List of Prime Ministers of Greece

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greece

This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Greek state, from its establishment during the Greek Revolution to the present day. Although various official and semi-official appellations were used during the early decades of independent statehood, the title of Prime Minister has been the formal designation of the office at least since 1843. Note that the numbering system in the list is arbitrary and has no official status.

Color key[edit]

Legal status
Military-led government Caretaker government Rival government
(not internationally recognized
or not controlling Athens)
Party affiliation
Russian Party English Party French Party
New Party Nationalist Party Liberal Party
People's Party Communist Party Nat. Progressive Center Union
Greek Rally/Nat. Radical Union Centre Union New Democracy
Panhellenic Socialist Movement no party affiliation or non-political military (active)

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)[edit]

The heads of government of the provisional Greek state during the Greek War of Independence, and the subsequent Hellenic State. Note: all dates are Old Style.

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office Party Notes
Provisional Administration of Greece (1822–1827)
1 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
Mavrokordatos1.jpg 1 13 January 1822 10 May 1823 President of the Executive of 1822.
Theodore Negris (fr) holds the office of « President of the Ministerial Council. »
2 Petros Mavromichalis
Πέτρος Μαυρομιχάλης
(1765–1848)
Petrobey Mavromichalis.jpg 10 May 1823 31 December 1823 President of the Executive of 1823 (el)
3 Georgios Kountouriotis
Γεώργιος Κουντουριώτης
(1782–1858)
GeorgiosKountouriotis.jpg 1 31 December 1823 26 April 1826 French Party President of the Executive of 1824 (el)
4 Andreas Zaimis
Ανδρέας Ζαΐμης
(1791–1840)
Zaimisandreas.jpg 26 April 1826 14 April 1827 President of the 1826 Executive Commission (el)
Georgios Mavromichalis
Γεώργιος Μαυρομιχάλης
(1800-1831)
Georgios P. Mauromixalis.JPG 14 April 1827 18 January 1828 President of the Acting Governmental Commission (el) governing in the name of the designated Governor, Ioaniis Kapodistrias, until his arrival in Greece
Hellenic State (1828–1832)
5 Ioannis Kapodistrias
Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας
(1776–1831)
Kapodistrias2.jpg 18 January 1828 9 October 1831 Russian Party Governor of Greece, Head of State and Government. Assassinated on 9 October 1831.
6 Augustinos Kapodistrias
Αυγουστίνος Καποδίστριας
(1778–1857)
Avgoustinos Kapodistrias.jpg 1 9 October 1831 5 December 1831 Russian Party President of the 1831 Executive Commission (el), which also includes Ioannis Kolettis and Theodoros Kolokotronis
2 5 December 1831 15 March 1832 « President of the Greek Government » until promulgation of the Constitution
3 15 March 1832 28 March 1832 Nominated « Governor of Greece » until the arrival of the King, but abandons his posts and flees to Corfu shortly thereafter, following a coup led by Kolettis.
Ioannis Kolettis, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Andreas Zaimis, Andreas Metaxas, Dimitrios Boundouris 28 March 1832 14 April 1832 1832 Executive Commission (el)
Georgios Kountouriotis, Dimitrios Ypsilantis, Ioannis Kolettis, Dimitrios Plapoutas, Andreas Zaimis, Andreas Metaxas 14 April 1832 6 February 1833

Kingdom of Greece – House of Wittelsbach Dynasty (1832–1862)[edit]

The heads of government during the reign of King Otto. Note: all dates are Old Style.

