List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is an alphabetized, partial list of recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, grouped by the aspect of life in which they are/were renowned. Unless otherwise noted, the names are listed as they were given in the official announcement of the award (e.g. President Jimmy Carter, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche) which may not match the recipient's highest office or their usual title. The Presidential Medal of Freedom is awarded by the President of the United States "for especially meritorious contribution to (1) the security or national interests of the United States, or (2) world peace, or (3) cultural or other significant public or private endeavors"; it is awarded to individuals selected by the President or recommended to him by the Distinguished Civilian Service Awards Board.[1] The only exception to the rule that the sitting president chooses those to be honored was that the first recipients were selected by President John F. Kennedy before his assassination and formally awarded by his successor in office, Lyndon B. Johnson.[2] President Bill Clinton awarded 88 Medals while President George W. Bush awarded 81 Medals; President Barack Obama has awarded 80 Medals as of November 24, 2014.[3][4][5]

Three people, Ellsworth Bunker, John Kenneth Galbraith, and Colin Powell, are two-time recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Ellsworth Bunker was given both of his awards with Distinction.

This list does not include those awarded the similarly named but very distinct Medal of Freedom, an antecedent award issued prior to 1963.


Arts[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe 1963 December 6 [6]
Buckminster Fuller 1983
I.M. Pei 1993 [7]

Art[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Andrew Wyeth 1963
Willem de Kooning 1964
Alexander Calder 1977 January 10 posthumous award[8]
Georgia O'Keeffe 1977 January 10 [9]
Norman Rockwell 1977 January 10 Rockwell's son, Jarvis, accepted the award[10]
Roger L. Stevens 1988
Jasper Johns 2011 [4]

Dance[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Alvin Ailey 2014 November 24 Posthumous award[11]
Martha Graham 1976 October 14 Awarded With Distinction[12]
Lucia Chase 1980
George Balanchine 1983
Lincoln Kirstein 1984 March 26 [13]
Chita Rivera 2009 August 12 [14]

Film[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Lucille Ball 1989 July 7 posthumous award[15]
James Cagney 1984 March 26 [16]
Doris Day 2004 June 23 [5]
Walt Disney 1964 September 14 Described as "Mr. Walter Disney"[17]
Kirk Douglas 1981
Lynn Fontanne 1964 September 14 [18]
John Ford 1973
Samuel Goldwyn 1971
Helen Hayes 1986
Audrey Hepburn 1992
Charlton Heston 2003 July 23 [5]
Bob Hope 1969
Danny Kaye 1987 posthumous award
Alfred Lunt 1964 September 14 [18]
Rita Moreno 2004 June 23 [5]
Gregory Peck 1969
Sidney Poitier 2009 August 12 [5]
Martha Raye 1993 November 2 [5]
Meryl Streep 2014 November 24 [11]
James Stewart 1985
Marlo Thomas 2014 November 24 [11]
Lew Wasserman 1995 September 29 [5]
John Wayne 1980 June 9 posthumous award[19]

Literature[edit]

Harper Lee, 2007
Nomination Date Note
Isabel Allende 2014 November 24 [11]
Maya Angelou 2011 [4]
Jacques Barzun 2003
James Burnham 1983
J. Frank Dobie 1964
T. S. Eliot 1964
Ralph Ellison 1969
Eric Hoffer 1982
Louis L'Amour 1984 March 26 [20]
Harper Lee 2007
Archibald MacLeish 1977 January 10 Roderick MacLeish, Archibald's nephew, accepted the award[21]
James A. Michener 1977 January 10 Named as James Albert Michener on the award citation[22]
Toni Morrison 2012 [23]
Carl Sandburg 1964
John Steinbeck 1964
Robert Penn Warren 1980
Eudora Welty 1980
E.B. White 1963
Elie Wiesel 1992
Thornton Wilder 1963
Tennessee Williams 1980
Edmund Wilson 1963
Albert Wohlstetter 1985

Music[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Marian Anderson 1963 [24]
Pearl Bailey 1988
'Count' Basie 1985 Posthumous award
Irving Berlin 1977
James "Eubie" Blake 1981
Pau Casals 1963
Van Cliburn 2003
Aaron Copland 1964
Plácido Domingo 2002
Bob Dylan 2012 [23]
Duke Ellington 1969
Arthur Fiedler 1977
Ella Fitzgerald 1992
Ernest Jennings "Tennessee Ernie" Ford 1984 [25]
Aretha Franklin 2005
Vladimir Horowitz 1986
B. B. King 2006
Loretta Lynn 2013 [26]
Yo-Yo Ma 2011 [4]
Mabel Mercer 1983
Eugene Ormandy 1970
Leontyne Price 1964
Mstislav Rostropovich 1987
Arthur Rubinstein 1976 Awarded With Distinction
Arturo Sandoval 2013 [26]
Rudolf Serkin 1963
Beverly Sills 1980
Frank Sinatra 1985
Kate Smith 1982
Stephen Sondheim 2014 November 24 [11]
Isaac Stern 1992
Meredith Willson 1987 Posthumous award
Stevie Wonder 2014 November 24 [11]

Photography[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Edwin H. Land 1963
Edward Steichen 1963
Ansel Adams 1980

Business and economics[edit]

