List of Polish naval and maritime flags

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The list of naval and maritime flags of Poland

Jack[edit]

Flag Date Name Note
Naval Jack of Poland 1927.png 28.08.1919[1] – around 1946 Jack (proporzec marynarki wojennej) Formally it remained in force until 31.12.1955
PRL Navy Jack 46-55.svg around 1946 – 31.12.1955[2] Jack (proporzec marynarki wojennej) Early People's Republic of Poland period. No precise date of introduction nor legal source can be found
PRL Navy Coastal Units flag 61-90.svg 31.12.1955[3] – 28.12.1959 Jack (proporzec marynarki wojennej) According to some sources, not used in practice[2]
Naval Jack of Poland 1927.png 28.12.1959[4] – 30.04.1993 Jack (proporzec marynarki wojennej) People's Republic of Poland period. Basically the same, as 1919-1946
Naval Jack of Poland.svg from 30.04.1993[5] Jack (proporzec marynarki wojennej)

Naval ensign[edit]

Flag Date Name Note
Naval Ensign of Poland (1919-1928).svg 28.08.1919[1] – 29.03.1928 Naval ensign and land war flag (bandera wojenna i flaga wojenna lądowa) Aspect 8:5
Naval Ensign of Poland (normative).svg 29.03.1928 – around 1946 Naval ensign (bandera wojenna) Formally it remained in force until 31.12.1955, but apparently a flag with the crownless eagle was introduced after WWII. Aspect 5:10½ (1:2.1)
Naval Ensign of Poland (1980-1993, normative).svg around 1946 – 30.04.1993 Naval ensign (bandera wojenna) People's Republic of Poland period. Formally from 31.12.1955.[3]
Aspect 1:2.1
Naval Ensign of Poland (normative).svg from 30.04.1993[5] Naval ensign (bandera wojenna) Basically the same, as 1928-1946.
Aspect 1:2.1

Ensigns of auxiliary vessels of the Navy[edit]

Flag Date Name Note
POL Bandera pjp PRL v1.svg 31.12.1955[3] — 14.03.1996 Ensign of auxiliary naval vessels (Bandera pomocniczych jednostek pływających) Introduced in People's Republic of Poland period (the crownless eagle).
Flaga pomocniczych jednostek pływających Polskiej Marynarki Wojennej.svg From 14.03.1996[6] Ensign of auxiliary naval vessels (Bandera pomocniczych jednostek pływających)

Flags of ships of Border Guard[edit]

Flag Date Name Note
PRL Ensign Border Defence Army.svg 24.04.1953[7] - 19.11.1990 Ensign of vessels of the Border Defence Army (Bandera jednostek pływających Wojsk Ochrony Pogranicza) In addition to People's Republic of Poland naval ensign[8]
POL Border Guard flag.svg from 03.03.1992[9] Flag of the Polish Border Guard
(Flaga Straży Granicznej)
In addition to state ensign

Ensigns of civilian ships[edit]

Flag Date Name Note
Merchant ensign of Vistula ships of Congress Poland.svg 1783 — about 1864 So-called Polish merchant ensign Used on ships of Cherson Trade Company 1783-1793 and on Congress Poland's vessels on the Vistula in the first half of the 19th century, under Russian protectorate
Flag of Poland (with coat of arms, 1919-1928).svg 28.08.1919[1] — 29.03.1928 Merchant and foreign representatives ensign Aspect 8:5
Flag of Poland (with coat of arms).svg 29.03.1928 — around 1946 Merchant ensign and state flag with a coat of arms Aspect 8:5
Flag of Poland (with coat of arms, 1980-1990).svgFlag of Poland (with coat of arms, 1980-1990, normative).svg around 1946 — 22.02.1990 Merchant and state ensign Formally from 31.12.1955
Flag of Poland (with coat of arms).svg From 22.02.1990 Merchant and state ensign The same, as 1928-1946
Flag of Poland.svg current River craft ensign At least from 29. 03. 1928

