Outline of Poland

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The location of Poland
Map of the Republic of Poland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Poland:

The Republic of Poland is a sovereign country located in Central Europe.[1] Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 km² (120,728 sq mi),[2] making it the 69th largest country in the world and 9th in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people, which makes it the 33rd most populous country in the world.[3]

The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966 (see Baptism of Poland), when the state covered territory similar to that of present-day Poland. Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by uniting to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth collapsed in 1795, and its territory was partitioned among Prussia, Russia, and Austria. Poland regained its independence in 1918 after World War I but lost it again in World War II, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Poland lost over six million citizens in World War II, and emerged several years later as a socialist republic within the Eastern Bloc under strong Soviet influence. In 1989 communist rule was overthrown and Poland became what is constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is a unitary state made up of sixteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is also a member of the European Union, NATO and OECD.

General reference[edit]

Relief map of Poland

Geography of Poland[edit]

Topographic map of Poland
Main article: Geography of Poland
 Czech Republic 796 km
 Slovakia 541 km
 Ukraine 535 km
 Germany 467 km
 Belarus 418 km
 Russia 210 km
 Lithuania 104 km

Environment of Poland[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Poland

Natural geographic features of Poland[edit]

Regions of Poland[edit]

Main article: Regions of Poland

Ecoregions of Poland[edit]

Administrative divisions of Poland[edit]

Division of Poland into voivodeships and powiats
Provinces of Poland[edit]
Main article: Provinces of Poland
Municipalities of Poland[edit]

Demography of Poland[edit]

Government and politics of Poland[edit]

Branches of the government of Poland[edit]

Main article: Government of Poland

Executive branch of the government of Poland[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Poland[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Poland[edit]

Foreign relations of Poland[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Poland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Poland[edit]

Main article: Law of Poland

Military of Poland[edit]

Main article: Military of Poland

Local government in Poland[edit]

History of Poland[edit]

Main articles: History of Poland, Timeline of the history of Poland, and Current events of Poland

Culture of Poland[edit]

Main article: Culture of Poland

Art in Poland[edit]

Sports in Poland[edit]

Main article: Sports in Poland

Economy and infrastructure of Poland[edit]

Main article: Economy of Poland

Transportation in Poland[edit]

Main article: Transport in Poland

Education in Poland[edit]

Main article: Education in Poland

Health in Poland[edit]

Main article: Health in Poland

See also[edit]

Main article: Poland

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Poland". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ "WARUNKI NATURALNE I OCHRONA ŚRODOWISKA (ENVIRONMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION)". MAŁY ROCZNIK STATYSTYCZNY POLSKI 2013 (CONCISE STATISTICAL YEARBOOK OF POLAND 2013) (in Polish, English). GŁÓWNY URZĄD STATYSTYCZNY. 2013. p. 26. ISSN 1640-3630. 
  3. ^ NationMaster.com 2003-2007, Poland, Facts and figures

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Poland

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