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
Absolute Monarchy (1832–1843)
7 Spyridon Trikoupis
Σπυρίδων Τρικούπης
(1788–1873)
Trikoypis.jpg 1 25 January 1833 3 April 1833 English Party President of the Ministerial Council
2 3 April 1833 12 October 1833
8 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
Mavrokordatos1.jpg 2 12 October 1833 31 May 1834 English Party President of the Ministerial Council
9 Ioannis Kolettis
Ιωάννης Κωλέττης
(1774–1847)
Jean Koletti.jpg 1 31 May 1834 20 May 1835 French Party President of the Ministerial Council
10 Count Josef Ludwig von Armansperg
Κόμης Ιωσήφ Λουδοβίκος Άρμανσμπεργκ
(1787–1853)
Joseph Ludwig von Armansperg.jpg 20 May 1835 2 February 1837 Chief Secretary of State
11 Ignaz von Rudhart
Ιγνάτιος φον Ρούτχαρτ
(1790–1838)
Ignaz von Rudhart.jpg 2 February 1837 8 December 1837 Chief Secretary of State
12 King Otto
Βασιλεύς Όθων
(1815–1867)
Otto of Greece.jpg 1 8 December 1837 10 February 1841 Personally supervised the cabinet
13 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
Mavrokordatos1.jpg 3 10 February 1841 10 August 1841 English Party Chief Secretary of State
14 King Otto
Βασιλεύς Όθων
(1815–1867)
Otto of Greece.jpg 2 10 August 1841 3 September 1843 Personally supervised the cabinet
Constitutional Monarchy (1843–1862)
15 Andreas Metaxas
Ανδρέας Μεταξάς
(1790–1860)
Andreas Metaxas.jpg 1843 3 September 1843 16 February 1844 Russian Party Provisional cabinet following the 3 September 1843 Revolution. Elections for the Constitutional Assembly
16 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
Constantine Kanaris.jpg 1 16 February 1844 30 March 1844 Russian Party Provisional Cabinet. Adoption of the 1844 Constitution
17 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
Mavrokordatos1.jpg 4 30 March 1844 6 August 1844 English Party Caretaker cabinet for the 1844 elections
18 Ioannis Kolettis
Ιωάννης Κωλέττης
(1774–1847)
Jean Koletti.jpg 1844
1847
2 6 August 1844 31 August 1847 French Party Died in office
19 Kitsos Tzavelas
Κίτσος Τζαβέλας
(1801–1855)
Tzavellas.jpg 5 September 1847 4 March 1848 French Party Tzavellas was Otto's aide-de-camp and nominated to succeed Kolettis by the King
20 Georgios Kountouriotis
Γεώργιος Κουντουριώτης
(1782–1858)
GeorgiosKountouriotis.jpg 2 4 March 1848 15 October 1848 French Party Headed joint French Party and Russian Party cabinet
21 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
Constantine Kanaris.jpg 2 15 October 1848 12 December 1849 Russian Party
22 Antonios Kriezis
Αντώνιος Κριεζής
(1796–1865)
Kriezis.jpg 1850
1853
12 December 1849 16 May 1854 English Party Government resigned due to Great Power pressure including the landing of French troops in Piraeus, enforcing Greece's neutrality during the Crimean War
23 Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
(1791–1865)
Mavrokordatos1.jpg 5 16 May 1854 22 September 1855 English Party Called the "Occupation Ministry" due to its instalment after the landing of French troops
24 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 1856 1 22 September 1855 13 November 1857 French Party
25 Athanasios Miaoulis
Αθανάσιος Μιαούλης
(1815–1867)
Athanasiosmiaoulis.jpg 1859
1861
13 November 1857 26 May 1862 Cabinet fell following the 1859 elections. Constantine Kanaris failed to form a new cabinet, and Miaoulis resumed his post after him on 29 May 1859.
26 Gennaios Kolokotronis
Γενναίος Κολοκοτρώνης
(1803–1868)
Ioannis (Gennaios) Kolokotronis.JPG 26 May 1862 10 October 1862 Deposition of King Otto by revolt on 10 October
Regency (1862–1863)
27 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 1862 2 10 October 1862 9 February 1863 French Party Head of Provisional Government. Held elections for the National Assembly
28 Aristidis Moraitinis
Αριστείδης Μωραϊτίνης
(1806–1875)
Aristeidis Moraitinis 1865 013.JPG 9 February 1863 12 February 1863 Russian Party President of the National Assembly
29 Zinovios Valvis
Ζηνόβιος Βάλβης
(1800–1886)
Valvis Zinovios.jpg 13 February 1863 27 March 1863 Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly
30 Diomidis Kyriakos
Διομήδης Κυριακός
(1811–1869)
Diomidis Kyriakou 1865 013.JPG 27 March 1863 29 April 1863 Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly
31 Benizelos Rouphos
Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος
(1795–1868)
Benizelosroufos.jpeg 29 April 1863 25 October 1863 French Party Head of Provisional Government, appointed by the National Assembly. On 19 June dismissed by the Assembly under Diomidis Kyriakos, re-assumed government on 21 June until the arrival of King George I.

Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty (1863–1924)[edit]

The heads of government during the first period of the Glücksburg dynasty.

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
33 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 3 6 November 1863 17 March 1864 French Party
34 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
Constantine Kanaris.jpg 3 17 March 1864 28 April 1864 Russian Party New Constitution adopted
35 Zinovios Valvis
Ζηνόβιος Βάλβης
(1800–1886)
Valvis Zinovios.jpg 28 April 1864 7 August 1864
36 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
Constantine Kanaris.jpg 4 7 August 1864 9 February 1865 Russian Party
37 Benizelos Rouphos
Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος
(1795–1868)
Benizelosroufos.jpeg 2 9 February 1865 14 March 1865 French Party
38 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 1865 1 14 March 1865 1 November 1865 Nationalist Party
39 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 1 1 November 1865 15 November 1865 National Committee
40 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 4 15 November 1865 18 November 1865
41 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 2 18 November 1865 25 November 1865 Nationalist Party
42 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 2 25 November 1865 11 December 1865 National Committee
43 Benizelos Rouphos
Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος
(1795–1868)
Benizelosroufos.jpeg 3 11 December 1865 21 June 1866
44 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 5 21 June 1866 30 December 1866
45 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 3 30 December 1866 1 January 1868 Nationalist Party
46 Aristeidis Moraitinis
Αριστείδης Μωραϊτίνης
(1806–1875)
Aristeidis Moraitinis 1865 013.JPG 1 January 1868 6 February 1868
47 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 1868 6 6 February 1868 6 February 1869
48 Thrasyvoulos Zaimis
Θρασύβουλος Ζαΐμης
(1829–1880)
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis.jpg 1869 1 6 February 1869 22 July 1870
49 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 3 22 July 1870 15 December 1870
50 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 4 15 December 1870 9 November 1871 Nationalist Party
51 Thrasyvoulos Zaimis
Θρασύβουλος Ζαΐμης
(1829–1880)
Thrasyvoulos Zaimis.jpg 2 9 November 1871 6 January 1872
52 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 1872 7 6 January 1872 20 July 1872
53 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 1873 4 20 July 1872 21 February 1874
54 Dimitrios Voulgaris
Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης
(1802–1878)
Dimitrios Voulgaris.jpg 1874 21 February 1874 8 May 1875
55 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 1875 8 May 1875 27 October 1875 New Party Principle of parliamentary majority introduced
56 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 27 October 1875 8 December 1876 Nationalist Party
57 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 8 December 1876 13 December 1876
58 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 13 December 1876 10 March 1877 Nationalist Party
59 Epameinondas Deligiorgis
Επαμεινώνδας Δεληγιώργης
(1829–1889)
Deligiorgis 2.jpg 10 March 1877 1 June 1877
60 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 1 June 1877 7 June 1877 Nationalist Party
61 Constantine Kanaris
Κωνσταντίνος Κανάρης
(1790–1877)
Constantine Kanaris.jpg 7 June 1877 14 September 1877 Government of national unity
62 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 14 September 1877 2 November 1878 Nationalist Party
