List of universities in Canada

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Universities in Canada's provinces and territories

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC), an organisation composed of Canadian universities, defines two distinct types of post-secondary institutions in Canada: universities and colleges. Universities grant university degrees, which include bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees; and colleges, also known as community colleges, provide diplomas.[1]

Canada's post-secondary opportunities revolve around a wide range of university options. Throughout Canada's 13 provinces and territories, there are 98 universities to choose from. With a population of over 34 million as of 2012,[2] 1.8 million are enrolled in a specific University.[3] This averages out to 25 thousand students per university. Programs are offered to graduating high school students through choice, however, students must maintain specific entering averages, which generally range from 65-85%, depending on criteria set by the chosen university. On campus residences are available at 95% of universities in Canada.[4] Most include a meal plan and general utilities. Residence is optional at all post-secondary campuses.[citation needed]

Degree programs last 4 years in addition to possible co-op opportunities and college affiliation for a hands-on approach to programs. Tuition is based on program material and content which varies in price. A first year student will experience a broad range of courses while "program specific courses" begin in year two, based on internal university acceptance. In other words, a set GPA (Grade Point Average) must be achieved in order to advance.[citation needed]

Universities by province[edit]

The University of Alberta has the largest number of graduate students enrolled in Alberta.

Alberta[edit]

Post-secondary education in Alberta is regulated by the Ministry of Enterprise and Advanced Education.[5] There are six universities in Alberta, eleven public colleges, two polytechnical institutes (which grant degrees), and seven private colleges (all of which grant degrees). Most private colleges refer to themselves as "university colleges", but are not legally universities, although they grant equivalent degrees.[5]

Edmonton, the province's capital city, is home to the University of Alberta, the province's oldest and largest university, and Grant MacEwan University. There are also two universities in Calgary: University of Calgary and Mount Royal University (although the University of Lethbridge has a campus downtown as well).

In 2009, a bill was passed by the Alberta legislature that allowed the two public colleges that offered degrees (MacEwan College in Edmonton and Mount Royal College in Calgary) to rename themselves universities.[6] Mount Royal College was renamed Mount Royal University on September 3, 2009 [7] and Grant MacEwan College became Grant MacEwan University on September 24, 2009.[8]

The University of British Columbia has the largest number of students enrolled in western Canada
Established in 1818, the Université de Saint-Boniface is the oldest university in the province, and the only French language university in western Canada.

British Columbia[edit]

There are eleven public universities and five private universities in British Columbia. Eight of these universities – Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, New York Institute of Technology, Trinity Western University, Simon Fraser University, and the University of British Columbia – are in the Metro Vancouver region, the most populated region of British Columbia (with the exception of the University of British Columbia Okanagan - the major UBC campus located in the Okanagan Valley), and four of them – Vancouver Island University, Royal Roads University, the University of Victoria, and the University Canada West – are on Vancouver Island. The University of Northern British Columbia houses a main campus in Prince George, with regional campuses in Quesnel, Terrace and Fort St. John. Two public universities, Capilano University and Kwantlen Polytechnic University, and one private university, Quest University, are primarily undergraduate institutions.

The oldest university in the province is the University of British Columbia, established in 1908.[9] Five institutions in British Columbia were officially designated as universities on September 1, 2008:[10] Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, the University of the Fraser Valley, and Vancouver Island University. University enrolment in British Columbia ranges from Quest University with 350 students to the University of British Columbia with 45,484 students.

The biggest provider of online and distance education in BC is Thompson Rivers University, Open Learning (TRU-OL). With over 400 individual courses and more than 57 programs available for completion by distance and online learning, students can take a variety of programs such as: adult secondary school completion; certificates and diplomas, including advanced and post-baccalaureate; associate degrees; and bachelor's degrees. Considering distance students, Thompson Rivers University's enrolment is 22,036 (8964 of which is distance).