Other Navy flags[edit]

Image English name
Polish name
Use
Commissioning pennant Commissioning pennant
Znak dowódcy okrętu
Ship commanded by a navy officer in a campaign
Detailed description in List of Polish flags
Navy flag Navy flag
Flaga Marynarki Wojennej
Ceremonial flag used on military holidays, visits of high civilian or military authorities, or representatives of foreign countries, as well as other ceremonies.[6]
Detailed description in List of Polish flags
Naval airport flag Naval aviation flag
Flaga lotnictwa wojskowego Marynarki Wojennej
Naval airports and heliports, 28.12.1959[4] — 14.03.1996
Border defence naval airport flag Flag of naval aviation of the Border Defence Army
Flaga lotnictwa morskiego Wojsk Ochrony Pogranicza
Naval airports and heliports, 28.12.1959[4] — 1991 (formally until 30.04.1993)
Naval airport flag Naval airport (heliport) flag
Flaga lotnisk (lądowisk) Marynarki Wojennej
Naval airports and heliports, from 14.03.1996[6]
Detailed description in List of Polish flags

Rank flags[edit]

Image English name
Polish name
Use
Flag of the Commander of the Navy Flag of the Commander of the Navy
Flaga dowódcy Marynarki Wojennej
On naval vessels when the Commander of the Navy is on board[6]
Detailed description in List of Polish flags
Admiral's Flag Admiral's Flag
Flaga admirała
On naval vessels when an admiral is on board
Vice Admiral's Flag Vice Admiral's Flag
Flaga wiceadmirała
On naval vessels when a vice admiral is on board
Rear Admiral's Flag Rear Admiral's Flag
Flaga kontradmirała
On naval vessels when a rear admiral is on board
General's Flag General's Flag
Flaga generała
On naval vessels when a general is on board

Rank pennants[edit]

Image English name
Polish name
Use
Pennant of the Chief of the Naval Staff Pennant of the Chief of the Naval Staff
Proporczyk szefa Sztabu Marynarki Wojennej
On naval vessels when the Chief of the Naval Staff is on board[6]
Detailed description in List of Polish flags
Flotilla Commander's Pennant Flotilla Commander's Pennant
Proporczyk dowódcy flotylli
On naval vessels when a flotilla commander is on board
Division Commander's Pennant Division Commander's Pennant
Proporczyk dowódcy dywizjonu
On naval vessels when a division commander is on board
Group Commander's Pennant Group Commander's Pennant
Proporczyk dowódcy grupy
On naval vessels when a group commander is on board

Special state service vessels[edit]

