List of Oenothera species

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Subdivisions of the genus Oenothera in the Onagraceae (evening primrose) family :[1][2][3]

Section Anogra[edit]

Oenothera sect. Angora (Spach) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – western North America in dry, sandy soils in deserts, grasslands, and forest openings, up to 2000 m. elevation.[2]

  • Oenothera californica (S.Watson) S.Watson 1876 – California evening primrose
    • O. californica ssp. avita W.M.Klein 1962
    • O. californica ssp. californica
    • O. californica ssp. eurekensis (Munz & J.C.Roos) W.M.Klein 1962 – Eureka Dunes evening primrose
  • Oenothera deltoides Torr. & Frém. 1845 – birdcage evening primrose
    • O. deltoides ssp. ambigua (Munz) W.M.Klein 1962
    • O. deltoides ssp. cognata (Jeps.) W.M.Klein 1962
    • O. deltoides ssp. deltoides
    • O. deltoides ssp. howellii (Munz) W.M.Klein 1962 - Antioch Dunes evening primrose
    • O. deltoides ssp. piperi (Munz) W.M.Klein 1962
  • Oenothera pallida Lindl. 1828 – pale evening primrose, white buttercup (western North America)[8]
    • O. pallida ssp. gypsophila (Eastw.) Munz & W.M.Klein 1965 – whitepole evening primrose[9]
    • O. pallida ssp. pallida
    • O. pallida ssp. runcinata (Engelm.) Munz & W.M.Klein 1965
    • O. pallida ssp. trichocalyx (Nutt.) Munz & W.M.Klein 1965

Section Calylophus[edit]

Oenothera sect. Calylophus (Spach) W. L. Wagner & Hoch 2007 – in North American Great Plains and south to central Mexico.

subsect. Calylophus[edit]

  • Oenothera berlandieri (Spach) Steud. 1843 – Mexican evening primrose[11]
    • O. berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
    • O. berlandieri ssp. pinifolia (Engelm.) W. L. Wagner & Hoch 2007

subsect. Salpingia[edit]

  • Oenothera hartwegii Benth. 1839 – Hartweg's sundrops[13]
    • O. hartwegii ssp. fendleri (A.Gray) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. hartwegii ssp. filifolia (Eastw.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. hartwegii ssp. hartwegii
    • O. hartwegii ssp. maccartii (Shinners) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. hartwegii ssp. pubescens (A.Gray) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
  • Oenothera tubicula A.Gray 1852 – Texas sundrops[16]
    • O. tubicula ssp. strigulosa (Towner) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. tubicula ssp. tubicula

Section Contortae[edit]

Oenothera sect. Contortae W.L.Wagner 1987Sierra Nevadas of California, extending just into western Nevada.[17]

Section Eremia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Eremia W.L.Wagner 1986 – western North America, with a distribution in the Chihuahuan, Mojave, and Sonoran deserts.[18]

  • Oenothera primiveris A.Gray 1853 – desert evening primrose
    • O. primiveris ssp. bufonis (M.E. Jones) Munz 1965 – large yellow desert primrose[19]
    • O. primiveris ssp. primiveris

Section Gaura[edit]

Oenothera sect. Gaura (L.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – beeblossom (includes most of the taxa formerly placed in genus Gaura)[20][21]

subsect. Campogaura[edit]

  • Oenothera boquillensis (P.H.Raven & D.P.Greg.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – Rio Grande beeblossom (Texas & Mexico)

subsect. Gaura[edit]

  • Oenothera coloradensis (Rydb.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 (Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico)
    • O. coloradensis ssp. coloradensis – Colorado beeblossom or butterfly plant
    • O. coloradensis ssp. neomexicana (Wooton) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – New Mexico beeblossom
  • Oenothera demareei (P.H.Raven & D.P.Greg.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – Demaree's beeblossom
  • Oenothera hexandra (Ortega) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. hexandra ssp. gracilis (Wooton & Standl.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007
    • O. hexandra ssp. hexandra
  • Oenothera suffulta (Engelmann) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007[3]
    • O. suffulta ssp. suffulta
    • O. suffulta ssp. nealleyi (J. M. Coulter) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007

subsect. Gauridium[edit]

subsect. Schizocarya[edit]

subsect. Stenosiphon[edit]

subsect. Stipogaura[edit]