63 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 2 November 1878 7 November 1878 New Party
64 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 1879 7 November 1878 22 March 1880 Nationalist Party
65 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 22 March 1880 25 October 1880 New Party
66 Alexandros Koumoundouros
Αλέξανδρος Κουμουνδούρος
(1817–1883)
Alèxandros Koumoundoùros.JPG 1881 25 October 1880 15 March 1882 Nationalist Party
67 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 1885 15 March 1882 1 May 1885 New Party
68 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
Theodoros Deligiannis.JPG 1 May 1885 9 May 1886 Nationalist Party
69 Dimitrios Valvis
Δημήτριος Βάλβης
(1814–1886)
Valvis Dimitrios.jpg 9 May 1886 21 May 1886
70 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 1887
1890
21 May 1886 5 November 1890 New Party Three consecutive terms
71 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
Theodoros Deligiannis.JPG 5 November 1890 1 March 1892 Nationalist Party
72 Konstantinos Konstantopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Κωνσταντόπουλος
(1832–1910)
Konstantinos Konstantopoulos.JPG 1892 1 March 1892 22 June 1892 Nationalist Party
73 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 22 June 1892 15 May 1893 New Party Public insolvency declared
74 Sotirios Sotiropoulos
Σωτήριος Σωτηρόπουλος
(1831–1898)
Sotirios Sotiropoulos.jpg 15 May 1893 11 November 1893
75 Charilaos Trikoupis
Χαρίλαος Τρικούπης
(1832–1896)
Charilaos Trikoupis.jpg 11 November 1893 24 January 1895 New Party
76 Nikolaos Deligiannis
Νικόλαος Δηλιγιάννης
(1845–1910)
No image.png 1895 24 January 1895 11 June 1895 Nationalist Party
77 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
Theodoros Deligiannis.JPG 11 June 1895 30 April 1897 Nationalist Party
78 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
Dimitrios G. Rallis thumb.JPG 30 April 1897 3 October 1897
79 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 1899 3 October 1897 14 April 1899
80 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
Georgios Theotokis.jpg 14 April 1899 25 November 1901 New Party
81 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 1902 25 November 1901 6 December 1902
82 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
Theodoros Deligiannis.JPG 6 December 1902 27 June 1903 Nationalist Party
83 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
Georgios Theotokis.jpg 27 June 1903 11 July 1903 New Party
84 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
Dimitrios G. Rallis thumb.JPG 11 July 1903 19 December 1903
85 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
Georgios Theotokis.jpg 19 December 1903 29 December 1904 New Party
86 Theodoros Deligiannis
Θεόδωρος Δηλιγιάννης
(1820–1905)
Theodoros Deligiannis.JPG 1905 29 December 1904 13 June 1905 Nationalist Party
87 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
Dimitrios G. Rallis thumb.JPG 22 June 1905 21 December 1905
89 Georgios Theotokis
Γεώργιος Θεοτόκης
(1844–1916)
Georgios Theotokis.jpg 1906 21 December 1905 29 July 1909 New Party
90 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
Dimitrios G. Rallis thumb.JPG 29 July 1909 28 August 1909 Goudi coup by the Military League
91 Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis
Κυριακούλης Μαυρομιχάλης
(1849–1916)
Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis - 1896.jpg 28 August 1909 31 January 1910 Supervised by the Military League
92 Stephanos Dragoumis
Στέφανος Δραγούμης
(1842–1923)
Stephanos Dragoumis.jpg Aug. 1910 31 January 1910 19 October 1910
93 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg Nov. 1910
