities One of the largest tropical cyclone-related tornado outbreaks recorded. Produced several strong tornadoes, some of which were deadly.
1968 Wheelersburg, Ohio tornado outbreak April 23, 1968 Ohio Valley 13 14 fatalities Outbreak produced several violent and killer tornadoes across the Ohio Valley, including two F4s—one possibly an F5. An official F5 struck Wheelersburg and Gallipolis as well. The F5 rating is, however, disputed by some sources.
May 1968 tornado outbreak May 15–16, 1968 Mississippi Valley 46 74 fatalities Two F5 tornadoes struck Iowa on the same day, killing 18 people. Two deadly F4s struck Arkansas, including one that killed 35 people in Jonesboro.
1968 Tracy tornado June 13, 1968 Minnesota 1 9 fatalities Powerful but narrow F5 tornado killed nine people and injured 150 in Tracy, Minnesota.
1969 Hazlehurst, Mississippi tornado outbreak January 23, 1969 Southeastern United States 3 32 fatalities Devastating pre-dawn tornado near Hazlehurst killed 32 people on a long path across southern Mississippi. (2 significant, 1 violent killer)
1969 Minnesota tornado outbreak August 6, 1969 Minnesota 13 15 fatalities, 109 injuries Mid-summer outbreak produced several destructive tornadoes in Minnesota. An F4 tornado killed 12 people near Outing.
August 1969 Cincinnati tornado outbreak August 9, 1969 IndianaOhio 10 4 fatalities F4 killed 4 in the Cincinnati suburbs. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Indiana and Virginia.

1970–1979[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
April 1970 Tornado Outbreak April 17–18, 1970 Southern Great Plains 15 23 fatalities Produced multiple violent, long-tracked tornadoes in the Llano Estacado and the Texas Panhandle. (7 significant, 4 violent, 3 killer)
1970 Lubbock tornado May 11, 1970 West Texas 2 26 fatalities An F5 tornado struck downtown Lubbock, Texas, killing 26 people. Studies of this tornado led to the formation of the Fujita scale.
February 1971 Mississippi Delta tornado outbreak February 21, 1971 Southern Mississippi Valley 19 123 fatalities Deadly outbreak produced multiple long-track, violent tornadoes across Mississippi Delta region, including the only known F5 in Louisiana history. One of the tornadoes traveled 202 mi (325 km) across northern and central Mississippi, destroying several entire communities and killing 58 people, including 21 alone in Pugh City, which was entirely destroyed and never rebuilt. Additionally, the F5 Louisiana tornado continued into Mississippi and killed 21 people in Inverness, a large section of which was also destroyed.
1971 Springfield, Missouri tornado outbreak December 14–15, 1971 Central United States 40 2 fatalities (10 significant, 2 killer)
1972 Portland-Vancouver tornado April 5, 1972 Pacific Northwest 4 6 fatalities Deadliest West Coast tornado event ever documented.
Hurricane Agnes tornado outbreak June 18–19, 1972 Florida and Georgia 30 7 fatalities, ≥ 140 injuries Third-deadliest tropical cyclone-related outbreak in the U.S. since 1900 and is the largest Florida tornado outbreak with 28 tornadoes in state. (12 significant, 0 violent, 2 killer)
1972 Waukegan - North Chicago Tornado outbreak September 28, 1972 Midwest 20 Injury F4 tornado hit the Chicago suburbs, destroying military barracks. Rating disputed.
March 1973 Georgia-South Carolina tornado outbreak March 31, 1973 GeorgiaSouth Carolina 3 10 fatalities Extremely destructive, though non-violent, tornadoes produced the costliest natural disaster in Georgia history. Officially rated F2, but at least one source considers them F4s. An F4 also occurred in South Carolina. (3 killers)
May 1973 tornado outbreak May 26–29, 1973 Southern U.S. 99 22 fatalities Included a violent, long-tracked tornado that hit Brent, Alabama, on May 27. (26 significant, 3 violent, 8 killer)
August 1973 West Stockbridge tornado August 28, 1973 Northeastern U.S.Berkshire County, Massachusetts 1 4 fatalities F4 caused major damage in West Stockbridge, Massachusetts, killing 4.
April 1–2, 1974 tornado outbreak April 1–2, 1974 Southern U.S.Mississippi Valley 23 4 fatalities Outbreak ended only 17 hours before Super Outbreak began in the same areas. (10 significant, 3 violent, 4 killer)
Super Outbreak April 3–4, 1974 Eastern United States – Ontario 148 319 fatalities The second-largest and most violent tornado outbreak ever documented. Violent and deadly tornadoes, several of which were long lived, touched down over a wide area from Alabama to Indiana, affecting major population areas including Louisville, Cincinnati, and Huntsville. A violent F5 destroyed Brandenburg, Kentucky, and killed 31, and another F5 destroyed a large section of Xenia, Ohio, killing 32. Three F5s occurred in Alabama, including one of the strongest tornadoes on record, a long-tracked F5 that obliterated a large section of Guin, killing 28 people, 20 of them in Guin alone. Additionally, two other powerful F5s devastated the town of Tanner a half hour apart and killed total of 50 people. Numerous other violent, killer, long-tracked tornadoes occurred from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast, including an extremely long-tracked F4 that traveled almost 110 mi (180 km) and killed 18 people in northern Indiana. Strong, deadly tornadoes occurred as far north as Ontario as well. Outbreak produced 30 violent tornadoes, 23 F4s and seven F5s.
June 1974 Great Plains tornado outbreak June 8, 1974 Southern U.S. Plains 39 22 Fatalities Several significant tornadoes occurred over the southern Great Plains, including two violent, killer F4 tornadoes that hit Oklahoma and Kansas. One of the tornadoes struck Drumright in Oklahoma, killing 14 people, while the other killed six in and near Emporia, Kansas. Other strong, F3 tornadoes affected the Oklahoma City and Tulsa metropolitan areas. (22 significant, 2 violent, 3 killer)
Great Storm of 1975 January 9–12, 1975 Southeastern United States 45 12 fatalities January outbreak produced a violent F4 that killed nine people in McComb, Mississippi. An F3 east of Birmingham, Alabama, destroyed numerous homes and killed one person.
1975 Omaha tornado outbreak May 6, 1975 Northern Great Plains 36 3 fatalities Omaha F4 killed three people and was one of the costliest tornado disasters in US history. Another F4 destroyed the town of Magnet, Nebraska.
1975 Canton, Illinois tornado July 23, 1975 Illinois 2 2 fatalities High-end F3 destroyed downtown Canton, Illinois.
March 1976 tornado outbreak March 20–21, 1976 Mississippi Valley 66 3 fatalities (18 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
April 1977 Birmingham tornado April 4, 1977 Southeastern United States 21 24 fatalities Violent F5 tornado struck the Smithfield area in northern Birmingham, Alabama, sweeping away many homes and killing 22 people. Outbreak extended from Mississippi to North Carolina, with several strong tornadoes documented. The storm system also caused the crash of Southern Airways Flight 242, which happened on the same day, in the same area.
