List of counties in Oklahoma

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There are 77 counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Oklahoma is ranked 20th size and 17th in the number of counties, between Mississippi with 82 counties and Arkansas with 75 counties.[1]

Oklahoma originally had seven counties (Logan, Cleveland, Oklahoma, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver) when it was first organized as the Oklahoma Territory. These counties were designated numerically, first through seventh. New counties added after this were designated by letters of the alphabet. The first seven counties were later renamed. The Oklahoma Constitutional Convention named all of the counties that were formed when Oklahoma entered statehood in 1907. Only two counties have been formed since then.[2]

According to the Oklahoma Constitution, a county can be disorganized if the sum of all taxable property is less than two and a half million dollars. If so, then a petition must be signed by one-fourth of the population and then a vote would occur. If a majority vote for dissolution of the county, the county will be combined with an adjacent county with the lowest valuation of taxable property.[3]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

The Area in these tables is land area, and does not include water area.

Oklahoma's postal abbreviation is OK and its FIPS state code is 40.

Alphabetical list[edit]

County
FIPS code
[4]
County seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Origin
Etymology
[6]
Population
[7]
Area
[5]
Map
Adair County 001 Stilwell 1907 Cherokee lands[8] William Penn Adair, Cherokee tribal leader and Confederate colonel in the American Civil War [8] 22,683 576 sq mi
(1,492 km2)
State map highlighting Adair County
Alfalfa County 003 Cherokee 1907 Woods County William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, ninth Governor of Oklahoma[9] 5,642 867 sq mi
(2,246 km2)
State map highlighting Alfalfa County
Atoka County 005 Atoka 1907 Choctaw lands Captain Atoka, a noted Choctaw leader and signer of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek[10] 14,182 978 sq mi
(2,533 km2)
State map highlighting Atoka County
Beaver County 007 Beaver 1890 Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)[11] The Beaver River[12] 5,636 1,814 sq mi
(4,698 km2)
State map highlighting Beaver County
Beckham County 009 Sayre 1907 Greer County and Roger Mills County[13] J. C. W. Beckham, Governor of Kentucky[13] 22,119 902 sq mi
(2,336 km2)
State map highlighting Beckham County
Blaine County 011 Watonga 1890 Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation.[14] James G. Blaine, Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senator and Secretary of State[15] 11,943 929 sq mi
(2,406 km2)
State map highlighting Blaine County
Bryan County 013 Durant 1907 Choctaw lands William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State, famous orator and three-time U.S. Presidential candidate[16] 42,416 909 sq mi
(2,354 km2)
State map highlighting Bryan County
Caddo County 015 Anadarko 1901 Indian Territory From Indian word "Kaddi" meaning life or chief[17] 29,600 1,278 sq mi
(3,310 km2)
State map highlighting Caddo County
Canadian County 017 El Reno 1901 Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation[18] The Canadian River.[19] 115,541 900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
State map highlighting Canadian County
Carter County 019 Ardmore 1907 Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation A prominent family of early settlers[20] 47,557 824 sq mi
(2,134 km2)
State map highlighting Carter County
Cherokee County 021 Tahlequah 1907 Originally settled by Cherokee Indians following the Trail of Tears Cherokee Nation of Indians[21] 46,987 751 sq mi
(1,945 km2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Choctaw County 023 Hugo 1907 Choctaw Nation Choctaw Nation of Indians[22] 15,205 774 sq mi
(2,005 km2)
State map highlighting Choctaw County
Cimarron County 025 Boise City 1907 Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)[11] Cimarron River[23] 2,475 1,835 sq mi
(4,753 km2)
State map highlighting Cimarron County
Cleveland County 027 Norman 1890 County 3 in Oklahoma Territory. Grover Cleveland, twice President of the United States[24] 255,755 536 sq mi
(1,388 km2)
State map highlighting Cleveland County
