List of Pakistani provinces by gross domestic product

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This is a list of Pakistani provinces by their gross state product (GSP) (the value of the total economy, and goods and services produced in the respective province) in nominal terms. GSP is the provincial-level counterpart of the national gross domestic product (GDP), the most comprehensive measure of a country's economic activity.

Background[edit]

GDP contributions by province (1973–2000)

Pakistan, as of 2009, had a gross domestic product (GDP) of $166,545 billion. This value can be further divided into the provincial levels (GSP), providing an outlook of how much value each province contributes to the national GDP. Pakistan has traditionally followed a "top-down" approach in its analysis of economic development; that is, authorities have scarcely attempted to break up national GDP statistics into provincial and subnational units and have focused more on the federation as a whole. Thus, many accounts of provincial GDPs that do exist have usually been projected estimates made by economists, based on the likely percentage of contribution of the respective province to the national GDP and some yearly studies.[1]

As of 2009, Punjab had the largest economy in Pakistan (contributing 57% to Pakistan's GDP), followed by Sindh (27.5%), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (8%) and Balochistan (3%) respectively. Islamabad, the capital entity, contributes about 1%; while data for FATA is unreliable, according to economist Shahid Javed Burki, its gross state product is worth approximately 1.5% of the national GDP.[2] Figures for Kashmir (including Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) on the other hand are unavailable and not released as part of provincial estimates.

Punjab, which is the largest province in terms of population, dominates other provinces in contributing to the national economy. As of 2011, Punjab had a GDP of $104 billion[3][4] which has steadily continued to grow.[5] It is featured well within the list of country subdivisions with a GDP over $100 billion.[5] Sindh's GSP is to a large extent influenced by the economy of Karachi, its capital and Pakistan's largest city.

Figures[edit]

Figures are derived from statistics in 2009.

Province or territory GSP
(millions of USD)
GSP per capita
Closest comparable
country by GDP
(millions of USD)
 Punjab 94,930 1,300  Vietnam ($91,854)
 Sindh 45,799 1,200  Azerbaijan ($43,019)
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 13,323 606  Senegal ($13,059)
 Balochistan 4,996 713  Tajikistan ($4,978)
Federally Administered Tribal Areas FATA 2,498 663  Faroe Islands ($2,198)
 Islamabad 1,332 1,902  Burundi ($1,325)
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan (GDP) 166,545 955

Top cities by GDP (PPP)[edit]

The table below lists the top cities by their PPP GDP, based on a 2008 PricewaterhouseCoopers study and is not comparable with the figures listed in the table above.[6]

Pakistan and its three biggest economies[6]
Rank City Province 2008 PPP GDP
(in USD)
Population
1 Karachi Sindh $78 billion 13.2 million
2 Lahore Punjab $40 billion 7 million
3 Faisalabad Punjab $14 billion 4.8 million

Top cities by GDP (Nominal)[edit]

Pakistan and its two largest city economies. Source:[7]

The table below lists the top cities by their Nominal GDP in 2010, based on a study by the McKinsey Global Institute [8]

Rank City Province 2010 Nominal GDP
(in USD)
Population Per Capita Income
(in USD)
1 Karachi Sindh $28 billion 13.5 million $6,000
2 Lahore Punjab $13 billion 7.352 million $5,000

References[edit]