1978 Clearwater, Florida tornado outbreak May 4, 1978 Florida South Carolina 13 3 fatalities F3 struck an elementary school in Clearwater, Florida, killing three students. An F2 struck Gainesville.
1978 Whippoorwill tornado June 17, 1978 Kansas 1 16 fatalities Small tornado capsized a tourist boat, killing 16 people. One of the deadliest weak tornadoes on record.
1978 Bossier City tornado outbreak December 2–3, 1978 Southern Great PlainsSouthern U.S. 11 5 fatalities Small outbreak produced an F4 tornado occurred at 1:52 a.m., in Bossier City, killing 2. An F3 killed two others in Tillman, Louisiana
1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak April 10–11, 1979 Southern Great Plains – Southeastern United States 59 56 fatalities Deadly outbreak produced multiple killer tornadoes across the southern Great Plains states, including a famous, devastating, F4 wedge that killed 42 people in Wichita Falls, Texas. Another deadly F4 occurred in Vernon, Texas.
Windsor Locks, Connecticut tornado October 3, 1979 New England 1 3 fatalities Rare New England and October F4, one of the costliest tornadoes in US history.

1980–1989[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
April 1980 Central United States tornado outbreak April 7–8, 1980 Central United States 59 3 fatalities Many strong tornadoes touched down, including an F3 that struck Round Rock, Texas, killing 1.
1980 Kalamazoo tornado May 13, 1980 Michigan 1 5 fatalities F3 struck downtown Kalamazoo, Michigan, killing 5 people.
1980 Grand Island tornado outbreak June 2–3, 1980 Central – Eastern United States 15 6 fatalities Grand Island, Nebraska, was devastated by a series of damaging tornadoes. Best known for forming three rare anticyclonic tornadoes in one system. Outbreak produced violent tornadoes as far east as Pennsylvania.
Hurricane Allen August 1980 Mexico – Texas ≥29 Costliest tropical cyclone-related tornado in history struck the Austin area.
April 4, 1981, West Bend tornado April 4 Wisconsin 1 3 fatalities One of the strongest anticyclonic tornadoes on record, rated F4.
May 1981 tornado outbreak May 22–23, 1981 Great Plains 43 0 fatalities Multiple strong tornadoes touched down across the Great Plains. Spawned the Cordell and Binger, Oklahoma, tornadoes, the latter of which was a violent F4.
April 1982 tornado outbreak April 2–3, 1982 Southern PlainsMississippi Valley 61 29 fatalities Produced an F5 tornado near Broken Bow, Oklahoma, though the rating is disputed. An F4 tornado also struck Paris, Texas, and another occurred in Arkansas. (24 significant, 4 violent, 10 killer)
May 1982 tornado outbreak May 11–12, 1982 Texas – Oklahoma 70 3 fatalities Produced killer tornadoes in Texas and Oklahoma.
Marion, Illinois tornado outbreak May 29, 1982 Illinois 7 10 fatalities Produced an F4 that killed 10 people in Marion, Illinois.
Early-December 1982 tornado outbreak December 2–3, 1982 Lower-Middle Mississippi Valley 43 4 fatalities (16 significant)
Christmas 1982 tornado outbreak December 23–25, 1982 Central – Southeastern United States 43 3 fatalities (18 significant)
March 1983 South Florida tornadoes March 17, 1983 Southern Florida 2 0 fatalities Produced an unusually long-lived tornado across the Everglades and urban Broward County, Florida. An F1 tornado also hit Collier County. Other tornadoes may have occurred across southern Florida as well. (2 tornadoes, 1 significant, 3 unconfirmed)
Early-May 1983 tornado outbreak May 1–2, 1983 Mississippi ValleyGreat Lakes 63 7 fatalities, 110+ injured Affected 11 states with $200 million in damage, Ohio and western New York hardest hit.
Mid-May 1983 tornado outbreak May 18–20, 1983 Southeastern United States 48 6 fatalities (10 significant, 6 killer)
December 6, 1983, Selma, AL tornado Dec 6 Alabama 1 1 fatality, 19 injuries Rated F3.
1984 Carolinas tornado outbreak March 28, 1984 Carolinas 24 57 fatalities, 1200+ injuries Long-lived supercell tracked near the center of a low pressure center and generated 13 tornadoes, 11 of which were F3 or F4 in strength. Two F4s left damage paths more than 2 mi (3.2 km) wide. Worst tornado outbreak ever recorded in the Carolinas. Winnsboro and Bennettsville, South Carolina, along with Red Springs and Greenville, North Carolina, were devastated.
1984 Philipp-Water Valley, Mississippi tornado outbreak April 21, 1984 Southeastern United States 7 15 fatalities Produced a multiple-vortex F4 with an unusual V-shaped path that struck Water Valley, Mississippi, killing 15. (3 significant)
1984 Morris, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 26–27, 1984 Great PlainsMississippi Valley 47 16 fatalities Produced many strong to violent tornadoes, especially in Oklahoma and Wisconsin. (20 significant, 8 killer)
1984 Mannford-New Prue, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 29, 1984 Central United States 42 1 fatality New Prue was devastated by an F4, killing 1. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
May 1984 tornado outbreak May 2–3, 1984 Southeastern United States 60 5 fatalities (15 significant)
1984 Barneveld, Wisconsin tornado outbreak June 7–8, 1984 Central United States 45 13 fatalities Numerous strong tornadoes touched down across the northern Plains states. Late-night F5 killed nine people in Barneveld, Wisconsin. Long-track F4 killed three in Missouri.
1985 United States–Canada tornado outbreak May 31, 1985 U.S. – Canadian Eastern Great Lakes 43 90 fatalities Unusual tornado outbreak was among the most intense recorded, the largest such outbreak in the region. Violent tornadoes devastated towns in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario. Long-track tornado produced F5 damage in Ohio and Pennsylvania, killing 18. Two F4s occurred in Canada, including one that killed eight people in Barrie, Ontario.
Hurricane Danny August 1985 Southeastern United States 39 0 Fatalities Produced an F3 that struck Waco, Texas.
1987 Saragosa, Texas tornado May 22, 1987 West Texas 3 30 fatalities Brief but violent F4 tornado devastated the small town of Saragosa, killing 30 people.
Teton-Yellowstone tornado July 21, 1987 Wyoming 1 0 fatalities Rare high-altitude F4 tore through parts of Yellowstone National Park, flattening acres of forest.
1987 Arklatex tornado outbreak November 15–16, 1987 Southeastern United States 50 11 Fatalities Produced a series of strong tornadoes across Oklahoma, Texas, and Mississippi.