Alan Greenspan, 2005
Nomination Date Note
Iorwith Wilbur Abel 1977
Walter Annenberg 1986
Gary Becker 2007
Edgar Bronfman, Sr. 1999
Irving Brown 1988
Warren Buffett 2011 [4]
James E. Burke 2000
Edward J. DeBartolo, Sr. 1988
Peter Drucker 2002
David Dubinsky 1969
Henry Ford II 1969
Milton Friedman 1988
John Kenneth Galbraith 2000
Alan Greenspan 2005
Bryce Harlow 1981
Friedrich von Hayek 1991
Paul G. Hoffman 1974
Edgar Kaiser 1969
Frederick Kappel 1964
Lane Kirkland 1994
Daniel Kahneman 2013 [26]
Estée Lauder 2004
John L. Lewis 1964
J. Willard Marriott 1988 Posthumous award
David Packard 1988
Clarence B. Randall 1963
Walter Reuther 1995 Posthumous award
David Rockefeller 1998
Laurance Rockefeller 1969
James Rouse 1995
Robert Solow 2014
John J. Sweeney 2011 [4]
Dave Thomas 2003 Posthumous award
Tex Thornton 1981
Juan Trippe 1985 Posthumous award
Sam Walton 1992
An Wang 1986
Thomas Watson, Jr. 1964
Andrew Thomas Kearney 1946

[27]

Justin Whitlock Dart 1987 Posthumous award
Walter B. Wriston 2004
Muhammad Yunus 2009

Computing[edit]

Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn, 2005
Nomination Date Note
Gordon Moore 2002 July 9 [28]
Vinton Cerf 2005 November 9 [29]
Robert Kahn 2005 November 9 [30]

Education[edit]

Norman Francis, 2006
Nomination Date Note
Detlev Bronk 1964
Genevieve Caulfield 1963
James E. Cheek 1983
Ruth Johnson Colvin 2006
James Bryant Conant 1963 Awarded With Distinction
Norman Francis 2006
Hanna Holborn Gray 1991
Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, C.S.C. 1964
Jerome H. Holland 1985 Posthumous award
Karl Holton 1963
Margaret McNamara 1981
Alexander Meiklejohn 1963
Antonia Pantoja 1996
Frederick Patterson 1987
George W. Taylor 1963
Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson (The Lubavitch Rebbe) 1994
Admiral Hyman G. Rickover 1980

History[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Bruce Catton 1977
Robert Conquest 2005
Ariel Durant 1977
Will Durant 1977
John Hope Franklin 1995
Vartan Gregorian 2004
Dumas Malone 1983
David McCullough 2006
Samuel Eliot Morison 1964
Roberta Wohlstetter 1985

Humanitarian[edit]

Nomination Date Note
Norman Borlaug 1977
Nancy Goodman Brinker 2009 [14]
Millard Fuller 1996
John W. Gardner 1964
Frances Hesselbein 1998
Gerda Weissmann Klein 2011 [4]
Juliette Gordon Low 2012 Posthumous award[23]
Paul Rusesabagina 2005
Eunice Kennedy Shriver 1984 March 26 [31]
Leon Sullivan 1991
Annie D. Wauneka 1963 December 6 [32]

Media[edit]

William Safire, 2006.
Paul Harvey, 2005
Andy Griffith, 2005
Recipient Date Contributions to Notes
Robert L. Bartley 2004 Journalism
Earl Charles Behrens 1970 Journalism [33]
Herbert L. Block 1994 Journalism
Ben Bradlee 2013 Journalism [26]
Tom Brokaw 2014 November 24 [11]
William F. Buckley, Jr. 1991 Journalism
Walter Cronkite 1981 Journalism
Edward T. Folliard 1970 Journalism [33]
Katharine Graham 2002 Journalism Posthumous award
William M. Henry 1970 Journalism [33]
John H. Johnson 1996 Journalism
Paul Johnson 2006 Journalism
Arthur Krock 1970 Journalism [33]
David Lawrence 1970 Journalism [33]
George Gould Lincoln 1970 Journalism [33]
Walter Lippmann 1964 Journalism
Ralph McGill 1964 Journalism
Raymond Moley 1970 Journalism [33]
Edward R. Murrow 1964 Journalism Awarded with Distinction
Frank Reynolds 1985 Journalism Posthumous award
Abe Rosenthal 2002 Journalism
Vermont C. Royster 1986 Journalism
William Safire 2006 Journalism
Albert Merriman Smith 1967 Journalism
Adela Rogers St. Johns 1970 Journalism [33]
DeWitt Wallace 1972 Journalism
Lila Acheson Wallace 1972 Journalism
Mark S. Watson 1963 Journalism
Oprah Winfrey 2013 Television [26]
William S. White 1969 Journalism
Lowell Thomas 1977 Radio [34]
Paul Harvey 2005 Radio [5]
Lucille Ball 1989 Television Posthumous award[15]
David Brinkley 1992 Television
Carol Burnett 2005 Television [5]
Johnny Carson 1992 Television
Peggy Charren 1995 Television [5]
Julia Child 2003 Television
Joan Ganz Cooney 1995 Television [5]
Bill Cosby 2002 Television [5]
Andy Griffith 2005 Television [5]
Brian P. Lamb 2007 Television [5]
Fred Rogers 2002 Television [5]

