List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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President of the Dominican Republic
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
Danilo Medina Sánchez.jpg
Incumbent
Danilo Medina

since 16 August 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence National Palace, Santo Domingo
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Pedro Santana
Formation 13 November 1844
Website presidencia.gob.do
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Dominican Republic

The President of the Dominican Republic is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic. The President of the Dominican Republic receives the treatment of His Excellency during his time in office. His official address is the National Palace. Also, the position corresponds to the highest office in the country, the highest senior government official and the prominent political figure in the nation.

The current Constitution of the Dominican Republic (last amended in 2010) establishes the requirements, rights and obligations to be met by the President of the Republic.

Currently, the office can be held for a period of four years without immediate re-election. After at least one constitutional term, a person who has held the post of President before may run for this Office again. The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic and therefore a national holiday.

The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party), who took office on 16 August 2012.

List of official Presidents of the Dominican Republic (1844 – present)[edit]

# Picture Name Began office Left office Title(s)
1 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 13 November 1844 4 August 1848 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 4 August 1848 8 September 1848 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Félix Mercenario
Domingo de la Rocha
José María Caminero
Manuel Jimenes
2 Manuel Jimenez.jpg Manuel Jiménes 8 September 1848 29 May 1849 President
3 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 29 May 1849 15 February 1853 President
4 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 15 February 1853 26 May 1856 President
5 Manueldereglamosa.gif Manuel de Regla Mota 26 May 1856 8 October 1856 President
6 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 8 October 1856 13 June 1858 President
7 Jose desiderio valverde.gif José Desiderio Valverde 13 June 1858 31 August 1858 President
8 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 31 August 1858 18 March 1861 President
From 1861 until 1865, Dominican Republic was annexed by Spain.
9 Pedro antonio pimentel.gif Pedro Antonio Pimentel 25 March 1865 4 August 1865 President
Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral 4 August 1865 15 November 1865 Supreme Chief
Pedro guillermo guerrero.gif Pedro Guillermo 15 November 1865 8 December 1865 President of the Provisional Government Junta
10 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 8 December 1865 29 May 1866 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Triumvirate 29 May 1866 22 August 1866 Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Gregorio Luperón
Federico de Jesús García
11 Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral 22 August 1866 3 January 1868 President
12 Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpg Manuel Altagracia Cáceres 3 January 1868 13 February 1868 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Junta of Generals 13 February 1868 2 May 1868 Members:
José Antonio Hungría
Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez
José Ramón Luciano y Franco
13 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 2 May 1868 2 January 1874 President
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 2 January 1874 22 January 1874 Supreme Chief
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Generals-in-Chief 22 January 1874 6 April 1874 Members:
Ignacio María González
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
14 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 6 April 1874 23 February 1876 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 23 February 1876 29 April 1876 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Pedro Tomás Garrido
José de Jesús de Castro
Pedro Pablo de Bonilla
Juan Bautista Zafra
Pablo López Villanueva
Jacinto Peynado
15 Ulises espaillat.jpg Ulises Francisco Espaillat 29 April 1876 5 October 1876 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Superior Governing Junta 5 October 1876 11 November 1876 Members:
Pablo López Villanueva
José Caminero Matías
Juan Esteban Ariza Matos
Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta
José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez
Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda
Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 11 November 1876 9 December 1876 Supreme Chief
Marcos Cabral.jpg Marcos Antonio Cabral 9 December 1876 26 December 1876 President of the Provisional Government Junta
16 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 26 December 1876 2 March 1878 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 2 March 1878 5 March 1878 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
José María Cabral
Joaquín Montolío
17 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesareo Guillermo 5 March 1878 6 July 1878 President
18 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 6 July 1878 2 September 1878 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Military Chiefs 2 September 1878 6 September 1878 People's Military Chiefs