1987 West Memphis, Arkansas tornado December 14, 1987 ArkansasTennessee 1 6 dead, 100 injured Rated F3.
May 1988 tornado outbreak May 8, 1988 Midwest 57 0 fatalities (8 significant)
Hurricane Gilbert September 1988 Central – North America ≥29 Produced several tornadoes in Texas.
1988 Raleigh tornado outbreak November 28, 1988 North Carolina 7 4 fatalities Produced a long-track F4 that struck Raleigh, North Carolina, killing four people. A few other less significant tornadoes occurred as well.
May 1989 tornado outbreak May 5, 1989 Mid-AtlanticSoutheast U.S. 16 7 fatalities Produced three killer F4s in the Carolinas. The Charlotte, Winston–Salem, and Durham, North Carolina, areas all sustained major impacts.
1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreak July 10, 1989 Northeastern United States 17 0 fatalities, 142 injured One of the most intense tornado events to ever impact the New England region. Destructive tornadoes touched down in New York and Connecticut, including a violent F4 that devastated Hamden, Connecticut.
November 1989 tornado outbreak November 15–16, 1989 Southeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic States 40 21 fatalities Produced a deadly F4 that struck Huntsville, Alabama, at rush hour. Strong tornadoes touched down as far north as Quebec.

1990–1999[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
March 1990 Central United States tornado outbreak March 11–13, 1990 Central United States 64 2 fatalities The most violent March outbreak and the most intense Great Plains outbreak to occur so early in the year. Produced two powerful F5s near Hesston and Goessel, Kansas. A long-tracked F4, possibly a family of tornadoes, occurred near Red Cloud, Nebraska. (27 significant, 4 violent, 2 killer)
June 1990 Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak June 2–3, 1990 Central United States 66 9 fatalities Outbreak produced many strong to violent tornadoes across the Ohio Valley. An F4 devastated Petersburg, Indiana, killing 6 people. Another very long lived F4 was on the ground for 106 miles across Illinois and Indiana. A late night F4 impacted the northern sections of the Cincinnati metro as well. (27 significant, 7 violent, 4 killer)
1990 Plainfield tornado August 28, 1990 Northeastern Illinois 13 29 fatalities Produced some of the most intense vegetation scouring ever documented. Strongest August tornado, though only rated F5 based on corn damage. F4 damage occurred to buildings in Plainfield, Illinois, killing 29 people. Was part of a small outbreak that also produced strong tornadoes in Ontario and New York.
April 26, 1991 tornado outbreak April 26–27, 1991 Central-Southern Great Plains 58 21 fatalities One of the most intense Plains outbreaks on record, produced five violent tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. A very violent F5 killed 17 people in the Wichita metropolitan area at Andover, Kansas, destroying an entire mobile-home park. A long-tracked F4 near Red Rock, Oklahoma, produced Doppler-indicated winds into the F5 range. Three other F4s occurred in Kansas and Oklahoma. (32 significant, 6 violent, 5 killer)
May 1991 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 16, 1991 Central Great Plains 46 0 fatalities (4 significant)
Mid-June 1992 tornado outbreak June 15–16, 1992 Central United States 123 1 fatality Large outbreak produced many strong to violent tornadoes, mainly across the Northern Plains states. A large F5 devastated the town of Chandler, Minnesota, killing one person. (27 significant, 4 violent, 1 killer)
November 1992 tornado outbreak November 21–23, 1992 Southern – Eastern United States 95 26 fatalities The most intense and largest November outbreak on record in U.S. history. Produced strong tornadoes from Texas to North Carolina and into the Ohio Valley, including a long-track F4 that impacted Brandon, Mississippi and killed 12 people. A series of destructive tornadoes (including an F4) devastated the Houston metro area as well. (43 significant, 5 violent, 9 killer)
1993 Catoosa, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 24, 1993 Oklahoma 13 7 fatalities Rain-wrapped F4 killed 7 people in the suburbs of Tulsa. A destructive F3 paralleled the path of the F4.
1993 Virginia tornado outbreak August 6, 1993 Virginia 23 4 fatalities Largest tornado outbreak in Virginia history. Produced a violent F4 that struck downtown Petersburg, Virginia and killed 4 people.
August 8–9, 1993, tornado outbreak August 8–9, 1993 Northern Plains 7 2 fatalities Small outbreak that resulted in 2 fatalities in Minnesota.
1994 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak March 27, 1994 Southeastern United States 29 40 fatalities Produced multiple violent tornadoes across the Southeastern U.S., including one that killed 20 people in a church near Piedmont, Alabama. Last of the three famous Palm Sunday outbreaks. (2 violent, 13 significant, 5 killer)
April 1994 tornado outbreak April 25–27, 1994 Southern Great PlainsMidwest 101 6 fatalities Large and widespread outbreak. An F4 devastated the Dallas suburb of Lancaster, Texas, killing 3 people there. Another F4 that struck West Lafayette, Indiana killed 3 as well.
June 1994 tornado outbreak June 26–27, 1994 62 2 fatalities (11 significant)
1994 Thanksgiving Weekend tornado outbreak November 27, 1994 Southeastern United States 19 6 fatalities Produced several strong tornadoes across the South.
May 1995 tornado outbreak sequence May 1995 Central United States 278 13 fatalities Very large outbreak sequence produced many strong to violent tornadoes. An F4 struck Harvest, Alabama and killed 1 person, and another F4 struck Ethridge, Tennessee and killed 3. An F3 killed 3 people and caused major damage in the Ardmore, Oklahoma area. Produced an F0 that downed several trees at the National Arboretum in Washington D.C..
1995 Great Barrington tornado May 29, 1995 Massachusetts 2 3 fatalities Strong tornado caused three fatalities in a vehicle that was thrown near Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
March 6, 1996, Selma, Alabama tornado March 6 Alabama 1 4 fatalities, 40 injuries Was rated F3.
April 1996 tornado outbreak sequence April 19–22, 1996 TexasArkansasIllinoisIndianaOntario 117 6 fatalities Large outbreak sequence. Multiple towns in Illinois sustained major damage, with one death occurring in Ogden. An F3 devastated downtown Fort Smith, Arkansas, killing 2. Two F3s also caused severe damage in Ontario.
May 1996 Kentucky tornado outbreak May 28, 1996 Kentucky 11 0 fatalities Produced a long-track F4 near Louisville.
1996 Oakfield tornado July 18, 1996 Wisconsin 12 1 fatality F5 tornado. Was part of a small mid-Summer outbreak that occurred in Wisconsin. An F2 killed one person in Marytown, Wisconsin.
Late-October 1996 tornado outbreak October 26, 1996 West North Central States 26 11 injuries Unusual late-season outbreak in Minnesota, South Dakota and Nebraska. Homes were destroyed near Lobster Lake and Albany, Minnesota.
