List of Prime Ministers of France

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The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the Head of government and of the Cabinet of France. The Head of state is the President of France.

During earlier periods of French history, the French head of government was known by different titles. Most recently, during the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).

Ancien Régime[edit]

Under the Ancien Régime, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The ministers of certain Kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name Took office Left office King
(Reign)
Maximilien-de-Sully.jpg Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully 2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV
HenriIV.jpg
(1589–1610)
De Neufville2.jpg Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy 29 January 1611 1614 Louis XIII
Louis XIII (de Champaigne).jpg
(1610–1643)
Concino-Concini.jpg Concino Concini 1616 24 April 1617
(died)
Cardinal de Richelieu mg 0052.jpg Cardinal Richelieu 12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(died)
Mazarin-mignard.jpg Jules Cardinal Mazarin 4 December 1642 9 March 1661
(died)
Louis XIV
Louis XIV of France.jpg
(1643–1715)
Colbert1666.jpg Jean-Baptiste Colbert 9 March 1661 6 September 1683
(died)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV)
6 September 1683 2 September 1715
Guillaume Dubois.PNG Guillaume Cardinal Dubois 2 September 1715 10 August 1723
(died)
Louis XV
LouisXV-Rigaud1.jpg
(1715–1774)
Philippe d'Orleans, regent, et Marie Madeleine de la Vieuville, Comtesse de Parabere (Jean-Baptiste Santerre).jpg Philippe II, Duke of Orléans 10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(died)
Louis IV Henri de Bourbon-Conde.jpg Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon 2 December 1723 11 June 1726
Cardinal de Fleury by Rigaud.jpg André-Hercule Cardinal de Fleury 11 June 1726 29 January 1743
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
Choiseul, Etienne François duc de.jpg Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul 3 December 1758 24 December 1770
René-Augustin de Maupeou.PNG René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou 24 December 1770 14 May 1774
Jean Frederic Phelypeaux Count of Maurepas.PNG Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas 14 May 1774 21 November 1781 Louis XVI
Antoine-François Callet - Louis XVI, roi de France et de Navarre (1754-1793), revêtu du grand costume royal en 1779 - Google Art Project.jpg
(1774–1792)
Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.jpg Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes 21 November 1781 13 February 1787
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne.PNG Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne 13 February 1787 25 August 1788
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker 25 August 1788 11 July 1789
Baron de Breteuil.jpg Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil 11 July 1789 16 July 1789
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker 16 July 1789 3 September 1790
Armand-Marc Comte de MONTMORIN-SAINT-HEREM.jpg Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin 3 September 1790 29 November 1791

French First Republic (1792–1804)[edit]

During the First French Republic periods the arrangements for the direction of the government of France changed frequently and there was no office of Prime Minister. See the relevant article for details.

First French Empire (1804–1815)[edit]

During the First French Empire periods the arrangements for the direction of the government of France changed frequently and there was no office of Prime Minister. See the relevant article for details.

Bourbon Restoration (1815–1830)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Constitutionalist       Ultra-royalist

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
1 Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord 9 July 1815 26 September 1815 I (1815) Louis XVIII
Lodewijk XVIII.jpg
(1815–1824)
2 Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu
(1st time)
26 September 1815 29 December 1818
II (1816)
3 Dessolles.jpg Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles 29 December 1818 19 November 1819
4 Élie, comte Decazes.jpg Élie, duc Decazes 19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Constitutionalist
5 Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu
(2nd time)
20 February 1820 14 December 1821
III (1820)
6 Villèle.jpg Jean-Baptiste de Villèle 14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist
Charles X
Karel X-Koning der Fransen.jpg
(1824–1830)
7 Martignac.jpg Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac 4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Ultra-royalist IV (1827)
8 Jules Armand de Polignac 1780–1847.JPG Jules de Polignac, Prince of Polignac 8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist

July Monarchy (1830–1848)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Orléanist

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
- Position vacant 29 July 1830 13 August 1830 I (1830) Louis-Philippe I
Lodewijk Filips als kniestuk.jpg
(1830–1848)
9 Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Victor de Broglie 1 13 August 1830 2 November 1830 Orléanist
10 Jacques Laffitte.jpg Jacques Laffitte 2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Orléanist
11 Perier, Casimir - 2.jpg Casimir Pierre Périer 13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Orléanist II (1831)
- Position vacant 16 May 1832 11 October 1832
12 Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult 1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834
13 David Etienne Maurice Gerard.jpg Étienne Maurice Gérard 18 July 1834 10 November 1834
14 Maret, Hugues-Bernard.jpg Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano 10 November 1834 18 November 1834
15 Edouard Mortier.png Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier 18 November 1834 12 March 1835 III (1834)
16 Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Victor de Broglie 2 12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Orléanist
17 Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers 1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Orléanist
18 Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé 1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Orléanist
2 IV (1837)
- Position vacant 31 March 1839 12 May 1839
19 Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult 2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 V (1839)
20 Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers 2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Orléanist
21 Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult 3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847
VI (1842)
22 Guizot3.jpg François Guizot 19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Orléanist VII (1846)
23 Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé 3 23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Orléanist

