List of Phi Kappa Psi Grand Arch Councils

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The Grand Hotel of Mackinac Island has been the venue of three Grand Arch Councils

Phi Kappa Psi, also called "Phi Psi", is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania on February 19, 1852. There are over a hundred chapters and colonies at accredited four year colleges and universities throughout the United States.[1] More than 112,000 members have been initiated into Phi Kappa Psi since its founding.[1]

The supreme governing body of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity is the Grand Arch Council (G.A.C.). The first convened in 1855. G.A.C.s then convened at an irregular schedule until an entirely new form of government was ratified in 1886. [2] Beginning in 1888, nearly all G.A.C.s have been regularly scheduled, and have occurred biennially, with the sole exception being that the 1944 G.A.C. was cancelled due to World War II.[3]

Grand Arch Councils[edit]

Light blue shaded rows indicate Grand Arch Councils before the 1886 constitution was ratified.
A black row indicates a year in which a Grand Arch Council was cancelled.
# Year City State or district Venue Notes Ref(s)
1 1855 Charlottesville Virginia [2]
2 1856 Canonsburg Pennsylvania Above John Brown's confectionery and ice-cream saloon [2][4]
3 1858 Washington District of Columbia [2]
4 1860 Washington District of Columbia National Hotel [2][5]
5 1865 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania [2]
6 1868 Cincinnati Ohio [2]
7 1871 Wheeling West Virginia [6]
8 1874 Columbus Ohio [6]
9 1876 Philadelphia Pennsylvania Old Masonic Hall [6][7]
10 1878 Indianapolis Indiana Grand Hotel [6][8]
11 1880 Washington District of Columbia St. Marc Hotel Woodrow Wilson was a delegate from the Virginia Alpha chapter [6][9][10]
12 1883 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania [6]
13 1885 Columbus Ohio Odd Fellows' Temple Special committee created to draft a new constitution, prohibited chapters from honorary initiations [6][11][12]
14 1886 Indianapolis Indiana Elks Hall New constitution ratified [6][13][14]
15 1888 Washington District of Columbia Riggs House [6][15]
16 1890 Chicago Illinois Grand Pacific Hotel [6][16]
17 1892 Cincinnati Ohio Burnet House [6][17]
18 1894 New York New York Hotel Savoy Phi Psi becomes first fraternity to publicly oppose hazing with a resolution for all undergraduate members to actively oppose it [6][18][19]
19 1896 Cleveland Ohio Hollenden Hotel [6][20]
20 1898 Philadelphia Pennsylvania Aldine Hotel [6][21]
21 1900 Columbus Ohio Chittenden Hotel [6][22]
22 1902 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Hotel Henry Semicentennial celebration [23]
23 1904 Indianapolis Indiana New Claypool Hotel [24]
24 1906 Washington District of Columbia Willard Hotel [25]
25 1908 Denver Colorado Brown Palace Hotel [26]
26 1910 Toledo Ohio Secor Hotel [27]
27 1912 Chicago Illinois Hotel La Salle [28]
28 1914 Cleveland Ohio Hotel Statler Endowment Fund (today known as the Phi Kappa Psi Foundation) established, standard badge adopted [29]
29 1916 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania William Penn Hotel Committees appointed to design a standard flag and a hatband [30][31]
30 1918 Detroit Michigan Statler Hotel [32]
31 1920 Minneapolis Minnesota Curtis Hotel Order of the S.C. Founded [33]
32 1922 Springfield Ohio Lagonda Club Sessions were held at the Lagonda Club, headquarters was at the Shawnee Hotel, most entertainment was at Memorial Hall [34]
33 1924 Boston Massachusetts Somerset Hotel [35]
34 1926 Kansas City Missouri Hotel Baltimore Sessions were at the Hotel Baltimore, headquarters were at the Muehlebach Hotel [36]
35 1928 Buffalo New York Statler Hotel [37]
36 1930 White Sulphur Springs West Virginia The Greenbrier [38]
37 1932 Santa Barbara California Santa Barbara Biltmore [39]
38 1934 Mackinac Island Michigan The Grand Hotel [40]
39 1936 Virginia Beach Virginia Cavalier Hotel [41]
40 1938 Chicago Illinois Chicago Beach Hotel [42]
41 1940 Spring Lake Beach New Jersey The Monmouth Hotel [43]
42 1942 Des Moines Iowa Hotel Fort Des Moines [44]
942.5 1944 Cancelled due to World War II [3]
43 1946 Columbus Ohio Deshler-Wallick Hotel [45]
44 1948 Estes Park Colorado The Stanley Hotel [46]
45 1950 Old Point Comfort Virginia Chamberlin Hotel [47]
46 1952 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania William Penn Hotel Centennial celebration [48]
47 1954 Atlantic City New Jersey Claridge Hotel [49]
48 1956 San Francisco California Sheraton-Palace Hotel [50]
49 1958 Mackinac Island Michigan The Grand Hotel [51]
50 1960 Chicago Illinois Edgewater Beach Hotel [52]
51 1962 Asheville North Carolina Grove Park Inn [53]
52 1964 Denver Colorado Brown Palace Hotel The Creed is adopted [54]
53 1966 Bedford Pennsylvania Bedford Springs Hotel [55]
54 1968 Indianapolis Indiana Stouffer's Inn [56]
55 1970 Philadelphia Pennsylvania Marriott Motor Hotel [57]
56 1972 Scottsdale Arizona Camelback Inn [58]
57 1974 New Orleans Louisiana [59]
58 1976 Washington District of Columbia Twin Bridges Marriott Hotel [60]
59 1978 Kansas City Missouri Crown Center Hotel [61]