March 1997 tornado outbreak February 28-March 1, 1997 Mississippi ValleyOhio Valley 56 26 fatalities Many strong tornadoes touched down across the south, especially in Arkansas. Produced a devastating F4 that began near Benton and struck Shannon Hills, Arkansas, killing 15 people along the path. An F4 struck Arkadelphia, killing 6.
1997 Miami tornado May 12, 1997 Miami, Florida 1 0 fatalities Widely-photographed F1 tornado struck downtown Miami, Florida.
1997 Central Texas tornado outbreak May 27, 1997 Texas 20 28 fatalities Produced a remarkably violent, deadly F5 tornado in Jarrell, Texas. Based on the damage, it may have been the strongest tornado ever recorded (though no mobile radar measurements were taken to confirm this). An F4 devastated neighborhoods near Lake Travis, and an F3 caused major damage in Cedar Park.
1997 Southeast Michigan tornado outbreak July 1–3, 1997 Southeast MichiganSouthwestern Ontario 52 2 fatalities (+5 non-tornadic) An F2 tornado passed through some Detroit neighborhoods, the suburbs of Hamtramck, and Highland Park. One also touched down near Windsor, Ontario, site of an F3 in the 1974 Super Outbreak. F3s caused major damage near Clio and Thetford Center, with a fatality occurring at the latter of the two locations. Other strong tornadoes touched down in Minnesota and New England.
1998 Kissimmee tornado outbreak February 22–23, 1998 Florida 11 42 fatalities Deadliest and most destructive Florida outbreak on record. Produced three F3s, including a long-tracked tornado near Kissimmee that was initially rated F4. Nighttime occurrence made the death toll high. (5 significant, 4 killers)
1998 Gainesville-Stoneville tornado outbreak March 20, 1998 Georgia to Virginia 12 14 fatalities An early-morning F3 passed near Gainesville, Georgia and killed 12 people. Another F3 struck Mayodan and Stoneville, North Carolina, killing 2.
1998 Comfrey – St. Peter tornado outbreak March 29, 1998 Southern Minnesota 16 2 fatalities, 36 injuries Earliest tornado outbreak in Minnesota history. A long-track F4 wedge struck Comfrey, Minnesota, killing one person. An F3 struck St. Peter, Minnesota, causing another fatality. Le Center, Minnesota sustained major damage from a large F2.
April 6–9, 1998 tornado outbreak April 6–9, 1998 Metropolitan area of Birmingham, Alabama; also Georgia, Louisiana, Tennessee 62 41 fatalities Produced a violent nighttime F5 that moved through several suburbs of Birmingham, Alabama, killing 32 people. Other killer tornadoes touched down in Georgia.
1998 Nashville tornado outbreak April 15–16, 1998 Southeastern United States 63 12 fatalities F3 tornado passed through downtown Nashville, killing one person. Numerous other strong tornadoes occurred across the South, including an extremely violent F5 near Lawrenceburg, Tennessee. An F4 devastated the town of Manila, Arkansas, killing 2.
Late-May 1998 tornado outbreak and derecho May 30–31, 1998 South Dakota, Great Lakes, New York, Pennsylvania 60 7 fatalities (+6 non-tornadic) Large and dynamic outbreak produced many strong tornadoes, some of which were embedded in an extremely intense derecho. A large F4 wedge tornado devastated Spencer, South Dakota, killing 6. Produced an unusually intense outbreak of tornadoes across Pennsylvania and New York, with multiple F2s and F3s.
1998 Eastern tornado outbreak June 2, 1998 NY to SC 49 2 fatalities, 80 injuries Unusually severe outbreak affected mainly the northeastern states just days after a similar outbreak affected roughly the same region (see previous event). Produced a large F4 that struck Frostburg, Maryland. Caused $42M in damage.
August 23, 1998 Upper Great Lakes Severe Weather Outbreak August 23, 1998 Wisconsin, Michigan 3 1 fatality (non-tornadic) Spawned the F3 Door County tornado, the eighth costliest in Wisconsin history.
1998 Lynbrook tornado September 7, 1998 Long Island, New York 1 1 fatality Occurred during the Labor Day derecho event.
Hurricane Georges tornado outbreak September 24–30, 1998 Southern US 47 36 injuries Produced many tornadoes. Most were weak, though an F2 caused major damage in the Live Oak, Florida area.
1998 Oklahoma tornado outbreak October 4, 1998 Oklahoma 19 5 injuries A late-year autumn outbreak, it was the largest October tornado outbreak in Oklahoma history.
(8 significant)
January 17–18, 1999 tornado outbreak January 17–18, 1999 Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi 24 8 fatalities Strong and deadly tornadoes touched down in Tennessee, including an F3 and an F4 that struck Jackson, killing 6. A similar but even larger outbreak occurred just days later (see next event).
January 21–23, 1999 tornado outbreak January 21–23, 1999 Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi 127 9 fatalities Largest January outbreak on record. An F3 passed near downtown Little Rock, Arkansas, killing 3. An F3 devastated Beebe, Arkansas, killing 2. Other strong tornadoes struck Tennessee and Mississippi.
Easter weekend 1999 tornado outbreak April 2–3, 1999 Southern Plains 17 7 fatalities Small but intense outbreak produced several strong tornadoes. An F4 devastated Benton, Louisiana, killing 7. The town of Logansport, Louisiana was severely damaged by an F3.
April 8–9, 1999 tornado outbreak April 8–9, 1999 Ohio Valley/Midwest 54 6 fatalities Produced an F4 that moved through the Cincinnati suburbs, killing 4. Two F4s also touched down in Iowa.
1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak May 2–8, 1999 Southern Great Plains 66 46 fatalities, 665 injuries Produced one of the strongest documented tornadoes, an F5-rated tornado in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area with Doppler winds remotely sensed at 301 mph (484 km/h) near Bridge Creek, among the highest winds known to have occurred near the Earth's surface. First tornado to incur $1 billion in (non-normalized) damages. Other violent tornadoes occurred, including those near Mulhall, Oklahoma, and Wichita, Kansas.
1999 Salt Lake City tornado August 11, 1999 Utah 1 1 fatality F2 tornado hit downtown Salt Lake City, causing the first known casualty in a Utah tornado.

2000–2009[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
2000 Southwest Georgia tornado outbreak February 13–14, 2000 Georgia 17 18 fatalities Produced a series of strong and deadly tornadoes that struck areas in and around Camilla, Meigs, and Omega, Georgia. Weaker tornadoes impacted other states.
2000 Fort Worth tornado March 28, 2000 U.S. South 10 2 fatalities Small outbreak produced an F3 that hit downtown Fort Worth, Texas, severely damaging skyscrapers and killing two. Another F3 caused major damage in Arlington and Grand Prairie.