Medicine[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Benjamin Carson 2008
Denton Cooley 1984 March 26 [35]
Michael DeBakey 1969
Lena Frances Edwards 1964
John F. Enders 1963
Anthony Fauci 2008
William Foege 2012 [23]
Pedro José Greer, Jr. 2009 [14]
David Hamburg 1996
Donald Henderson 2002
C. Everett Koop 1995
Tom Little 2011 Posthumous [4]
Charles LeRoy Lowman 1974
Karl Menninger 1981
Arnall Patz 2004
Janet Davison Rowley 2009 [14]
Albert Sabin 1986
Jonas Salk 1977
Helen B. Taussig 1964
William B. Walsh 1987
Paul Dudley White 1964

Philanthropy[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
J. Clifford MacDonald 1963
Lowell Thomas 1977 January 10 [34]
Catherine Filene Shouse 1977
Morris I. Leibman 1981
Brooke Astor 1998
Zachary Fisher 1998
Eugene Lang 1996
Ronnie Eugene Ford 1978

Philosophy[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Will Durant 1977 January 10 [36]
Sidney Hook 1985
Friedrich Hayek 1991

Politics and government[edit]

Activism[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Arnold Aronson 1998
Roger Nash Baldwin 1981
Oscar Elias Biscet 2007
James Chaney 2014 November 24 Posthumous award[11]
César Chávez 1994 Posthumously
Justin Whitlock Dart, Jr. 1998
Evelyn Dubrow 1999
Marian Wright Edelman 2000 August 9 [37]
James L. Farmer, Jr. 1998
Hector Garcia 1984 March 26 [38]
Andrew Goodman 2014 November 24 Posthumous award[11]
Suzan Shown Harjo 2014 November 24 [11]
Dorothy Height 1994
George G. Higgins 2000
Gordon Hirabayashi 2012 Posthumously [23]
Benjamin Hooks 2007
Dolores Huerta 2012 [23]
Rev. Jesse Jackson 2000
Millie Jeffrey 2000
Helen Keller 1964
Ethel Kennedy 2014 November 24 [11]
Martin Luther King, Jr. 1977 Posthumously
Fred Korematsu 1998
Mary Lasker 1969
Rev. Joseph Lowery 2009 [14]
Sylvia Mendez 2011 [4]
Harvey Milk 2009 Posthumously [14]
Clarence M. Mitchell 1980
Mario G. Obledo 1998
Rosa Parks 1996
Esther Peterson 1981
Bayard Rustin 2013 Posthumously [26]
Ginetta Sagan 1996
Michael Schwerner 2014 November 24 Posthumous award[11]
Natan Sharansky 2006
Gloria Steinem 2013 [26]
William C. Velasquez 1995 Posthumously
Cordy Tindell "C.T." Vivian 2013 [26]
Lech Wałęsa 1989
Roy Wilkins 1967
Andrew Young 1981

Diplomacy[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Anne L. Armstrong 1987
Manlio Brosio 1971
David K. E. Bruce 1976 Awarded with Distinction
Ralph J. Bunche 1963 December 6 Awarded with Distinction[39]
Ellsworth Bunker 1963 December 6 (Twice) Awarded with Distinction [40]
Ellsworth Bunker 1967 (Twice) Awarded with Distinction [40]
Ryan Crocker 2009 [41]
General Andrew Goodpaster 1984 [42]
Philip Habib 1982
Jan Karski 2012 Posthumously [23]
George F. Kennan 1989
Jeane Kirkpatrick 1985
Sol M. Linowitz 1998
Harry W. Shlaudeman 1992
Gerard C. Smith 1981
Jean Kennedy Smith 2011 [4]
Robert Schwarz Strauss 1981

Environmentalism[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
John H. Adams 2011 [4]
Horace M. Albright 1980
Rachel Carson 1980 Posthumously
Marjory Stoneman Douglas 1993
Gilbert Melville Grosvenor 2004
Margaret Murie 1998
Roger Tory Peterson 1980
Russell E. Train 1991
Edgar Wayburn 1999

Intelligence[edit]

George Tenet, 2004.
Recipient Date Notes
Whittaker Chambers 1984 March 26 [43][44][45][46][47]
Jean MacArthur 1988
George Tenet 2004

Foreign heads of state or government[edit]

Tony Blair, 2009
Recipient Date Country Notes
Tony Blair 2009 January 13 United Kingdom [48]
President Václav Havel 2003 Czech Republic
John Howard 2009 Australia
Helmut Kohl 1999 Germany
Joseph Luns 1984 Netherlands
Nelson Mandela 2002 South Africa
Wilma Mankiller 1998 January 15 Cherokee Nation [49]
Angela Merkel 2011 Germany [4]
President Shimon Peres 2012 Israel [23]
Mary Robinson 2009 Ireland [14]
Carlos P. Romulo 1984 Philippines
President Anwar el-Sadat 1984 March 26 Egypt Posthumously [50]
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 2007 Liberia
Margaret Thatcher 1991 United Kingdom
President Álvaro Uribe 2009 Colombia

Law[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
John Doar 2012 [23]
Henry J. Friendly 1977
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. 1995
Oliver White Hill 1999
Frank Minis Johnson 1995
Irving Robert Kaufman 1987
Joseph Warren Madden 1947
Joseph L. Rauh, Jr. 1993 Posthumously
Cruz Reynoso 2000
Laurence Silberman 2008
Elbert Tuttle 1981
Patricia Wald 2013 [26]
John Minor Wisdom 1993

