List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes

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Map of the historical Duchy of Pomerania from the 17th century

This is a list of the duchies and dukes of Pomerania.

10th and 11th century – Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes[edit]

Duchy of Pomerania[edit]

Further information: Duchy of Pomerania

Partitions of Pomerania[edit]

First partition 1155-1264[edit]

In 1155, Pomerania was divided in Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin.

In 1231 Emperor Frederick II granted the immediate liege lordship over Pomerania to the Margrave of Brandenburg, who enforced this claim by the Treaties of Kremmen (1236) and of Landin (1250). Thus Pomerania had become a fief of Brandenburg, thus an only mediate (indirect) subfief of the Empire, with Brandenburg itself being an immediate imperial fief.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers.

      Stettin       Demmin

1155-1278
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
In 1295, reunited with Pomerania-Demmin.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
In 1295, reunited with Pomerania-Stettin.

Second partition 1295-1368[edit]

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ina (Ihna) rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Szczecin south of these rivers.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1295-1368
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Redivided in 1368.

Third partition 1368-1376[edit]

In 1368, Pomerania-Wolgast was divided into a western part (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine, including the name-giving residence in Wolgast) and an eastern part (German: Wolgast jenseits der Swine, in literature also called Pomerania-Stolp after the residence in Stolp (Słupsk)).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Stolp

1368-1376
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, as result of the division of the bigger duchy with the same name.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
The other part of the older duchy of -Wolgast.

Fourth partition 1376/1377-1478[edit]

In 1376, the western part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine) was subdivided in a smaller western part sometimes named Pomerania-Barth after the residence in Barth, and an eastern part which included the residence in Wolgast. In the following year, the eastern part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine or Pomerania-Stolp) was divided into a western part which included Stargard and an eastern part which included the residence in Stolp (Słupsk).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Wolgast-Stolp       Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard

1366/1377-1459
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, in the eastern part of the western part of -Wolgast.
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
The western part of the western part of -Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
A smaller -Stolp, partitioned from the bigger, located in its eastern part.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stargard
The western part of -Stolp, which was the eastern part of -Wolgast

In 1459, the eastern partitions of Pomerania-Wolgast around Stargard and Stolp ceased to exist.

1459-1478
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth

In 1478, after 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Fifth partition 1531-1569[edit]

In 1531, Pomerania was partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Wolgast. This time however, in contrast to the earlier partitions with the same names, Pomerania-Wolgast included the western, and Pomerania-Stettin the eastern parts of the duchy.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1531-1569
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin

Sixth partition 1569-1625[edit]

In 1569, were created the duchies of -Barth (split off from -Wolgast) and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo) (split off from -Stettin).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Rügenwalde

1569-1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Reunited with -Stettin in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
Annexed by -Stettin in 1603
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Reunited with -Wolgast in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (Darłowo)
Annexed by -Stettin in 1620

Defintive reunification and annexation to Sweden[edit]

In 1625, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania under his rule. However, in 1637, Sweden hold western parts of Pomerania (Hither Pomerania), originally including Stettin, legalised by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 (Swedish Pomerania, several times reduced in favour of Brandenburgian Pomerania). Between 1637 and 1657 Lauenburg-Bütow Land came to Poland, thereafter to Brandenburg. In 1648, Brandenburg prevailed in the Peace of Westphalia with its claim only for eastern parts of Pomerania (Farther Pomerania), with the Brandenburg electors officially holding simultaneously the title of dukes of Pomerania until 1806 (end of the Empire and its enfeoffments), but de facto integrating their Pomerania into Brandenburg-Prussia, making it one of the provinces of Prussia in 1815, then including former Swedish Pomerania.

Dukes of Pomerania[edit]