60 1980 Indianapolis Indiana [59]
61 1982 Atlanta Georgia [59]
62 1984 French Lick Indiana French Lick Springs Hotel [59]
63 1986 Scottsdale Arizona Camelback Inn [62][59]
64 1988 New Orleans Louisiana Fairmont Hotel [63]
65 1990 Mackinac Island Michigan The Grand Hotel [64]
66 1992 San Francisco California Hyatt Regency San Francisco [65]
67 1994 Charleston South Carolina Omni Hotel [66]
68 1996 Chicago Illinois Chicago Hilton & Towers [67]
69 1998 Scottsdale Arizona Camelback Inn [68]
70 2000 Memphis Tennessee Peabody Hotel [69]
71 2002 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Pittsburgh Hilton & Towers Sesquicentennial celebration [70]
72 2004 San Diego California U.S. Grant Hotel SUNY Oneonta's New York Kappa becomes first chapter to charter at a G.A.C. [71][72]
73 2006 New Orleans Louisiana Hilton New Orleans Riverside [73]
74 2008 Indianapolis Indiana Hyatt Regency Indianapolis [74]
75 2010 Orlando Florida Hilton Walt Disney World [75]
76 2012 San Antonio Texas Grand Hyatt San Antonio [76]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Collinsworth 2010, p. 6.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Van Cleve 1902, p. 88.
  3. ^ a b Gorgas 1952, pp. 620, 623–626, 656–657, 664–666.
  4. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 69.
  5. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 82.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Van Cleve 1902, p. 89.
  7. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 171.
  8. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 197.
  9. ^ Campbell 1952, pp. 47, 225.
  10. ^ "Central National Bank Building (Apex Liquor Store), Washington, D.C.". 29 September 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2011. "Built as the St. Marc Hotel in 1860. In 1887 the Central National Bank assumed ownership of the hotel and commissioned architect Alfred B. Mullett to design the addition on the west facade... Present Use: Headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women, Inc." 
  11. ^ Glazebrook, Otis A., ed. (1885). "Other Fraternities". Alpha Tau Omega Palm (Charlottesville: Blake & Prout) 5 (2): 133. OCLC 2053947. 
  12. ^ Van Cleve 1902, p. 114.
  13. ^ Van Cleve 1902, p. 120.
  14. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 315.
  15. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 340.
  16. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 358.
  17. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 380.
  18. ^ Campbell 1952, pp. 411, 415.
  19. ^ Syrett 2009, p. 152.
  20. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 431.
  21. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 449.
  22. ^ Campbell 1952, p. 470.
  23. ^ "Phi Kappa Psis Give Ball". The Evening Times (Washington). 4 April 1902. p. 3. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  24. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 63.
  25. ^ "Phi Kappa Psi Convention Opens". The Washington Times (Washington). 18 April 1906. p. 5. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  26. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 118.
  27. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 141.
  28. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 32 (6): 375–404. 1911. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  29. ^ Gorgas 1952, pp. 194, 197.
  30. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 226.
  31. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 36 (6): 417–458. 1915. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  32. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 38 (6): 350–375. 1917. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  33. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 40 (6): 323–364. 1919. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  34. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 42 (6): 313–324. 1921. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  35. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 44 (6): 429–454. 1923. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  36. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 418.
  37. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 48 (5): 400–401. 1927. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  38. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 467.
  39. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 52 (4): 305. 1931. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  40. ^ Williams, Clarence F., ed. (1934). "Thirty-Eighth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 55 (1): 3–50. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  41. ^ Williams, Clarence F., ed. (1936). "Thirty-Ninth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 57 (1): 3–43. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  42. ^ Williams, Clarence F., ed. (1938). "Fortieth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 59 (1): 3–63. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  43. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 600.
  44. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 623.
  45. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 666.