Military[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
General of the Army Omar Bradley 1977
Admiral Arleigh Burke 1977
General Wesley Clark 2000
War Chief Joe Medicine Crow 2009 [14]
Admiral William J. Crowe 2000
Lieutenant General Jimmy Doolittle 1989
General Tommy Franks 2004
General Lyman Lemnitzer 1987
General Richard B. Myers 2005
Jan Nowak-Jeziorański 1996
General Peter Pace 2008
General Colin Powell 1991 Twice awarded
General Colin Powell 1993 Twice awarded
General Matthew B. Ridgeway 1986
Captain Joseph Rochefort 1986 Posthumously
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf 1991
General John Shalikashvili 1997
John Paul Vann 1972 Posthumously
General John W. Vessey 1992
James E. Webb 1969
General Albert Coady Wedemeyer 1985
Major General Chuck Yeager 1985
Admiral Elmo Zumwalt 1998

Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Associate Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. 1993
Chief Justice Warren E. Burger 1988
Associate Justice Felix Frankfurter 1963 December 6 Awarded with Distinction[51]
Associate Justice Arthur J. Goldberg 1978
Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall 1993
Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor 2009 August 12 [52]
Associate Justice John Paul Stevens 2012 [23]
Chief Justice Earl Warren 1981 Posthumously
Associate Justice Byron White 2003 Posthumously

U.S. Cabinet members[edit]

Donald Rumsfeld, displaying 1977 Medal (awarded With Distinction)
Recipient Date Notes
Dean Acheson 1964 Awarded with Distinction
Madeleine Albright 2012 [23]
James Baker 1991
Malcolm Baldrige, Jr. 1988 Posthumously
Harold Brown 1981
Zbigniew Brzezinski 1981
Dick Cheney, as Secretary of Defense 1991 July 3 [53]
Warren Christopher 1981
Clark Clifford 1969 Awarded with Distinction
William T. Coleman, Jr. 1995
C. Douglas Dillon 1989
Robert Gates 2011
Averell Harriman 1969 Awarded with Distinction
Henry Kissinger 1977
Melvin Laird 1974
Robert A. Lovett 1963 Awarded with Distinction
Robert S. McNamara 1968
Norman Mineta 2006
William Perry 1997
Elliot Richardson 1998
William P. Rogers 1973
Donald Rumsfeld 1977 Awarded with Distinction
Dean Rusk 1969 Awarded with Distinction
Donna Shalala 2008
George P. Shultz 1989
Cyrus Vance 1969
Caspar Weinberger 1987 Awarded with Distinction

U.S. First Ladies[edit]

Betty Ford, 1992
Recipient Date Notes
Lady Bird Johnson 1977 January 10 [54]
Betty Ford 1991 November 18 [55]
Rosalynn Carter 1999 August 9 [5]
Nancy Reagan 2002 July 9 [5]

U.S. members of Congress[edit]

Senator Edward Brooke, 2004
Senator Strom Thurmond, 1993
Recipient Date Notes
Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr. 1984 March 26 [56]
Senator Lloyd M. Bentsen 1999
Senator Edward W. Brooke 2004
Senator John H. Chafee 2000 Posthumously
Representative John Dingell 2014
Senator Bob Dole 1997
Representative Dante B. Fascell 1998
Senator William Fulbright 1993
Senator Barry Goldwater 1986
Representative Henry Hyde 2007
Senator Daniel Inouye 2013 Posthumously [26]
Senator Henry M. Jackson 1984 Posthumously
Senator Jacob K. Javits 1983
Representative Barbara Jordan 1994
Representative Walter Judd 1981
Representative Jack Kemp 2009 Posthumously [14]
Senator Edward Kennedy 2009 [14]
Representative Tom Lantos 2008
Representative John Lewis 2011 [4]
Representative Clare Boothe Luce 1983
Senator Richard Lugar 2013 [26]
Senator Mike Mansfield 1989
Senator George McGovern 2000
Representative Robert H. Michel 1994
Representative Abner J. Mikva 2014
Representative Patsy Mink 2014 Posthumously
Senator George J. Mitchell 1999
Representative G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery 2005
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan 2000
Senator Ed Muskie 1981
Senator Gaylord Nelson 1995
Representative Tip O'Neill 1991
Representative Claude Pepper 1989
Representative Edward Roybal 2014 Posthumously
Senator Margaret Chase Smith 1989
Senator Strom Thurmond 1993
Representative Mo Udall 1996
Representative Carl Vinson 1964 Awarded with Distinction

U.S. Presidents[edit]

Former President Ronald Reagan, January 13, 1993
Recipient Date Notes
John F. Kennedy 1963 December 6 35th President - Posthumous award[57]
Lyndon B. Johnson 1980 June 9 36th President - Posthumous award[58]
Ronald Reagan 1993 January 13 40th President – Awarded With Distinction[59]
Gerald Ford 1999 August 9 38th President[5]
Jimmy Carter 1999 August 9 39th President[5]
George H. W. Bush 2011 February 15 41st President[4]
Bill Clinton 2013 November 20 42nd President - Awarded With Distinction[26]

U.S. Vice Presidents[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Nelson A. Rockefeller 1977 January 10 41st Vice President[60]
Hubert H. Humphrey 1980 June 9 38th Vice President, Posthumous[61]

