List of Parliaments of England

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This article is a List of Parliaments of England until 1707. Devolved English Parliament is about the current debate on a devolved parliament for England.

List of Parliaments of England is a list of the parliaments from the reign of King Henry III (when the Curia Regis developed into a body known as Parliament) to the creation of the Parliament of Great Britain in 1707. For later parliaments, see the List of Parliaments of Great Britain. For the history of the English Parliament, see Parliament of England.

The Parliaments of England are often referred to by the number counting forward from the start of the reign of a particular monarch (or republican regime), unless the Parliament came to be known by a particular title, for example Parliament of Merton.

Parliaments of Henry III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Presiding Officer¹ Note
1st² 1236 n/a 1236 ...  ? n/a
1st² 14 December 1241 n/a 27 January 1242 ...  ? n/a
2nd² ... n/a 9 February 1248 ...  ? n/a
3rd² 11 February 1254 n/a 26 April 1254 ...  ? n/a
4th² ... n/a 18 April 1255 ...  ? n/a
5th² ... n/a 9 June 1258 ...  ? n/a
6th² ... n/a 13 October 1258 ...  ? n/a
7th ... n/a 27 October 1258 4 November 1258  ? Peter de Montfort This Parliament was at Oxford. It is sometimes known as the Mad Parliament. Knights of the shire (representing counties) were the only commoners summoned. They were not required to be chosen by election.
8th² ... n/a 9 February 1259 ...  ? n/a
9th² ... n/a 13 October 1259 ...  ? n/a
10th² ... n/a >30 April 1260 ...  ? n/a
11th² ... n/a 8 July 1260 ...  ? n/a
12th² ... n/a 13 October 1260 ...  ? n/a
13th² ... n/a c.23 February 1261 ...  ? n/a
14th² ... n/a 9 September 1263 >18 September 1263  ? n/a
15th² ... n/a 13 October 1263 ...  ? n/a
16th 4 June 1264 n/a 22 June 1264 ...  ? n/a Knights of the shire were the only commoners summoned. They were not required to be chosen by election.
17th 14 December 1264 1264/65 20 January 1265 15 February 1265  ? unknown This Parliament is sometimes known as De Montfort's Parliament. This is the first Parliament to which representatives of cities and boroughs were summoned, as well as knights of the shire. It is also the first Parliament to which the representatives were required to be chosen by election.
18th² ... n/a 14 September 1265 ...  ? n/a
19th² ... n/a 9 February 1267 ...  ? n/a
20th² ... n/a 13 October 1268 ...  ? n/a
21st² ... n/a 24 June 1269 ...  ? n/a
22nd² ... n/a c.13 October 1270 ...  ? n/a
23rd² ... n/a c.>29 September 1272 ...  ? n/a

Notes:

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.

