List of Presidents of the National Assembly of France

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This page lists Presidents of the French parliament (or, as the case may be, of its lower Chamber).

The National Constituent Assembly was created in 1789 out of the Estates-General. It, and the revolutionary legislative assemblies that followed – the Legislative Assembly (1791–1792) and the National Convention (1792–1795), had a quickly rotating Presidency. With the establishment of the Directory in 1795, there were two chambers of the French legislature. The lower, the Council of Five Hundred, also had a quickly rotating chairmanship. Under Napoleon I, the Legislative Corps had all authority to actually enact laws, but was essentially a rubberstamp body, lacking the power to debate legislation. With the restoration of the monarchy, a bicameral system was restored, with a Chamber of Peers and a Chamber of Deputies. The Chamber of Deputies, for the first time, had presidents elected for a substantial period of time.

With the revolution of 1848, the monarchical assemblies were dissolved and replaced again with a unicameral National Assembly, which Napoleon III replaced with a new version of his uncle's Legislative Corps. With the establishment of the Third Republic, the name of Chamber of Deputies was restored, and after 1876 was joined by a Senate as an upper house. The Chamber of Deputies was renamed the National Assembly in the constitution of the Fourth Republic, and is still known as that.

Presidents of the National Constituent Assembly (1789–1791)[edit]

Presidents of the Legislative Assembly (1791–1792)[edit]

Presidents of the National Convention, 1792–1795[edit]

Bold indicates second term as President.

CoPS refers to Committee of Public Safety

CoGS refers to Committee of General Security

President Began Ended Notes
Philippe Rühl 20 September 1792 20 September 1792 Served briefly at opening of first session as Dean.
Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve 20 September 1792 4 October 1792 Girondist: Committed suicide while in hiding June 1794.
Jean-François Delacroix 4 October 1792 18 October 1792 Executed with Danton, 5 April 1794.
Marguerite-Élie Guadet 18 October 1792 1 November 1792 Girondist: Executed 17 June 1794.
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles 1 November 1792 15 November 1792 Executed with Danton, 5 April 1794.

Member of CoPS (30 May 1793 - 29 Dec 1793).

Henri Grégoire 15 November 1792 29 November 1792 Constitutional Bishop of Blois.
Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac 29 November 1792 13 December 1792 Member of CoPS (7 April 1793 - 1 September 1794).
Jacques Defermon des Chapelieres 15 December 1792 27 December 1792 a Girondist who survived in hiding.
Jean-Baptiste Treilhard 27 December 1792 10 January 1793 Member of CoPS (7 Apr 1793 - 12 Jun 1793), (31 Jul 1794 - 5 Nov 1794), and (4 May 1795 - 2 Aug 1795).
Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud 10 January 1793 24 January 1793 Girondist: Executed 31 October 1793.
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne 24 January 1793 7 February 1793 Girondist: Executed 5 December 1793.
Jean-Jacques Bréard 7 February 1793 21 February 1793 Member of CoPS (7 Apr 1793 - 5 Jun 1793), (31 Jul 1794 - 5 Dec 1794), (4 Jan 1795 - 4 May 1795).
Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé 21 February 1793 7 March 1793
Armand Gensonné 7 March 1793 21 March 1793 Girondist: Executed 31 October 1793.
Jean Debry 21 March 1793 4 April 1793 Later served as member of CoGS.
Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas 4 April 1793 18 April 1793 Member of CoPS (4 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793), (1 Sep 1794 - 4 Jan 1795).
Marc David Alba Lasource 18 April 1793 2 May 1793 Girondist: Executed 31 October 1793.
Jean-Baptiste Boyer-Fonfrède 2 May 1793 16 May 1793 Girondist: Executed 31 October 1793.
Maximin Isnard 16 May 1793 30 May 1793 Member of CoGS.

Girondist who survived in hiding.

