List of Presidents of Costa Rica

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President of
Costa Rica
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Luis Guillermo Solís cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Luis Guillermo Solís

since 8 May 2014
Residence Casa Presidencial, Costa Rica
Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder José Castro Madriz
Formation 8 May 1847
Website President of Costa Rica
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and government of Costa Rica. The President is currently elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two Vice Presidents are elected in the same ticket with the President. The President appoints the Council of Ministers.[1] Due to the abolition of the military of Costa Rica in 1948, the president is not a Commander-in-chief, unlike the norm in most other countries.

From 1969 to 2005, the president was barred from seeking reelection. However, in 2005, after the amendment banning reelection was thrown out by the Supreme Court, an incumbent president became eligible to run again after waiting for at least four years after leaving office.

The following table contains a list of the junta chairmen, presidents and heads of state of Costa Rica since Central American independence from Spain and Mexico. From 1824 to 1838 Costa Rica was a state within the United States of Central America; since then it has been an independent nation.

Presidents of Costa Rica (1848-Present)[edit]

President Took office Left office Party Notes
José María Castro Madriz Jose Maria Castro Madriz.jpg 8 May 1847 16 November 1849 Liberal "Founder of the Republic".
Deposed in a coup d'état.
Miguel Mora Porras
(interim president)
Miguel Mora Porras 001.jpg 16 November 1849 26 November 1849 Liberal
Juan Mora Porras
(first, second and third term)
Juan Rafael Mora Porras 1859.jpg 26 November 1849 14 August 1859 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
José María Montealegre Fernández José María Montealegra Fernández.JPG 14 August 1859 8 May 1863 Liberal Provisional 1859-1860.
Jesús Jiménez Zamora Jesús Jiménez Zamora.JPG 8 May 1863 8 May 1866 Liberal
José Castro Madriz
(second term)
Jose Maria Castro Madriz.jpg 8 May 1866 1 November 1868 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Jesús Jiménez Zamora
(second term)
Jesús Jiménez Zamora.JPG 1 November 1868 27 April 1870 Military
Bruno Carranza Ramírez Bruno Carranza Ramirez.JPG 27 April 1870 8 August 1870 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez.JPG 10 August 1870 8 May 1876 Liberal Provisional 1870-1872.
Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1876 30 July 1876 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Vicente Herrera Zeledón Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 30 July 1876 11 September 1877 Conservative
Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez
(second term)
Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez.JPG 11 September 1877 6 July 1882 Liberal Died in office.
Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez.jpg 6 July 1882 20 July 1882 Liberal Acting president.
Próspero Fernández Oreamuno Próspero Fernández Oreamuno.JPG 20 July 1882 12 March 1885 Liberal Died in office.
Bernardo Soto Alfaro
(two consecutive terms, the first incomplete)
Bernardo Soto Alfaro.JPG 12 March 1885 8 May 1890 Liberal Carlos Durán Cartín was acting president 1889-1890.
José Rodríguez Zeledón José Joaquín Rodríguez Zeledón.JPG 8 May 1890 8 May 1894 Constitutional Party
Rafael Yglesias Castro
(first and second term)
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1894 8 May 1902 Civil Party
Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra Ascención Esquivel Ibarra.JPG 8 May 1902 8 May 1906 Civil Party
Cleto González Víquez
(first term)
Cleto González Víquez.jpg 8 May 1906 8 May 1910 National Union Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(first term)
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg 8 May 1910 8 May 1914 National Republican Party Son of Jesús Jiménez Zamora
Alfredo González Flores Alfredo Gonzalez Flores.jpg 8 May 1914 27 January 1917 National Republican Party Deposed by Tinoco in a coup.
Federico Tinoco Granados
(first and second term)
Federico Tinoco Granados.jpg 27 January 1917 13 August 1919 Military/Partido Tinoquista Overthrown by popular uprising.
Juan Quirós Segura
(previously Vice President)
Juan Bautista Quirós Segura.jpg 13 August 1919 2 September 1919 Military/Partido Tinoquista Forced to resign by the U.S. government.
