List of Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction winners
|Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction|
|Awarded for||Best full-length novel written in English by a woman of any nationality|
Private benefactors (2012–)
|Presented by||Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction|
The Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction (previously called Women's Prize for Fiction (2013), Orange Prize for Fiction (2008–12) and Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction (1996–2008)) is one of the United Kingdom's most prestigious literary prizes, annually awarded to a female author of any nationality for the best original full-length novel written in English, and published in the United Kingdom in the preceding year. The prize was originally due to be launched in 1994 with the support of Mitsubishi but public controversy over the merits of the award caused the sponsorship to be withdrawn. Funding from Orange, a UK mobile network operator and Internet service provider, allowed the prize to be launched in 1996 by a committee of male and female "journalists, reviewers, agents, publishers, librarians, booksellers", including current Honorary Director Kate Mosse. In May 2012, it was announced Orange would be ending its sponsorship of the prize. As of October 2012, the award is formally known as the Women's Prize for Fiction, and is sponsored by "private benefactors" led by Cherie Blair and writers Joanna Trollope and Elizabeth Buchan.
The prize was established to recognise the contribution of female writers, whom Mosse believed were often overlooked in other major literary awards, and in reaction to the all-male shortlist for the 1991 Man Booker Prize. The winner of the prize receives £30,000, along with a bronze sculpture called the Bessie created by artist Grizel Niven, the sister of actor and writer David Niven. Typically, a longlist of nominees is announced around March each year, followed by a shortlist in June; within days the winner is announced. The winner is selected by a board of "five leading women" each year. In 2005, judges named Andrea Levy's Small Island as the "Orange of Oranges", the best novel of the preceding decade.
The BBC suggests that the prize forms part of the "trinity" of UK literary prizes, along with the Man Booker Prize and the Costa Book Awards; the sales of works by the nominees of these awards are significantly boosted. Levy's 2004 winning book sold almost one million copies (in comparison to less than 600,000 for the Man Booker Prize winner of the same year), while sales of Helen Dunmore's A Spell of Winter quadrupled after being awarded the inaugural prize. Valerie Martin's 2003 award saw her novel sales increase tenfold after the award, and British libraries, who often support the prize with various promotions, reported success in introducing people to new authors: "48% said that they had tried new writers as a result of the promotion, and 42% said that they would try other books by the new authors they had read."
However, the fact that the prize singles out female writers is not without controversy. After the prize was founded, Auberon Waugh nicknamed it the "Lemon Prize" while Germaine Greer claimed there would soon be a prize for "writers with red hair". Winner of the 1990 Man Booker Prize A. S. Byatt has called it a "sexist prize", claiming "such a prize was never needed." In 1999, the chairwoman of the judges, Lola Young, claimed that British female literature fell into two categories, either "insular and parochial" or "domestic in a piddling kind of way". Linda Grant suffered accusations of plagiarism following her award in 2000, while the following year, a panel of male critics produced their own shortlist and heavily criticised the genuine shortlist. The 2007 shortlist was decried for being derived from "... a lot of dross ..." by the chair of the judging panel Muriel Gray, while former editor of The Times Simon Jenkins called it "sexist". In 2008, writer Tim Lott called the award "a sexist con-trick" and suggested "the Orange Prize is sexist and discriminatory, and it should be shunned". No woman has won the award more than once but Margaret Atwood has been nominated three times without a win. Since the inaugural award to Helen Dunmore, British writers have won five times, while North American authors have secured the prize nine times.