House of Griffins or House of Pomerania (1121-1637)[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Notes
Wartislaw I c.1091 1121-1135 1135 Pomerania First duke of Pomerania.
Ratibor I Racibor i Przybysława.jpg c.1124 1135-1156 1156 Pomerania Ancestor of the Ratiboriden branch of the House of Pomerania that ruled Słupsk-Sławno
Bogislaw I BogislawI.Siegel.JPG c.1130 1156-1187 18 March 1187 Pomerania-Stettin
Casimir I Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania.jpg after 1130 1156-1180 fall of 1180 Pomerania-Demmin
Wartislaw II c.1160 1180-1184 c.1184 Pomerania-Demmin
Bogislaw II BogislawII.Siegel.JPG 1177 1187-1220 23 January 1220 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Bogislaw I.
Casimir II c.1180 1184-1219 1219 Pomerania-Demmin
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel.JPG c.1217/1219 1220-1264 13 December 1278 Pomerania-Stettin Since 1227 the dukes were again vassals of the Holy Roman Empire
Wartislaw III WartislawIII.Siegel.JPG c.1210 1219-1264 17 May 1264 Pomerania-Demmin After his death in 1264, Barnim became the sole duke.
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel.JPG c.1217/1219 1264-1278 13 December 1278 Pomerania Reunited the Duchy of Pomerania.
Barnim II c.1277 1278-1295 28 May 1295 Pomerania
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel.JPG c.1255 1278-1295 19/24 February 1309 Pomerania Co-ruler with his brother Barnim II.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel.JPG 1279 1279-1295 31 December 1344 Pomerania Co-ruler with his brothers Barnim II and Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel.JPG c.1255 1295-1309 19/24 February 1309 Pomerania-Wolgast First duke of Pomerania-Wolgast.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel.JPG 1279 1295-1344 31 December 1344 Pomerania-Stettin
Barnim III the Great Szczecin Zamek Ksiazat Pomorskich plyta Barnima III.jpg c.1300 1344-1368 14 August 1368 Pomerania-Stettin
Wartislaw IV WartislawIV.Siegel.JPG before 1290 1309-1326 1 August 1326 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel.JPG c.1318 1326-1368 23 April 1374 Pomerania-Wolgast
Wartislaw V c.1 November 1326 1326-1368 1390 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw V.
Barnim IV the Good 1325 1326-1365 22 August 1365 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brothers, Wartislaw V and Bogislaw V.
Casimir III 1348 1368-1372 24 August 1372 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel.JPG c.1318 1368-1374 23 April 1374 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp First duke of Stolp. Stolp was partitoned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VI c.1350 1368-1393 7 March 1393 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Barnim IV.
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 1345 1368-1377 13 June 1394 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VI.
Swantibor c.1351 1372-1413 21 June 1413 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw VII the Older before 1355 1372-1404 1404 Pomerania-Stettin Co-ruler with his brother, Swantibor.
Casimir IV Kaźko IV Słupski seal 1373.PNG 1351 1374-1377 2 January 1377 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp
Bogislaw VIII Magnus c.1364 1377-1418 11 February 1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Brother of Wartislaw VII. First duke of Stargard. Stargard was partitioned from Stolp.
Barnim V 1369 1377-1402 1402/1403 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Wartislaw VII 1363/1365 1377-1394/1395 1394/1395 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 1345 1377-1394 13 June 1394 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth In 1377, Wartislaw became the first duke of the newly created duchy of Barth, partitioned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VIII Magnus c.1364 1394/1395-1418 11 February 1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Brother of Wartislaw VII.
Barnim V 1369 1395-1403 1402/1403 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Otto II c.1380 1413-1428 27 March 1428 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Swantibor.
Casimir V before 1380 1413-1435 13 April 1435 Pomerania-Stettin Co-ruler with his brother, Otto II.
Barnim VI Epitaph Barnim VI Büste.png c.1365 1393-1405 22 September 1405 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Wartislaw VI.
Wartislaw VIII 1373 1393-1415 20/23 August 1415 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brother, Barnim VI.
Bogislaw IX 1407/1410 1418-1446 7 December 1446 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard)
Wartislaw IX WartislawIX.1776.JPG c.1400 1415-1457 17 April 1457 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Barnim VI.
Barnim VII the Older 1390 1415-1450 22 September 1450 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brother, Wartislaw IX.
Barnim VIII the Younger between 1405 and 1407 1415-1451 between 15 and 19 December 1451 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth
Joachim the Younger 1424 1435-1451 4 October 1451 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Casimir V.
Eric I ErichI.1500.JPG 1381/1382 1446-1459 3 May 1459 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Son of Wartislaw VII. Also King of the Union of Kalmar between Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
Eric II ErichII.Pommern.JPG between 1418 and 1425 1457-1474 5 July 1474 Pomerania-Wolgast
Otto III 29 May 1444 1451-1464 7 September 1464 Pomerania-Stettin
Wartislaw X 1435 1457-1478 17 December 1478 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Son of Wartislaw IX.
Eric II ErichII.Pommern.JPG between 1418 and 1425 1464-1474 5 July 1454 Pomerania-Stettin
Bogislaw X the Great Bogusław X.jpg 3 June 1454 1474-1478 5 October 1523 Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin
Bogislaw X the Great Bogusław X.jpg 3 June 1454 1478-1523 5 October 1523 Pomerania Reunites the duchy in 1478.
George I GeorgPommern.JPG 11 April 1493 1523-1531 10 May 1531 Pomerania Son of Bogislaw X.
Bogislaw XI 1514 1514 1514 Pomerania Son of George I. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XI. The eleventh reigning Bogislaw was in fact Bogislaw XIII.
Barnim IX the Pious Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 2 December 1501 1523-1531 2 November 1573 Pomerania Co-ruler with his brother, George I.
Barnim IX the Pious Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 2 December 1501 1531-1569 2 November 1573 Pomerania-Stettin
Bogislaw XII c.27 August 1542 1542 before 15 September 1542 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Barnim IX. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XII. After Bogislaw X, only more two dukes named Bogislaw have reigned: Bogislaw XIII and Bogislaw XIV.
Philip I the Pious Philipp I. von Pommern.png 14 July 1515 1531-1560 14 February 1560 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of George I.
Ernest Louis the Fair ErnstLudwig1750F.JPG 20 November 1545 1560-1592 17 June 1592 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Philip I.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern.PNG 27 August 1542 1560-1569 9 February 1600 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brother, Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1560-1569 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis and John Frederick.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1560-1569 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Wolgast Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis, John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern.PNG 27 August 1542 1569-1600 9 February 1600 Pomerania-Stettin
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1600-1603 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Stettin Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. Succeeds in Stettin in 1600.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1569-1603 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Receives Barth (partitioned from Wolgast). Brother of John Frederick. Receives -Wolgast-Barth and Neuenkamp (later Franzburg) in 1569. Tutor of Philip Julius. In 1603, he succeeds in -Stettin.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750.JPG 27 December 1584 1592-1603 6 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast Son of Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1603-1606 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Stettin Succeeds in -Stettin-Stettin in 1603 giving Barth and Neuenkamp to Philip Julius.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750.JPG 27 December 1584 1603-1625 6 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast (Barth and Wolgast) Son of Ernest Louis.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1569-1603 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. In 1569, receives Rügenwalde, which was partitioned from Stettin.
Philip II the Pious PhilippII.1678.JPG 29 July 1573 1606-1618 3 February 1618 Pomerania-Stettin Son of Bogislaw XIII.
George II 30 January 1582 1603-1617 27 March 1617 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Brother of Philip II, Francis and Bogislaw XIV. Co-ruler with his brother Bogislaw XIV.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1603-1625 10 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Son of Bogislaw XIII. Shared Rügenwalde with his brother George II 1606 to 1617.
Francis 1577 Franz.jpg 24 March 1577 1618-1620 27 November 1620 Pomerania-Stettin Brother of Philip II.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1620-1625 10 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin (Stettin and Rügenwalde) In 1620, with the death of Francis of Stettin, he succeeds him in this part of Pomerania.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1625-1637 10 March 1637 Pomerania In 1625, with the death of Philip Julius of Pomerania-Wolgast, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania.

Lands of Schlawe and Stolp (Słupsk-Sławno)[edit]

Further information: Land of Słupsk-Sławno
  • 1121–1156 Ratibor I (from 1147/8 also duke of Pomerania)

(until c. 1190 part of Duchy of Pomerania)

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238–1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitively in 1347.

Principality of Rugia[edit]

Further information: Principality of Rugia

1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

Duchy of Pomerelia[edit]

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum ("Duke of the Pomeranians").

~1155–1227 part of Poland

1215–1270 divided into duchies of:

Duchy of Gdańsk[edit]

from 1271 part of Pomerelia

  • Jan de Jani (1400-1461) - voivode of Pomerania and Gdańsk 1454-1461.

Duchy of Białogarda[edit]

from 1257 part of Pomerelia

Duchy of Lubiszewo[edit]

The dukes initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo. After the town of Tczew was founded nearby in the course of the German Ostsiedlung, the dukes shifted their residence to the town.

from 1266/1278 part of Pomerelia

Duchy of Świecie[edit]

to 1178 part of Pomerelia

from 1271 part of Pomerelia

Further history of Pomerelia[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdańsk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdańsk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznań 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Słupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII–XII w.", Poznań 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII–początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

External links[edit]

References[edit]