Coal County 029 Coalgate 1907 Tobucksy County, Choctaw Nation Coal, the primary economic product of the region at the time[25] 5,925 518 sq mi
(1,342 km2)
State map highlighting Coal County
Comanche County 031 Lawton 1907 Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache reservation Spanish "Camino Ancho", meaning broad trail[26] 124,098 1,069 sq mi
(2,769 km2)
State map highlighting Comanche County
Cotton County 033 Walters 1912 Lands of Quapaws, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Comanche Reservation, and Big Pasture The principal economic base of the county, cotton[27] 6,193 637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
State map highlighting Cotton County
Craig County 035 Vinita 1907 Cherokee Nation Granville Craig, a prominent Cherokee planter[28] 15,029 761 sq mi
(1,971 km2)
State map highlighting Craig County
Creek County 037 Sapulpa 1907 Creek Nation Creek Nation of Indians[29] 69,967 956 sq mi
(2,476 km2)
State map highlighting Creek County
Custer County 039 Arapaho 1891 Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation George A. Custer, United States Army cavalry commander during the Indian Wars[30] 27,469 987 sq mi
(2,556 km2)
State map highlighting Custer County
Delaware County 041 Jay 1907 Delaware District of Cherokee Nation Delaware Nation of Indians [2] 41,487 741 sq mi
(1,919 km2)
State map highlighting Delaware County
Dewey County 043 Taloga 1892 Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation Admiral George Dewey, hero of the Spanish-American War [31] 4,810 1,000 sq mi
(2,590 km2)
State map highlighting Dewey County
Ellis County 045 Arnett 1907 Roger Mills and Woodward counties Albert H. Ellis, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and first state Legislature[32] 4,151 1,229 sq mi
(3,183 km2)
State map highlighting Ellis County
Garfield County 047 Enid 1893 Cherokee Outlet James Garfield, President of the United States[33] 60,580 1,058 sq mi
(2,740 km2)
State map highlighting Garfield County
Garvin County 049 Pauls Valley 1907 Chickasaw Nation Samuel Garvin, a prominent Chickasaw Indian and local merchant[34] 27,576 809 sq mi
(2,095 km2)
State map highlighting Garvin County
Grady County 051 Chickasha 1907 Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta Constitution[35] 52,431 1,101 sq mi
(2,852 km2)
State map highlighting Grady County
Grant County 053 Medford 1892 Originally "L" county Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States[36] 4,527 1,001 sq mi
(2,593 km2)
State map highlighting Grant County
Greer County 055 Mangum 1896 Greer County, Texas John Alexander Greer, Lieutenant Governor of Texas[37] 6,239 639 sq mi
(1,655 km2)
State map highlighting Greer County
Harmon County 057 Hollis 1909 Greer County Judson Harmon, U.S. Attorney General and Governor of Ohio[38] 2,922 538 sq mi
(1,393 km2)
State map highlighting Harmon County
Harper County 059 Buffalo 1893 Woodward County Oscar G. Harper, clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention[39] 3,685 1,039 sq mi
(2,691 km2)
State map highlighting Harper County
Haskell County 061 Stigler 1907 San Bois County of the Choctaw Nation Charles N. Haskell, first Governor of Oklahoma[40] 12,769 577 sq mi
(1,494 km2)
State map highlighting Haskell County
Hughes County 063 Holdenville 1907 Choctaw Nation and Creek Nation lands William C. Hughes, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention[2][41] 14,003 807 sq mi
(2,090 km2)
State map highlighting Hughes County
Jackson County 065 Altus 1907 Greer County Either Stonewall Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War[42] or Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States[2] 26,446 803 sq mi
(2,080 km2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County 067 Waurika 1907 Comanche County and part of Chickasaw Nation Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States[43] 6,472 759 sq mi
(1,966 km2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Johnston County 069 Tishomingo 1907 Chickasaw Nation land Douglas H. Johnston, Governor of the Chickasaw Nation[44] 10,957 645 sq mi
(1,671 km2)
State map highlighting Johnston County
Kay County 071 Newkirk 1895 Cherokee Strip Originally designated as county "K"[45] 46,562 919 sq mi
(2,380 km2)
State map highlighting Kay County
Kingfisher County 073 Kingfisher 1907 Unassigned Lands Either for the kingfisher bird[2] or King David Fisher, an early settler in the area[46] 15,034 903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