François René Auguste Mallarmé 30 May 1793 13 June 1793
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois 13 June 1793 27 June 1793 Member of CoPS (6 Sep 1793 - 1 Sep 1794).
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière 27 June 1793 11 July 1793 Member of CoPS (10 Jul 1793 - 20 Sep 1793), (31 Jul 1794 - 5 Dec 1794).
Jean Bon Saint-André 11 July 1793 25 July 1793 Member of CoPS (12 Jun 1793 - 31 Jul 1794).
Georges Danton 25 July 1793 8 August 1793 Executed 5 April 1794.
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles 8 August 1793 22 August 1793 See above.
Maximilien Robespierre 22 August 1793 5 September 1793 Executed 28 July 1794.

Member of CoPS (27 Jul 1793 - 27 Jul 1794).

Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne 5 September 1793 19 September 1793 Member of CoPS (6 Sep 1793 - 1 Sep 1794).
Joseph Cambon 19 September 1793 3 October 1793 Member of Finance Committee, created Great Book of the Public Debt.
Louis-Joseph Charlier 3 October 1793 22 October 1793
Moyse Bayle 22 October 1793 6 November 1793
Pierre Antoine Laloy 6 November 1793 21 November 1793
Gilbert Romme 21 November 1793 6 December 1793 Committed suicide after failed Prairial Insurrection of Year III.
Jean-Henri Voulland 6 December 1793 21 December 1793 Member of CoGS.
Georges Couthon 21 December 1793 5 January 1794 Executed with Robespierre.

Member of CoPS (30 May 1793 - 27 Jul 1794).

Jacques-Louis David 5 January 1794 20 January 1794 Famous painter.

Member of CoGS.

Marc-Guillaume-Alexis Vadier 20 January 1794 4 February 1794 Member of CoGS.
Joseph-Nicolas Barbeau du Barran 4 February 1794 19 February 1794 Known as Dubarran.
Louis Saint-Just 19 February 1794 6 March 1794 Executed with Robespierre

A member of CoPS (30 May 1793 - 27 Jul 1794).

Philippe Rühl 6 March 1794 21 March 1794 Member of CoGS.
Jean-Lambert Tallien 21 March 1794 5 April 1794
Jean-Pierre-André Amar 5 April 1794 20 April 1794 Member of CoGS.
Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet 20 April 1794 5 May 1794 Member of CoPS (7 Apr 1793 - 12 Jun 1793), (22 Jun 1793 - 6 Oct 1794).
Lazare Carnot 5 May 1794 20 May 1794 Member of CoPS (14 Aug 1793 - 6 Oct 1794).

Director of France (4 November 1795 – 5 September 1797)

Claude-Antoine Prieur de la Côte d'Or 20 May 1794 4 June 1794 Member of CoPS (14 Aug 1793 - 6 Oct 1794).
Maximilien Robespierre 4 June 1794 19 June 1794 Presided over Festival of the Supreme Being in this term.
Élie Lacoste 19 June 1794 5 July 1794
Jean-Antoine Louis du Bas-Rhin 5 July 1794 19 July 1794 Member of CoGS.
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois 19 July 1794 3 August 1794 See above.
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai 3 August 1794 18 August 1794 Member of CoPS (1 Sep 1794 - 4 Jan 1795), (3 Feb 1795 - 3 Jun 1795), (2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795).

Director of France (8 September 1797 – 18 June 1799).