  • Oenothera cinerea (Wooton & Standl.) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – gaura-pilosa[24]
    • O. cinerea ssp. cinerea
    • O. cinerea ssp. parksii (Munz) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007

subsect. Xenogaura[edit]

subsect. Xerogaura[edit]

Section Gauropsis[edit]

Oenothera sect. Gauropsis (Torrey & Frémont) W.L.Wagner 1985 – Wyoming, western Nebraska, eastern Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas and the Texas Panhandle in the U.S. High Plains.[26]

Section Hartmannia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Hartmannia (Spach) W. L. Wagner & Hoch 2007 – Generally in Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. But O. speciosa extends into the U.S. Central Plains, and O. rosea extends to the Caribbean, and northern South America.[28]

  • Oenothera rosea L’Hér. ex Aiton 1789 – pink evening primrose, Rose of Mexico

Section Kleinia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Kleinia Munz 1965 – distributed over the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and southern portions of the Great Basin deserts to the Great Plains, from southern Utah to southeastern Montana and western North Dakota, and northern Mexico.[32]

Section Kneiffia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Kneiffia (Spach) Straley 1978 – eastern North America, at elevations up to 1900 m.[35]

  • Oenothera fruticosa L. 1753 – narrow-leaved or southern sundrops (eastern North America)[36]
    • O. fruticosa ssp. fruticosa – (more southern distribution)
    • O. fruticosa ssp. glauca (Michx.) Straley 1978 – (more northern distribution)
  • Oenothera pilosella Raf. 1820 – prairie sundrops, meadow evening primrose[39][40]
    • O. pilosella ssp. pilosella – (eastern North America)
    • O. pilosella ssp. sessilis (Pennell) Straley 1978 – (AR, LA, TX)

Section Lavauxia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Lavauxia (Spach) W. L. Wagner & Hoch 2007 – North and South America.

subsect. Australis[edit]

subsect. Lavauxia[edit]

  • Oenothera flava (A. Nelson) Garrett 1927 – yellow evening primrose (west & central North America)[48]
    • O. flava ssp. flava
    • O. flava ssp. taraxacoides (Woot. & Standl.) W.L.Wagner 1986

Section Leucocoryne[edit]

Oenothera sect. Leucocoryne W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – from southern Texas, through northern Mexico to the Trans-Volcanic Belt of central Mexico, southward to Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.[2]

Section Megapterium[edit]

Oenothera sect. Megapterium (Spach) W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – distributed in south-central North America.

Section Oenothera[edit]

Oenothera sect. Oenothera – distributed from Canada to Panama.[57]

subsect. Candela[edit]

subsect. Emersonia[edit]

subsect. Munzia[edit]

series Allochroa

  • Oenothera indecora Cambess. 1830
    • O. indecora ssp. boliviensis W.Dietr. 1978
    • O. indecora ssp. bonariensis W.Dietr. 1978
    • O. indecora ssp. indecora
  • Oenothera parodiana Munz 1933[60]
    • O. parodiana ssp. brasiliensis W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay)
    • O. parodiana ssp. parodiana – (Argentina)
    • O. parodiana ssp. strigulosa W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
  • Oenothera picensis Phil. 1891[61]
    • O. picensis ssp. bonariensis W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
    • O. picensis ssp. cordobensis W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
    • O. picensis ssp. picensis – (Chile)
  • Oenothera ravenii W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay)[62]
    • O. ravenii ssp. argentinae W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina, Brazil)
    • O. ravenii ssp. chilensis W.Dietr. 1978 – (Chile)
    • O. ravenii ssp. ravenii – (Brazil)
  • Oenothera stricta Ledeb. ex Link 1821[63]
    • O. stricta ssp. altissima W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
    • O. stricta ssp. argentinae W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
    • O. stricta ssp. stricta – (Chile)

series Clelandia

series Renneria

  • Oenothera scabra K.Krause 1905[64]
    • O. scabra ssp. scabra – (Bolivia, Peru)
    • O. scabra ssp. ucrosensis W.Dietr. 1978 – (Peru)
  • Oenothera tafiensis W.Dietr. 1978[65]
    • O. tafiensis ssp. parviflora W.Dietr. 1978 – (Argentina)
    • O. tafiensis ssp. tafiensis – (Argentina)

subsect. Nutantigemma[edit]