State map highlighting Kingfisher County
Kiowa County 075 Hobart 1901 Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Indian Reservations Kiowa Nation of Indians [47] 9,446 1,015 sq mi
(2,629 km2)
State map highlighting Kiowa County
Latimer County 077 Wilburton 1907 Choctaw Nation land James S. Latimer, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention[48] 11,154 722 sq mi
(1,870 km2)
State map highlighting Latimer County
Le Flore County 079 Poteau 1907 Choctaw Nation[49] A Choctaw Indian family of French descent[2] 50,384 1,586 sq mi
(4,108 km2)
State map highlighting Le Flore County
Lincoln County 081 Chandler 1891 County A in Oklahoma Territory Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States 34,273 959 sq mi
(2,484 km2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
Logan County 083 Guthrie 1891 County 1 in Oklahoma Territory John A. Logan, American Civil War general 41,848 745 sq mi
(1,930 km2)
State map highlighting Logan County
Love County 085 Marietta 1907 Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory Overton Love, Chickasaw judge and prominent landowner 9,423 515 sq mi
(1,334 km2)
State map highlighting Love County
Major County 093 Fairview 1909 Woods County, Oklahoma Territory John C. Major, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention 7,527 957 sq mi
(2,479 km2)
State map highlighting Major County
Marshall County 095 Madill 1907 Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory[50] The maiden name of a member of the Constitutional Convention's mother 15,840 371 sq mi
(961 km2)
State map highlighting Marshall County
Mayes County 097 Pryor 1907 Saline District, Cherokee Nation[51] Cherokee leader Samuel Houston Mayes 41,259 656 sq mi
(1,699 km2)
State map highlighting Mayes County
McClain County 087 Purcell 1907 Choctaw Nation land Charles M. McClain, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention 34,506 570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
State map highlighting McClain County
McCurtain County 089 Idabel 1907 [19] The McCurtain family, a prominent Choctaw landowning group 33,151 1,852 sq mi
(4,797 km2)
State map highlighting McCurtain County
McIntosh County 091 Eufaula 1907 Choctaw Nation land[52] The McIntosh family, a prominent Creek landowning group 20,252 620 sq mi
(1,606 km2)
State map highlighting McIntosh County
Murray County 099 Sulphur 1907 Chickasaw Nation land Governor of Oklahoma William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray 13,488 418 sq mi
(1,083 km2)
State map highlighting Murray County
Muskogee County 101 Muskogee 1907 Muskogee District of Creek Nation and part of Illinois and Canadian Districts of Cherokee Nation[53] Muskogee Nation of Indians 70,990 814 sq mi
(2,108 km2)
State map highlighting Muskogee County
Noble County 103 Perry 1897 County P in Oklahoma Territory.[54] U.S. Secretary of the Interior John W. Noble 11,561 732 sq mi
(1,896 km2)
State map highlighting Noble County
Nowata County 105 Nowata 1907 Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation[55] The town of Nowata, Oklahoma. The exact origin is unknown, but the two most common stories are that railroad surveyors used the Delaware word noweta for welcome or that a sign was posted indicating that local springs had no water: No wata 10,536 565 sq mi
(1,463 km2)
State map highlighting Nowata County
Okfuskee County 107 Okemah 1907 Creek Nation land Creek town of the same name in Cleburn County, Alabama 12,191 625 sq mi
(1,619 km2)
State map highlighting Okfuskee County
Oklahoma County 109 Oklahoma City 1891 Unassigned Lands in Indian Territory, the County 2 in Oklahoma Territory[56] From two Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning people and red 718,633 709 sq mi
(1,836 km2)
State map highlighting Oklahoma County
Okmulgee County 111 Okmulgee 1907 Creek Nation land Creek word meaning boiling water 40,069 697 sq mi
(1,805 km2)
State map highlighting Okmulgee County
Osage County 113 Pawhuska 1907 Contiguous with Osage Reservation The Osage Indian Reservation, inhabited by the Osage Nation 47,472 2,251 sq mi
(5,830 km2)
State map highlighting Osage County
Ottawa County 115 Miami 1907 Multiple tribal reservations in Indian Territory.[57] Ottawa Native American people 31,848 471 sq mi
(1,220 km2)
State map highlighting Ottawa County