Manitoba[edit]

There are seven universities in Manitoba, which are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Literacy.[11] Five of these universities—Booth University College, Canadian Mennonite University, the University of Manitoba, the University of Winnipeg, and the Université de Saint-Boniface—are in Winnipeg, the capital and largest city in the province. The Université de Saint-Boniface, established in 1818, is the oldest university in the province and is the only French language university in western Canada. Booth University College, formed in 1982, is one of the newest. University enrolment in Manitoba ranges from Booth University College with 300 students to the University of Manitoba with 26,800 students. Brandon University is located in the Western-Manitoba city of Brandon, Manitoba.

The University of New Brunswick has the largest student enrolment in the province.

New Brunswick[edit]

There are eight chartered universities in New Brunswick; four public universities,[12] governed by the Ministry of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour,[13] and four private institutions including an online university, Yorkville University. New Brunswick holds the distinctions of having the first English-language university in Canada and the first public university in North America, (the University of New Brunswick);[14] and also the first university in the British Empire to have award a bachelor's degree to a woman, (Mount Allison University) in 1875.[15] St. Thomas University and University of New Brunswick have campuses in the province's capital of Fredericton and UNB also maintains a campus in Saint John. St. Thomas University is the only public university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs. Established in 1785, the University of New Brunswick is the oldest public in the province, and the Université de Moncton is the newest, formed in 1963. Public university enrolment ranges from Mount Allison University with 2,486 students to the University of New Brunswick with 10,587 students. Of the three private universities, Crandall University is the largest with enrolment expected to reach 1,200.

Memorial University of Newfoundland is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

The Degree Granting Act of Newfoundland and Labrador regulates degree-granting universities in the province.[16] The only university in Newfoundland and Labrador,[12] Memorial University of Newfoundland, has campuses in two cities, in St. John's, the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, and on the west coast of the province, in Corner Brook. With 18,172 enrolled students, it is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.[17]

The University of King's College is the oldest university in Nova Scotia.

Nova Scotia[edit]

There are 10 universities in Nova Scotia.[18] Six of these – the Atlantic School of Theology, Dalhousie University, Mount Saint Vincent University, the NSCAD University, Saint Mary's University, and the University of King's College – are located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, which is the capital of Nova Scotia and the largest urban area in Atlantic Canada. The oldest university in the province is the University of King's College, established in 1789, and the newest is Cape Breton University, established in 1974. University student enrolment in Nova Scotia ranges from 125 students at the Atlantic School of Theology to more than 18,000 at Dalhousie University.

Several universities in Nova Scotia have strong religious connections. The University of King's College, originally founded in Windsor, was the first college to obtain university powers in British North America, at a time when Upper Canada had no government of its own. It has always remained under the control of the Church of England. Dalhousie University, originally known as Dalhousie College, was established in Halifax in 1820 with the help of the Presbyterian Church, and Acadia University was founded by Baptists. Catholics formed Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, and Saint Francis Xavier University.[19]

Université Sainte-Anne, the tenth university, is located in Pointe-de-l'Église and instructs its academic courses in French.

The University of Toronto has the greatest student population in any university in Canada.

Ontario[edit]

There are 23 publicly funded universities in the Canadian province of Ontario that are post-secondary education institutions with degree-granting authority.[20] There are also 17 privately funded, religious universities.[21] Each of these institutions were either established through an Act of the Legislative Assembly or through a Royal Charter.[22] Students apply to public universities in Ontario through the Ontario Universities' Application Centre.

The oldest university, the University of Toronto, was established in 1827, and the newest university, Algoma University, was established in 2008. The largest university in terms of enrolment is the University of Toronto, which has campuses in three locations: St. George Campus (the university's main campus), Scarborough Campus, and Mississauga Campus.[23]

Established in 1663, Université Laval is the oldest post-secondary institution in Canada.
McGill University is the oldest anglophone university in the province of Quebec

Prince Edward Island[edit]

There is one university in Prince Edward Island that is authorized to grant degrees.[12] Higher education in the province falls under the jurisdiction of the Higher Education and Corporate Services Branch within the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development.[24] The only university in the province, the University of Prince Edward Island, is in the province's capital of Charlottetown. The institution resulted from an amalgamation of Prince of Wales College, a former university college founded in 1834, and Saint Dunstan's University, founded in 1855.[25]