Parliaments of Edward I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Presiding Officer¹ Note
1st 16 February 1275 1275 25 April 1275 ...  ? unknown For the first time since 1264-65 the representatives of the communities of the Realm are known to have been summoned to Parliament.
2nd 1 September 1275 1275 13 October 1275 24 October 1275  ? unknown The knights of the shires only were summoned to this Parliament.
3rd² ... n/a c.3 May 1276 ...  ? n/a
4th² ... n/a >29 September 1276 ...  ? n/a
5th² ... n/a 1 May 1278 ...  ? n/a
6th² ... n/a 8 July 1278 ...  ? n/a
7th² ... n/a 29 September 1278 ...  ? n/a
8th² ... n/a c.16 April 1279 ...  ? n/a
9th² ... n/a c.20 October 1279 ...  ? n/a
10th² ... n/a c.12 May 1280 ...  ? n/a
11th² ... n/a c.>29 September 1280 ...  ? n/a
12th² ... n/a c.11 May 1281 ...  ? n/a
13th² ... n/a c.>29 September 1281 ...  ? n/a
14th² ... n/a 4 May 1285 ...  ? n/a
15th² ... n/a c.>14 April 1286 ...  ? n/a
16th² ... n/a c.24 April 1286 ...  ? n/a
17th² ... n/a >25 December 1289 ...  ? n/a
18th² ... n/a >13 January 1290 ...  ? n/a
19th 13 June 1290 1290 15 July 1290 ...  ? unknown Knights only summoned 13–14 June 1290. Assembled 23 April 1290 Lords and 15 July 1290 Commons. After this Parliament it became fairly usual for the representatives of the counties, cities and boroughs to be summoned to attend Parliament and from 1320 they were always included.
20th ... 1290 27 October 1290 ...  ? unknown
21st ... 1290/91 7 January 1291 ...  ? unknown
22nd 6 May 1291 1291/92 8 January 1292 ...  ? unknown met at Norham Castle, Northumberland, in the Palatinate of the Prince-bishop of Durham.
23rd² Jan 1292 n/a 2 June 1292 ...  ? n/a This Parliament included Scottish members; met at Westminster.
24th² ... n/a 13 October 1292 17 November 1292  ? n/a This Parliament included Scottish members.
25th ...  ?1293 >29 March 1293 ...  ? unknown
26th ... 1293 13 October 1293 ...  ? unknown
27th ... 1293 >25 December 1293 ...  ? unknown
28th² 24 June 1295 n/a 1–4 August 1295 ...  ? n/a
29th 30 September 1295+ 1295 27 November 1295 4 December 1295  ? unknown Model Parliament summoned 30 September, 1 and 3 October 1295. This is the traditional start of the regular participation of the Commons in Parliament.
30th 26 August 1296 1296 3 November 1296 29 November 1296  ? unknown ...
31st² 26 January 1297 n/a 24 February 1297 ...  ? n/a
32nd² ... n/a 8 July 1297 ...  ? n/a
33rd 6 October 1297 1297 15 September 1297 14 October 1297  ? unknown Summoned 30 September 1297 (peers) and 6 October 1297 (knights of the shire). Assembled 9 October 1297 Lords and 15 October 1297 Commons. Met in London.
34th 15 March 1298 March 1298 30 March 1298 ...  ? unknown Met in York.
35th 10 April 1298 1298 25 May 1298 ...  ? unknown Summoned 10, 11 and 13 April 1298.
36th² 6 February 1299 n/a 8 March 1299 ...  ? n/a
37th² 10 April 1299 n/a 3 May 1299 ...  ? n/a
38th² 21 September 1299 n/a 18 October 1299 ...  ? n/a
39th 29 December 1299 1299/00 6 March 1300 20 March 1300  ? unknown ...
40th 26 September 1300 1300/01 20 January 1301 30 January 1301  ? unknown Met in Lincoln. Dissolved 27–30 January 1301.
41st² 2 June 1302 n/a 1 July 1302 ...  ? n/a
42nd 14 July 1302 1302 14 October 1302 21 October 1302  ? unknown Summoned 14, 20 and 24 July 1303. Met in London.
43rd 12 November 1304 1304/05 28 February 1305 20 March 1305  ? unknown
44th² 15 July 1305 n/a 15 September 1305 ...  ? n/a
45th 5 April 1306 1306 30 May 1306 30 May 1306  ? unknown Assembled and dissolved 30 May 1306.
46th 3 November 1306 1306/07 20 January 1307 19 March 1307  ? unknown Met in Carlisle. Deemed dissolved when writs de expensis were issued 20 January 1307 (burgesses only) and 19 March 1307 (knights only).

Notes:

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.

Parliaments of Edward II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Presiding Officer¹ Note
1st 26 August 1307 1307 13 October 1307 16 October 1307  ? unknown ...
2nd 19 January 1308 1308 3 March 1308 ...  ? unknown ...
3rd² 10 March 1308 n/a 28 April 1308 ...  ? n/a ...
4th² 16 August 1308 n/a 20 October 1308 ...  ? n/a ...
5th 4 March 1309 1309 27 April 1309 13 May 1309  ? unknown ...
6th² 11 June 1309 n/a 27 July 1300 ...  ? n/a ...
7th² 26 October 1309 n/a 8 February 1310 12 April 1310  ? n/a ...
8th 16 June 1311 1311 8 August 1311 18 December 1311  ? unknown Met in London.
9th 3 June 1312 1312 20 August 1312 16 December 1312  ? unknown ...
10th 8 January 1313 1313 18 March 1313 9 May 1313  ? unknown ...
11th 23 May 1313 1313 8 July 1313 27 July 1313  ? unknown ...
12th 26 July 1313 1313 23 September 1313 15 November 1313  ? unknown ...
13th 29 July 1314 1314 9 September 1314 27/28 September 1314  ? unknown ...
14th 24 October 1314 1314/15 20 January 1315 9 March 1315  ? unknown ...
15th 16 October 1315 1315/16 27 January 1316 20 February 1316  ? unknown Parliament of 1316. Met in Lincoln.
16th 24–25 August 1318 1318 20 October 1318 9 December 1318  ? unknown ...
17th 20 March 1319 1319 6 May 1319 25 May 1319  ? unknown ...
18th² 6 November 1319 n/a 20 January 1320 ...  ? n/a ...
19th 5 August 1320 1320 6 October 1320 25/26 October 1320  ? unknown ...
20th 15 May 1321 1321 15 July 1321 22 August 1321  ? unknown Known as the Parliament of Whitebands
21st 14 March 1322 1322 2 May 1322 19 May 1322  ? unknown ...
22nd 18 September 1322 1322 14 November 1322 29 November 1322  ? unknown Met in York.
23rd 20 November 1323 1323/24 23 February 1324 18 March 1324  ? unknown ...
24th 6 May 1325 1325 25 June 1325 ...  ? unknown Only MPs for the Cinque Ports were summoned. Met in London.
25th 10 October 1325 1325 18 November 1325 5 December 1325  ? unknown ...
26th 28 October 1326 1326/27 7 January 1327 ...  ? William Trussell This Parliament continued after the deposition of the King, into the next reign. See 1st Parliament of King Edward III of England for further details and duration.