1912
1 19 October 1910 10 March 1915 Liberal Party Two terms (Nov. 1910 and 1912 elections). New Constitution adopted. Resigned after disagreement with King Constantine I.
94 Dimitrios Gounaris
Δημήτριος Γούναρης
(1866–1922)
Dimitrios-Gounaris--inheartofgermani00vaka.jpg May 1915 10 March 1915 23 August 1915
95 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 2 23 August 1915 7 October 1915 Liberal Party Won May elections, resigned again over disagreement with the king over Greece's entry in the First World War. Begin of National Schism.
96 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 7 October 1915 7 November 1915
97 Stephanos Skouloudis
Στέφανος Σκουλούδης
(1836–1928)
Skouloudis.jpg Dec. 1915 7 November 1915 22 June 1916
98 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 22 June 1916 16 September 1916
99 Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos
Νικόλαος Καλογερόπουλος
(1853–1927)
Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos 1921.jpg 16 September 1916 10 October 1916
Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 19 September 1916 27 June 1917 Liberal Party Rival "Provisional Government of National Defence" in Thessaloniki controlling northern Greece, the Aegean Islands and Crete. Recognized by World War I Allies as of 19 December 1916. Entered World War I.
100 Spyridon Lambros
Σπυρίδων Λάμπρος
(1851–1919)
Spyridon Lampros.jpg 10 October 1916 4 May 1917 Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
101 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 4 May 1917 27 June 1917 Official "royal" government, controlling southern Greece
102 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 1920 3 27 June 1917 17 November 1920 Liberal Party Abdication of King Constantine after Allied ultimatum. Controlling the entire country, official entry of Greece into the First World War.
103 Dimitrios Rallis
Δημήτριος Ράλλης
(1844–1921)
Dimitrios G. Rallis thumb.JPG 17 November 1920 6 February 1921 People's Party
104 Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos
Νικόλαος Καλογερόπουλος
(1853–1927)
Nikolaos Kalogeropoulos 1921.jpg 6 February 1921 8 April 1921 People's Party
105 Dimitrios Gounaris
Δημήτριος Γούναρης
(1866–1922)
Dimitrios-Gounaris--inheartofgermani00vaka.jpg 8 April 1921 16 May 1922 People's Party
106 Nikolaos Stratos
Νικόλαος Στράτος
(1872–1922)
Nikolaos stratos.jpg 16 May 1922 22 May 1922 People's Party
107 Petros Protopapadakis
Πέτρος Πρωτοπαπαδάκης
(1860–1922)
Protopapadakis.jpg 22 May 1922 10 September 1922 People's Party
108 Nikolaos Triantaphyllakos
Νικόλαος Τριανταφυλλάκος
(1855–1939)
No image.png 10 September 1922 29 September 1922 Military revolt after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, led by Colonels Nikolaos Plastiras and Stylianos Gonatas
109 Anastasios Charalambis
Αναστάσιος Χαραλάμπης
(1862–1949)
No image.png 29 September 1922 30 September 1922 Army Lt. General Prime Minister for one day in absence of Sotirios Krokidas from Athens
110 Sotirios Krokidas
Σωτήριος Κροκιδάς
(1852–1924)
No image.png 30 September 1922 27 November 1922 Head of interim government under military supervision. Resigned over Trial of the Six.
111 Stylianos Gonatas
Στυλιανός Γονατάς
(1876–1966)
Stylianos Gonatas, 1922.png 1923 27 November 1922 11 January 1924 Army Colonel On 15 Jan 1924, Plastiras and Gonatas surrendered power to the National Assembly
112 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 4 11 January 1924 6 February 1924 Liberal Party
113 Georgios Kafantaris
Γεώργιος Καφαντάρης
(1873–1946)
Georgios Kaphantaris.jpg 6 February 1924 12 March 1924

