List of Portuguese monarchs by longevity

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This is a list of Portuguese monarchs by longevity since the formation of the Kingdom of Portugal in the 12th century.

At 81 years and 113 days, Maria I of Portugal was the longest-lived monarch in the history of the kingdom. She died mad in 1816.
At 24 years and 62 days, Peter V of Portugal was the shortest-lived monarch in the history of the kingdom. He died of cholera in 1861.
Afonso Henriques, the founding king of Portugal, is the second longest-lived Portuguese monarch, and the longest-lived king, at 76 years and 153 days.
Rank Monarch Date of Birth Date of Death Longevity
(days)
Longevity
(years/days)
1 Maria I 17 December 1734 20 March 1816 29,678 81y 113d
2 Afonso I Henriques 25 July 1109 6 December 1185 27,893 76y 153d
3 John I 11 April 1357 14 August 1433 27,883 76y 143d
4 Philip I
(II of Spain)
21 December 1527 13 September 1598 25,834 70y 284d
5 Afonso III 5 May 1210 16 February 1279 25,124 68y 304d
6 Cardinal Henry 31 January 1512 31 January 1580 24,837 68y 17d
7 Afonso IV 8 February 1291 28 May 1357 24,215 66y 125d
8/9 António, Prior of Crato 1531 26 August 1595 between 23,249
and 23,613
between 63y 254d
and 64y 253d
9/8 Miguel 26 October 1802 14 November 1866 23,395 64y 35d
10 Denis 9 October 1261 7 January 1325 23,100 63y 105d
11 Joseph I 6 June 1714 24 February 1777 22,909 62y 279d
12 John V 22 October 1689 31 July 1750 22,196 60y 296d
13 Philip III
(IV of Spain)
8 April 1605 17 September 1665 22,077 60y 177d
14 John VI 13 May 1767 26 March 1826 21,501 58y 331d
15 Peter II 26 April 1648 9 December 1706 21,410 58y 240d
16 John III 7 June 1502 11 June 1557 20,094 55y 4d
17 John IV 18 March 1603 6 November 1656 19,592 53y 247d
18 Manuel I 31 May 1469 13 December 1521 19,188 52y 208d
19 Luís I 31 October 1838 19 October 1889 18,616 51y 1d
20 Afonso V 15 January 1432 28 August 1481 18,123 49y 238d
21 Sancho I 11 November 1164 25 March 1212 17,300 47y 145d
22 Edward 31 October 1391 13 September 1438 17,118 46y 328d
23 Peter I 8 April 1320 18 January 1367 17,086 46y 296d
24 Carlos I 28 September 1863 1 February 1908 16,196 44y 136d
25 Manuel II 19 March 1889 2 July 1932 15,810 43y 115d
26 Philip II
(III of Spain)
14 April 1578 31 March 1621 15,692 42y 362d
27 John II 3 March 1455 25 October 1495 14,846 40y 246d
28 Sancho II 8 September 1207 4 January 1248 14,728 40y 128d
29 Afonso VI 21 August 1643 12 September 1683 14,632 40y 32d
30 Afonso II 23 April 1185 25 April 1223 13,880 38y 10d
31 Ferdinand I 31 October 1345 22 October 1383 13,870 38y
32 Pedro IV
(I of Brazil)
12 October 1798 24 September 1834 13,130 35y 355d
33 Maria II 4 April 1819 15 November 1853 12,644 34y 234d
34 Sebastian 20 January 1554 4 August 1578 8,962 24y 202d
35 Pedro V 16 September 1837 11 November 1861 8,822 24y 62d

See also[edit]