Notes:

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.

Parliaments of Edward III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Presiding Officer¹ Note
1st ... ... ... 9 March 1327  ? William Trussell Continued from the last reign.
2nd 7 August 1327 1327 15 September 1327 23 September 1327  ? William Trussell ...
3rd 10 December 1327 1327/28 7 February 1328 5 March 1328  ? unknown Met at Lincoln.
4th 5 March 1328 1328 24 April 1328 14 May 1328  ? unknown Met at York.
5th 28 August 1328 1328 16 October 1328 22 February 1329  ? unknown May have met at New Sarum (Salisbury), York or Northampton, as it is uncertain which meeting was of this Parliament and which were gatherings of lesser status.
6th 25 January 1330 1330 11 March 1330 21 March 1330  ? unknown Met at York.
7th 23 October 1330 1330 26 November 1330 9 December 1330  ? unknown Met at New Sarum (Salisbury).
8th 16 July 1331 1331 30 September 1331 9 October 1331  ? unknown ...
9th 27 January 1332 1332 16 March 1332 21 March 1332  ? Henry de Beaumont Met at Winchester.
10th 20 July 1332 1332 9 September 1332 12 September 1332  ? Sir Geoffrey le Scrope ...
11th 20 October 1332 1332 4 December 1332 27 January 1333  ? unknown ...
12th 2 January 1334 1334 21 February 1334 2 March 1334  ? unknown ...
13th 24 July 1334 1334 19 September 1334 23 September 1334  ? unknown Met at York.
14th 1 April 1335 1335 26 May 1335 3 June 1335  ? unknown ...
15th 22 January 1336 1336 11 March 1336 20 March 1336  ? unknown Met at York.
16th 29 November 1336 1336/37 3 March 1337 c.16 March 1337  ? unknown ...
17th 20 December 1337 1337/38 3 February 1338 14 February 1338  ? unknown Met at Northampton.
18th 15 November 1338 1338/39 3 February 1339 17 February 1339  ? unknown ...
19th 25 August 1339 1339 13 October 1339 c.3 November 1339  ? unknown Met at Northampton.
20th 16 November 1339 1339/40 20 January 1340 19 February 1340  ? William Trussell ...
21st 21 February 1340 1340 29 March 1340 10 May 1340  ? William Trussell ...
22nd 30 May 1340 1340 12 July 1340 26 July 1340  ? William Trussell ...
23rd 3 March 1341 1341 23 April 1341 27–28 May 1341  ? unknown ...
24th 24 February 1343 1343 28 April 1343 20 May 1343  ? William Trussell ...
25th 20 April 1344 1344 7 June 1344 28 June 1344  ? unknown ...
26th 30 July 1346 1346 11 September 1346 20 September 1346  ? unknown ...
27th 13 November 1347 1347/48 14 January 1348 12 February 1348  ? William de Thorpe ...
28th 14 February 1348 1348 31 March 1348 13 April 1348  ? William de Thorpe ...
29th 25 November 1350 1350/51 9 February 1351 1 March 1351  ? William de Shareshull ...
30th 15 November 1351 1351/52 13 January 1352 11 February 1352  ? William de Shareshull ...
31st 15 March 1354 1354 28 April 1354 20 May 1354  ? unknown ...
32nd 20 September 1355 1355 23 November 1355 30 November 1355  ? unknown ...
33rd 15 February 1357 1357 17 April 1357 8–16 May 1357  ? unknown ...
34th 15 December 1357 1357/58 5 February 1358 27 February 1358  ? unknown ...
35th 3 April 1360 1360 15 May 1360 ...  ? unknown ...
36th 20 November 1360 1360/61 24 January 1361 18 February 1361  ? unknown ...
37th 14 August 1362 1362 13 October 1362 17 November 1362  ? Sir Henry Green ...
38th 1 June 1363 1363 6 October 1363 30 October 1363  ? unknown ...
39th 4 December 1364 1364/65 20 January 1365 17 February 1365  ? unknown ...
40th 20 January 1366 1366 4 May 1366 11 May 1366  ? unknown ...
41st 24 February 1368 1368 1 May 1368 21 May 1368  ? unknown ...
42nd 6 April 1369 1369 3 June 1369 11 June 1369  ? unknown ...
43rd 8 January 1371 1371 24 February 1371 29 March 1371  ? unknown ...
44th 1 September 1372 1372 3 November 1372 24 November 1372  ? unknown ...
45th 4 October 1373 1373 21 November 1373 10 December 1373  ? unknown ...
46th 28 December 1375 1375/76 28 April 1376 10 July 1376  ? Sir Peter de la Mare Known as the Good Parliament. Met at London.
47th 1 December 1376 1376/77 27 January 1377 2 March 1377  ? Sir Thomas Hungerford² Known as the Bad Parliament.

