List of Patriarchs of Antioch

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The Patriarch of Antioch is one of the original patriarchs of Early Christianity, who presided over the bishops of Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Georgia, Mesopotamia, and India.[1]

Patriarchs of Antioch[edit]

  1. Peter the Apostle (ca. 37–ca. 53)
  2. Evodius (ca. 53–ca. 69)
  3. Ignatius (ca. 70–ca. 107), who was martyred in the reign of Trajan. His seven epistles are unique sources for the early Church.
  4. Heron (107–127)
  5. Cornelius (127–154)
  6. Eros (154–169)
  7. Theophilus (ca. 169–ca. 182)
  8. Maximus I of Antioch (182–191)
  9. Serapion (191–211)
  10. Asclepiades the Confessor (211–220)
  11. Philetus (220–231)
  12. Zebinnus (231–237)
  13. Babylas the Martyr (237–ca. 250), who,according to Nicephorus,[2] was martyred in the reign of Decius.
  14. Fabius (253–256)
  15. Demetrius (ca. 256–uncertain), who was taken captive by the Persians under Shapur
  16. Paul of Samosata (260–268) supported by Zenobia, deposed by Emperor Aurelian; in Paul's time Lucian of Antioch was head of the Antiochene catechetical school[3]
  17. Domnus I (268/9–273/4) supported by Emperor Aurelian
  18. Timaeus (273/4–282)
  19. Cyril I (283–303)
  20. Tyrannion (304–314)
  21. Vitalius (314–320)
  22. Philogonius (320–323)
  23. Eustathius (324–330), formerly Bishop of Beroea, a steadfast opponent of Arianism; he was disposed in 327 and banished in 329. However, the adherents of the Nicene creed considered him the rightful bishop until his death.
  24. Paulinus (330, six months), formerly bishop of Tyre, Semi-Arian and friend of Eusebius of Caesarea
  25. Eulalius (331–332)
  26. Euphronius (332–333)
  27. Flacillus or Facellius (333–342), in whose time renovations were made to the great church of Antioch, according to Nicephorus.
  28. Stephanus I of Antioch (342–344), Arian and opponent of Athanasius of Alexandria, deposed in 344.
  29. Leontius the Eunuch (344–358), Arian
  30. Eudoxius (358–359), formerly bishop of Germanicia, later (360–370) bishop of Constantinople, Homoian
  31. Anianus (359), immediately deposed
  32. Meletius (360—361), Semi-Arian, deposed in the reign of Valens for Homoiousian leanings

This deposition resulted in the Meletian Schism, which saw several groups and several claimants to the see of Antioch:

The Syriac Non-Chalcedonians recognized Severus as the legitimate Patriarch until his death in 538. In 544, Non-Chalcedonian leader Jacob Baradaeus consecrated Sergius of Tella as bishop of Antioch, opening the lasting schism between the Syrian Orthodox Church and the Byzantine Orthodox Church.

Later patriarchs[edit]

For later Patriarchs of Antioch, see:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walter Bauer, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 2ed., 1979
  2. ^ de Boor, Carl, ed. (1880). Nicephori Archiepiscopi Constantinopolitani Opuscula Historica. Teubner (Leipzig, repr. NY, Arno Press, 1975) pp.129–132. ISBN 0-405-07177-9.
  3. ^ Suda On Line, Adler number: lambda, 685, retrieved 27 December 2008.
  4. ^ Evagrius of Antioch, Hist. Eccles. 4.5, "he was crushed in an earthquake that destroyed the city in the seventh year, tenth month of the reign of Justin." However, Evagrius' date was wrong. See footnote in reference

External links[edit]