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)[edit]

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
114 Alexandros Papanastasiou
Αλέξανδρος Παπαναστασίου
(1876–1936)
AlexandrosPapanastasiu.jpeg 1 12 March 1924 25 July 1924 Government formed in alliance with Liberal Party. Republic proclaimed on 25 March and confirmed by plebiscite on 13 April
115 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
Themistoklis Sophoulis.jpg 1 25 July 1924 7 October 1924 Liberal Party
116 Andreas Michalakopoulos
Ανδρέας Μιχαλακόπουλος
(1876–1938)
Andreas Michalakopoulos 1927.jpg 7 October 1924 26 June 1925 Liberal Party Overthrown by coup
117 Theodoros Pangalos
Θεόδωρος Πάγκαλος
(1878–1952)
Pangalos.jpg 26 June 1925 19 July 1926 Lt. General Dictator
118 Athanasios Eftaxias
Αθανάσιος Ευταξίας
(1849–1931)
Athanasios Eutaxias.JPG 19 July 1926 23 August 1926 Under Theodoros Pangalos' dictatorship
119 Georgios Kondylis
Γεώργιος Κονδύλης
(1879–1936)
Georgios Kondylis.jpg 1 26 August 1926 4 December 1926 Major General Overthrew Pangalos, de facto since Aug.23, head of caretaker government
120 Alexandros Zaimis
Αλέξανδρος Ζαΐμης
(1855–1936)
Alexandros Zaimis 02.jpg 1926 1 4 December 1926 17 August 1927 Compromise candidate heading "ecumenical government" after no party won parliamentary majority during the November 1926 elections. Passage of the 1927 Constitution
2 17 August 1927 8 February 1928
3 8 February 1928 4 July 1928
121 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 1928 5 4 July 1928 7 June 1929 Liberal Party Won 1928 elections. Friendship Treaty with Turkey (1930), agrarian reforms
6 7 June 1929 16 December 1929
7 16 December 1929 26 May 1932
122 Alexandros Papanastasiou
Αλέξανδρος Παπαναστασίου
(1876–1936)
AlexandrosPapanastasiu.jpeg 2 26 May 1932 5 June 1932 Agricultural and Labour Party
123 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 8 5 June 1932 4 November 1932 Liberal Party
124 Panagis Tsaldaris
Παναγής Τσαλδάρης
(1868–1936)
PnagiotisTsaldaris1932.jpg 1932 1 4 November 1932 16 January 1933 People's Party
125 Eleftherios Venizelos
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
(1864–1936)
Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος.jpg 9 16 January 1933 6 March 1933 Liberal Party Lost 5 March 1933 elections; outbreak of pro-Venizelos military coup
126 Alexandros Othonaios
Αλέξανδρος Οθωναίος
(1879–1970)
Othonaios Alexandros.JPG 6 March 1933 10 March 1933 Lt. General Head of military emergency government during the 1933 Venizelist coup attempt.
127 Panagis Tsaldaris
Παναγής Τσαλδάρης
(1868–1936)
PnagiotisTsaldaris1932.jpg 1933
1935
2 10 March 1933 10 October 1935 People's Party After successful suppression of Venizelist revolt in March 1935, gradual reorientation towards restoration of monarchy. Toppled by Armed Forces coup d'état.

Kingdom of Greece – Glücksburg Dynasty restored (1935–1973)[edit]

The heads of government during the second period of the Glücksburg dynasty, including the rival governments during the Second World War and the Civil War, as well as the 1967–74 military regime.