Quebec[edit]

There are 18 universities in the largely French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, all of them accredited by the Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités du Québec.[26] Of the eighteen universities, only three are anglophoneConcordia University, McGill University and Bishop's University -, the rest (15) are francophone- École de technologie supérieure, École Polytechnique de Montréal, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, and Université du Québec à Montréal – are located in Montreal, the most populated city in Quebec, and four of them – École nationale d'administration publique, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, TÉLUQ and Université Laval – are based in Quebec City, the province's capital. The Institut national de la recherche scientifique and École nationale d'administration publique do not offer undergraduate level programs.

The oldest university in the province is Université Laval, established in 1663. The most recent institutions are : Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (1983), Concordia University (1974), École de technologie supérieure (1974), Téluq (1972, merged with UQÀM in 2005, split in 2012). University enrolment in the province of Quebec ranges from the Institut national de la recherche scientifique with 480 students to the Université de Montréal with 55,540 students (but this figure actually includes HEC and Polytechnique, which are legally distinct universities).

The University of Saskatchewan holds the highest enrolment numbers out of any university in the province.

Saskatchewan[edit]

There are three universities in Saskatchewan.[12] The Government of Saskatchewan must establish statutes individually to degree-granting universities; these statutes outline the authority of each institution, their regulations, and bylaws.[27] The First Nations University of Canada and the University of Regina are both in Regina, the province's capital, and the University of Saskatchewan is in Saskatoon, the most populous city in Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan is the oldest university in the province, founded in 1907, and the First Nations University of Canada is the newest, established in 1976. The University of Saskatchewan is also the largest university in Saskatchewan with 18,620 students, and the First Nations University of Canada (FNUC) is the smallest with 840 students. The First Nations University is the only Canadian university that caters to the needs of First Nations students. It was originally called the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, and once formed, it entered into a federated agreement with the University of Regina to create the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College (SIFC). This Agreement allowed FNUC to become an independently administered university-college that served First Nations students.[28] The First Nations University of Canada is the only university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs.

Accreditation[edit]

Unlike the United States, Canada does not have national accreditation organizations for its universities.[29] After the Simon Fraser Clan became the first non-American teams to join the American National Collegiate Athletic Association, in 2008 the university applied to the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, which accredits universities in the northwest of the United States. According to Simon Fraser, US accreditation will "simplify our relationships with US institutions, including government, foundations and collegiate sports associations", and "enhance the value of an SFU degree for alumni abroad and for international students returning home".[30]

List of public universities[edit]