Francisco Aguilar Barquero
(interim president)
Francisco Aguilar Barquero.jpg 2 September 1919 8 May 1920 National Union Party
Julio Acosta García Julio Acosta García.JPG 8 May 1920 8 May 1924 Constitutional Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(second term)
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg 8 May 1924 8 May 1928 National Republican Party
Cleto González Víquez
(second term)
Cleto González Víquez.jpg 8 May 1928 8 May 1932 National Union Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(third term)
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg 8 May 1932 8 May 1936 National Republican Party
León Cortés Castro Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1936 8 May 1940 National Republican Party
Rafael Calderón Guardia Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1940 8 May 1944 National Republican Party
Teodoro Picado Michalski Teodoro Picado Michalski.jpg 8 May 1944 8 May 1948 National Republican Party
Santos León Herrera
(interim president)
Santos Leon.jpg 20 April 1948 8 May 1948 National Republican Party Former vice-president of Teodoro Picado Michalski.
José Figueres Ferrer
(first term)
José Figueres Ferrer 1.png 8 May 1948 8 November 1949 National Liberation Party Came to power in civil war. Returned power to elected president after re-organizing the government.
Otilio Ulate Blanco Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 7 November 1949 8 May 1953 National Union Party
José Figueres Ferrer
(second term)
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1953 8 May 1958 National Liberation Party Presidential re-election disallowed.
Mario Echandi Jiménez Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1958 8 May 1962 National Unification Party
Francisco Orlich Bolmarcich Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1962 8 May 1966 National Liberation Party
José Trejos Fernández Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1966 8 May 1970 National Unification Party
José Figueres Ferrer
(third term)
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1970 8 May 1974 National Liberation Party Presidential re-election disallowed.
Daniel Oduber Quirós Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1974 8 May 1978 National Liberation Party
Rodrigo Carazo Odio Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1978 8 May 1982 Unity Party
Luis Monge Álvarez Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1982 8 May 1986 National Liberation Party
Óscar Arias
(first term)
OscarArias.jpg 8 May 1986 8 May 1990 National Liberation Party Nobel Peace Prize winner 1987.
Rafael Calderón Fournier R A Calderon.jpg 8 May 1990 8 May 1994 Social Christian Unity Party Son of Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia.
José Figueres Olsen Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 1994 8 May 1998 National Liberation Party Son of José Figueres Ferrer.
Miguel Rodríguez Echeverría MiguelAngelRodriguezEcheverria.jpg 8 May 1998 8 May 2002 Social Christian Unity Party
Abel Pacheco de la Espriella Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg 8 May 2002 8 May 2006 Social Christian Unity Party Presidential re-election re-instated.
Óscar Arias
(second term)
Oscar Arias 8p050806kh-0829-398v.jpg 8 May 2006 8 May 2010 National Liberation Party
Laura Chinchilla Laura-Chinchilla-cropped.jpg 8 May 2010 8 May 2014 National Liberation Party First female president of Costa Rica.[2]
Luis Guillermo Solís Luis Guillermo Solís cropped.jpg 8 May 2014 Incumbent Citizens' Action Party

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Luis Guillermo Solís Citizens' Action Party 629,866 30.64 1,314,327 77.81
Johnny Araya Monge National Liberation Party 610,634 29.71 374,844 22.19
José María Villalta Florez-Estrada Broad Front 354,479 17.25
Otto Guevara Libertarian Movement 233,064 11.34
Rodolfo Piza Social Christian Unity Party 123,653 6.02
José Miguel Corrales Bolaños New Fatherland Party 30,816 1.50
Carlos Avendaño National Restoration Party 27,691 1.35
Justo Orozco Costa Rican Renovation Party 16,721 0.81
Óscar López Accessibility without Exclusion 10,339 0.50
Sergio Mena New Generation Party 5,882 0.29
Héctor Monestel Workers' Party 4,897 0.24
Walter Muñoz National Advance Party 4,388 0.21
José Echandi National Integration Party 3,042 0.15
Votes cast 2,099,219 1,712,679
Blank and null votes 43,747 23,508 1.37
Valid votes 2,055,472 100 1,689,171 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,065,667 68.19 56.63

See also[edit]

References[edit]