List of Polish Jews

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Graves of Polish Jews among the fallen soldiers of the Polish Defensive War of 1939; Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw.

From the Middle Ages until the Holocaust, Jews comprised a significant part of the Polish population. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, known as a "Jewish paradise" for its religious tolerance, attracted tens thousands of Jews who fled persecution from other European countries, even though, at times, discrimination against Jews surfaced in Poland just as it did elsewhere in Europe. Poland was a major spiritual and cultural center for Ashkenazi Jews/Ashkenazi Jewry. At the start of the Second World War, Poland had the largest Jewish population in the world (over 3.3 million),[1] but the vast majority of whom were killed by the Nazis in the Holocaust during the German occupation of Poland, particularly through the implementation of the "Final Solution" mass extermination program. Only 369,000 (11%) survived. After massive postwar emigration, the current Polish Jewish population stands at somewhere between 50,000 and 200,000.

The below list includes people of Jewish faith or ancestry.

Historical figures[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Others[edit]

Religious figures[edit]

Academics[edit]

Economists[edit]

Mathematicians[edit]

Philosophers[edit]

Sciences[edit]

Historians[edit]

Cultural figures[edit]

Artists[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Screen and stage[edit]

Writers and poets[edit]

Polish-language[edit]

Yiddish-language[edit]

Business figures[edit]

Sports[edit]

Chess[edit]

Fencing[edit]

Football[edit]

Swimming[edit]

Track and field[edit]

  • Irena Szewińska, sprinter and long jumper; world records in 100-m, 200-m, and 400-m; 3x Olympic champion, plus 4 medals (for a total of 7 olympic medals)
  • Jadwiga Wajs, 2 world records (discus); Olympic silver & bronze (discus)

Weightlifting[edit]

Holocaust Survivors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Poland.html
  2. ^ Menachem Begin - Biography
  3. ^ David Ben-Gurion The First Prime Minister
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Burton
  5. ^ PRZEKRÓJ - Trzeci Kaczyński
  6. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia: Julian Klaczko
  7. ^ RP.pl: David Miliband
  8. ^ Factmonster: Namier
  9. ^ Shimon Peres - Biography
  10. ^ Yitzhak Shamir - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  11. ^ Notes for an Autobiography
  12. ^ Looking for The Political Graveyard?
  13. ^ Canadian Jewish News
  14. ^ Gaspar da Gama
  15. ^ Tributes to Sir Hersch Lauterpacht
  16. ^ Annette Insdorf (1987-05-31). "Rosa Luxemburg: More Than a Revolutionary". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: born in Poland of Jewish parents
  18. ^ British Dictionary of National Biography
  19. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
  20. ^ a b Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  21. ^ Ha'aretz: Jewish Born Polish Priest Dreams of Aliyah
  22. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia: Elijah Ba'al Shem
  23. ^ Jewish Nobel Prize Winners
  24. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, Jacob Talmon
  25. ^ The Mendele Review: Yiddish Literature and Language
  26. ^ Richard McBee, “Itshak Holtz: Jewish Genre Painting,” The Jewish Press, July 4, 2003.
  27. ^ Kirshenblatt, Mayer and Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett. They called me Mayer July: Painted memories of a Jewish childhood in Poland before the Holocaust. University of California Press. Los Angeles:2007.
  28. ^ British Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  29. ^ Stars of David Audio Encyclopedia
  30. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  31. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  32. ^ http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Ford_Aleksander
  33. ^ Hoberman, J. "Cinema." YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe 2 August 2010.<http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Cinema>. Accessed 7 July 2012.
  34. ^ http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Cinema
  35. ^ Cohen, Roger (1993-08-08). "Holland Without a Country". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  36. ^ Jewish Film Festival
  37. ^ Jewish Film Festival
  38. ^ IMBD: Roman Polanski
  39. ^ Jewish Women's Archive
  40. ^ Piotr Skrzynecki
  41. ^ "British Express Concern About Fate of Jerzy Toeplitz, Polish Film Figure." Jewish Telegraphic Agency 20 May 1968.
  42. ^ Hoberman, J. "Cinema." YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe 2 August 2010.<http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Cinema>. Accessed 7 July 2012.
  43. ^ Jewish Film Festival
  44. ^ Samuel Blumenfeld, L'homme qui voulait être prince: les vies imaginaires de Michal Waszynski (Paris: B. Grasset, 2006).
  45. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  46. ^ Kazimierz Brandys - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  47. ^ YIVO: Boleslaw Lesmian
  48. ^ List Teodora Parnickiego do Jerzego Giedroycia
  49. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Stern, Anatol
  50. ^ David Frum on National Review Online
  51. ^ Aleksander Wat: Life and Art of an Iconoclast
  52. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  53. ^ a b c d Classical Yiddish Authors
  54. ^ Warsaw Stories: Peretz
  55. ^ YIVO: Aleksander Zederbaum
  56. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  57. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  58. ^ Tom Gross Mideast Media Archive: Henry Orenstein
  59. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  60. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  61. ^ Dia-Pozytyw: Ludzie Sylwetki Biografie
  62. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica; immigrated to France
  63. ^ Ezra Mendelsohn (2009). Jews and the Sporting Life: Studies in Contemporary Jewry XXIII. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-538291-9. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  64. ^ Eldad Beck (August 9, 2010). "Anti-Semitism feared ahead of Euro 2012". European Jewish Congress. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  65. ^ Tom Archdeacon (April 26, 1998). "Memories never dim from Games of Shame; Message of "Nazi Olympics'still vital". The Denver Post. Retrieved December 24, 2010.