  46. ^ Gorgas 1952, p. 696.
  47. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 71 (1): 3–41. 1950. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  48. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 73 (1): 3–52. 1952. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  49. ^ Campbell, J. Duncan, ed. (1954). The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 75 (1): 3–6. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  50. ^ McManus, Ed (1956). "Four Days Well Spent (an undergraduate's view of the GAC)". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 77 (1): 28. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  51. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 79 (1): 3–35. 1958. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  52. ^ The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Fulton, Missouri: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 81 (2): 75–101. 1960. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  53. ^ Henderson, William A., ed. (1962). "Fifty-First Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Fulton, Missouri: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 83 (1): 3–28. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  54. ^ Henderson, William A.; Dick, Haldon C., eds. (1964). "Important ELC-GAC in Colorful Colorado". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Fulton, Missouri: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 84 (3): 115–117. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  55. ^ Dick, Haldon C., ed. (1966). "Fifty-Third Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 87 (1): 3–21. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  56. ^ Dick, Haldon C., ed. (1968). "Fifty-Forth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 89 (1): 3–21. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  57. ^ Daniel, Ralph D., ed. (1970). "Fifty-Fifth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 91 (1): 1–7. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  58. ^ Daniel, Ralph D., ed. (1972). "Fifty-Sixth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 93 (1): 1–9. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  59. ^ a b c d e Phi Kappa Psi 1997, pp. xii-xiii.
  60. ^ Whittington, Tony B., ed. (1976). "Fifty-Eighth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 97 (1): 1–11. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  61. ^ Whittington, Tony B., ed. (1978). "Fifty-Ninth Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Cleveland: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 99 (1): 4–15. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  62. ^ The History of the Oregon Alpha Chapter of Phi Kappa Psi
  63. ^ Angstadt, Gary B., ed. (1988). "Crescent City GAC Approaches". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 108 (1): 100. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  64. ^ Harper, Terrence G., ed. (1990). "1990 Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 111 (1): 4–7. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  65. ^ Harper, Terrence G., ed. (1992). "Grand Arch Council Summary". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 113 (1): 4–7. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  66. ^ Murray, David R. (1994). Harper, Terrence G., ed. "'It was the best GAC in years!'". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 115 (1): 7–10. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  67. ^ Harper, Terrence G., ed. (1996). "My Kind of GAC". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 116 (3): 15–16. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  68. ^ Harper, Terrence G., ed. (1998). "Return to the Valley of the Sun". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 118 (4): 4–14. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  69. ^ Phi Kappa Psi 2009, p. xv.
  70. ^ "House Resolution No. 428". The General Assembly of Pennsylvania. 12 February 2002. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  71. ^ Rakowski 2005, p. 25.
  72. ^ Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. (2004). "72nd GAC San Diego, California". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 125 (1): 46–49. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  73. ^ Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. (2006). "Grand Arch Council 2006 — Phi Psi and the Big Easy". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 127 (3): 37–40. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  74. ^ Collinsworth, Shawn, ed. (2008). "74th Grand Arch Council". The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi (Indianapolis: Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity) 129 (1): 44. ISSN 0199-1280. 
  75. ^ Phi Kappa Psi (2010). "2010 Grand Arch Council". Phi Kappa Psi. PhiKappaPsi.org. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  76. ^ Phi Kappa Psi (2012). "Join Us for the 2012 Grand Arch Council". Phi Kappa Psi. PhiKappaPsi.org. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 

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External links[edit]