Notes:

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² Hungerford was the first presiding officer of the Commons to be recorded as having the title of Speaker.

Parliaments of Richard II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 4 August 1377 1377 13 October 1377 5 December 1377  ? Sir Peter de la Mare ...
2nd 3 September 1378 1378 20 October 1378 16 November 1378  ? Sir James Pickering ...
3rd 16 February 1379 1379 24 April 1379 27 May 1379  ? unknown ...
4th 20 October 1379 1379/80 16 January 1380 3 March 1380  ? Sir John Guildesborough ...
5th 26 August 1380 1380 5 November 1380 6 December 1380  ? Sir John Guildesborough ...
6th 16 July 1381 1381 3 November 1381 25 February 1382  ? Sir Richard Waldegrave ...
7th 24 March 1382 1382 7 May 1382 22 May 1382 ... Sir Richard Waldegrave ...
8th 9 August 1382 1382 6 October 1382 24 October 1382  ? Sir Richard Waldegrave ...
9th 7 January 1383 1383 23 February 1383 10 March 1383  ? Sir James Pickering ...
10th 20 August 1383 1383 26 October 1383 26 November 1383  ? Sir James Pickering ...
11th 3 March 1384 1384 29 April 1384 27 May 1384  ? Sir James Pickering ...
12th 28 September 1384 1384 12 November 1384 14 December 1384  ? Sir James Pickering ...
13th 3 September 1385 1385 20 October 1385 6 December 1385  ? Sir James Pickering ...
14th 8 August 1386 1386 1 October 1386 28 November 1386 1 Sir James Pickering Known as the Wonderful Parliament.
15th 17 December 1387 1387/88 3 February 1388 4 June 1388 2 Sir James Pickering Known as the Merciless Parliament or the Miraculous Parliament.
16th 28 July 1388 1388 9 September 1388 17 October 1388 1 Sir James Pickering ...
17th 6 December 1389 1389/90 17 January 1390 2 March 1390 1 Sir James Pickering ...
18th 12 September 1390 1390 12 November 1390 3 December 1390 1 Sir James Pickering ...
19th 7 September 1391 1391 3 November 1391 2 December 1391 1 unknown ...
20th 23 November 1392 1392/93 20 January 1393 10 February 1393 1 unknown ...
21st 13 November 1393 1393/94 27 January 1394 6 March 1394 1 Sir John Bussy ...
22nd 20 November 1394 1394/95 27 January 1395 15 February 1395 1 Sir John Bussy ...
23rd 30 November 1396 1396/97 22 January 1397 12 February 1397 1 Sir John Bussy ...
24th 18 July 1397 1397 17 September 1397 31 January 1398 2 Sir John Bussy ...
25th 19 August 1399 1389 30 September 1399 30 September 1399 1 unknown ...