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Notes
128 Georgios Kondylis
Γεώργιος Κονδύλης
(1879–1936)
Georgios Kondylis.jpg 2 10 October 1935 30 November 1935 Lt. General and head of the small National Radical Party. Assumed government with the support of the Armed Forces chiefs, abolished the Republic on 10 October, confirmed by plebiscite. Regent until the return of King George II on 3 November 1935.
129 Konstantinos Demertzis
Κωνσταντίνος Δεμερτζής
(1876–1936)
No image.png 1936 30 November 1935 12 April 1936 None Professor of Law, elected as a neutral candidate, initially as head of a caretaker government. After the deadlock of the 1936 elections and until his death, head of compromise government.
130 Ioannis Metaxas
Ιωάννης Μεταξάς
(1871–1941)
Ioannis Metaxas 1937.jpg 13 April 1936 29 January 1941 Freethinkers' Party Retired Lt. General. Vice-president of Demertzis' government. Suspended Parliament and established dictatorship on 4 August 1936.
131 Alexandros Koryzis
(1885–1941)
AlexandrosKoryzis--P02018.027.jpeg 29 January 1941 18 April 1941 None Chairman of the Bank of Greece, appointed by King George II as Prime Minister. Committed suicide upon the entrance of the German troops in Athens
132 Emmanouil Tsouderos
Εμμανουήλ Τσουδερός
(1882–1956)
No image.png 21 April 1941 14 April 1944 None Chairman of the Bank of Greece, appointed by King George II. In exile to London and after in Cairo from 29 April 1941.
Georgios Tsolakoglou
Γεώργιος Τσολάκογλου
(1886–1948)
No image.png 29 April 1941 2 December 1942 Lt. General First head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation. Resigned over the fiscal exploitation of Greece by the occupying powers
Konstantinos Logothetopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Λογοθετόπουλος
(1878–1951)
No image.png 2 December 1942 7 April 1943 None Professor of Medicine. Head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation. Dismissed by the Germans as ineffective
Ioannis Rallis
Ιωάννης Ράλλης
(1878–1946)
No image.png 7 April 1943 12 October 1944 People's Party Head of the collaborationist government under Axis occupation
Evripidis Bakirtzis
Ευριπίδης Μπακιρτζής
(1895–1947)
No image.png 10 March 1944 18 April 1944 Communist Party Chairmen of the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA), a government in EAM-held territories
Alexandros Svolos
Αλέξανδρος Σβώλος
(1892–1952)
No image.png 18 April 1944 2 September 1944 Socialist Party of Greece Professor of Law
133 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
Sophoklis Venizelos, 1921.png 1 14 April 1944 26 April 1944 Liberal Party Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo.
134 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου 1.jpg 26 April 1944 3 January 1945 Democratic Socialist Party of Greece Head of the internationally recognized government-in-exile in Cairo. Absorbed the PEEA after Lebanon conference in May 1944 and formed government of national unity. Repatriated 18 October 1944. Resigned during the Dekemvriana.
135 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
Nikolaos Plastiras.jpg 1 3 January 1945 8 April 1945 Liberal-leaning Retired General
136 Petros Voulgaris
Πέτρος Βούλγαρης
(1884–1957)
No image.png 1 8 April 1945 11 August 1945 Rear Admiral
2 11 August 1945 17 October 1945
137 Archbishop Damaskinos
Αρχιεπίσκοπος Δαμασκηνός
(1891–1949)
Archbishop Damaskinos of Greece.jpg 17 October 1945 1 November 1945 Archbishop of Athens Regent and Prime Minister
138 Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
Παναγιώτης Κανελλόπουλος
(1902–1986)
No image.png 1 1 November 1945 22 November 1945 National Unionist Party
139 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
No image.png 2 22 November 1945 4 April 1946 Liberal Party
140 Panagiotis Poulitsas
Παναγιώτης Πουλίτσας
(1881–1968)
Panagiotis Poulitsas.jpg 4 April 1946 18 April 1946 None Senior judge. Interim government
141 Konstantinos Tsaldaris
Κωνσταντίνος Τσαλδάρης
(1884–1970)
Constantine Tsaldaris.jpg 1946 1 18 April 1946 2 October 1946 People's Party
2 2 October 1946 24 January 1947
142 Dimitrios Maximos
Δημήτριος Μάξιμος
(1873–1955)
Dimitrios Maximos.JPG 24 January 1947 29 August 1947 People's Party Head of coalition government
143 Konstantinos Tsaldaris
Κωνσταντίνος Τσαλδάρης
(1884–1970)
Constantine Tsaldaris.jpg 3 29 August 1947 7 September 1947 People's Party
144 Themistoklis Sofoulis
Θεμιστοκλής Σοφούλης
(1862–1949)
No image.png 3 7 September 1947 18 November 1948 Liberal Party Four terms, head of coalition governments of all centrist and rightist parties