Other political figures[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Eugene R. Black, Sr. 1969
James Brady 1996
Paul Bremer 2004
McGeorge Bundy 1969
The 6th Baron Carrington 1988
Leo Cherne 1984
Javier Perez de Cuellar 1991
Governor Luis A. Ferré 1991
Arthur Flemming 1994
Paul Drabinski 1993
James P. Grant 1994
Ella T. Grasso 1981 Posthumously
William J. Hopkins 1971
Max Kampelman 1999
Robert W. Komer 1967
Irving Kristol 2002
Aung San Suu Kyi 2000
Governor Herbert H. Lehman 1963 December 6 Lehman died the day before the ceremony, and the medal was presented to his widow on January 28, 1964[62]
Eugene M. Locke 1967
John Macy 1969
John J. McCloy 1963 December 6 Awarded with Distinction
John McCone 1987
George Meany 1963 December 6 [63]
Jean Monnet 1963 December 6 Awarded with Distinction
Governor Luis Muñoz-Marín 1963 Awarded with Distinction
Paul Nitze 1985
Norman Podhoretz 2004
George Robertson 2003
Walt Rostow 1969
Brent Scowcroft 1991
Albert Shanker 1998 Posthumously
Sargent Shriver 1994
Vernon Walters 1991
William Webster 1991
Simon Wiesenthal 2000
Whitney Young 1969

Religion[edit]

Recipient Date Notes
Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, Archbishop of Chicago 1996
Terence Cardinal Cooke, former Archbishop of New York 1984 Posthumously
Sister M. Isolina Ferré 1999 August 11 [5]
Billy Graham 1983
Gordon B. Hinckley 2004 June 23 [5]
Archbishop Iakovos of America 1980
Reinhold Niebuhr 1964
Pope John XXIII 1963 December 6 Posthumously[64]
Pope John Paul II 2004 June 4 [5]
Norman Vincent Peale 1984 March 26 [65]
Reverend Gardner C. Taylor 2000 August 9 [5]
Mother Teresa 1985
Desmond Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town 2009 August 12 [14]

Science[edit]

Stephen Hawking, 2009
Recipient Date Notes
John Bardeen 1977
Rachel Carson 1980 Posthumously
Francis Collins 2007
Jacques-Yves Cousteau 1985
Mildred Dresselhaus 2014 November 24
Stephen Hawking 2009 [14]
Clarence Johnson 1964
Mathilde Krim 2000
Joshua Lederberg 2006
George Low 1985 Posthumously
Margaret Mead 1979 Posthumously[66]
Mario Molina 2013 [26]
Lewis Mumford 1964
Simon Ramo 1983
Edward Teller 2003
Alan Tower Waterman 1963
James D. Watson 1977

Sociology[edit]

Space exploration[edit]

The Apollo 13 astronauts are awarded the medal by President Richard Nixon in 1970.

Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team; group award by President Nixon in 1970

Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team (as a group)

Sports[edit]


Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Executive Order 11085 THE PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL OF FREEDOM, retrieved 2009-07-30[dead link]
  2. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Medal of Freedom Ceremony" (August 12, 2009), a news release, August 12, 2009, from the White House Press Secretary at whitehouse.gov, the White House's official website. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". whitehouse.gov. The White House. November 17, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Secretary of the Senate, United States Congress. "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". Official Website of the United States Senate. United States Senate (Government of the United States). Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ludwig Mien van der Rohe...THE PRESIDENT. Teacher, designer, master builder, he has conceived soaring structures of glass, steel and concrete which at once embody and evoke the distinctive qualities of our age. 
  7. ^ "Curriculum Vitae of I. M. Pei". Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  8. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. NORMAN ROCKWELL...Normal Rockwell, represented by his son, Jarvis Rockwell. "Artist, illustrator and author, Norman Rockwell has portrayed the American scene with unrivaled freshness and clarity. Insight, optimism and good humor are the hallmarks of his artistic style. His vivid and affectionate portraits of our country and ourselves have become a beloved part of the American tradition." 
  9. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Georgia O'Keeffe (1887–1986)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 10, 1977 
  10. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. But let me again congratulate each and every one of you. I regret that Irving Berlin, Alexander Calder, the late Alexander Calder, and Georgia O'Keeffe were unable to be represented here today. We will of course present their medals to them or to their families at a later date. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". The White House. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014. 
  12. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Gerald R. Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Martha Graham, October 14, 1976". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. [At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows:] The President of the United States of America Awards this Presidential Medal of Freedom With Distinction to Martha Graham. Dancer, teacher, and choreographer, Martha Graham has captivated the world with her magic and has left a legacy of imagination with all who have witnessed her talent. Her energy, creativity and daring have opened new doors of expression in dance. Her followers and friends adore her, and her country, the United States of America, is proud to proclaim her a brilliant star and a National treasure. 
  13. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Lincoln Kirstein: Lincoln Kirstein is an author and entrepreneur who has honored and delighted Americans through his enormous contribution to ballet in our country. Through his commitment, two major institutions of American dance, the New York City Ballet and the School of American Ballet, were created and flourished. Developing and fostering appreciation for the arts have always depended on the energy, creativity, and commitment of individual citizens. Lincoln Kirstein stands tall as one of a select and treasured few in the world of American art. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "President Obama Names Medal of Freedom Recipients; 16 Agents of Change to Receive Top Civilian Honor". White House. July 30, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "NATION : Lucille Ball Gets Medal of Freedom". Los Angeles Times. 1989-07-06. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  16. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. As a giant in the world of entertainment, James Cagney has left his mark not only on the film industry but on the hearts of all his fellow Americans. In some 60 years in entertainment, performing on stage and screen, he mastered drama and action adventure, as well as music and dance. One of his most remembered performances, as George M. Cohan in "Yankee Doodle Dandy," was a whirlwind singing and dancing film that inspired a Nation at war when it sorely needed a lift in spirit. James Cagney's professional and personal life has brought great credit to him and left unforgettable memories with millions who have followed his career. 
  17. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Lyndon B. Johnson, XXXVI President of the United States: 1963–1969, Remarks at the Presentation of the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved May 22, 2011. Mr. Walter Disney. THE PRESIDENT. Artist and impresario, in the course of entertaining an age, he has created an American folklore. 
  18. ^ a b Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Lyndon B. Johnson, XXXVI President of the United States: 1963–1969, Remarks at the Presentation of the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards, March 26, 1964". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved May 22, 2011. Mr. Alfred Lunt and Miss Lynn Fontainne. THE PRESIDENT. A luminous partnership of artistic talents and personal devotion they have brilliantly enlivened and enriched the American stage. 
  19. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. All of these are famous people, they're well-known throughout the world. But even including Vice Presidents and Presidents, noted singers and dancers and writers and ornithologists, I think the next would be the most famous of us all, including the one who reads this citation. I would like to ask Mrs. John Wayne to come forward. [At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows: THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AWARDS THIS PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL OF FREEDOM TO JOHN WAYNE. John Wayne was both an example and a symbol of true American grit and determination. Through his countless film roles, "The Duke" still leads millions on heroic adventures on behalf of fairness and justice. He embodies the enduring American values of individualism, relentless bravery and perseverance in pursuit of what is right. He was the quintessential patriot, and will especially be remembered whenever our Nation faces a challenge calling for steadfast courage.] 
  20. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Louis L'Amour: Through his western novels, Louis L'Amour has played a leading role in shaping our national identity. His writings portrayed the rugged individual and the deep-seated values of those who conquered the American frontier. Starting out from humble beginnings, he has lived a fulfilling and adventurous life. An eminently successful writer, more than 100 million copies of his novels are in print, L'Amour's descriptions of America and Americans have added to our understanding of our past and reaffirmed our potential as an exploring, pioneering, and free people. 
  21. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. Archibald MacLeish, represented by his nephew, Roderick MacLeish. "Poet and playwright, teacher and statesman, Archibald MacLeish has combined the vocation of man of letters with that of public spokesman. A poet of realities as well as dreams, his eloquent words are matched by his sensitive social conscience. He seeks truth inspired by love of his fellow men and of his country. We are proud to recognize his stature as a humanist, an artist, and an American." 
  22. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. JAMES ALBERT MICHENER, "Author, teacher and popular historian, James Michener has entranced a generation with his compelling essays and novels. From 'Tales of the South Pacific,' to 'Centennial,' the prolific writings of this master storyteller have expanded the knowledge and enriched the lives of million." 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Albright, World War II hero among 13 to receive Presidential Medal of Freedom". CNN. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  24. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Marian Anderson (1897–1993)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963 