2000 Brady, Nebraska tornado May 17, 2000 Nebraska 1 0 fatalities Highly photographed F3 passed near Brady, Nebraska.
2000 Granite Falls tornado July 25, 2000 Granite Falls, Minnesota 1 1 fatality F4 struck Granite Falls, causing major damage and killing one person.
December 2000 Tuscaloosa tornado December 16, 2000 Southern United States 24 12 fatalities Small outbreak produced an F4 that struck Tuscaloosa, Alabama, killing 11. An F3 devastated Coats Bend, Alabama, and an F2 caused major damage and 1 fatality in Geneva, Alabama.
February 24–25, 2001 tornado outbreak February 24–25, 2001 Southern United States 25 7 fatalities An F2 killed one person near Union, Arkansas. An F3 occurred near Greenwood, Mississippi, and another long-tracked F3 devastated multiple towns in Mississippi and killed 6 people in Pontotoc.
April 10–11, 2001 tornado outbreak April 10–11, 2001 Great Plains Midwest 79 4 fatalities Widespread outbreak produced numerous tornadoes, some strong. F2 caused major damage in the town of Agency, Iowa, and killed two people. Other tornado-related fatalities occurred in Missouri and Oklahoma. Outbreak produced one of the worst hailstorms ever documented.
June 13, 2001 tornado outbreak June 13, 2001 Central Plains 36 0 fatalities Outbreak of mostly weak tornadoes, though a few were strong. An F3 tornado caused major damage near Parkers Prairie, Minnesota, along with a large F2 near Brainerd. An F4 completely destroyed a farmstead near Ruby, Nebraska.
June 18, 2001, tornado outbreak June 18, 2001 Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin 5 3 fatalities, 16 injuries An F3 tornado killed three people in Siren, Wisconsin, and caused an estimated 10 million USD in damage.
2001 Myrtle Beach tornadoes July 6, 2001 Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 2 39 injuries Two tornadoes of F1 and F2 strength passed through the area, resulting in severe damage.
September 24, 2001 tornado outbreak September 24, 2001 Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania 9 2 fatalities, 57 injuries Multiple-vortex F3 tornado passed through the University of Maryland campus and multiple DC suburbs, killing two people. An F4 also occurred near Rixeyville, Virginia. Other weaker tornadoes were observed as well, including an F1 that struck Washington DC.
October 9, 2001 tornado outbreak October 9, 2001 Great Plains 30 0 fatalities Unusual October outbreak in the Great Plains produced multiple strong tornadoes in Nebraska and Oklahoma. A large F3 devastated the town of Cordell, Oklahoma.
October 24, 2001 tornado outbreak October 24, 2001 Central United States 25 2 fatalities Most of the tornadoes in this outbreak were embedded in a squall line. An F3 hit Crumstown, Indiana, killing one. An F2 near LaPorte, Indiana caused a fatality as well.
November 23–24, 2001 tornado outbreak November 23–24, 2001 Southeast U.S. 67 13 fatalities One of the strongest November outbreaks ever recorded. Produced three F4s, including one that struck Madison, Mississippi, killing 2. An F3 struck Wilmot, Arkansas, killing 3.
2002 Midwest to Mid-Atlantic United States tornado outbreak April 27–28, 2002 Midwest to Mid-Atlantic U.S. 49 6 fatalities Produced several strong tornadoes across the Midwest, including an F3 that caused major damage in Dongola, Illinois and killed one person. Also produced a few strong tornadoes in Maryland, including an F4 that devastated the town of La Plata and killed three.
2002 Veterans Day Weekend tornado outbreak November 9–11, 2002 Southeastern United States – Ohio Valley 83 36 fatalities Very large and deadly outbreak produced multiple killer tornadoes across the Ohio Valley and Southeastern United States. A violent F4 hit Van Wert, Ohio, killing four people. Deadly F3 also hit Mossy Grove, Tennessee, killing seven. Two long-track F3s moved across northern Alabama, killing 11 people.
March 17–20, 2003 tornado outbreak March 17–20, 2003 Great PlainsSouthern United States 28 7 fatalities Camilla, Georgia was devastated by an F3 for the second time in 4 years, killing 4. An F2 killed 2 people near Bridgeboro, Georgia. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence May 3–11, 2003 Great Plains - Southern United States 401 42 fatalities Large series of strong to violent tornadoes across the Great Plains and South. Two F4s struck the Kansas City metropolitan area, including one that killed 2. In Missouri, the towns of Pierce City, Stockton, and Carl Junction were devastated by killer tornadoes. An F4 destroyed Franklin, Kansas, killing 4, and another F4 struck downtown Jackson, Tennessee, killing 11. A large F4 also caused major damage in Moore, Oklahoma.
2003 South Dakota tornado outbreak June 21–24, 2003 South Dakota 125 2 fatalities Tied U.S. record for most tornadoes in one state during a 24-hour period, with 67 tornadoes in South Dakota on the 24th. Produced a violent F4 that literally wiped Manchester, South Dakota off the map. In Nebraska, an F4 killed one person near Coleridge, and an F2 caused another fatality in Deshler. An F2 also caused major damage in Buffalo Lake, Minnesota .
July 21, 2003 derecho and tornado outbreak July 21, 2003 Indiana, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont 22 8 injuries $48M in damage. Tornadoes occurred in supercells embedded in a very intense "Super-Derecho" event, which at times took on a tropical cyclone-like appearance. An F3 leveled a farm near Ellisburg, Pennsylvania, and two F2s occurred in upstate New York.
April 20, 2004 tornado outbreak April 20, 2004 IllinoisIndiana 31 8 fatalities Unexpected outbreak produced an F3 that struck the Illinois towns of Granville and Utica, with 8 fatalities at the latter of the two locations. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence May 21–31, 2004 Great PlainsMidwest 389 7 fatalities Very large outbreak sequence. Produced the second-widest tornado on record, a 2.5 mile-wide F4 that destroyed 95% of Hallam, Nebraska, killing 1. An F3 killed 1 person and destroyed 80% of Marengo, Indiana. An F4 near Weatherby, Missouri killed 3.
See also: List of May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence tornadoes
2004 Roanoke, Illinois tornado July 13, 2004 Central Illinois 4 0 fatalities High-end F4 tornado destroyed an industrial plant and swept away several homes.
Hurricane Frances tornado outbreak September 2004 Eastern United States 103 0 fatalities Produced a large outbreak of mostly weak tornadoes, though in South Carolina, the towns of Gadsden and Millwood sustained considerable damage from F2s. An F3 touched down near Camden.
Hurricane Ivan tornado outbreak September 2004 Eastern United States 120 7 fatalities Largest hurricane-related tornado outbreak ever recorded. An F2 struck Macedonia, Florida and killed 4. Many strong tornadoes touched down in Virginia, including an F3 that struck Remington.