Pawnee County 117 Pawnee 1897 Cherokee Outlet, then County Q in Oklahoma Territory[58] The Skidi Pawnee Native American people 16,577 570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
State map highlighting Pawnee County
Payne County 119 Stillwater 1890 County 6 in Oklahoma Territory in 1889, renamed to Payne County in 1907[59] David L. Payne, the key figure in opening Oklahoma to white settlement 77,350 686 sq mi
(1,777 km2)
State map highlighting Payne County
Pittsburg County 121 McAlester 1907 Choctaw Nation land[60] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 45,837 1,306 sq mi
(3,383 km2)
State map highlighting Pittsburg County
Pontotoc County 123 Ada 1907 Chickasaw Nation[61] Pontotoc is a Chickasaw word meaning cat tails growing on the prairie 37,492 720 sq mi
(1,865 km2)
State map highlighting Pontotoc County
Pottawatomie County 125 Shawnee 1891 Creek Nation and Seminole Nation lands.[62] The Pottawatomie Native American people 69,442 788 sq mi
(2,041 km2)
State map highlighting Pottawatomie County
Pushmataha County 127 Antlers 1907 Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation[63] The Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation 11,572 1,397 sq mi
(3,618 km2)
State map highlighting Pushmataha County
Roger Mills County 129 Cheyenne 1895 County F in Oklahoma Territory[64] U.S. Senator Roger Q. Mills 3,647 1,142 sq mi
(2,958 km2)
State map highlighting Roger Mills County
Rogers County 131 Claremore 1907 Cooweescoowee District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory[65] Clem V. Rogers, a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and the father of entertainer Will Rogers 86,905 675 sq mi
(1,748 km2)
State map highlighting Rogers County
Seminole County 133 Wewoka 1907 Seminole Nation[66] The Seminole Native American people 25,482 632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
State map highlighting Seminole County
Sequoyah County 135 Sallisaw 1907 Sequoyah District and part of Illinois District, Cherokee Nation Sequoyah (George Guess), invented the Cherokee syllabary[67] 42,391 674 sq mi
(1,746 km2)
State map highlighting Sequoyah County
Stephens County 137 Duncan 1907 Comanche County, Oklahoma Territory John Hall Stephens, a Texas congressman and advocate of Oklahoma statehood 45,048 877 sq mi
(2,271 km2)
State map highlighting Stephens County
Texas County 139 Guymon 1907 Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)[11] The neighboring U.S. state of Texas 20,640 2,037 sq mi
(5,276 km2)
State map highlighting Texas County
Tillman County 141 Frederick 1907 Comanche County, Oklahoma[68] U.S. Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina 7,992 872 sq mi
(2,258 km2)
State map highlighting Tillman County
Tulsa County 143 Tulsa 1907 Cherokee Nation and Creek Nation land. Derived from Tulsey Town, Alabama, an old Creek settlement. 603,403 570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
State map highlighting Tulsa County
Wagoner County 145 Wagoner 1907 Cherokee Nation land[69] Bailey P. Waggoner, attorney of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, which established the town of Wagoner[6] 73,085 563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
State map highlighting Wagoner County
Washington County 147 Bartlesville 1907 Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation.[70] First President of the United States George Washington 50,976 417 sq mi
(1,080 km2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Washita County 149 Cordell 1897 County H in Oklahoma Territory[71] The Washita River 11,629 1,004 sq mi
(2,600 km2)
State map highlighting Washita County
Woods County 151 Alva 1893 County M in Oklahoma Territory.[72] Kansas populist and territorial legislator Samuel Newitt Wood 8,878 1,287 sq mi
(3,333 km2)
State map highlighting Woods County
Woodward County 153 Woodward 1893 County N in Oklahoma Territory[73] Santa Fe Railroad director B. W. Woodward 20,081 1,242 sq mi
(3,217 km2)
State map highlighting Woodward County

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How Many Counties are in Your State?". Click and Learn. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma". Chronicles of Oklahoma 2 (1): 75–82. March 1924. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  3. ^ "The Constitution of the State of Oklahoma," Article XVII, Section 5. http://oklegal.onenet.net/okcon/XVII-5.html. Accessed on 2007-02-28.
