List of Chinese administrative divisions by population

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For the administrative divisions governed by the Republic of China (Taiwan), see List of Republic of China administrative divisions by population.

This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of China in order of their total resident populations (常住人口). It includes all provinces, autonomous regions, direct-controlled municipalities and special administrative regions.

List[edit]

Administrative Division 2010
[1]
National Share (%) Comparable Country
[2]
2000
[3]
1990
[4]
1982
[5]
1964
[6]
1954
[7]
1947
[8]
1936-37
[9]
1928
[10]
1912
[11]
 China 1,339,724,852 100  India 1,265,830,000 1,160,017,381 1,031,882,511 723,070,269 601,938,035 457,111,000 479,085,000 474,786,000 411,643,000
Guangdong[FN 1][FN 2] 104,303,132 7.8  Mexico 85,225,007 62,829,236 59,299,220 42,800,849 34,770,059 27,210,000 32,453,000 32,428,000 28,011,000
Shandong[FN 3][FN 4] 95,793,065 7.2  Philippines 89,971,789 84,392,827 74,419,054 55,519,038 48,876,548 38,865,000 38,100,000 28,672,000 30,989,000
Henan 94,023,567 7.0  Philippines 91,236,854 85,509,535 74,422,739 50,325,511 44,214,594 29,654,000 34,290,000 30,566,000 28,518,000
Sichuan[FN 5] 80,418,200 6.0  Egypt 82,348,296 107,218,173 99,713,310 67,956,490 62,303,999 47,437,000 52,706,000 47,992,000 48,130,000
Jiangsu[FN 6][FN 7] 78,659,903 5.9  Iran 73,043,577 67,056,519 60,521,114 44,504,608 41,252,192 36,080,000 36,469,000 34,126,000 32,283,000
Hebei[FN 8][FN 9][FN 10] 71,854,202 5.4  Turkey 66,684,419 61,082,439 53,005,876 45,687,781 35,984,644 28,719,000 28,644,000 31,232,000 26,658,000
Hunan 65,683,722 4.9  France 63,274,173 60,659,754 54,008,851 37,182,286 33,226,954 25,558,000 28,294,000 31,501,000 27,617,000
Anhui 59,500,510 4.5  Italy 58,999,948 56,180,813 49,665,724 31,241,657 30,343,637 22,462,000 23,354,000 21,715,000 16,229,000
Hubei[FN 11] 57,237,740 4.3  Italy 59,508,870 53,969,210 47,804,150 33,709,344 27,789,693 20,976,000 25,516,000 26,699,000 29,590,000
Zhejiang 54,426,891 4.1  South Africa 45,930,651 41,445,930 38,884,603 28,318,573 22,865,747 19,959,000 21,231,000 20,643,000 21,440,000
Guangxi[FN 12] 46,026,629 3.5  Colombia 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822 14,636,000 13,385,000 13,648,000 7,879,000
Yunnan 45,966,239 3.4  Spain 42,360,089 36,972,610 32,553,817 20,509,525 17,472,737 9,066,000 12,042,000 13,821,000 9,468,000
Jiangxi 44,567,475 3.3  Ukraine 40,397,598 37,710,281 33,184,827 21,068,019 16,772,865 12,507,000 15,805,000 20,323,000 23,988,000
Liaoning[FN 13][FN 14][FN 15] 43,746,323 3.3  Tanzania 41,824,412 39,459,697 35,721,693 26,946,200 18,545,147 10,007,000 15,254,000 15,233,000 12,133,000
Heilongjiang[FN 16][FN 17] 38,312,224 2.9  Kenya 36,237,576 35,214,873 32,665,546 20,118,271 11,897,309 2,844,000 3,751,000 3,725,000 2,029,000
Shaanxi[FN 18] 37,327,378 2.8  Poland 35,365,072 32,882,403 28,904,423 20,766,915 15,881,281 10,011,000 9,780,000 11,802,000 9,364,000
Fujian 36,894,216 2.8  Algeria 34,097,947 30,097,274 25,931,106 16,757,223 13,142,721 11,143,000 11,756,000 10,071,000 15,849,000
Shanxi 35,712,111 2.7  Algeria 32,471,242 28,759,014 25,291,389 18,015,067 14,314,485 15,247,000 11,601,000 12,228,000 10,082,000
Guizhou 34,746,468 2.6  Canada 35,247,695 32,391,066 28,552,997 17,140,521 15,037,310 10,174,000 9,919,000 14,746,000 9,665,000
Chongqing[FN 5][FN 19] 28,846,170 2.2  Malaysia 30,512,763 * * * * 986,000 * * *
Jilin 27,462,297 2.1  Saudi Arabia 26,802,191 24,658,721 22,560,053 15,668,663 11,290,073 6,465,000 7,354,000 7,635,000 5,580,000
Gansu[FN 20] 25,575,254 1.9    Nepal 25,124,282 22,371,141 19,569,261 12,630,569 12,928,102 7,091,000 6,716,000 6,281,000 4,990,000
Inner Mongolia[FN 12] 24,706,321 1.9  Ghana 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104 * * * *
Shanghai[FN 6][FN 19] 23,019,148 1.7  Australia 16,407,734 13,341,896 11,859,748 10,816,458 6,204,417 4,630,000 3,727,000 * *
Xinjiang[FN 12] 21,813,334 1.6  Romania 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608 4,047,000 4,360,000 2,552,000 2,098,000
Beijing[FN 21][FN 9][FN 19] 19,612,368 1.5  Angola 13,569,194 10,819,407 9,230,687 7,568,495 2,768,149 1,722,000 1,551,000 * *
Tianjin[FN 10][FN 19] 12,938,224 1.0  Senegal 9,848,731 8,785,402 7,764,141 * 2,693,831 1,773,000 1,218,000 * *
Hainan[FN 1] 8,671,518 0.7  Burundi 7,559,035 6,557,482 * * * * * * *
 Hong Kong[FN 22] 7,061,200[12]  Papua New Guinea 6,708,389 * * * * * * * *
Ningxia[FN 20][FN 12] 6,176,900 0.5  El Salvador 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * * 759,000 978,000 1,450,000 303,000
Qinghai 5,626,722 0.5  Paraguay 4,822,963 4,456,946 3,895,706 2,145,604 1,676,534 1,308,000 1,196,000 619,000 368,000
Tibet[FN 12] 3,002,166 0.2  Kuwait 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969 1,000,000 372,000 372,000 1,160,000
 Macau[FN 22] 552,300[13]  Solomon Islands 431,500 * * * * * * * *
Rehe[FN 23] * * * * * 5,160,822 6,197,000 2,185,000 6,593,000 4,630,000
Xikang[FN 24] * * * * * 3,381,064 1,697,000 968,000 890,000 *
Qahar[FN 25] * * * * * * 2,186,000 2,036,000 1,997,000 1,622,000
Suiyuan[FN 26] * * * * * * 2,233,000 2,084,000 2,124,000 630,000
Nanjing[FN 7][FN 19] * * * * * * 1,114,000 1,019,000 * *
Qingdao[FN 3][FN 19] * * * * * * 851,000 515,000 * *
Xi'an[FN 27][FN 18][FN 19] * * * * * * 628,000 206,000 * *
Dongsheng[FN 16] * * * * * * * 680,000 * *
Weihai[FN 4] * * * * * * * 222,000 * *
Liaodong[FN 28][FN 29] * * * * * * 2,992,000 * * *
Liaobei[FN 30] * * * * * * 4,629,000 * * *
Songjiang[FN 31] * * * * * * 2,571,000 * * *
Hejiang[FN 32] * * * * * * 1,841,000 * * *
Nenjiang[FN 33] * * * * * * 3,333,000 * * *
Xing'an[FN 34] * * * * * * 328,000 * * *
Guangzhou[FN 2] * * * * * * 1,128,000 * * *
Wuhan[FN 35][FN 11][FN 19] * * * * * * 722,000 * * *
Shenyang[FN 14][FN 19] * * * * * * 1,021,000 * * *
Dalian[FN 36][FN 15][FN 19] * * * * * * 544,000 * * *
Harbin[FN 17][FN 19] * * * * * * 760,000 * * *
Taiwan[FN 37] (PRC claimed) (PRC claimed) (PRC claimed) (PRC claimed) (PRC claimed) (PRC claimed) * * * *
Mongolia[FN 38] (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) (ROC claimed) 616,000 340,000

