List of Presidents of the United States by occupation

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This is a list of the occupations of Presidents before they entered politics. Often, previous career experience is minimal; however, many presidents did spend their younger years in college and/or the military.

Order President Previous occupation(s)
1 George Washington Land Surveyor, Farmer/plantation owner, Soldier (General of United Army of the Colonies)
2 John Adams Lawyer, Farmer
3 Thomas Jefferson Land Surveyor, Writer, Inventor, Lawyer, Architect, Farmer/Plantation owner
4 James Madison Farmer/plantation owner, Lawyer
5 James Monroe Farmer/plantation owner, Lawyer
6 John Quincy Adams Lawyer
7 Andrew Jackson Soldier, Lawyer
8 Martin Van Buren Lawyer
9 William Harrison Soldier
10 John Tyler Lawyer
11 James Polk Lawyer, Plantation owner
12 Zachary Taylor Soldier (Army Major General)
13 Millard Fillmore Lawyer
14 Franklin Pierce Lawyer
15 James Buchanan Lawyer, Diplomat
16 Abraham Lincoln Land Surveyor, Lawyer
17 Andrew Johnson Tailor
18 Ulysses Grant Soldier, General of the Army
19 Rutherford Hayes Lawyer
20 James Garfield School teacher, minister, soldier
21 Chester Arthur School teacher, lawyer, collector of tariffs
22, 24 Grover Cleveland Sheriff, lawyer, assistant teacher
23 Benjamin Harrison Lawyer, journalist
25 William McKinley Lawyer
26 Theodore Roosevelt Public Official, Rancher, Soldier
27 William Taft Lawyer, judge, law reporter, dean of law school at the University of Cincinnati
28 Woodrow Wilson Lawyer, professor, president of Princeton University
29 Warren Harding Newspaper publisher/editor
30 Calvin Coolidge Lawyer, Vice President of Northampton Savings Bank
31 Herbert Hoover Engineer, Investor
32 Franklin Roosevelt Lawyer
33 Harry Truman Farmer, Men's clothing retailer
34 Dwight Eisenhower Soldier, General, President of Columbia University,
35 John F. Kennedy Writer, Sailor (Navy Lieutenant)
36 Lyndon Johnson Teacher, Public Official
37 Richard Nixon Lawyer, Sailor (Navy Lieutenant Commander)
38 Gerald Ford Sailor (Navy Lieutenant Commander), Lawyer
39 Jimmy Carter Sailor (Navy Lieutenant),[1] peanut farmer,[2] writer
40 Ronald Reagan[3][4] Actor & broadcaster, President of the Screen Actors Guild[5]
41 George H. W. Bush Pilot (Navy Lieutenant, Junior Grade),[6] Businessman (Oil)[7]
42 Bill Clinton Lawyer, Law lecturer
43 George W. Bush Businessman (Oil,[8] baseball)[9]
44 Barack Obama Public Interest professional, Lawyer, Constitutional Law Professor [10]

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