  • Oenothera pubescens Willd. ex Spreng. 1825 – South American evening primrose (southwestern U.S to western South America)

subsect. Oenothera[edit]

  • Oenothera elata Kunth 1823 – Hooker's evening primrose (western North America)
    • O. elata ssp. elata – (Mexico, Central America)
    • O. elata ssp. hirsutissima (A.Gray ex S.Watson) W.Dietr. 1983 – (western U.S.)
    • O. elata ssp. hookeri (Torr. & A.Gray) W.Dietr. & W.L.Wagner 1987
    • O. elata ssp. texensis W.Dietr. & W.L.Wagner 1987 – (Texas)
  • Oenothera nutans G.F.Atk. & Bartlett 1913 – nodding evening primrose (eastern North America)[69]
  • Oenothera oakesiana (A.Gray) J.W.Robbins ex S.Watson 1890 – Oakes' evening primrose (eastern North America)[70]
  • Oenothera villosa Thunb. 1794 – hairy evening primrose (North America)
    • O. villosa ssp. strigosa (Rydb.) W. Dietr. & P.H. Raven 1977
    • O. villosa ssp. villosa
  • Oenothera wolfii (Munz) P.H.Raven W.Dietr. & Stubbe 1980 – Wolf's evening primrose (California)

subsect. Raimannia[edit]

  • Oenothera laciniata Hill 1767 – cutleaf evening primrose (North & South America)
    • O. laciniata ssp. laciniata
    • O. laciniata ssp. pubescens (Willd. ex Spreng.) Munz 1965 – (Ecuador)[73]

Section Pachylophus[edit]

Oenothera sect. Pachylophus (Spach) W.L.Wagner 2005 – western North America.

  • Oenothera cespitosa Nutt.1813
    • O. cespitosa ssp. cespitosa – tufted evening primrose (western North America)
    • O. cespitosa ssp. crinita (Rydb.) Munz 1965 – tufted evening primrose (southwest North America)
    • O. cespitosa ssp. macroglottis (Rydb.) W.L.Wagner, Stockh. & W.M.Klein 1983 – tufted evening primrose (CO, NM, UT, WY)
    • O. cespitosa ssp. marginata (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Munz 1965 – tufted evening primrose
    • O. cespitosa ssp. navajoensis W.L.Wagner, Stockh, & W.M.Klein 1985 – Navajo evening primrose (AZ, NM, NV, UT)
  • Oenothera psammophila (A.Nels. & J.F.Macbr.) W.L.Wagner, Stockh. & W.M.Klein 1985 – St. Anthony Dunes evening primrose (Idaho)

Section Paradoxus[edit]

Oenothera sect. Paradoxus W. L. Wagner 1984 – distribution within the Chihuahuan Desert.[76]

Section Peniophyllum[edit]

Oenothera sect. Peniophyllum (Pennell) Munz 1937 – The single species is found in the southeastern U.S.