Parliaments of Henry IV[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 30 September 1399 1399 6 October 1399 19 November 1399 1 Sir John Cheyne Known as a Convention Parliament.
John Doreward
2nd 9 September 1400 1400/01 20 January 1401 10 March 1401 1 Sir Arnold Savage ...
3rd 19 June 1402 1402 30 September 1402 25 November 1402 1 Sir Henry Redford ...
4th 20 October 1403 1403/04 14 January 1404 20 March 1404 1 Sir Arnold Savage ...
5th 25 August 1404 1404 6 October 1404 13 November 1404 1 Sir William Esturmy Known as the Unlearned Parliament, the Lawless Parliament[1] , the Parliament of Dunces or the Parliamentum Indoctorum.
6th 21 December 1405 1405/06 1 March 1406 22 December 1406 3 Sir John Tiptoft ...
7th 26 August 1407 1407 20 October 1407 2 December 1407 1 Thomas Chaucer ...
8th 26 October 1409 1409/10 27 January 1410 9 May 1410 2 Thomas Chaucer ...
9th 21 September 1411 1411 3 November 1411 19 December 1411 1 Thomas Chaucer ...
10th 1 December 1412 1412/13 3 February 1413 20 March 1413 1 unknown ...

Parliaments of Henry V[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 22 March 1413 1413 14 May 1413 9 June 1413 1 William Stourton ...
John Doreward
2nd 1 December 1413 1413/14 30 April 1414 29 May 1414 1 Sir Walter Hungerford Known as the Fire and Faggot Parliament. Met at Greyfriars Priory, Leicester.
3rd 26 September 1414 1414 19 November 1414 ... 1 Thomas Chaucer ...
4th 12 August 1415 1415 4 November 1415 12 November 1415 1 Sir Richard Redman Known as the Parliament of 1415.
5th 21 January 1416 1416 16 March 1416 May 1416 2 Sir Walter Beauchamp ...
6th 3 September 1416 1416 19 October 1416 18 November 1416 1 Roger Flower ...
7th 5 October 1417 1417 16 November 1417 17 December 1417 1 Roger Flower ...
8th 24 August 1419 1419 16 October 1419 13 November 1419 1 Roger Flower ...
9th 21 October 1420 1420 2 December 1420 ... 1 Roger Hunt ...
10th 26 February 1421 1421 2 May 1421 ... 1 Thomas Chaucer ...
11th 20 October 1421 1421 1 December 1421 ... 1 Richard Baynard ...

Parliaments of Henry VI[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 29 September 1422 1422 9 November 1422 18 December 1422 1 Roger Flower ...
2nd 1 September 1423 1423 20 October 1423 28 February 1424 2 Sir John Russell ...
3rd 24 February 1425 1425 30 April 1425 14 July 1425 2 Sir Thomas Walton Parliament of 1425
4th 7 January 1426 1426 18 February 1426 1 June 1426 2 Sir Richard Vernon Parliament of Bats. Met at Leicester.
5th 15 July 1427 1427 13 October 1427 25 March 1428 2 Sir John Tyrrell ...
6th 12 July 1429 1429 22 September 1429 23 February 1430 2 William Alington ...
7th 27 November 1430 1430/31 12 January 1431 20 March 1431 1 Sir John Tyrrell ...
8th 25 February 1432 1432 12 May 1432 17 July 1432 1 Sir John Russell ...
9th 24 May 1433 1433 8 July 1433 >c.18 December 1433 2 Roger Hunt ...
10th 5 July 1435 1435 10 October 1435 23 December 1435 1 John Bowes ...
11th 29 October 1436 1436/37 21 January 1437 27 March 1437 1 Sir John Tyrrell ...
William Burley
12th 26 September 1439 1439 12 November 1439 c.15–24 February 1440 2 William Tresham ...
13th 3 December 1441 1441/42 25 January 1442 27 March 1442 1 William Tresham ...
14th 13 January 1445 1445 25 February 1445 9 April 1445 4 William Burley ...
15th 14 December 1446 1446/47 10 February 1447 3 March 1447 1 William Tresham ...
16th 2 January 1449 1449 12 February 1449 16 July 1449 3 Sir John Say ...
17th 23 September 1449 1449 6 November 1449 c.5–8 June 1450 4 Sir John Popham ...
William Tresham
18th 5 September 1450 1450 6 November 1450 c.24–31 May 1451 3 Sir Willian Oldhall ...
19th 20 January 1453 1453 6 March 1453 c.16–21 April 1454 4 Thomas Thorpe ...
Sir Thomas Charlton
20th 26 May 1455 1455 9 July 1455 12 March 1456  ? Sir John Wenlock ...
21st 9 October 1459 1459 20 November 1459 20 December 1459  ? Sir Thomas Tresham Parliament of Devils. Met at Coventry.
22nd 30 July 1460 1460 7 October 1460 c.4 March 1461  ? John Green ...
23rd 15 October 1470 1470 26 November 1470 c. 11 April 1471  ? unknown This Parliament was held during a period when King Henry VI was restored to the throne. It ended when King Edward IV deposed Henry for the second time.