Name City Province Language Established Undergraduates Post-graduates Total Students Notes
Athabasca University Athabasca, Calgary, Edmonton Alberta E 1970 36,240 3,460 39,700 [31]
Grant MacEwan University Edmonton Alberta E 1971 18,897 0 18,897 [32]
Mount Royal University Calgary Alberta E 1910 24,768 0 24,768 [33]
University of Alberta Edmonton, Camrose, Calgary Alberta B 1906 31,904 7,598 39,502 [34]
University of Calgary Calgary, Edmonton Alberta E 1966 23,320 6,540 29,860 [35]
University of Lethbridge Lethbridge, Edmonton, Calgary Alberta E 1967 7,930 300 8,230 [36]
Capilano University North Vancouver British Columbia E 1968 7,500 0 7,500 [37]
Emily Carr University of Art and Design Vancouver British Columbia E 1925 1,870 28 1,898 [38]
Kwantlen Polytechnic University Richmond, Surrey, Langley, and Cloverdale British Columbia E 1981 16,811 0 16,811 [39]
Royal Roads University Victoria British Columbia E 1995 887 3,385 4,272 [40]
Simon Fraser University Burnaby, Surrey, Vancouver British Columbia E 1965 29,697 5,507 35,204 [41]
Thompson Rivers University Kamloops British Columbia E 1970 13,072 100 13,172 [42]
University of British Columbia Vancouver, Kelowna British Columbia E 1908 41,700 8,630 50,330 [43]
University of Victoria Victoria British Columbia E 1963 18,863 3,542 22,405 [44]
University of the Fraser Valley Abbotsford, Chilliwack and Mission British Columbia E 1974 8,124 40 8,164 [45]
University of Northern British Columbia Prince George British Columbia E 1990 3,068 490 3,558 [46]
Vancouver Island University Nanaimo, Duncan, Parksville, Powell River British Columbia E 1969 6,116 163 6,279 [47]
Brandon University Brandon Manitoba E 1899 3,140 120 3,260 [48]
University College of the North The Pas, Thompson Manitoba E 1966 2,400 0 2,400 [49]
University of Manitoba Winnipeg Manitoba B 1877 23,640 3,160 26,800 [50]
University of Winnipeg Winnipeg Manitoba E 1871 9,394 453 9,847 [51]
Université de Saint-Boniface Winnipeg Manitoba F 1818 930 54 984 [52]
Mount Allison University Sackville New Brunswick E 1839 2,678 16 2,694 [53]
St. Thomas University Fredericton New Brunswick E 1910 2,494 0 2,494 [53]
University of New Brunswick Fredericton, Saint John New Brunswick E 1785 9,061 1,577 10,638 [53]
Université de Moncton Moncton, Shippagan, Edmundston New Brunswick F 1963 5,281 683 5,964 [53]
Memorial University of Newfoundland St. John's, Corner Brook, Harlow, UK Newfoundland and Labrador E 1925 15,418 3,495 18,913 [53]
Acadia University Wolfville Nova Scotia E 1838 3,607 647 4,254 [53]
Cape Breton University Sydney Nova Scotia E 1974 3,140 204 3,334 [53]
Dalhousie University Halifax, Truro Nova Scotia E 1818 14,423 3,931 18,354 [53]
University of King's College Halifax Nova Scotia E 1789 1,180 10 1,190 [53]
Mount Saint Vincent University Halifax Nova Scotia E 1873 2,923 1,036 3,959 [53]
NSCAD University Halifax Nova Scotia E 1887 942 29 971 [53]
Saint Francis Xavier University Antigonish Nova Scotia E 1853 4,815 343 5,158 [53]
Saint Mary's University Halifax Nova Scotia E 1802 6,904 682 7,586 [53]
Université Sainte-Anne Church Point Nova Scotia F 1890 435 20 455 [53]
Algoma University Sault Ste. Marie Ontario E 2008 1,150 0 1,150 [54]
Brock University St. Catharines Ontario E 1964 15,747 1,259 17,006 [55]
Carleton University Ottawa Ontario E 1942 20,950 3,300 24,250 [56]
Dominican University College Ottawa Ontario B 1900 190 54 244 [57]
Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Orillia Ontario E 1965 7,300 750 8,050 [58]
Laurentian University Sudbury, Barrie, Hearst, Kapuskasing, Timmins Ontario B 1960 8,200 600 8,800 [59]
McMaster University Hamilton Ontario E 1887 22,940 3,130 26,070 [60]
Nipissing University North Bay, Bracebridge, Brantford Ontario E 1909 6,300 400 6,700 [61]
OCAD University Toronto Ontario E 1876 3,450 0 3,450 [62]
Queen's University Kingston Ontario E 1841 16,700 3,850 20,550 [63]
Saint Paul University Ottawa Ontario B 1965 430 350 780 [64]
Royal Military College of Canada Kingston Ontario B 1876 1,040 660 1,700 [65]
Ryerson University Toronto Ontario E 1948 36,200 2,360 38,560 [66]
Trent University Peterborough, Oshawa Ontario E 1963 7,700 360 8,060 [67]
University of Guelph Guelph, Toronto, Alfred, Ridgetown, Kemptville Ontario E 1964 19,800 2,280 22,080 [68]
University of Ontario Institute of Technology Oshawa Ontario E 2002 8,846 518 9,203 [69]
University of Ottawa Ottawa Ontario B 1848 33,000 5,700 38,700 [70]
University of Toronto Toronto, Scarborough, Mississauga Ontario E 1827 60,660 14,100 74,760 [71]
University of Waterloo Waterloo, Cambridge, Kitchener, Stratford Ontario E 1957 30,000 5,100 35,100 [72]
University of Western Ontario London Ontario E 1878 29,500 4,600 34,100 [73]
University of Windsor Windsor Ontario E 1857 14,700 1,480 16,180 [74]
Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo, Brantford, Toronto, Kitchener Ontario E 1911 13,750 1,000 14,750 [75]
York University Toronto Ontario B 1959 46,640 5,650 52,290 [76]
University of Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Prince Edward Island E 1969 4,251 304 4,555 [53]
Bishop's University Sherbrooke Quebec E 1843 2,442 20 2,260 [77]
Concordia University Montreal Quebec E 1974 32,347 6,462 43,944 [78]
École de technologie supérieure Montreal Quebec F 1974 4,050 630 4,680 [79]
École nationale d'administration publique Quebec City, Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay, Trois-Rivières Quebec F 1969 0 1,880 1,880 [80]
École Polytechnique de Montréal Montreal Quebec F 1873 4,060 1,490 5,550 [81]
HEC Montréal Montreal Quebec B 1907 9,390 2,590 11,980 [82]
Institut national de la recherche scientifique Quebec City, Montreal, Laval, Varennes Quebec F 1969 0 480 480 [83]
McGill University Montreal, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue Quebec E 1821 23,758 8,756 32,514 [84]
Université de Montréal Montreal Quebec F 1878 41,055 14,485 55,540 [85]
Université de Sherbrooke Sherbrooke Quebec F 1954 13,490 6,010 19,500 [86]
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue Rouyn-Noranda Quebec F 1970 2,260 390 2,650 [87]
Université du Québec en Outaouais Gatineau Quebec F 1970 4,360 1,090 5,450 [88]
Université du Québec à Chicoutimi Chicoutimi Quebec F 1969 5,140 1,030 6,170 [89]
Université du Québec à Montréal Montreal Quebec F 1969 33,100 6,570 41,670 [90]
Université du Québec à Rimouski Rimouski and Lévis Quebec F 1969 4,620 810 5,430 [91]
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Trois-Rivières Quebec F 1969 9,160 1,450 10,610 [92]
Université Laval Quebec City Quebec F 1663 27,530 10,270 37,800 [93]
First Nations University of Canada Regina, Saskatoon, Prince Albert Saskatchewan E 1976 840 0 840 [94]
University of Regina Regina, Saskatoon, Swift Current Saskatchewan E 1911 10,690 1,480 12,170 [95]
University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon Saskatchewan E 1907 16,430 2,190 18,620 [96]