November 22–24, 2004 tornado outbreak November 17–20, 2004 Southern United States 104 4 fatalities Produced multiple strong tornadoes across the South. An F3 struck Olla and Standard, Louisiana, killing 1. An F2 severely damaged the Talladega Superspeedway and struck Bynum, resulting in another fatality.
March 21–22, 2005 tornado outbreak November 21–22, 2005 Southern United States 26 1 fatality An F3 near Donalsonville, Georgia killed one person, and an F2 struck Screven, Georgia, resulting in major damage. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
April 5–7, 2005 tornado outbreak April 5–7, 2005 Southern United States 39 14 injuries Several strong tornadoes touched down across the Southern US, including an F3 that struck Mize, Mississippi. Another F3 caused major damage near Monterey, and an F2 struck Port Fourchon, Louisiana.
2005 Hurricane Cindy tornado outbreak July 6–8, 2005 Southeastern – Eastern United States 44 0 fatalities Produced an F2 that severely damaged the Atlanta Motor Speedway.
August 2005 Wisconsin tornado outbreak August 18, 2005 WisconsinMinnesota 28 1 fatality Largest tornado outbreak in Wisconsin history. An F3 caused major damage in Stoughton and killed 1. An F2 also caused severe damage in Viola.
Hurricane Katrina tornado outbreak August 26–31, 2005 Southeastern – Eastern United States 54 1 fatality Widespread outbreak produced mostly weak tornadoes. Worst damage occurred in Georgia, including an F2 that caused major damage and one fatality near Roopville. The towns of Helen and Fort Valley also sustained major damage from F2s.
Hurricane Rita tornado outbreak September 22–26, 2005 U.S. South 101 1 fatality Produced numerous tornadoes across the South. An F3 caused major damage near Clayton, Louisiana. An F1 killed one person in a mobile home near Isola, Mississippi.
Evansville Tornado of November 2005 November 6, 2005 Middle MississippiOhio Valley 8 25 fatalities Nighttime F3 struck the Evansville, Indiana area, killing 25 people. Was part of a small outbreak that also produced strong tornadoes that struck Munfordville and Wheatcroft, Kentucky.
November 2005 Iowa tornado outbreak November 12, 2005 IowaMissouri 14 1 fatality Rare November outbreak in the Great Plains. Strong tornadoes struck Ames, Woodward, and Stratford.
Mid-November 2005 tornado outbreak November 15, 2005 Central – Southeastern United States 49 1 Fatality F3 devastated a campground near Benton, Kentucky, and killed one person. A multiple-vortex F4 also hit Madisonville and Earlington, Kentucky, causing major damage. An F2 caused severe damage in Paris, Tennessee.
Late-November 2005 Tornado Outbreak November 27–28, 2005 Central – Southeastern United States 55 2 fatalities F3 near Plumerville, Arkansas tossed multiple cars on a highway, killing one person. An F2 near Briar, Missouri, killed another. Another F3 caused major damage near Cherry Hill, Arkansas.
March 2006 Tornado Outbreak Sequence March 9–13, 2006 Central United States 99 11 fatalities Strong outbreak caused deadly tornadoes across the Midwestern United States. Two separate F2s struck Springfield, Illinois, resulting in major damage. An F3 near Renick, Missouri killed 4 people, and a double F4 occurred near Monroe City.
April 2, 2006 Central United States tornado outbreak April 2, 2006 Central United States 66 28 fatalities Long-tracked F3 devastated the towns of Marmaduke, Arkansas and Caruthersville, Missouri, killing 2. A deadly F3 killed 16 people in Newbern, Tennessee, while another F3 killed 6 in Bradford.
April 6–8, 2006 Tornado Outbreak April 6–8, 2006 Central – Southeastern United States 73 10 fatalities Worst damage and all fatalities occurred in Tennessee. An F3 caused major damage near Charlotte, and another F3 devastated the town of Gallatin, killing 7. Two F1s killed 3 people in the McMinnville area as well. Many other weaker tornadoes also touched down.
Easter Week 2006 tornado outbreak sequence April 13–19, 2006 Midwestern United States 54 1 fatality Produced an F2 that struck downtown Iowa City, resulting in major damage. An F1 killed one person in a mobile home near Nichols, Iowa. Multiple other tornadoes affected rural areas, a few of which were strong.
May 9–10, 2006 tornado outbreak May 9–10, 2006 Midwestern United States, Southern United States 30 3 fatalities An F2 caused considerable damage in Childress, Texas. An F3 near Westminster, Texas killed 3 people. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Louisiana and Mississippi.
August 24, 2006 tornado outbreak August 24, 2006 North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota 14 1 death Small but intense mid-Summer outbreak produced a long-tracked F3 that struck Nicollet and Kasota, Minnesota, killing one person. Two other F3s caused major damage in rural areas near Eureka and Wolsey, South Dakota.
July 2006 Westchester County tornado July 12, 2006 Southern New York and Fairfield, Connecticut 1 6 Injuries Rare F2 tornado in Westchester County, New York
Late–September 2006 tornado outbreak September 21–23, 2006 Central United States 48 0 Numerous strong tornadoes hit the Midwest, mostly in rural areas. An F4 struck Crosstown, Missouri, and an F3 struck the north edge of Metropolis, Illinois.
Mid-November 2006 tornado outbreak November 2006 Southern United States 32 10 fatalities Several strong tornadoes occurred across the South. An F3 killed eight people in Riegelwood, North Carolina, and an F2 caused major damage in Montgomery, Alabama. Two F3s also affected rural areas in Mississippi.
2007 Groundhog Day tornado outbreak February 2, 2007 Florida 4 21 fatalities Single supercell produced three of the tornadoes, including two EF3s, and all 21 deaths. Was the second-deadliest tornado event in Florida, behind the outbreak of February 22–23, 1998.
2007 New Orleans tornado outbreak February 13, 2007 Southern United States 19 1 fatality Produced two EF2s that caused major damage and one fatality in New Orleans, Louisiana. Another EF2 also caused major damage near the town of Breaux Bridge.
February 22–23, 2007 tornado outbreak February 22–23, 2007 Southern United States 20 40 injuries Produced several strong tornadoes, especially Arkansas. The town of Dumas was devastated by an EF3. Another EF3 occurred near Strong.
February–March 2007 tornado outbreak sequence February 28 – March 1, 2007 Kansas, Missouri, Alabama, Georgia 49 20 fatalities Numerous strong to violent tornadoes across the Midwest and South, including a destructive EF4 in Enterprise, Alabama that killed 9 people, 8 of which were students at a high school. Another EF4 struck Millers Ferry killing one, and a nighttime EF3 devastated Americus, Georgia, killing 2. An EF2 destroyed a mobile home park near Newton, Georgia, killing 6.