  25. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Ernest Jennings "Tennessee Ernie" Ford: Through his musical talents, warm personality, and quick "down-home" wit Tennessee Ernie Ford won the hearts of the American people. Ford's music, which revealed his character and soul to all who listened, inspired as well as entertained his audiences. His respect for traditional values, his strong faith in God, and his unlimited capacity for human kindness have greatly endeared him to his fellow countrymen. America is a Nation richer in spirit because of Tennessee Ernie Ford. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  27. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=sOyPumbw0poC&pg=PA293&lpg=PA293&dq=andrew+thomas+kearney&source=bl&ots=RzdBEcLdhM&sig=I9IMF3WYe8yPRc5oX8QxSoBp24g&hl=en&sa=X&ei=P_qNVNnLMKTIsASnwYDICw&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBzgK#v=onepage&q&f=false
  28. ^ McFeatters, Ann (July 10, 2002). "Fred Rogers gets Presidential Medal of Freedom". Pittsburg Post-Gazette (www.post-gazette.com). Retrieved February 9, 2011. Intel Corp. co-founder Gordon Moore. Through the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Moore is a philanthropic leader in higher education, scientific research, the environment and San Francisco Bay Area projects. 
  29. ^ Vargas, Jose Antonio (November 10, 2005). "At the White House, Prizes for 14 Champs,Medal of Freedom Ceremony Shows Ali as Fast as Ever". The Washington Post (washingtonpost.com). Retrieved February 9, 2011. Also honored yesterday...Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn, the men who in figuring out how to routinely and quickly transmit data over computer networks helped start a digital revolution 
  30. ^ "Net pioneers receive top honour". BBC News (www.bbc.com). November 10, 2005. Retrieved February 9, 2011. "Dr Cerf and Dr Kahn have been at the forefront of a digital revolution that has transformed global commerce, communication, and entertainment," read the citation for the medal. 
  31. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Eunice Kennedy Shriver: With enormous conviction and unrelenting effort, Eunice Kennedy Shriver has labored on behalf of America's least powerful people, the mentally retarded. Over the last two decades, she has been on the forefront of numerous initiatives on the behalf of the mentally retarded, from creating day camps, to establishing research centers, to the founding of the Special Olympics. Her decency and goodness have touched the lives of many, and Eunice Kennedy Shriver deserves America's praise, gratitude, and love. 
  32. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Annie Wauneka (1910–1997)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received December 6, 1963 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h Nixon, Richard (April 22, 1970). "Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Eight Journalists". Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on 2011-12-25. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  34. ^ a b Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (10 January 1977). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  35. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Dr. Denton Cooley: In an outstanding professional career, Dr. Denton Cooley has distinguished himself time and again in the field of medicine. As one of this country's leading heart surgeons, he has charted new territory in his search for ways to prolong and enrich human life. His efforts have saved the lives not only of his own patients, but of those of many other doctors who have studied and mastered techniques developed by him. As a heart surgeon and as a creative, independent thinker, Dr. Denton Cooley is a force for innovation in American medicine. 
  36. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (10 January 1977). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved May 22, 2011. WILL DURANT "Writer, historian and philosopher, Will Durant has provided an open window into the lives and thoughts of past ages. With the collaboration of his wife, Ariel, he has helped lead us through the past to the meaning of the present. An eloquent apostle of social order and individual freedom, he is an enemy of chaos, a friend and an invaluable guide to the millions of grateful readers." 
  37. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Marian Wright Edelman (1939 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received August 9, 2000 
  38. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Dr. Hector Garcia: Dr. Hector Garcia's patriotism and community concern exemplify the meaning of good citizenship. His many community-building endeavors included his work as a founder and first National Chairman of the American G.I. Forum, a veterans' organization which has done much to improve the lot of Americans of Mexican descent. Over the years, he has faithfully represented our government on numerous occasions, overseas and domestically. Dr. Hector Garcia is a credit to his family and community, and to all Americans. Through his efforts, based on a deep belief in traditional American ideals, he has made this a better country. 
  39. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....Dr. Ralph J. Bunche. THE PRESIDENT. Scholar and diplomat, servant of the emerging world order, he has opened up new vistas in the demanding quest for international justice and peace. 
  40. ^ a b Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....First, Mr. Ellsworth Bunker. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and diplomat, he has brought integrity, patience and a compassionate understanding of other men and nations to the service of the Republic under three Presidents. 
  41. ^ "President Bush Commemorates Foreign Policy Achievements and Presents Medal of Freedom to Ambassador Ryan Crocker". White House. January 15, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2009. 
  42. ^ http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1984/22184b.htm
  43. ^ "White House Freedom Medal Set for Whittaker Chambers". New York Times. February 22, 1984. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  44. ^ Sterling, Dorothy (March 9, 1984). "http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/03/09/reviews/chambers-letter.html". New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  45. ^ Buckley Jr., William F. (August 6, 2001). "Witness and Friends". National Review. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  46. ^ Stonor-Saunders, Frances (April 6, 2007). "Was Whittaker Chambers a hero or a traitor?". Telegraph. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  47. ^ Edroso, Roy (July 30, 2009). "Medal of Freedom Recipients Announced, Include Tutu, Harvey Milk". Village Voice. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  48. ^ Mayer, Catherine (January 13, 2009). "A Presidential Medal for Tony Blair". Time (www.time.com). Retrieved February 9, 2011. Later today in a ceremony in the East Room of the White House, Bush is set to dole out a Presidential Medal of Freedom to Blair. 
  49. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Chief,Wilma Mankiller (1945–2010)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 15, 1998 
  50. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Mr. Gamal el-Sadat will accept for his father, the late President Anwar el-Sadat. President Anwar el-Sadat, as a soldier, led his country in war, but his greatest acts of courage came in pursuit of peace. He captured the imagination of people everywhere by taking the first great step toward achieving a lasting peace between Egypt and Israel. His humanity and sense of responsibility, even now that he is gone, remain a giant force for peace and stability in the world. Anwar el-Sadat was a peacemaker of monumental wisdom and tenderness who will remain forever a hero in the hearts of the American people. 
  51. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ball: And now, Mr. President, let me present those who are to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction....Mr. Justice Felix Frankfurter. THE PRESIDENT. Jurist, scholar, counselor, conversationalist, he has brought to all his roles a zest and wisdom which has made him teacher to his time. 
  52. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Justice Sandra Day O’Connor (1930 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received August 12, 2009 
