List of Prime Ministers of Australia by time in office

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Australia by time in office. The basis of the list is the inclusive number of days from being sworn in until leaving office.

Rank by time in office[edit]

Parties

      Australian Labor Party       Liberal Party of Australia       Australian Country Party       Nationalist Party of Australia
      United Australia Party       Commonwealth Liberal Party       National Labor Party       Free Trade Party       Protectionist Party

Rank: No: Prime Minister: Portrait: Party: District: Assumed
Office:
Left
Office:
TERM
Time in Office:
TOTAL
Time in Office:
Election
Wins:
  1. 12th Sir Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
Portrait Menzies 1941.jpg United Australia Kooyong, VIC
(1934–1966)
26 April 1939 29 August 1941 2 years, 125 days 18 years, 160 days 1940 1949 1951
1954 1955 1958
1961 1963
  Liberal 19 December 1949 26 January 1966 16 years, 38 days
  2. 25th John Howard
(born 1939)
John Howard May 2006.jpg Liberal Bennelong, NSW
(1974–2007)
11 March 1996 3 December 2007 Arrow east.svg 11 years, 267 days 1996 1998 2001
2004
  3. 23rd Bob Hawke
(born 1929)
BobHawke(cropped).jpg Labor Wills, VIC
(1980–1992)
11 March 1983 20 December 1991 Arrow east.svg 8 years, 284 days 1983 1984 1987
1990
  4. 22nd Malcolm Fraser
(born 1930)
MalcolmFraser1982.JPEG Liberal Wannon, VIC
(1955–1983)
11 November 1975 11 March 1983 Arrow east.svg 7 years, 120 days 1975 1977 1980
  5. 7th Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
Nla.ms-ms1538-10-582-e.jpg Labor West Sydney, NSW
(1901–1917)
Bendigo, VIC
(1917–1922)
North Sydney, NSW
(1922–1949)
27 October 1915 9 February 1923 Arrow east.svg 7 years, 105 days 1917 1919 1922
  National Labor
  Nationalist
  6. 10th Joseph Lyons
(1879–1939)
Joseph Lyons 1.jpg United Australia Wilmot, TAS
(1929–1939)
6 January 1932 7 April 1939 Arrow east.svg 7 years, 91 days 1931 1934 1937
  7. 8th Stanley Bruce
(1883–1967)
StanleyBruce2.jpg Nationalist Flinders, VIC
(1918–1929)
9 February 1923 22 October 1929 Arrow east.svg 6 years, 255 days 1925 1928
  8. 2nd Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Protectionist Ballaarat, VIC
(1901–1913)
24 September 1903 27 April 1904 0 years, 216 days 4 years, 313 days 1903 1906
5 July 1905 13 November 1908 3 years, 131 days
  Commonwealth Liberal 2 June 1909 29 April 1910 0 years, 331 days
  9. 5th Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
Andrewfisher.JPG Labor Wide Bay, QLD
(1901–1915)
13 November 1908 2 June 1909 0 years, 201 days 4 years, 297 days 1910 1914
29 April 1910 24 June 1913 3 years, 56 days
17 September 1914 27 October 1915 1 year, 40 days
  10. 16th Ben Chifley
(1885–1951)
Benchifley.jpg Labor Macquarie, NSW
(1940–1951)
13 July 1945 19 December 1949 Arrow east.svg 4 years, 159 days 1946
  11. 24th Paul Keating
(born 1944)
Paul Keating - 2007-crop.jpg Labor Blaxland, NSW
(1969–1996)
20 December 1991 11 March 1996 Arrow east.svg 4 years, 82 days 1993
  12. 14th John Curtin
(1885–1945)
JohnCurtin.jpg Labor Fremantle, WA
(1934–1945)
7 October 1941 5 July 1945 Arrow east.svg 3 years, 271 days 1943
  13. 19th John Gorton
(1911–2002)
JohnGorton1954.JPG Liberal 22.2.1950 – 1.2.1968: Senate (Vic)
2.2.1968 – 23.2.1968: Not in Parliament
24.2.1968 – 10.3.1971: Higgins, VIC
(1968–1975)
10 January 1968 10 March 1971 Arrow east.svg 3 years, 59 days 1969
  14. 27th Julia Gillard
(born 1961)
Julia Gillard 2010.jpg Labor Lalor, VIC
(1998–2013)
24 June 2010 27 June 2013 Arrow east.svg 3 years, 3 days 2010
  15. 21st Gough Whitlam
(born 1916)
Whitlam1955.jpg Labor Werriwa, NSW
(1952–1978)
5 December 1972 11 November 1975 Arrow east.svg 2 years, 341 days 1972 1974
  16. 26th Kevin Rudd
(born 1957)
Kevin Rudd DOS cropped.jpg Labor Griffith, QLD
(1998–2013)
3 December 2007 24 June 2010 2 years, 203 days 2 years, 286 days 2007
27 June 2013 18 September 2013 0 years, 83 days
  17. 1st Sir Edmund Barton
(1849–1920)
Edmund Barton.PNG Protectionist Hunter, NSW
(1901–1903)
1 January 1901 24 September 1903 Arrow east.svg 2 years, 266 days 1901
  18. 9th James Scullin
(1876–1953)
JScullin.jpg Labor Yarra, VIC
(1922–1949)
22 October 1929 6 January 1932 Arrow east.svg 2 years, 76 days 1929
  19. 17th Harold Holt
(1908–1967)
HaroldHoltPortrait1953.JPG Liberal Higgins, VIC
(1949–1967)
26 January 1966 19 December 1967 Arrow east.svg 1 year, 327 days 1966
  20. 20th William McMahon
(1908–1988)
Nla.pic-an23458756-v.jpg Liberal Lowe, VIC
(1949–1982)
10 March 1971 5 December 1972 Arrow east.svg 1 year, 270 days
  21. 6th Joseph Cook
(1860–1947)
JosephCookPEO.jpg Commonwealth Liberal Parramatta, NSW
(1901–1921)
24 June 1913 17 September 1914 Arrow east.svg 1 year, 85 days 1913
  22. 28th Tony Abbott
(born 1957)
Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg Liberal Warringah, NSW
(1994–present)
18 September 2013 Incumbent Arrow east.svg 0 years, 343 days 2013
  23. 4th George Reid
(1845–1918)
Georgereid.jpg Free Trade East Sydney, NSW
(1901–1910)
18 August 1904 5 July 1905 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 321 days
  24. 3rd Chris Watson
(1867–1941)
ChrisWatsonSepia crop.jpg Labor Bland, NSW
(1901–1906)
27 April 1904 18 August 1904 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 113 days
  25. 13th Arthur Fadden
(1894–1973)
FaddenPEO.jpg Country Darling Downs, QLD
(1936–1949)
29 August 1941 7 October 1941 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 39 days
  26. 18th John McEwen
(1900–1980)
Nla.pic-an23474705-v.jpg Country Murray, VIC
(1949–1971)
19 December 1967 10 January 1968 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 22 days
  27. 11th Sir Earle Page
(1880–1961)
EarlePage.jpg Country Cowper, NSW
(1919–1961)
7 April 1939 26 April 1939 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 19 days
  28. 15th Frank Forde
(1890–1983)
Frankforde.jpg Labor Capricornia, QLD
(1922–1946)
6 July 1945 13 July 1945 Arrow east.svg 0 years, 7 days

Parties by time in office[edit]

See also[edit]