Notes[edit]

The 2010 national census numbers indicate the total resident population, regardless of the location of their hukou permits.

Map of the provinces by population in millions

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hainan Province was part of Guangdong Province until 1988
  2. ^ a b Guangzhou part of Guangdong Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Guangdong
  3. ^ a b Qingdao part of Shandong Province until 1929; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Shandong
  4. ^ a b Weihai also known as Weihaiwei. Established in 1930; dissolved in 1945 and incorporated into Shandong
  5. ^ a b Chongqing was part of Sichuan Province until 1939 and 1954 to 1997
  6. ^ a b Shanghai was part of Jiangsu Province until 1927
  7. ^ a b Nanjing part of Jiangsu Province until 1927; dissolved in 1952 and incorporated into Jiangsu
  8. ^ Hebei was known as Zhili until 1928
  9. ^ a b Beijing was part of Hebei Province until 1928
  10. ^ a b Tainjin was part of Hebei Province until 1928 and 1954 to 1967
  11. ^ a b Wuhan (Hankou) part of Hubei Province until 1927; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Hubei
  12. ^ a b c d e Autonomous Region
  13. ^ Liaoning was known as Fengtian until 1929
  14. ^ a b Shenyang part of Liaoning Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  15. ^ a b Dalian part of Liaoning Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  16. ^ a b Established in 1923; dissolved in 1932 and incorporated into Manchukuo / Heilongjiang (present)
  17. ^ a b Harbin part of Heilongjiang Province until 1947-1949 and 1953-1954
  18. ^ a b Xi'an part of Shaanxi Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Shaanxi
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Direct-controlled municipality
  20. ^ a b Ningxia was part of Gansu until 1929 and 1954-1958
  21. ^ Beijing was known as Beiping in 1928 until 1949
  22. ^ a b Special Administrative Region
  23. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Hebei, Liaoning, & Inner Mongolia
  24. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1939; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Sichuan and Tibet
  25. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1952 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia, Beijing & Hebei
  26. ^ Incorporated into a province in 1928; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia
  27. ^ Xi'an fail to split from Shannxi in 1933; Xi'an was known as Xijing in 1933 until 1943
  28. ^ Liaodong was known as Andong in 1947 until 1949
  29. ^ Split from Liaoning Province in 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Liaoning
  30. ^ Split from Liaoning Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia and Liaoning
  31. ^ Split from Jilin Province in 1947; dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Heilongjiang
  32. ^ Split from Jilin Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Songjiang
  33. ^ Split from Heilongjiang Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Heilongjiang
  34. ^ Split from Heilongjiang Province in 1947; dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Inner Mongolia
  35. ^ Part of Wuhan was known as Hankou
  36. ^ Dalian was known as Lüda (Lyuda) in 1950 until 1954
  37. ^ Claimed by the PRC
  38. ^ Declared independent in 1911 and claimed by the ROC until 2012

Sources[edit]