Late-March 2007 tornado outbreak March 28–31, 2007 Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado 80 5 fatalities An EF3 tornado devastated the town of Holly, Colorado, killing two people. Other strong tornadoes hit the rural portions of the Great Plains, especially Texas.
April 2007 nor'easter April 13–15, 2007 Southern United States 36 2 fatalities Produced a moderate outbreak of tornadoes across the South. An EF1 caused considerable damage and killed one in Fort Worth, Texas. An EF3 caused major damage and caused another fatality near Mayesville, South Carolina.
April 20–26, 2007 tornado outbreak sequence April 20-27, 2007 United States, Mexico 92 10 fatalities An F4 struck Piedras Negras, Coahuila, killing 3 people. The parent supercell produced an EF3 that struck Eagle Pass, Texas, killing 7 people. The towns of Tulia and Cactus, Texas sustained major damage from EF2s.
May 2007 tornado outbreak May 3–5, 2007 Kansas, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska, Illinois 123 confirmed 14 fatalities Very large outbreak across the Great Plains. Produced a large and deadly nighttime EF5 that struck Greensburg, Kansas, killing 11. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Oklahoma and elsewhere in Kansas.
Mid-October 2007 tornado outbreak October 17–19, 2007 Midwest, Ohio Valley, Great Lakes, U.S. South 64 confirmed 5 fatalities, numerous injuries EF1 hit downtown Pensacola, Florida. EF3s struck Owensboro, Kentucky, New Washington, Indiana, and Nappanee, causing severe damage. Fatalities occurred in Michigan and Missouri.
January 2008 tornado outbreak sequence January 7–9, 2008 Southwest Missouri, northwest Arkansas, northeast Oklahoma, Midwest, U.S. South 71 confirmed 4 fatalities, several injuries Rare January outbreak produced strong tornadoes as far north as Wisconsin. An EF3 killed three people near Strafford, Missouri.
2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak February 5–6, 2008 Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Indiana, Texas 87 confirmed 57 fatalities, 200+ injuries One of the deadliest outbreaks to hit Dixie Alley struck the Midwest and South, producing many strong and violent tornadoes. Included the longest-lived Arkansas tornado on record, an EF4 that traveled 122 mi (196 km) in two hours, killing 13 people. One long-track EF3 tornado caused 22 deaths alone in Tennessee and Kentucky, mainly near Castalian Springs. A pair of EF3 and EF4 tornadoes also struck Jackson, Tennessee, killing three in the area, and an EF2 moved through Memphis, killing two.
2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak March 14–15, 2008 Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina 45 confirmed 3 fatalities Strong tornado hit downtown Atlanta for the second time in history, killing one person. An outbreak of tornadoes, some strong, moved across the South the next day, killing two people.
May 1–2, 2008 tornado outbreak May 1–3, 2008 Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Arkansas, Mississippi Alabama, Tennessee 62 Confirmed 6 fatalities Tornadoes struck the Midwest and South, including an EF3 that hit Damascus, Arkansas, killing five people.
Mid-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence May 7–15, 2008 Oklahoma, Missouri 147 confirmed 26 fatalities A long-track EF4 tornado killed 21 people in Picher, Oklahoma, and Neosho, Missouri. Other strong to violent tornadoes struck the Eastern and Southern states.
See also: List of Mid-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence tornadoes
Late-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence May 22–25, 2008 Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Texas 234 confirmed 10 fatalities Large outbreak produced strong to violent tornadoes across the Great Plains and Midwest. An EF3 wedge struck Windsor, Colorado, killing one there and causing severe damage. EF5 tornado hit Parkersburg, Iowa, killing nine people and devastating the town. An EF3 also killed one in Hugo, Minnesota, and destroyed many homes.
See also: List of Late-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence tornadoes
June 2008 tornado outbreak sequence June 3–12, 2008 Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas 136 confirmed, 250+ reported 6 fatalities Third series of widespread tornado outbreaks. Tornadoes hit the Omaha-Council Bluffs area and the Chicago area. An EF3 tornado in Little Sioux, Iowa, struck the Boy Scouts of America's Little Sioux Scout Ranch, killing four people. Additionally, a violent EF4 tornado also hit Manhattan, Kansas. See also : List of June 2008 tornado outbreak sequence tornadoes
2008 Tropical Storm Fay tornado outbreak August 18–27, 2008 Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina 49 confirmed 0 fatalities Produced several tornadoes, including an EF2 near Wellington, Florida.
November 2008 Carolinas tornado outbreak November 15, 2008 North Carolina South Carolina 8 confirmed 2 fatalities Small, late-night tornado outbreak killed two people in the Carolinas.
February 2009 tornado outbreak February 10–11, 2009 Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana 15 confirmed 8 fatalities Produced the strongest February tornado on record since 1950 in Oklahoma. An EF4 hit Lone Grove, killing eight people. Other tornadoes caused damage in the Oklahoma City area.
Mid-February 2009 tornado outbreak February 18–19, 2009 Georgia, Alabama 13 confirmed 1 fatality Small outbreak produced a few strong tornadoes and killed one person.
March 2009 tornado outbreak sequence March 23–29, 2009 Eastern United States 56 confirmed 0 fatalities Produced the destructive Magee, Mississippi, and Corydon, Kentucky, tornadoes.
April 2009 tornado outbreak April 9–10, 2009 Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina 111 reported, 66 confirmed 5 fatalities Produced numerous strong tornadoes across the South, including an EF3 tornado that hit the Mena, Arkansas, area, killing three people, and an EF4 that hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee, killing two.