French Second Republic (1848–1852)[edit]

Leaders of Provisional Governments[edit]

Political Party:       Republican

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
24 Dupont de l'Eure, Jacques - 1.jpg Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Republican Constituent (1848)
25 Arago Francois portrait.jpg François Arago 10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Republican
26 Cavaignac.jpg Louis-Eugène Cavaignac 28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Republican

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Bonapartist

2 Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
27 Barrot.jpg Odilon Barrot 1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Parti de l'Ordre Constituent (1848) Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
Napoleon-3.jpg
(1848–1852)
2 Legislative (1849)
28 Général de Beaufort d'Hautpoul.jpg Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul 31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Parti de l'Ordre
- Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 (Bonapartist)
29 Léon Faucher.JPG Léon Faucher 10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Parti de l'Ordre
- Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 (Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)[edit]

Cabinet Chiefs[edit]

Political Party:       Bonapartist

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III
Napoleon III. of France.jpg
(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
30 Ministerpräsident Ollivier.JPG Émile Ollivier 2 January 1870 9 August 1870 Independent
Republican, but serving under Napoleon III
31 Palikao.jpg Charles Cousin-Montauban,
comte de Palikao
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Military

French Third Republic (1870–1940)[edit]

President of the Government of National Defense[edit]

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
32 Trochu.jpg Louis Jules Trochu 4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military Government of National Defense

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Socialist (SFIO)       Republican-Socialist (PRS)       Radical (Rad-Soc)       Independent       Independent; moderate       Republican; centre-right (AD)       Monarchist; Conservative       Vichy