  53. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "George Bush, XLI President of the United States: 1989–1993, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medals of Freedom and Presidential Citizen's Medals, July 3, 1991". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. this ceremony would not be complete without honoring three more American leaders, exceptional public servants who each contributed singularly to our success in the Gulf...Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney....As to Dick Cheney, Secretary Cheney not only oversaw one of the largest deployments of forces in American history but also worked hard at the beginning of the crisis to ensure that America would respond decisively to aggression. His effective testimony before the United States Congress helped all our fellow countrymen understand what was at stake in the Gulf. Working swiftly, yet skillfully, when time was truly of the essence, he traveled to Saudi Arabia and arranged for the first deployment of U.S. and coalition troops to that nation. And when war came America was ready, and Secretary Cheney's leadership contributed enormously to the victory. 
  54. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson Biography". Lbjlib.utexas.edu. Retrieved January 5, 2011. , for date of award see The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Lady Bird Johnson (1912–2007)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 10, 1977 
  55. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Betty Ford (1918 – )...Presidential Medal of Freedom received November 18, 1991 
  56. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr. The citation: As a Member of the United States Senate, one of the country's most powerful and influential citizens, and an individual whose character shines brightly as an example to others, Howard Baker has been a force for responsibility and civility on a generation of Americans. In his almost 20 years of service, he has earned the respect and admiration of his fellow citizens regardless of their political persuasion. As Majority Leader of the Senate, his quiet, cooperative style and keen legislative skills have honored America's finest traditions of enlightened political leadership and statesmanship. 
  57. ^ "Presidential Medal of Freedom – John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum". Jfklibrary.org. December 6, 1963. Retrieved January 5, 2011. 
  58. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved February 11, 2011. The President of the United States of America Awards This Presidential Medal of Freedom to Lyndon Baines Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson cared deeply about our country, its citizens, and the condition of their lives. He knew well how to translate concern into action, and action into a national agenda. He did more than any American of his time to break the chains of injustice, illiteracy, poverty and sickness. We are a greater society because President Johnson lived among us and worked for us. 
  59. ^ "Remarks on presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to President Ronald Reagan-President George Bush-Transcript". The White House: Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. January 18, 1993. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  60. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Gerald Ford, XXXVIII President of the United States: 1974–1977, Remarks Upon Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom, January 10, 1977". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller...Patriot, philanthropist, patron of the arts, diplomat, Governor of New York, Vice President of the United States, his long years of service to his country have yielded governmental, economic, social and cultural contributions beyond measures." 
  61. ^ Wolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters (June 9, 1980). "Jimmy Carter, XXXIX President of the United States: 1977–1981, Presidential Medal of Freedom Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony, June 9, 1980". The American Presidency Project. www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved February 11, 2011. On occasion in our lives, a certain person touches the heartstrings of our existence and inspires us all in a special, deeply human way. I'd now like to ask the wife of Hubert Humphrey to come forward. [Applause] If you'll permit me an aside, I think the applause is not only for the honoree but for Muriel Humphrey as well, who shared so much. At this point, the President read the citation, the text of which follows: The President of the United States of America Awards this Presidential Medal of Freedom to Hubert H. Humphrey. Hubert H. Humphrey awed us with the scope of his knowledge; he inspired us with the depth of his sympathy; he moved us with his passion for social justice; he delighted us with his joyous love of his fellow human beings. He brought honor and enthusiasm to everything he did. He ennobled the political process. 
  62. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ball: Governor Herbert H. Lehman. I know that we were all deeply saddened to hear yesterday of the death of this great citizen. Mr. President, you may wish to read his citation in absentia. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and statesman, he has used wisdom and compassion as the tools of government and has made politics the highest form of public service. Later, on January 28, 1964, the medal for Herbert H. Lehman was presented to Mrs. Lehman at a special ceremony at the White House. 
  63. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. Mr. Ball: Mr. George Meany. THE PRESIDENT. Citizen and national leader, in serving the cause of labor, he has greatly served the cause of his Nation and of freedom throughout the world. 
  64. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks With Under Secretary of State George W. Ball at the Presentation of the Medal of Freedom Awards, December 6, 1963". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 9, 2011. [President Johnson then resumed speaking.] I have also determined to confer the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously on another noble man whose death we mourned 6 months ago: His Holiness, Pope John XXIII. 
  65. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Dr. Norman Vincent Peale: With a deep understanding of human behavior and an appreciation for God's role in our lives, Dr. Norman Vincent Peale helped originate a philosophy of happiness. Through the American Foundation of Religion and Psychiatry and his many books, Dr. Peale became an advocate of the joy of life, helping millions find new meaning in their lives. Few Americans have contributed so much to the personal happiness of their fellow citizens as Dr. Norman Vincent Peale. 
  66. ^ The National First Ladies Library (November 16, 2010). Heroes of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Canton Ohio. p. 3. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Dr. Margaret Mead (1901–1978)...Presidential Medal of Freedom received January 19, 1979 
  67. ^ "President Obama Announces Sally Ride as a Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom – April 18, 1970". Office of the Press Secretary. May 20, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  68. ^ "The American Presidency Project – ''Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team in Houston – April 18, 1970". Presidency.ucsb.edu. April 18, 1970. Retrieved January 5, 2011. 
  69. ^ Woolley, John T; Gerhard Peters. "Ronald Reagan, XL President of the United States: 1981–1989, Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, March 26, 1984". The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Mrs. Jackie Robinson will accept for her late husband, Mr. Jackie Robinson. As an individual of courage and conviction, and as a skilled and dedicated athlete, Jackie Robinson stood tall among his peers. His courage opened the door of professional sports to all Americans when, in 1947, he became the first black baseball player in the major leagues. He bravely demonstrated to all that skill and sportsmanship, not race or ethnic background, are the qualities by which athletes should be judged. In doing so, he struck a mighty blow for equality, freedom, and the American way of life. Jackie Robinson was a good citizen, a great man, and a true American champion. 

External links[edit]

Offline materials[edit]

  • Wetterau, Bruce. The Presidential Medal of Freedom: Winners and Their Achievements. p. 513. ISBN 978-1-56802-128-7.  – contains a list of awardees from 1963 to approximately 1995.