Antoine-Christophe Merlin de Thionville 18 August 1794 2 September 1794
André Antoine Bernard de Saintes 2 September 1794 22 September 1794
André Dumont 22 September 1794 7 October 1794
Jean Jacques Régis Cambacérès 7 October 1794 22 October 1794 Napoleon's Second Consul (12 December 1799 – 18 May 1804).
Pierre Louis Prieur de la Marne 22 October 1794 6 November 1794 Member of CoPS (10 Jul 1793 - 31 Jul 1794), (6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795) .
Louis Legendre 6 November 1794 24 November 1794
Jean Baptiste Clauzel 24 November 1794 6 December 1794
Jean-François Reubell 6 December 1794 21 December 1794 Director of France (2 November 1795 – 19 May 1799).
Pierre-Louis Bentabole 21 December 1794 6 January 1795
Étienne-François Le Tourneur de la Manche 6 January 1795 20 January 1795 Director of France (2 November 1795 – 26 May 1797).
Joseph-Stanislas Rovère de Fontvielle 20 January 1795 4 February 1795
Paul Barras 4 February 1795 19 February 1795 Director of France (2 November 1795 – 10 November 1799).
Francois Louis Bourdon de l'Oise 19 February 1795 6 March 1795
Antoine Claire Thibaudeau 6 March 1795 24 March 1795
Jean Pelet de la Lozère 24 March 1795 5 April 1795 Protestant leader.
François Antoine de Boissy d'Anglas 5 April 1795 20 April 1795 Member of CoPS (3 Jul 1795 - 4 Nov 1795).
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès 20 April 1795 5 May 1795 Director of France (20 May 1799 – 10 November 1799).

Arranged coup of 18 Brumaire, Napoleon's Second Consul (10 November – 12 December 1799).

Théodore Vernier 5 May 1795 26 May 1795
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-Mirampal 26 May 1795 4 June 1795
Jean-Denis Lanjuinais 4 June 1795 19 June 1795
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai 19 June 1795 4 July 1795
Louis Gustave le Doulcet 4 July 1795 19 July 1795 Girondist survivor.
Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux 19 July 1795 3 August 1795 Director of France (2 November 1795 – 18 June 1799).
Pierre Claude François Daunou 3 August 1795 19 August 1795 Girondist survivor.
Joseph Chénier 19 August 1795 2 September 1795
Théophile Berlier 2 September 1795 23 September 1795
Pierre-Charles Baudin des Ardennes 23 September 1795 8 October 1795
Jean Joseph Victor Génissieu 8 October 1795 26 October 1795 Minister of Justice and Lord Chancellor of France 5 January - 4 April 1796.

Presidents of the Council of Five Hundred (1795–1799)[edit]

Presidents of the Legislative Corps (1800–1814)[edit]

President Began Ended
Jean-Baptiste Perrin des Vosges 1 January 1800 21 January 1800
Jean-Pierre Duval 21 January 1800 5 February 1800
Baptiste Gregoire 5 February 1800 20 February 1800
Jean-Baptiste Girot-Pouzol 20 February 1800 7 March 1800
Claude Pierre Dellay d'Agier 7 March 1800 22 March 1800
Isaac Tarteyron 22 March 1800 31 March 1800
Pierre Jacques Chatry-Lafosse 22 November 1800 7 December 1800
Alexis Pison du Galland 7 December 1800 22 December 1800
Antoine Bourg-Laprade 22 December 1800 6 January 1801
Jean-Jacques Bréard 6 January 1801 21 January 1801
Jean-Francois Rossée 21 January 1801 5 February 1801
Jacques Poisson de Coudreville 5 February 1801 20 February 1801
Jean-Baptiste Leclerc, dit Leclerc du Maine et Loire 20 February 1801 7 March 1801
Francois Joseph Lefebvre-Cayet 7 March 1801 21 March 1802
Charles Francois Dupuis 22 November 1801 7 December 1801
Jean Francois Baraillon 7 December 1801 22 December 1801
Pierre Louis Lefebvre-Laroche 22 December 1801 6 January 1802
Nicolas-Bernard Belzais-Courménil 6 January 1802 21 January 1802
Joseph Pematin 21 January 1802 5 February 1802
Denis Couzard 5 February 1802 20 February 1802
Louis Ramond de Carbonnières 20 February 1802 7 March 1802
Jaques Devismes 7 March 1802 22 March 1802
Jean-Francois-Joseph Marcorelle 5 April 1802 21 April 1802
Francois Lobjoy 21 April 1802 6 May 1802
Pierre-Antoine Rabaut-Dupuis 6 May 1802 20 May 1802
Francois Delattre 21 February 1803 7 March 1803
Jean-Francois Méric 7 March 1803 22 March 1803
Jean-Louis Girod de L'Ain 22 March 1803 6 April 1803
Marie-Félix Faulcon 6 April 1803 21 April 1803
Vincent-Marie Viénot-Vaublanc 21 April 1803 7 May 1803
Francois Lagrange 7 May 1803 21 May 1803
Jérôme Reynaud de Lascours 21 May 1803 29 May 1803
Louis de Fontanes 10 January 1804 24 January 1810
Élisabeth-Pierre de Montesquiou-Fezensac 24 January 1810 23 November 1813
Claude Ambroise Régnier 23 November 1813 4 June 1814