Section Ravenia[edit]

Oenothera sect. Ravenia W.L.Wagner 1986 – within Mexico.[78]

Section Xanthocoryne[edit]

Oenothera sect. Xanthocoryne W.L.Wagner & Hoch 2007 – from central Mexico to northern South America.[80]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oenothera USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) 2011-12-07
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Oenothera Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-07
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Onagraceae Wagner,W.L et al. Revised Classification of the Onagraceae (2007)
  4. ^ O. arizonica, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  5. ^ O. engelmannii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  6. ^ O. neomexicana, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  7. ^ O. nuttallii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  8. ^ O. pallida, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  9. ^ O. pallida ssp. gypsophila, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  10. ^ O. wigginsii North Carolina State University Herbarium 2011-12-07
  11. ^ O. berlandieri University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension. 2011-12-07
  12. ^ O. serrulata, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  13. ^ O. hartwegii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  14. ^ O. lavandulifolia, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  15. ^ O. toumeyi, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  16. ^ O. tubicula, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  17. ^ O. xylocarpa Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-07
  18. ^ O. sect. Eremia Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-06
  19. ^ O. primiveris ssp. bufonis Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation 2011-12-09
  20. ^ Common Names The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) 2011-12-13
  21. ^ O. sect. Gaura USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) 2011-12-09
  22. ^ O. filiformis University of Michigan Herbarium. 2011-12-07
  23. ^ O. curtiflora USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) 2011-12-08
  24. ^ O. cinerea USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) 2022-12-09
  25. ^ O. sinuosa USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) 2022-12-09
  26. ^ O. sect. Gauropsis Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-09
  27. ^ O. canescens, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  28. ^ O. sect. Hartmannia Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-09
  29. ^ O. deserticola Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-09
  30. ^ O. platanorum, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  31. ^ O. texensis, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  32. ^ O. sect. Kleinia Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-09
  33. ^ O. albicaulis Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden 2011-12-09
  34. ^ O. coronopifolia Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden 2011-12-09
  35. ^ O. sect. Kneiffia Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-09
  36. ^ O. fruticosa Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-09
  37. ^ O. perennis, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  38. ^ O. perennis Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-09
  39. ^ O. pilosella Prairie Wildflowers of Illinois 2011-12-08
  40. ^ O. pilosella, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  41. ^ Richard Dwight Porcher & Douglas Alan Rayner: A guide to the wildflowers of South Carolina, p.292 (2001)
  42. ^ O. riparia Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-11
  43. ^ O. spachiana Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, Native Plant Database 2011-12-11
  44. ^ O. acaulis Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-07
  45. ^ O. centauriifolia Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-07
  46. ^ O. centaurifolia Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden 2011-12-09
  47. ^ O. acutissima, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  48. ^ O. flava, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  49. ^ O. triloba, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-07 
  50. ^ O. dissecta Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-09
  51. ^ O. kunthiana Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-09
  52. ^ O. tetraptera Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-09
  53. ^ O. brachycarpa, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2010-12-09 
  54. ^ O. howardii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  55. ^ O. macrocarpa Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-09
  56. ^ O. macrocarpa, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  57. ^ O. sect. Oenothera Wagner, W. L. and P. C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-08
  58. ^ O. clelandii Prairie Wildflowers of Illinois 2011-12-08
  59. ^ O. heterophylla, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-09 
  60. ^ O. parodiana Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  61. ^ O. picensis Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  62. ^ O. ravenii Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  63. ^ O. stricta Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  64. ^ O. scabra Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  65. ^ O. tafiensis Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  66. ^ O. argillicola, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-10 
  67. ^ O. glazioviana, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-10 
  68. ^ O. jamesii, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-10 
  69. ^ O. nutans, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-10 
  70. ^ O. oakesiana, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-10 
  71. ^ O. drummondii Wagner, W.L. and P.C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10
  72. ^ O. falfurriae Wagner, W.L. and P.C. Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10
  73. ^ O. laciniata ssp. pubescens Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  74. ^ O. mexicana Wagner,W.L. and P.C.Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10
  75. ^ O. brandegeei Wagner,W.L. and P.C.Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family 2011-12-10
  76. ^ O. sect. Paradoxus Wagner,W.L. and P.C.Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10
  77. ^ O linifolia, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Profile, 2011-12-11 
  78. ^ O. sect. Ravenia Wagner,W.L. and P.C.Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10
  79. ^ O. tubifera Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2011-12-10
  80. ^ O. sect. Xanthocoryne Wagner,W.L. and P.C.Hoch. 2005-. Onagraceae, The Evening Primrose Family. 2011-12-10