Image English name
Polish name
Use
Police vessels flag Police flag
Flaga Policji
Police vessels (from 2 May 1996)[10]
Special state service flags (below) are used by state-employed civil special-purpose ships while on duty, from 16 December 2005. These flags all follow the same basic design; a white flag with a horizontal stripe 1/5 the width of the flag's width. In the middle, each flag is emblazoned with the national coat of arms superimposed on a golden or yellow anchor whose height is 3/5 of the flag's width. The middle stripe is broken in the middle and does not touch the anchor or the arms. The type of special service performed by the ship is indicated by the color of the middle stripe. Proportion 5:8.[11] From 1967 there were basically similar flags carried, but with PRL coat of arms (eagle without a crown)[12]
Hydrographic vessel flag Hydrographic survey and Maritime Office flag
Flaga statku hydrograficznego i dozorczego urzędu morskiego
Hydrographic survey vessels and vessels of Maritime Offices (blue stripe)
Lifeboat flag Rescue ship and pollution-control flag
Flaga statku ratowniczego oraz specjalnego statku do zwalczania zanieczyszczeń
Lifeboats and pollution-control vessels (orange stripe)
Icebreaker flag Icebreaker flag
Flaga statku używanego wyłącznie do łamania lodów
Vessels used exclusively for breaking ice (violet stripe)
Pilot boat flag Pilot boat flag
Flaga statku pilotowego
Pilot boats (ash-grey stripe)
Fireboat flag Fireboat flag
Flaga statku pożarniczego
Fireboats (red stripe)
Training ship flag Training ship flag
Flaga statku szkolnego
Training ships (black stripe)
Customs ship flag Customs ship flag
Flaga statku celnego
Customs ships (green stripe)
Hospital ship flag Hospital ship flag
Flaga statku sanitarnego
Hospital ships (yellow stripe)
Telecommunication ship flag Telecommunication ship flag
Flaga statku telekomunikacyjnego
Telecommunication ships (brown stripe)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Polish) Law of 1 August 1919 on Coat of Arms and Colours of the Polish Republic (Ustawa o godłach i barwach Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), Dz.U. 69 of 1919, pos.416
  2. ^ a b Kazimierz Madej, Polskie symbole wojskowe 1943-1978, Warsaw, 1980, ISBN 83-11-06410-5, p.74
  3. ^ a b c (Polish) Decree of 9 November 1955 on insignia of the Armed Forces (Dekret o znakach Sił Zbrojnych), Dz.U. nr. 47 of 1955, pos.315
  4. ^ a b c (Polish) Law of 10 December 1959 amending Decree of 9 November 1955 on insignia of the Armed Forces (Ustawa o zmianie dekretu z dnia 9 listopada 1955 r. o znakach Sił Zbrojnych), Dz.U. nr. 71 of 1959, pos.447
  5. ^ a b (Polish) Law of 19 February 1993 on insignia of the Polish Armed Forces (Ustawa o znakach Sił Zbrojnych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), Dz.U. z 1993 r. Nr 34, poz. 154
  6. ^ a b c d e (Polish) Zarządzenie Ministra Obrony Narodowej z dnia 29 stycznia 1996 r. w sprawie szczegółowych zasad używania znaków Sił Zbrojnych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej oraz ustalenia innych znaków używanych w Siłach Zbrojnych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Ordinance of the Minister of National Defence on Detailed Rules for the Use of the Insignia of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland and Establishment of other Insignia Used in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland, 29 January 1996), Monitor Polski z 1996 r. Nr 14 poz. 178
  7. ^ (Polish) Decree of 23 April 1953 on ensign of vessels of the Border Defence Army (Dekret o banderze jednostek pływających Wojsk Ochrony Pogranicza), Dz.U. nr.23 of 1953, pos.94
  8. ^ Volker Preuß. "Polen Marineflagge der Grenztruppen". Retrieved 2007-07-01.  (German)
  9. ^ (Polish) Ordinance of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of 20 December 1991 on flag of the Border Guard, conditions of flying a flag and markings of vessels and aircraft (Zarządzenie Ministra Spraw Wewnętrznych z dnia 20 grudnia 1991 r. w sprawie wzoru flagi Straży Granicznej, okoliczności i warunków jej podnoszenia oraz sposobu oznakowania jednostek pływających i statków powietrznych, a także znaków rozpoznawczych używanych na nich przez Straż Graniczną w nocy), Monitor Polski nr.5 of 1992, pos.29
  10. ^ (Polish) Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration on the Flag and Markings for Police Vessels and Aircraft, 18 April 2005, Dz.U. 2005 Nr 84 poz. 724
  11. ^ (Polish) Rozporządzenie Ministra Infrastruktury z dnia 21 października 2005 r. w sprawie wzorów flag dla statków morskich na oznaczenie pełnionej specjalnej służby państwowej oraz okoliczności i warunków ich podnoszenia (Ordinance of the Minister of Infrastructure on Flags for Special State Service Vessels), Dz.U. 2005 Nr 235 poz. 1998
  12. ^ (Polish) Zarządzenie Ministra Żeglugi z dnia 4 stycznia 1967 r. w sprawie określenia wzorów flag dla statków morskich pełniących specjalną służbę państwową (Ordinance of Shipping Ministry of 4 January 1967), M.P. 1967 Nr. 8 Pos. 46

See also[edit]