Members:
Ulises Heureaux
Cesáreo Guillermo

Jacinto De Castro.jpg Jacinto de Castro 7 September 1878 29 September 1878 Acting President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 September 1878 27 February 1879 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Cesáreo Guillermo
Alejandro Angulo Guridi
Pedro Maria Aristy
19 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesáreo Guillermo 27 February 1879 6 December 1879 President
20 GregorioLuperon.jpg Gregorio Luperón 6 December 1879 1 September 1880 President
21 Fernando Arturo Meriño.jpg Fernando Arturo de Meriño 1 September 1880 1 September 1882 President
22 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 1 September 1882 1 September 1884 President
23 Francisco Billini.jpg Francisco Gregorio Billini 1 September 1884 16 May 1885 President
24 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil 16 May 1885 6 January 1887 President
25 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 6 January 1887 27 February 1889 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Manuel María Gautier 27 February 1889 30 April 1889 Acting President
26 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 30 April 1889 26 July 1899 President
27 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Juan Wanceslao Figuereo 26 July 1899 30 August 1899 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 August 1899 31 August 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Tomás Demetrio Morales
Arístides Patiño
Enrique Henríquez y Alfau
Jaime R. Vidal
Braulio Álvarez
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Revolutionary Governing Junta 31 August 1899 4 September 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Mariano Cestero
Álvaro Logroño
Arístides Patiño
Pedro María Mejía
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 4 September 1899 15 November 1899 President of the Provisional Government Junta
28 Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra 15 November 1899 2 May 1902 President
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 2 May 1902 23 April 1903 President of the Provisional Government Junta
29 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil 23 April 1903 24 November 1903 President
30 Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg Carlos Felipe Morales 24 November 1903 29 December 1905 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 25 December 1905 12 January 1906 Council of Secretaries of State (acting for Morales)
Members:
Manuel Lamarche García
Emiliano Tejera
Andrés Julio Montolío
Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara
Carlos Ginebra
Eladio Victoria
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
31 Ramon Caceres.jpg Ramón Cáceres 12 January 1906 19 November 1911 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 19 November 1911 5 December 1911 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Miguel Antonio Román
José María Cabral
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
Manuel Lamarche García
Emilio Tejera
Rafael Díaz
32 Eladio Victoria.jpg Eladio Victoria 5 December 1911 30 November 1912 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Adolfo Alejandro Nouel 30 November 1912 13 April 1913 Provisional President
JoseBordas.jpg José Bordas Valdez 14 April 1913 27 August 1914 Provisional President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Ramón Báez 28 August 1914 5 December 1914 Provisional President
33 Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra 5 December 1914 7 May 1916 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 7 May 1916 31 July 1916 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Jaime Mota
Bernardo Pichardo
José Manuel Jimenes
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
34 Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpg Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal 31 July 1916 29 November 1916 President
From 1916 until 1924, Dominican Republic was occupied by the United States.
Vicini burgos juan bautista.jpg Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos 21 October 1922 12 July 1924 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
35 Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 12 July 1924 3 March 1930 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Rafael Estrella Ureña 3 March 1930 16 August 1930 Acting President
36 Rafael Trujillo.gif Rafael Trujillo 16 August 1930 16 August 1938 President
37 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Jacinto Peynado 16 August 1938 24 February 1940 President
38 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha 24 February 1940 18 May 1942 President
39 Rafael Trujillo.gif Rafael Trujillo 18 May 1942 16 August 1952 President
40 Pes 631512.jpg Héctor Trujillo 16 August 1952 3 August 1960 President
41 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 3 August 1960 16 January 1962 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Civic-Military Council 16 January 1962 18 January 1962 Civic-Military Council
Members:
Armando Óscar Pacheco
Luis Amiama Tió
Antonio Imbert Barrera
Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
Wilfredo Medina Natalio
Huberto Bogaert
42 Rafael F.Bonnelly.jpg Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly 18 January 1962 27 February 1963 President
43 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Juan Bosch 27 February 1963 25 September 1963 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Víctor Elby Viñas Román 25 September 1963 26 September 1963 Chairman of the Provisional Junta
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Triumvirate 26 September 1963 25 April 1965 Members:
Emilio de los Santos y Salcié
(to 22 December 1963) (Chairman)

Donald Reid Cabral
(from 29 December 1963) (Chairman)

Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat
Ramón Tapia Espinal
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Revolutionary Committee 25 April 1965 25 April 1965 Members:
Vinicio Fernández Pérez
Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez
Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó
Eladio Ramírez Sánchez
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg José Rafael Molina Ureña 25 April 1965 27 April 1965 Provisional President
From 27 April 1965 to 1 May 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Pedro Bartolomé Benoit 1 May 1965 7 May 1965 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
44 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Antonio Imbert Barrera 7 May 1965 30 August 1965 President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
From 30 August 1965 to 3 September 1965, there was no chief executive for the country.
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Héctor García Godoy 3 September 1965 1 July 1966 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
45 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 1 July 1966 16 August 1978 President
46 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Antonio Guzmán Fernández 16 August 1978 4 July 1982 President
47 Jacobo Majluta Azar.JPG Jacobo Majluta Azar 4 July 1982 16 August 1982 President
48 Salvador Jorge blanco.png Salvador Jorge Blanco 16 August 1982 16 August 1986 President
49 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 16 August 1986 16 August 1996 President
50 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández 16 August 1996 16 August 2000 President
51 Hipólito-Mejía-2000.jpg Hipólito Mejía 16 August 2000 16 August 2004 President
52 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández 16 August 2004 16 August 2012 President
53 Danilo Medina Sánchez.jpg Danilo Medina 16 August 2012 Incumbent President

List of unofficial Presidents of the Dominican Republic[edit]

Supreme Chiefs or Protectors

Spanish Governors-General of Santo Domingo (1861–1865)

Heads of State of the Dominican Republic (1863–1865)

In rebellion (1867–1868)

Constitutional Executive Junta (in rebellion, February, 1876)

In rebellion (1878)

United States Governors of Santo Domingo (1916–1922)

In rebellion (1963)

President with Constitutionalist de jure and de facto

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 May 2012 Dominican Republic presidential election results
Candidates – Parties Votes %
Danilo MedinaDominican Liberation Party and allies 2,323,150 51.21%
Hipólito MejíaDominican Revolutionary Party and allies 2,129,997 46.95%
Guillermo MorenoCountry Alliance 62,290 1.37%
Eduardo EstrellaDominicans for Change 9,340 0.21%
Julián SerulleBroad Front 6,550 0.14%
Max PuigAlliance for Democracy 5,064 0.11%
Total valid votes 4,536,391 100.00%
Source: Junta Central Electoral

See also[edit]