Parliaments of Edward IV[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 23 May 1461 1461 4 November 1461 6 May 1462  ? James Strangeways
2nd 22 December 1462 1462/63 29 April 1463 28 March 1465  ? John Say
3rd 28 February 1467 1467 3 June 1467 7 June 1468  ? John Say
4th 19 August 1472 1472 6 October 1472 14 March 1475  ? William Alington
5th 20 November 1477 1477/78 16 January 1478 26 February 1478 1 William Alington
6th 15 November 1482 1482/83 20 January 1483 18 February 1483 1 John Wood

Parliament of Richard III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 9 December 1483 1483/84 23 January 1484 20 February 1484 1 William Catesby

Parliaments of Henry VII[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 15 September 1485 1485 7 November 1485 c. 4 March 1486 1 Thomas Lovell
2nd ... 1487 9 November 1487 c. 18 December 1487 1 John Mordaunt
3rd ...  ?1488/89 13 January 1489 27 February 1490 1 Thomas fitzWilliam
4th 12 August 1491 1491 17 October 1491 5 March 1492 1 Richard Empson
5th 15 September 1495 1495 14 October 1495 21–22 December 1495 1 Robert Drury
6th 20 November 1496 1496/97 16 January 1497 13 March 1497 1 Thomas Englefield
7th ...  ?1503/04 25 January 1504 c. 1 April 1504 1 Edmund Dudley

Parliaments of Henry VIII[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 17 October 1509 1509/10 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 1 Thomas Englefield ...
2nd 28 November 1511 1511/12 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 4 Robert Sheffield ...
3rd 23 November 1514 1514/15 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 2 Thomas Neville ...
4th ... 1523 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 3 Thomas More Known as the Black Parliament[2]
5th 9 August 1529 1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 9 Thomas Audley Reformation Parliament
Humphrey Wingfield
Richard Rich
6th 27 April 1536 1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 1 Richard Rich ...
7th 1 March 1539 1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 3 Nicholas Hare ...
8th 23 November 1541 1541/42 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 3 Thomas Moyle ...
9th 1 December 1544 1544/45 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 2 Thomas Moyle ...

Parliaments of Edward VI[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 2 August 1547 1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 4 Sir John Baker
2nd 5 January 1553 1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 1 James Dyer

Parliaments of Mary I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 14 August 1553 1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 1 Sir John Pollard
2nd 17 February 1554 1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 1 Robert Broke
3rd 3 October 1554 1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 1 Clement Higham
4th 3 September 1555 1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 1 Sir John Pollard
5th 6 December 1557 1557/58 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 2 William Cordell

Parliaments of Elizabeth I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 5 December 1558 1558/59 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 1 Thomas Gargrave
2nd 10 November 1562 1562/63 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 2 Thomas Williams
Richard Onslow
3rd ... 1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 1 Christopher Wray
4th 28 March 1572 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 2 Robert Bell
John Popham
5th 12 October 1584 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 2 John Puckering
6th 15 September 1586 1586 15 October 1586 23 March 1587 2 John Puckering
7th 18 September 1588 1588/89 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 1 Thomas Snagge
8th 4 January 1593 1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 1 Edward Coke
9th 23 August 1597 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 2 Christopher Yelverton
10th 11 September 1601 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 1 John Croke

Parliaments of James I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 31 January 1604 1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 5[3] Sir Edward Phelips[4]
2nd 19 February 1614 1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 1[5] Sir Randolph Crewe[4] Addled Parliament[5]
3rd 13 November 1620 1621 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 2[6] Sir Thomas Richardson[4]
4th 30 December 1623 1624 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 1[7] Sir Thomas Crewe[4] Happy Parliament[8]

Parliaments of Charles I[edit]

The Long Parliament, which commenced in this reign, had the longest term and the most complex history of any English Parliament. The entry in the first table below relates to the whole Parliament. Although it rebelled against King Charles I and continued to exist long after the King's death, it was a Parliament he originally summoned. An attempt has been made to set out the different phases of the Parliament in the second table in this section and in subsequent sections. The phases are explained in a note.