May 2009 Southern Midwest derecho May 8, 2009 Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina 39 confirmed 6 fatalities Most damage was caused by a derecho

2010–present[edit]

List of United States tornado outbreaks – 2010–2014
Dates Year Region Tornadoes Fatalities Map Event Link
March 28 2010 Southeastern United States, The Bahamas 13 3 N/A March 2010 Carolinas tornado outbreak
April 22–24 2010 Midwest, Southern United States 88 10 N/A April 2010 tornado outbreak
April 30–May 2 2010 Midwest, Southern United States 58 5 N/A April–May 2010 tornado outbreak
May 10–13 2010 Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas 91 3 N/A May 10–13, 2010 tornado outbreak
May 18–21 2010 Central United States 55 0 N/A Mid-May 2010 tornado outbreak
May 22–25 2010 Central United States 79 0 N/A Late-May 2010 tornado outbreak
June 5–6 2010 Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan 53 8 N/A Early-June 2010 tornado outbreak
June 16–17 2010 North Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa 61 3 N/A June 2010 Northern Plains tornado outbreak
September 16 2010 New York 14 2 N/A 2010 Brooklyn/Queens tornadoes
October 6 2010 Arizona, Utah 9 0 October 2010 Arizona tornado outbreak map.png October 2010 Arizona tornado outbreak
October 23–27 2010 Central United States, Eastern United States 69 0 N/A October 2010 North American storm complex
December 31–January 1 2010 Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois 36 9 2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak map.png 2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak
April 4–5 2011 Southern United States, Eastern United States 46 1 N/A April 4–5, 2011 derecho and tornado outbreak
April 9–11 2011 Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, Missouri, Alabama 43 0 N/A April 2011 Iowa–Wisconsin tornado outbreak
April 14–16 2011 Midwest, Southern United States 162 38 N/A April 14–16, 2011 tornado outbreak
April 19–24 2011 Midwest 100 0 N/A April 19–24, 2011 tornado outbreak sequence
April 25–28 2011 Southern United States 355 324 April 25–28, 2011 tornado outbreak map.png April 25–28, 2011 tornado outbreak
May 21–26 2011 Great Plains, Midwest 242 178 N/A May 21–26, 2011 tornado outbreak sequence
June 1 2011 New England 6 3 2011 New England tornado outbreak map.png 2011 New England tornado outbreak
June 18–22 2011 Midwest 78 0 N/A June 18–22, 2011 tornado outbreak
November 14–16 2011 Southern United States 23 5 N/A November 14–16, 2011 tornado outbreak
January 22–23 2012 Southern United States 25 2 N/A January 22–23, 2012 tornado outbreak
February 28–29 2012 Great Plains, East South Central States, Ohio Valley 39 15 N/A 2012 Leap Day tornado outbreak
March 2–3 2012 Southern United States, Ohio Valley 65 41 N/A March 2–3, 2012 tornado outbreak
March 18–24 2012 Great Plains, Southern United States, Ohio Valley 63 1 N/A March 18–24, 2012 tornado outbreak sequence
April 3 2012 Texas, Louisiana 20 0 N/A April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak
April 13–16 2012 Great Plains, Great Lakes region 95 6 N/A April 13–16, 2012 tornado outbreak
June 23–26 2012 Florida 25 1 N/A 2012 Tropical Storm Debby tornado outbreak
August 27–September 4 2012 Midwest, Southern United States, Mid-Atlantic states 34 0 N/A 2012 Hurricane Isaac tornado outbreak
December 25–26 2012 Southern United States 26 0 N/A 2012 Christmas tornado outbreak
January 29–30 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 65 1 N/A January 29–30, 2013 tornado outbreak
February 10 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 8 0 February 10, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png February 10, 2013 tornado outbreak
April 7–11 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 28 1 N/A April 7–11, 2013 tornado outbreak
May 15–17 2013 Texas, Louisiana, Alabama 25 6 May 15–17, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png May 15–17, 2013 tornado outbreak
May 18–21 2013 Midwest, West South Central States 61 26 N/A May 18–21, 2013 tornado outbreak
May 26–31 2013 Midwest, West South Central States 93 9 May 26–31, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png May 26–31, 2013 tornado outbreak
June 12–13 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 26 0 June 12–13, 2013 derecho series outbreak map.png June 12–13, 2013 derecho series
October 3–7 2013 Midwest, Great Plains 22 0 October 2013 North American storm complex tornado map.png October 2013 North American storm complex
November 17 2013 Midwest 73 8 November 17, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png November 17, 2013 tornado outbreak
April 25 2014 North Carolina 9 1 April 2014 North Carolina tornado outbreak map.png April 2014 North Carolina tornado outbreak
April 27–30 2014 Midwest, Southern United States 80 35 April 27–30, 2014 tornado outbreak map.png April 27–30, 2014 tornado outbreak
June 16–18 2014 Midwest 52 2 N/A June 16–18, 2014 tornado outbreak

Canada[edit]

List of Canada tornadoes and tornado outbreaks – 1879–2014
Dates Year Region Tornadoes Fatalities Map Event Link
August 6 1879 Bouctouche, New Brunswick 1 5 N/A N/A
September 26 1898 St. Catharines, Ontario 1 5 N/A N/A
June 30 1912 Regina, Saskatchewan 1 28 N/A Regina Cyclone
June 17 1946 Windsor, Ontario, LaSalle, Ontario, Tecumseh, Ontario 1 17 N/A 1946 Windsor–Tecumseh, Ontario tornado
August 20 1970 Sudbury, Ontario 1 6 N/A Sudbury, Ontario tornado
April 3–4 1974 Ontario 1 9 N/A Super Outbreak
August 7 1979 Woodstock, Ontario 1 2 N/A 1979 Woodstock, Ontario tornado
May 31 1985 Ontario 13 12 N/A 1985 United States–Canada tornado outbreak
July 31 1987 Edmonton 1 27 N/A Edmonton tornado
April 20 1996 Ontario 3 0 N/A 1996 Southern Ontario tornadoes
July 2 1997 Ontario 13 7 N/A 1997 Southeast Michigan tornado outbreak
July 14 2000 Alberta 1 12 N/A Pine Lake tornado
August 19 2005 Ontario 3 0 N/A Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2005
August 2 2006 Ontario 11 0 N/A August 2, 2006 tornado outbreak
June 22 2007 Manitoba, Saskatchewan 5 0 N/A 2007 Elie, Manitoba tornado
August 20 2009 Ontario 18 1 N/A Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2009
June 5–6 2010 Ontario 6 0 N/A June 5–6, 2010 tornado outbreak
August 21 2011 Goderich, Ontario 1 1 N/A 2011 Goderich, Ontario tornado

Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, and other areas[edit]

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco tornado 13 August 1521 (Julian Calendar) Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco First recorded tornado in Americas[3]
Hondo Coal Mine tornado 10 May 1899 Northern Mexico ≥22 fatalities Deadliest Mexican tornado
1940 Bejucal tornado 26 December 1940 Cuba 12 fatalities Reportedly spawned during hurricane
1953 Bermuda tornadoes 5 April 1953 Bermuda 1 fatality, 9 injuries Possibly four separate tornadoes
1992 Panama City tornado 6 July 1992 Panama City 12 fatalities, >50 injuries Perhaps deadliest Panamanian tornado
2007 Piedras Negras-Eagle Pass tornadoes 24 April 2007 Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico 1 10 fatalities 15 missing, 300 houses destroyed, 1,000 homeless
Dominican Republic tornadoes 20 April 2008 Santo Domingo ≥2 fatalities At least 700 people were forced to seek temporary shelter when tornadoes damaged houses

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oldest Known Photo of a Tornado – August 28, 1884 at the Wayback Machine (archived May 30, 2009)
  2. ^ "This Day in Southeast Michigan Weather History - May 8". National Weather Service Detroit / Pontiac, Michigan. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 3, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  3. ^ Velasco Fuentes, Oscar (November 2010). "The Earliest Documented Tornado in the Americas". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91 (11): 1515–1523. doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2874.1. Retrieved April 18, 2010. 

External links[edit]