  4. ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b c National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ a b Oklahoma Historical Society. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma", Chronicles of Oklahoma 2:1 (March 1924) 75-82 (retrieved August 18, 2006)
  7. ^ "P1 Population Total - All counties within Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ a b Whitaker, Rachel, "Adair County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 21, 2010).
  9. ^ "Alfalfa" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  10. ^ "Atoka" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  11. ^ a b c Turner, Kenneth, "No Man's Land," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 21, 2010).
  12. ^ "Beaver" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  13. ^ a b "Beckham" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  14. ^ Wilson, Linda D., "Blaine County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed June 21, 2010).
  15. ^ "Blaine" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  16. ^ "Bryan" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  17. ^ "Caddo" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  18. ^ "Canadian" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  19. ^ a b Oklahoma Historical Society. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma", Chronicles of Oklahoma 2:1 (March 1924) 75-82 (retrieved August 18, 2006).
  20. ^ "Carter" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  21. ^ "Cherokee" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  22. ^ "Choctaw" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  23. ^ "Cimarron" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  24. ^ "Cleveland" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  25. ^ "Coal" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  26. ^ "Comanche" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  27. ^ "Cotton" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  28. ^ "Craig" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  29. ^ "Creek" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  30. ^ "Custer" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  31. ^ "Dewey" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  32. ^ Debo, Angie. "Albert H. Ellis" (PDF). Chronicles of Oklahoma. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  33. ^ "Garfield" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  34. ^ "Garvin" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  35. ^ "Grady" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  36. ^ "Grant" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  37. ^ "Greer" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  38. ^ "Harmon" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  39. ^ "Harper" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  40. ^ "Haskell" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  41. ^ "Hughes" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  42. ^ "Jackson" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  43. ^ "Jefferson" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  44. ^ "Johnston" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  45. ^ "Kay" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  46. ^ "Kingfisher" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  47. ^ "Kiowa" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  48. ^ "Latimer" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  49. ^ "Le Flore" (PDF). Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online. Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  50. ^ O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Marshall County." Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  51. ^ Carney, Amanda. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Mayes County." Retrieved September 14, 2011.
  52. ^ Coleman, Louis. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "McCurtain County." Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  53. ^ Mullins, Jonita. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Muskogee County." Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  54. ^ Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Noble County." Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  55. ^ Cheatham, Gary L. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture: "Nowata County." Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  56. ^ Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Oklahoma County." Accessed September 17. 2009
  57. ^ O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. "Ottawa County." Retrieved February 16, 2009.
  58. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pawnee County" Retrieved February 26,/2011
  59. ^ Newsome, D. Earl. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Payne County." Retrieved March 29, 2012.[1]
  60. ^ O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pittsburg County." Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  61. ^ Turner, Alvin O. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pontotoc County." Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  62. ^ Mullins, William H. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pottawatomie County." Retrieved February 26, 2011
  63. ^ Milligan, James C. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pushamataha County." Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  64. ^ Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. "Roger Mills County". Oklahoma Historical Society.
  65. ^ Thomas, Sarah C. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture "Rogers County. Retrieved September 19, 2011."[2]
  66. ^ Mullins, William H. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Seminole County." Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  67. ^ Anderson, William L. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Sequoyah County." Accessed May 23, 2012.
  68. ^ Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Tillman County." Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  69. ^ McMahan, Liz. "Wagoner County - Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  70. ^ May, Jon D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Washington County."[3]
  71. ^ O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Washita County."
  72. ^ Reichenberger, Donovan. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Woods County." Retrieved January 1, 2013.[4]
  73. ^ Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Woodward County." Accessed September 12, 2013