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party (Coalition) Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
33 Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure 1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent
(moderate Republican)
National Assembly (1871) Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG
(1871–1873)
2
34 Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie 1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Orléanist Patrice de Mac-Mahon
Patrice de Mac Mahon.jpg
(1873–1879)
2
35 Cissey.jpg Ernest Courtot de Cissey 22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Independent
36 Buffet.jpg Louis Buffet 10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Moderate Monarchist
37 Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure 3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Moderate republican
4
38 Jules Simon 2.jpg Jules Simon 12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Moderate republican I (1876)
39 Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie 3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Monarchist
40 Rochebouët.jpg Gaëtan de Rochebouët 23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Conservative II (1877)
41 Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure 5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Independent
(moderate Republican)
42 Waddington.jpg William Henry Waddington 4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Independent
(moderate Republican)
Jules Grévy
Jules grevy.jpg
(1879–1887)
43 Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet 1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Moderate republican
44 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry 1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Moderate republican
45 LéonGambetta.jpg Léon Gambetta 14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Union republican III (1881)
46 Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet 2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Moderate republican
47 Duclerc.jpg Charles Duclerc 7 August 1882 29 January 1883
48 Armand Fallieres.jpg Armand Fallières 29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Moderate republican
49 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry 2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Moderate republican
50 Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson 1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Union republican
51 Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet 3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Moderate republican IV (1885)
52 Goblet.jpg René Goblet 16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Independent
53 Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier 1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Union republican
54 Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard 1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Independent Marie François Sadi Carnot
Mfscarnot.jpg
(1887–1894)
55 Floquet.jpg Charles Floquet 3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Radical Party
56 Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard 2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Independent
57 Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet 4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Moderate republican V (1889)
58 Emile Loubet.jpg Émile Loubet 27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Moderate republican
59 Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot 1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Moderate republican
2
60 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy 1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Moderate republican
61 Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg Jean Casimir-Perier 3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Moderate republican VI (1893)
62 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy 2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Moderate republican
3 Jean Casimir-Perier
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg
(1894–1895)
63 Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot 3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Moderate republican Félix Faure
Felix Faure.jpg
(1895–1899)
64 Bourgeoi.jpg Léon Bourgeois 1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
65 Meline.jpg Jules Méline 29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Independent (centre-right)
66 Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson 2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Union republican VII (1898)
67 Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy 4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Left Republican
5 Émile Loubet
Emile Loubet.jpg
(1899–1906)
68 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau by Nadar.jpg Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau 22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Republican Alliance
69 Combes.jpg Émile Combes 7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
70 Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier 2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 Armand Fallières
Armand Fallieres.jpg
(1906–1913)
71 Sarrien.jpg Ferdinand Sarrien 12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical Socialist Party
72 Clemenceau.jpg Georges Clemenceau 1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Radical Party IX (1906)
73 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
74 Monis.jpg Ernest Monis 2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical Party X (1910)
75 Caillaux.jpg Joseph Caillaux 27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical Party
76 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré 1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Democratic Alliance
77 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 Raymond Poincaré
Poincare larger.jpg
(1913–1920)
78 Louis Barthou 01.jpg Louis Barthou 22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Democratic Alliance
79 Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue 1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical Party
80 Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot 4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Moderate republican XI (1914)
81 Viviani.jpg René Viviani 1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
82 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
83 Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot 5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Moderate republican
84 Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé 1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
85 Clemenceau.jpg Georges Clemenceau 2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Radical Party
86 Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg Alexandre Millerand 1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 National Republican League
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 Paul Deschanel
Paul Deschanel 01.jpg
(1920)
87 Georges Leygues 01.jpg Georges Leygues 24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Democratic Alliance
(National Bloc)
Alexandre Millerand
Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg
(1920–1924)
88 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
89 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré 2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Democratic Alliance
(National Bloc)
3
90 Francois-marchal.jpg Frédéric François-Marsal 8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Republican Federation
(National Bloc)
91 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot 1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XIII (1924) Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg
(1924–1931)
92 Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé 2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
93 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
94 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot 2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
95 Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré 4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
96 Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand 11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
97 Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu 1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
98 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps 1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical Party
99 Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu 2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
100 Steeg - Теодор Стег.jpg Théodore Steeg 13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical Socialist Party
101 Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval 1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 National Bloc
2 Paul Doumer
Paul Doumer.jpg
(1931–1932)
3
102 Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu 3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
103 Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot 3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun 1937.jpg
(1932–1940)
104 Joseph Paul-Boncour 1923.jpg Joseph Paul-Boncour 18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
105 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier 1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
106 Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut 1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
107 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps 2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
108 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier 2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
109 Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue 2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical Party
(Government of National Union)
110 Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
111 Fernand Bouisson.jpg Fernand Bouisson 1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
112 Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval 4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent (conservative)
113 Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut 2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical Party
114 Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum 1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
115 Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps 3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical Party
(Popular Front)
4
116 Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum 2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
117 Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier 3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical Socialist Party
4
5
118 Paul Reynaud 1933.jpg Paul Reynaud 21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
119 Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg Philippe Pétain 16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Military

Vichy France (1940–1945)[edit]

Political Party:       Vichy

Council of Ministers[edit]

Portrait President Vice-President Govt. Took office Left office
Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg Philippe Pétain Pierre Laval 5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941
François Darlan 9 February 1941 18 April 1942
Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg Pierre Laval position abolished 6 18 April 1942 19 August 1944

French Governmental Commission[edit]

Government-in-exile at Sigmaringen

Portrait President Govt. Took office Left office
Fernand de Brinon.jpg Fernand de Brinon 25 August 1944 22 April 1945

As Pétain was both Head of State and nominal Head of Government between 1940 and 1942, the de facto Head of Government of Vichy France, between 1940 and 1942, was known as Vice-President of the Council. Pierre Laval (July–December 1940), Pierre-Étienne Flandin (1940–1941) and François Darlan (1941–1942) served successively as Vice-President of the Council. The post of Vice-President was abolished in 1942 when Laval returned to power, and assumed the nominal position of President of the Council.

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1947)[edit]

Chairmen of the Provisional Government[edit]

Political Party:       Independent       Socialist (SFIO)       Republican (MRP)

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
125 De Gaulle-OWI.jpg Charles de Gaulle 1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
126 Armoiries république française.svg Félix Gouin 26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
127 Armoiries république française.svg Georges Bidault 1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement II (June 1946)
- VincentAuriol.png Vincent Auriol
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International IV Rep.
I (Nov. 1946)
128 Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum 3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International

French Fourth Republic (1947–1959)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Socialist (SFIO)       Radical (Rad-Soc)       Liberal (UDSR)       Republican (MRP)       Centre-right (CNIP)       Gaullist (UNR)

