List of Pittsburgh Pirates no-hitters

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The Pittsburgh Pirates are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They play in the National League Central division. Also known in their early years as the "Pittsburgh Alleghanys" (1882–90),[1] pitchers for the Pirates have thrown 6 no-hitters in franchise history.[2] A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4] A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a] No perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been thrown in Pirates history.[5] However on May 26, 1959, Harvey Haddix threw a 12-inning perfection until the fielding error by Don Hoak ended his perfection and eventually lost his no-hit bid and a game.[6] As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

Nick Maddox threw the first no-hitter in Pirates history on September 20, 1907; the most recent no-hitter was jointly thrown by Francisco Córdova and Ricardo Rincón on July 12, 1997.[5] Two left-handed starting pitchers have threw no-hitters in franchise history while four were by right-handers. Three no-hitters were thrown at home and three on the road. They threw one in May, one in June, one in July, one in August, and two in September. The longest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Maddox and Cliff Chambers, encompassing 43 years, 7 months, and 16 days from September 20, 1907 till May 6, 1951. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Moose and Dock Ellis, encompassing merely 8 months and 23 days from September 20, 1969 till June 12, 1970.[5] They no-hit the Los Angeles Dodgers (formerly "Brooklyn Superbas") the most, which occurred twice, which were no-hit by Maddox in 1907 and a combined no-hitter by Córdova and Rincón in 1997. There is one no-hitter which the team allowed at least a run, thrown by Maddox in 1907. There is one no-hitter which had a dramatic finish: Mark Smith hit a game winning three-run home run in the bottom of the tenth inning on July 12, 1997. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was by Ellis (in 1970), who allowed nine. Of the 6 no-hitters, three have been won by a score of 3–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a no-hitter was a 3–0 wins by Cliff Chambers in 1951, Bob Moose in 1969, and a combined no-hitter by Córdova and Rincón in 1991. The smallest margin of victory was a 2–1 win by Maddox in 1907.

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[7] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[7] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.[8] A different umpire presided over each of the Pirates' six no-hitters.

The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager is to determine the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game.[9] Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would contribute to a no-hitter.[citation needed] Five different managers have led to the Pirates' six no-hitters.

List of no-hitters in Pirates history[edit]

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
runners
Opponent Catcher Plate umpire Manager Notes Ref
1 September 20, 1907 Maddox, NickNick Maddox 2–1 2 Brooklyn Superbas Boyle, JackJack Boyle Klem, BillBill Klem Clarke, FredFred Clarke
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First Pirates no-hitter at home
  • First right-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • Smallest margin of victory in a Pirates no-hitter
  • First and only Pirates no-hitter while allowing a run
  • Tied for the latest calendar date of Pirates no-hitter (tie)
[10]
2 May 6, 1951 Chambers, CliffCliff Chambers£ 3–0 8 @ Boston Braves Gerald, Ed FitzEd Fitz Gerald Dascoli, FrankFrank Dascoli Meyer, BillyBilly Meyer
  • Second game of a doubleheader
  • First Pirates no-hitter on the road
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • Longest interval between Pirates no-hitters
  • Earliest calendar date of Pirates no-hitter
[11]
3 September 20, 1969 Moose, BobBob Moose 3–0 3 @ New York Mets Sanguillen, MannyManny Sanguillen Donatelli, AugieAugie Donatelli Shepard, LarryLarry Shepard
  • Tied for the latest calendar date of Pirates no-hitter (tie)
  • The Mets would go on to win the 1969 World Series
[12]
4 June 12, 1970 Ellis, DockDock Ellis 2–0 9 @ San Diego Padres May, JerryJerry May Venzon, TonyTony Venzon Murtaugh, DannyDanny Murtaugh (1)
  • First game of a doubleheader
  • Shortest interval between Pirates no-hitters
  • Most baserunners allowed in a Pirates no-hitter
  • Ellis claimed he was under the influence of LSD
[13]
5 August 9, 1976 Candelaria, JohnJohn Candelaria£ 2–0 3 Los Angeles Dodgers Dyer, DuffyDuffy Dyer Colosi, NickNick Colosi Murtaugh, DannyDanny Murtaugh (2)
  • Game was televised on ABC
[14]
6 July 12, 1997 Córdova, FranciscoFrancisco Córdova (9 IP)
Ricardo Rincón£ (1 IP)
3–0 (10) 4 Houston Astros Kendall, JasonJason Kendall Hallion, TomTom Hallion Lamont, GeneGene Lamont
  • Most recent no-hitter in franchise history
  • Pinch-hitter Mark Smith hit a walk-off 3-run home run with two outs in the bottom of the tenth inning to secure the no-hitter
[15]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Pittsburgh Pirates on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Perfection". Café Hayek. June 3, 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  7. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  8. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Manager". Wikipedia. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  10. ^ "1907 Pirates Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  11. ^ "May 6, 1951 Pittsburgh Pirates at Boston Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  12. ^ "September 20, 1969 Pittsburgh Pirates at New York Mets Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  13. ^ "June 12, 1970 Pittsburgh Pirates at San Diego Padres Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  14. ^ "August 9, 1976 Los Angeles Dodgers at Pittsburgh Pirates Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  15. ^ "July 12, 1997 Houston Astros at Pittsburgh Pirates Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  16. ^ "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 

External links[edit]