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 2 April 1625 1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 2 [9] Sir Thomas Crewe[4] Useless Parliament[10]
2nd 26 December 1625 1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 1[11] Heneage Finch[4] ...
3rd 31 January 1628 1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 2[12] John Finch[4]
4th 20 February 1640 1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 1 John Glanville Short Parliament
5th 24 September 1640 1640 3 November 1640 16 March 1660 ... William Lenthall Long Parliament (a)
Henry Pelham
William Lenthall
William Say (Deputy)
William Lenthall

Note:

  • (a) Speakers of the Long Parliament (including times when it sat as the Rump Parliament): Lenthall 3 November 1640 – 26 July 1647; Pelham 30 July 1647 – 5 August 1647; Lenthall 6 August 1647 – 20 April 1653 (restored to the Chair by the Army and sat until Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament) and 26 December 1653 – 13 January 1660 (when the Rump was restored); Say 13 January 1660 – 21 January 1660 and Lenthall 21 January 1660 – 16 March 1660.

The Long Parliament (Royalist phases)[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
5th 'a' 24 September 1640 1640 3 November 1640 21 August 1642 1 William Lenthall Long Parliament
5th 'c' ... ... 22 January 1644 10 March 1645 2 unknown King's Oxford Parliament

Note:

  • (a) Phase 'a' of the Long Parliament was when it functioned as a conventional Parliament, requiring the assent of King Charles I to legislation. An unusual feature was that a law was enacted providing that this Parliament could not be lawfully dissolved without its own consent. This phase ended when the King raised his standard (22 August 1642) and commenced the English Civil War. The day before this event is the date inserted in the Dissolved column.
  • (b) Phase 'c' of the Long Parliament was the King's Oxford Parliament. The King was unable to lawfully dissolve the Long Parliament, without its consent, so he summoned the members to meet at Oxford. Royalists and those interested in trying to settle the Civil War by compromise attended the meetings, which were in opposition to the revolutionary body (phase 'b' of the Long Parliament, see below) sitting concurrently at Westminster. The date of the first meeting is given in the Assembled column and of the last sitting in the Dissolved column.

Parliaments of the Revolution and Commonwealth[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 'b' ... ... 22 August 1642 5 December 1648 1 William Lenthall Long Parliament (a)
Henry Pelham
William Lenthall
1st 'd' ... ... 6 December 1648 20 April 1653 1 William Lenthall Rump Parliament (b)
2nd 20 June 1653 n/a 4 July 1653 12 December 1653 1 Francis Rous Barebone's Parliament (c)

Note:

  • (a) This was phase 'b' of the Long Parliament, when it functioned as a revolutionary Parliament, after the start of the English Civil War. Parliament assumed the power to legislate by Ordinance, without needing Royal assent. This phase ended with Pride's Purge, which converted the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament. In 1644 the King summoned the Long Parliament to meet at Oxford. Those members who responded constituted the King's Oxford Parliament (phase c of the Parliament, see the previous section), in opposition to the revolutionary Parliament which continued to sit at the Palace of Westminster. The date in the Assembled column is the day when King Charles I raised his standard and commenced the English Civil War. The date in the Dissolved column is the day before Pride's Purge, when the full Long Parliament last met (until the Purge was reversed on 21 February 1660).
  • (b) This was phase 'd' of the Long Parliament, known as the Rump Parliament. During this period the Army only permitted selected members to continue to participate. The House of Lords was abolished (6 February 1649) as was the monarchy (7 February 1649). Thereafter the Rump of the House of Commons was the only remaining element of Parliament. It legislated the Commonwealth of England into existence on 19 May 1649. The date of Pride's Purge is given in the Assembled column and the date when Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump by force is in the Dissolved column.
  • (c) The Little or Barebone's Parliament was an appointed body.