List of private universities[edit]

Name City Province Language Established Undergraduates Post-graduates Total Students Notes
Fairleigh Dickinson University Vancouver British Columbia E 2007 78[not in citation given] 0 78[not in citation given] [97]
Quest University Squamish British Columbia E 2002 300 0 300 [98]
Trinity Western University Langley British Columbia E 1962 2,130 730 2,860 [99]
University Canada West Victoria British Columbia E 2005 350[dated info] 0 350[dated info] [100]
Booth University College Winnipeg Manitoba E 1982 250 0 250 [101]
Canadian Mennonite University Winnipeg Manitoba E 1944 600 0 600 [49]
Kingswood University Sussex New Brunswick E 1945 300 0 300 [102][dated info]
Crandall University Moncton New Brunswick E 1949 685 0 685 [103][dated info]
St. Stephen's University St. Stephen New Brunswick E 1975 100 0 100 [104][dated info]
University of Fredericton Fredericton New Brunswick E 2005 [53][dated info]
Atlantic School of Theology Halifax Nova Scotia E 1971 0 124 124 [53]
Tyndale University College Toronto Ontario E 1982 850 0 850 [105]
Redeemer University College Ancaster Ontario E 1982 955 0 955

See also[edit]

Lists

Footnotes[edit]

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  6. ^ Intercamp, "MacEwan and MRC could add University to name".
  7. ^ Braid, Don (2009-09-03). "Tories reward Mount Royal". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  8. ^ "Grant MacEwan University celebrates new name". 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  9. ^ "About UBC". ubc.ca. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  10. ^ "An Overview of B.C.'s Public Post-secondary Institutions". Aved.gov.bc.ca. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Quality Assurance Practices for Postsecondary Institutions in Manitoba". Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Canadian Universities". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  13. ^ "Premier announces NB Commission on Post-Secondary Education (07/01/19)". Government of New Brunswick. 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  14. ^ "UNB: Quick Facts". University of New Brunswick. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  15. ^ "Mount Allison and our Campus...". Mount Allison University. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  16. ^ "Degree Granting Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. D-5". Canadian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  17. ^ "About the School of Music". Memorial University. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  18. ^ "Universities in Nova Scotia". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  19. ^ Bourinot, John George (2004). "Chapter II: Education". The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4191-6747-2. 
  20. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - University". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  21. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - Private Universities". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  22. ^ Cooper, William Mansfield (July 1967). "Governments and the University". Peabody Journal of Education 45 (1): 57–60. 
  23. ^ Girard, Daniel (2007-09-20). "University of Toronto (Mississauga): Best of both worlds". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  24. ^ "Higher Education and Corporate Services". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  25. ^ "University of Prince Edward Island". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  26. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" (in French). Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités de Québec. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  27. ^ "Quality Assurance Practices for Postsecondary Institutions in Saskatchewan". Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  28. ^ "Our History". First Nations University of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  29. ^ "Accreditation at SFU". VP Academic, Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "Accreditation Questions and Answers". VP Academic, Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "Athabasca University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  32. ^ "Grant MacEwan University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  33. ^ "Mount Royal University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  34. ^ "University of Alberta". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  35. ^ "University of Calgary". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  36. ^ "The University of Lethbridge". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  37. ^ "Fall 2007: Student Enrolment and Demographic Statistics" (PDF). Capilano University. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  38. ^ "Emily Carr University of Art + Design". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  39. ^ "Kwantlen Polytechnic University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  40. ^ "Royal Roads University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  41. ^ "Simon Fraser University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  42. ^ http://www.tru.ca/about_tru/facts_figures.html
  43. ^ "The University of British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  44. ^ "University of Victoria". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  45. ^ "University of the Fraser Valley". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  46. ^ "University of Northern British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  47. ^ "Vancouver Island University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  48. ^ "Brandon University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  49. ^ a b "Manitoba Advanced Education and Literacy". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  50. ^ "The University of Manitoba". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  51. ^ "The University of Winnipeg". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  52. ^ "Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Full-time plus Part-time Enrolment". Association of Atlantic Universities. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  54. ^ "Algoma University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  55. ^ "Brock University". Brock University. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  56. ^ "Carleton University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  57. ^ "Dominican College of Philosophy and Theology (Dominican University College)". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  58. ^ "Lakehead University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  59. ^ "Laurentian University of Sudbury". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  60. ^ "McMaster University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  61. ^ "Nipissing University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  62. ^ "Ontario College of Art & Design". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  63. ^ "Queen’s University at Kingston". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  64. ^ "Saint Paul University". SPU. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  65. ^ "Royal Military College of Canada". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  66. ^ "Ryerson University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  67. ^ "Trent University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  68. ^ "University of Guelph". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  69. ^ "University of Ontario Institute of Technology". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  70. ^ "University of Ottawa". AUCC. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  71. ^ "University of Toronto". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  72. ^ "University of Waterloo". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  73. ^ "The University of Western Ontario". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  74. ^ "University of Windsor". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  75. ^ "Wilfrid Laurier University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  76. ^ "York University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  77. ^ "Bishop’s University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  78. ^ "Concordia University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  79. ^ "Université du Québec - École de technologie supérieure". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  80. ^ "Université du Québec - École nationale d'administration publique". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  81. ^ "École Polytechnique de Montréal". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  82. ^ "École des Hautes Études Commerciales". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  83. ^ "Institut national de la recherche scientifique". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  84. ^ "McGill University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  85. ^ "Université de Montréal". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  86. ^ "Université de Sherbrooke". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
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External links[edit]