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party (Coalition) Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
129 Paul Ramadier.jpg Paul Ramadier 1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartism)
I (Nov. 1946) Vincent Auriol
VincentAuriol.png
(1947–1954)
2
130 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman 1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
131 Armoiries république française.svg André Marie 24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Socialist Party
(Third Force)
132 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman 2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
133 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille 1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Socialist Party
(Third Force)
134 Armoiries république française.svg Georges Bidault 2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
135 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille 2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Socialist Party
(Third Force)
136 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven 1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
137 Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille 3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Socialist Party
(Third Force)
138 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven 2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance II (1951)
139 Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure 1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Socialist Party
140 Antoine Pinay.jpg Antoine Pinay 8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
141 Armoiries république française.svg René Mayer 8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Socialist Party
142 Armoiries république française.svg Joseph Laniel 1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 René Coty
René Coty en 1948.JPG
(1954–1959)
143 Pierre Mendès-France 1932.jpg Pierre Mendès France 19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Socialist Party
- Christian Pineau.jpg Christian Pineau
(acting)
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
144 Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure 2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Socialist Party
145 Guy Mollet-1.jpg Guy Mollet 1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International III (1956)
146 Bourgès-Maunoury small.jpg Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Socialist Party
147 Armoiries république française.svg Félix Gaillard 6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Socialist Party
148 Pierre Pflimlin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1975.jpg Pierre Pflimlin 14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
149 Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg Charles de Gaulle 3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

French Fifth Republic (1959–present)[edit]

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime Ministers[edit]

Political Party:       Socialist (PS)       Republican (UDF)       Gaullist (UNR; UDR; RPR)       Gaullist/Centre-right (UMP)

# Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party (Coalition) Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
150 Michel Debré.jpg Michel Debré 8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg
(1959–1969)
151 Georges Pompidou - Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F020538-0006.jpg Georges Pompidou 1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962 Union for the New Republic
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
152 Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg Maurice Couve de Murville 10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union for the Defence of the Republic IV (1968)
153 Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 20 June 1969 6 July 1972 Union for the Defence of the Republic;
Union of Democrats for the Republic
Georges Pompidou
Georges Pompidou - Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F020538-0006.jpg
(1969–1974)
154 Pierre Messmer01.JPG Pierre Messmer 1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973 Union of Democrats for the Republic
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
155 Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac 1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 Union of Democrats for the Republic Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978.jpg
(1974–1981)
156 Raymond Barre 1977-3.jpg Raymond Barre 1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
(attached to Union for French Democracy)
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 VI (1978)
157 Pierre Mauroy 1990.jpg Pierre Mauroy 1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party François Mitterrand
Reagan Mitterrand 1984 (cropped).jpg
(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
158 Laurent Fabius - Royal & Zapatero's meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0538 2007-04-19.jpg Laurent Fabius 17 July 1984 20 March 1986 Socialist Party
159 Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac 2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
160 Michel Rocard16.JPG Michel Rocard 1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
161 Edith Cresson2.png Édith Cresson 15 May 1991 2 April 1992 Socialist Party
162 Armoiries république française.svg Pierre Bérégovoy 2 April 1992 29 March 1993 Socialist Party
163 Edouard Balladur-1-crop2.png Édouard Balladur 29 March 1993 18 May 1995 Rally for the Republic X (1993)
164 Alain Juppé in Washington DC.jpg Alain Juppé 1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 Rally for the Republic Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac.jpg
(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
165 Lionel Jospin 2008.jpg Lionel Jospin 3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party XI (1997)
166 Jean-Pierre Raffarin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 2013.jpg Jean-Pierre Raffarin 1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Union for a Popular Movement
(initially Liberal Democracy)
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
167 Launch Republique Solidaire 2010-06-19 n05.jpg Dominique de Villepin 31 May 2005 17 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
168 UMP regional elections Paris 2010-01-21 n13.jpg François Fillon 1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 Union for a Popular Movement Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy - Sarkozy meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0299 2007-04-12 cropped further.jpg
(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 16 May 2012
169 Jean-Marc Ayrault-meeting Hollande.jpg Jean-Marc Ayrault 1 16 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party François Hollande
François Hollande (Journées de Nantes 2012).jpg
(2012– )
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
170 Valls Toulouse 2012.JPG Manuel Valls 31 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party

Timeline since 1959[edit]

Manuel Valls Jean-Marc Ayrault François Fillon Dominique de Villepin Jean-Pierre Raffarin Lionel Jospin Alain Juppé Edouard Balladur Pierre Bérégovoy Edith Cresson Michel Rocard Jacques Chirac Laurent Fabius Pierre Mauroy Raymond Barre Jacques Chirac Pierre Messmer Jacques Chaban-Delmas Maurice Couve de Murville Georges Pompidou Michel Debré

See also[edit]

External links[edit]