Presidents of the Chamber of Départements' Deputies, 1814–1815[edit]

President Began Ended
Joseph, Vicomte Lainé 11 June 1814 20 March 1815

Presidents of the Chamber of Representatives (1814–1815)[edit]

President Began Ended
Jean-Denis, Comte Lanjuinais 4 June 1815 13 July 1815

Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies of the Departments (1815–1830)[edit]

President Began Ended
Joseph, Vicomte Lainé 12 October 1815 5 September 1816
Étienne, Duc Pasquier 12 November 1816 13 November 1817
Pierre François Hercule, Comte de Serre 13 November 1817 11 December 1818
Auguste Ravez 11 December 1818 5 November 1827
Pierre Paul Royer-Collard 25 February 1828 16 May 1830

Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies (1830–1848)[edit]

President Began Ended
Casimir Pierre Perier 6 August 1830 21 August 1830
Jacques Laffitte 21 August 1830 11 November 1830
Casimir Pierre Perier 11 November 1830 31 May 1831
Louis Gaspard Amédée, baron Girod de l'Ain 1 August 1831 28 April 1832
André Marie Dupin 29 April 1832 2 February 1839
Hippolyte Passy 16 April 1839 12 May 1839
Paul Sauzet 24 December 1839 24 February 1848

Presidents of the National Constituent Assembly (1848–1849)[edit]

President Began Ended
Philippe Joseph Benjamin Buchez 5 May 1848 5 June 1848
Antoine Marie Jules Sénard 5 June 1848 29 June 1848
Alexandre Marie 29 June 1848 19 July 1848
Armand Marrast 19 July 1848 26 May 1849

Presidents of the National Legislative Assembly (1849–1852)[edit]

President Began Ended
André Marie Dupin 1 June 1849 2 December 1851

Presidents of the Legislative Corps (1852–1870)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
1 Adolphe Billault 9 March 1852 12 November 1854 Bonapartist I
2 Charles, duc de Morny 12 November 1854 10 March 1865 Bonapartist I · II · III
3 Alexandre, comte Walewski 1 September 1865 29 March 1867 Bonapartist III
4 Eugène Schneider 2 April 1867 4 September 1870 Bonapartist III · IV

Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies (1871–1840)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Jules Grévy 16 February 1871 2 April 1873 Left Republican
2 Louis Buffet 4 April 1873 15 March 1875 Conservative
(Moderate Monarchist)
3 Gaston Audiffret-Pasquier 15 March 1875 6 March 1876 Conservative
(Moderate Monarchist)
4 Jules Grévy
(provisional to 13 March 1876)
8 March 1876 31 January 1879 Left Republican
5 Léon Gambetta 31 January 1879 3 November 1881 Opportunist Republican
6 Henri Brisson 3 November 1881 8 April 1885 Radical Republican
7 Charles Floquet 8 April 1885 4 April 1888 Radical Republican
8 Jules Méline 4 April 1888 16 November 1889 Left Republican
9 Charles Floquet 16 November 1889 16 January 1893 Radical Republican
10 Jean Casimir-Perier 16 January 1893 5 December 1895 Left Republican
11 Charles Dupuy 5 December 1893 2 June 1894 Left Republican
12 Jean Casimir-Perier 2 June 1894 5 July 1894 Left Republican
13 Auguste Burdeau 5 July 1894 12 December 1894 Left Republican
14 Henri Brisson 18 December 1894 9 June 1898 Radical Republican
15 Paul Deschanel 9 June 1898 10 June 1902 Democratic Republican Alliance
16 Léon Bourgeois 10 June 1902 12 January 1904 Radical Socialist Party
17 Henri Brisson 12 January 1904 10 January 1905 Radical Socialist Party
18 Paul Doumer 10 January 1905 8 June 1906 Radical Socialist Party
19 Henri Brisson 8 June 1906 23 May 1912 Radical Socialist Party
20 Paul Deschanel 23 May 1912 12 February 1920 Democratic Alliance
21 Raoul Péret 12 February 1920 9 June 1924 Democratic Alliance
22 Paul Painlevé 9 June 1924 22 April 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
23 Édouard Herriot 22 April 1925 22 July 1926 Radical Socialist Party
24 Raoul Péret 22 July 1926 11 January 1927 Democratic Alliance
25 Fernand Bouisson 11 January 1927 31 May 1936 Republican-Socialist Party
26 Édouard Herriot 4 June 1936 9 July 1940 Radical Socialist Party

Presidents of the Consultative Assembly (1943–1945)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
1 Félix Gouin 9 November 1943 8 November 1945 SFIO Provisional

List of Presidents of the Constituent National Assembly (1945–1946)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
1 Félix Gouin 8 November 1945 22 January 1946 SFIO I (1945)
2 Vincent Auriol 31 January 1946 27 November 1946 SFIO II (Jun.1946)

Presidents of the National Assembly (1946–present)[edit]

Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
1 VincentAuriol.png Vincent Auriol 3 December 1946 21 January 1947 SFIO I (Nov.1946)
2 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot 21 January 1947 12 January 1954 Radical
II (1951)
3 André Le Troquer 12 January 1954 11 January 1955 SFIO
4 Pierre Schneiter 11 January 1955 24 January 1956 MRP
5 André Le Troquer 24 January 1956 9 December 1958 SFIO III (1956)
6 Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 9 December 1958 25 June 1969 UNR I · II · III · IV[1]
7 Logo de l'Assemblée nationale française.svg Achille Peretti 25 June 1969 2 April 1973 UDR IV (1968)
8 Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure 2 April 1973 3 April 1978 UDR V (1973)
9 Jacques Chaban-Delmas.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 3 April 1978 2 July 1981 RPR VI (1978)
10 Louis MERMAZ.jpg Louis Mermaz 2 July 1981 2 April 1986 PS VII (1981)
11 Jacques Chaban-Delmas.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 2 April 1986 23 June 1988 RPR VIII (1986)
12 Fabius 4 février 2013.jpg Laurent Fabius 23 June 1988 22 January 1992 PS IX (1988)
13 Emmanuelli.jpg Henri Emmanuelli 22 January 1992 2 April 1993 PS
14 Philippe Seguin 2005.jpg Philippe Séguin 2 April 1993 12 June 1997 RPR X (1993)
15 Fabius 4 février 2013.jpg Laurent Fabius 12 June 1997 29 March 2000 PS XI (1997)
16 Raymondforni.jpeg Raymond Forni 29 March 2000 25 June 2002 PS
17 Jldebre2012.jpg Jean-Louis Debré 25 June 2002 2 March 2007 UMP XII (2002)
18 Patrick Ollier.jpg Patrick Ollier 7 March 2007 19 June 2007 UMP
19 Bernard Accoyer Senate of Poland 01.JPG Bernard Accoyer 26 June 2007 19 June 2012 UMP XIII (2007)
20 Claude Bartolone.jpg Claude Bartolone 26 June 2012 Present PS XIV (2012)

References[edit]