Parliaments of the Protectorate[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 1 June 1654 1654 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 1 William Lenthall 1st Protectorate Parliament
2nd 10 July 1656 1656 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 2 Thomas Widdrington 2nd Protectorate Parliament
Bulstrode Whitelocke
3rd 9 December 1658 1658/59 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 1 Chaloner Chute 3rd Protectorate Parliament
Lislebone Long (Deputy)
Thomas Bampfylde

These parliaments included representatives of Scotland and Ireland.

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
4th 'e' ... ... 7 May 1659 13 October 1659 1 William Lenthall Rump Parliament (restored) (a)

Note:

  • (a) This was phase 'e' of the Long Parliament. The Army restored the Rump Parliament, to liquidate the Protectorate and re-establish the Commonwealth regime.

Parliaments of the Commonwealth[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 'f' ... ... 26 December 1659 20 February 1660 1 William Lenthall Rump Parliament (a)
William Say (Deputy)
William Lenthall
1st 'g' ... ... 21 February 1660 16 March 1660 1 William Lenthall Long Parliament (b)

Note:

  • (a) This was phase 'f' of the Long Parliament, with the Rump Parliament running the restored Commonwealth regime.
  • (b) This was phase 'g' of the Long Parliament. Pride's Purge was reversed and the full Long Parliament made arrangements for a Convention Parliament and then dissolved itself.

Parliaments of Charles II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 16 March 1660 1660 25 April 1660 29 December 1660 1 Harbottle Grimston The Convention Parliament assembled without a royal warrant. After the restoration of the monarchy, of which this parliament was a key enabler, it was retrospectively recognised as a Parliament by Charles II
2nd 18 February 1661 1661 8 May 1661 24 January 1679 16 Edward Turnour Cavalier Parliament
Job Charlton
Edward Seymour
Robert Sawyer
3rd 25 January 1679 1679 6 March 1679 12 July 1679 2 William Gregory Habeas Corpus Parliament
4th 24 July 1679 1679 21 October 1680 18 January 1681 1 William Williams Exclusion Bill Parliament
5th 20 January 1681 1681 21 March 1681 28 March 1681 1 William Williams Oxford Parliament

Parliament of James II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 14 February 1685 1685 19 May 1685 2 July 1687 1 John Trevor Loyal Parliament

Parliaments of William III and Mary II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker Note
1st 29 December 1688 1688-89 22 January 1689 6 February 1690 2 Henry Powle The Convention Parliament of 1689 was not summoned by King James II, who was outside the country, but by the future William III. On February 12, 1689, the Convention decided that James had abdicated by fleeing the capital on 18 December 1688 and by throwing the Great Seal of the Realm into the River Thames and offered the throne jointly to William III and Mary II, who accepted it. The Convention converted itself to a formal parliament the next day (February 13), and legal records use that date (February 13 rather than the original assembly date of January 22) as the official start date of the parliament.[13]
2nd 6 February 1690 1690 20 March 1690 11 October 1695 6 John Trevor
3rd 12 October 1695 1695 22 November 1695 7 July 1698 3 Paul Foley
4th 13 July 1698 1698 24 August 1698 19 December 1700 2 Thomas Littleton
5th 26 December 1700 1700/01 6 February 1701 11 November 1701 1 Robert Harley
6th 3 November 1701 1701 30 December 1701 2 July 1702 1 Robert Harley
  • Note: The Convention Parliament of 1689 is usually referred to as the 1st Parliament of William & Mary and thus the 1690 parliament is referred to as the "Second Parliament".[14] The very first act of the 1690 parliament (2 Will. & Mar., c.1) [15] was to legitimize the Convention parliament as a lawfully-summoned parliament.
  • Note: Queen Mary II died in December 1694, during the sixth session of the second parliament. Subsequent parliamentary sessions are labelled as "William III" alone (rather than "William & Mary"), but their numbering is not reset. The next parliament (1695) is conventionally called the "third parliament", the 1698 parliament the "fourth parliament" etc.

Parliaments of Anne[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved Sessions Speaker
1st 2 July 1702 1702 20 August 1702 5 April 1705 3 Robert Harley
2nd 2 May 1705 1705 14 July 1705 3 April 1707 3 John Smith

On the 29 April 1707, the Parliament of Great Britain was constituted. The members of the 2nd Parliament of Queen Anne became part of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Laundy, Philip (1964), The Office of Speaker, Cassell & Company 
  • Powell, J. Enoch; Wallis, Keith (1968), The House of Lords in the Middle Ages, Weidenfeld and Nicolson