Winners and shortlisted writers
|1996||Dunmore, HelenHelen Dunmore||A Spell of Winter||Julia Blackburn, The Book of Colour
Pagan Kennedy, Spinsters
Amy Tan, The Hundred Secret Senses
Anne Tyler, Ladder of Years
Marianne Wiggins, Eveless Eden
|1997||Michaels, AnneAnne Michaels||Fugitive Pieces||Margaret Atwood, Alias Grace
Deirdre Madden, One by One in the Darkness
Jane Mendelsohn, I Was Amelia Earhart
Annie Proulx, Accordion Crimes
Manda Scott, Hen's Teeth
|First non-British winner|||
|1998||Shields, CarolCarol Shields||Larry's Party||Kirsten Bakis, Lives of the Monster Dogs
Pauline Melville, The Ventriloquist's Tale
Ann Patchett, The Magician's Assistant
Deirdre Purcell, Love Like Hate Adore
Anita Shreve, The Weight of Water
|Second Canadian winner|||
|1999||Berne, SuzanneSuzanne Berne||A Crime in the Neighborhood||Julia Blackburn, The Leper's Companions
Marilyn Bowering, Visible Worlds
Jane Hamilton, The Short History of a Prince
Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible
Toni Morrison, Paradise
|Blackburn's second shortlisted nomination|||
|2000||Grant, LindaLinda Grant||When I Lived in Modern Times||Judy Budnitz, If I Told You Once
Éilís Ní Dhuibhne, The Dancers Dancing
Zadie Smith, White Teeth
Elizabeth Strout, Amy and Isabelle
Rebecca Wells, Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood
|Second British winner in five years|||
|2001||Grenville, KateKate Grenville||The Idea of Perfection||Margaret Atwood, The Blind Assassin
Jill Dawson, Fred & Edie
Rosina Lippi, Homestead
Jane Smiley, Horse Heaven
Ali Smith, Hotel World
|Atwood's second shortlisted nomination|||
|2002||Patchett, AnnAnn Patchett||Bel Canto||Anna Burns, No Bones
Helen Dunmore, The Siege
Maggie Gee, The White Family
Chloe Hooper, A Child's Book of True Crime
Sarah Waters, Fingersmith
|Dunmore's first nomination since winning in 1996|||
|2003||Martin, ValerieValerie Martin||Property||Anne Donovan, Buddha Da
Shena Mackay, Heligoland
Carol Shields, Unless
Zadie Smith, The Autograph Man
Donna Tartt, The Little Friend
|Shields' first nomination since winning in 1998, Smith's second shortlisted nomination|||
|2004||Levy, AndreaAndrea Levy||Small Island||Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Purple Hibiscus
Margaret Atwood, Oryx and Crake
Shirley Hazzard, The Great Fire
Gillian Slovo, Ice Road
Rose Tremain, The Colour
|First British winner since 2000, Atwood's third shortlisted nomination. Small Island was also the Whitbread Book of the Year.|||
|2005||Shriver, LionelLionel Shriver||We Need to Talk About Kevin||Joolz Denby, Billie Morgan
Jane Gardam, Old Filth
Sheri Holman, The Mammoth Cheese
Marina Lewycka, A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian
Maile Meloy, Liars and Saints
|The "Orange of Oranges" was awarded to Andrea Levy for Small Island.|||
|2006||Smith, ZadieZadie Smith||On Beauty||Nicole Krauss, The History of Love
Hilary Mantel, Beyond Black
Ali Smith, The Accidental
Carrie Tiffany, Everyman's Rules for Scientific Living
Sarah Waters, The Night Watch
|Zadie Smith's first win after two nominations, Ali Smith and Sarah Waters' second nomination|||
|2007||Ngozi Adichie, ChimamandaChimamanda Ngozi Adichie||Half of a Yellow Sun||Rachel Cusk, Arlington Park
Kiran Desai, The Inheritance of Loss
Xiaolu Guo, A Concise Chinese-English Dictionary for Lovers
Jane Harris, The Observations
Anne Tyler, Digging to America
|Adichie's first win after being nominated in 2004, Tyler's second shortlisted nomination. Prize renamed "Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction".|||
|2008||Tremain, RoseRose Tremain||The Road Home||Nancy Huston, Fault Lines
Sadie Jones, The Outcast
Charlotte Mendelson, When We Were Bad
Heather O'Neill, Lullabies for Little Criminals
Patricia Wood, Lottery
|This was Tremain's 14th novel.|||
|2009||Robinson, MarilynneMarilynne Robinson||Home||Ellen Feldman, Scottsboro
Samantha Harvey, The Wilderness
Samantha Hunt, The Invention of Everything Else
Deirdre Madden, Molly Fox's Birthday
Kamila Shamsie, Burnt Shadows
|Robinson's third novel in 28 years, Madden's second shortlisted nomination. Prize renamed "Orange Prize for Fiction"|||
|2010||Kingsolver, BarbaraBarbara Kingsolver||The Lacuna||Rosie Alison, The Very Thought of You
Attica Locke, Black Water Rising
Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall
Lorrie Moore, A Gate at the Stairs
Monique Roffey, The White Woman on the Green Bicycle
|Sixth novel by Kingsolver.|||
|2011||Obreht, TéaTéa Obreht||The Tiger's Wife||Emma Donoghue, Room
Aminatta Forna, The Memory of Love
Emma Henderson, Grace Williams Says it Loud
Nicole Krauss, Great House
Kathleen Winter, Annabel
|Debut novel by Obreht. At age 25 (at the time of the award) she was the youngest author to win to date.|||
|2012||Miller, MadelineMadeline Miller||The Song of Achilles||Esi Edugyan, Half Blood Blues
Anne Enright, The Forgotten Waltz
Georgina Harding, Painter of Silence
Cynthia Ozick, Foreign Bodies
Ann Patchett, State of Wonder
|Debut novel by Miller|||
|2013||Homes, A.M.A.M. Homes||May We Be Forgiven||Maria Semple, Where'd You Go, Bernadette
Hilary Mantel, Bring Up the Bodies
Barbara Kingsolver, Flight Behaviour
Kate Atkinson, Life After Life
Zadie Smith, NW
|A.M. Homes' 6th novel. First year known as Women's Prize for Fiction.|||
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