4 18 November 1948 20 January 1949
5 20 January 1949 14 April 1949
6 14 April 1949 24 June 1949
Markos Vafiadis
Μάρκος Βαφειάδης
(1906–1992)
Marcos Vafiadis 1931.png 24 December 1947 7 February 1949 Communist Party Heads of Provisional Democratic Government, a Communist rival government formed during the Greek Civil War. Defeated and in exile from 28 August 1949.
Nikolaos Zachariadis
Νικόλαος Ζαχαριάδης
(1903–1973)
No image.png 7 February 1949 3 April 1949 Communist Party
Dimitrios Partsalidis
Δημήτριος Παρτσαλίδης
(1905–1980)
No image.png 3 April 1949 October 1950 Communist Party
145 Alexandros Diomidis
Αλέξανδρος Διομήδης
(1875–1950)
No image.png 30 June 1949 6 January 1950 Liberal Party Vice-president of Sophoulis' government,acting since 24 June after his death, head of the coalition government of all centrist and rightist parties
146 Ioannis Theotokis
Ιωάννης Θεοτόκης
(1880–1961)
No image.png 6 January 1950 23 March 1950 People's Party Head of caretaker government
147 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
Sophoklis Venizelos, 1921.png 1950 2 23 March 1950 15 April 1950 Liberal Party
148 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
Nikolaos Plastiras.jpg 2 15 April 1950 21 August 1950 National Progressive Centre Union
149 Sophoklis Venizelos
Σοφοκλής Βενιζέλος
(1894–1964)
Sophoklis Venizelos, 1921.png 3 21 August 1950 13 September 1950 Liberal Party
4 13 September 1950 3 November 1950
5 3 November 1950 27 October 1951
150 Nikolaos Plastiras
Νικόλαος Πλαστήρας
(1883–1953)
Nikolaos Plastiras.jpg 1951 3 27 October 1951 11 October 1952 National Progressive Centre Union
151 Dimitrios Kiousopoulos
Δημήτριος Κιουσόπουλος
(1892–1977)
No image.png 11 October 1952 19 November 1952 None Senior Judge. Head of caretaker government
152 Alexander Papagos
Αλέξανδρος Παπαγος
(1883–1955)
Papagos alexandros.jpg 1952 19 November 1952 4 October 1955 Greek Rally Retired Field Marshal
153 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg 1 6 October 1955 29 February 1956 Greek Rally/National Radical Union
1956 2 29 February 1956 5 March 1958
154 Konstantinos Georgakopoulos
Κωνσταντίνος Γεωργακόπουλος
(1890–1978)
No image.png 5 March 1958 17 May 1958 None President of the Hellenic Red Cross. Head of caretaker government
155 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg 1958 3 17 May 1958 20 September 1961 National Radical Union
156 Konstantinos Dovas
Κωνσταντίνος Δόβας
(1898–1973)
No image.png 20 September 1961 4 November 1961 None Retired General, head of the Royal Household. Head of caretaker government
157 Konstantinos Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg 1961 4 4 November 1961 18 June 1963 National Radical Union
158 Panagiotis Pipinelis
Παναγιώτης Πιπινέλης
(1899–1970)
No image.png 19 June 1963 28 September 1963 National Radical Union
159 Stylianos Mavromichalis
Στυλιανός Μαυρομιχάλης
(1902–1981)
No image.png 28 September 1963 8 November 1963 President of the Court of Cassation. Head of caretaker government
160 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου 1.jpg 1963 2 8 November 1963 31 December 1963 Center Union
161 Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
Ιωάννης Παρασκευόπουλος
(1900–1984)
No image.png 1 31 December 1963 19 February 1964 None Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece. Head of caretaker government
162 Georgios Papandreou
Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου
(1888–1968)
Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου 1.jpg 1964 3 19 February 1964 15 July 1965 Center Union
163 Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas
Γεώργιος Αθανασιάδης-Νόβας
(1893–1987)
No image.png 15 July 1965 20 August 1965 ex-Center Union Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
164 Ilias Tsirimokos
Ηλίας Τσιριμώκος
(1907–1968)
No image.png 20 August 1965 17 September 1965 ex-Center Union Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
165 Stefanos Stefanopoulos
Στέφανος Στεφανόπουλος
(1898–1982)
No image.png 17 September 1965 22 December 1966 Liberal Democratic Center Failed to achieve parliamentary confidence during the 1965 Apostasy
166 Ioannis Paraskevopoulos
Ιωάννης Παρασκευόπουλος
(1900–1984)
No image.png 2 22 December 1966 3 April 1967 Vice-chairman of the Bank of Greece. Head of caretaker government
167 Panagiotis Kanellopoulos
Παναγιώτης Κανελλόπουλος
(1902–1986)
No image.png 2 3 April 1967 21 April 1967 National Radical Union Head of caretaker government
Military Dictatorship (1967–1974)
168 Konstantinos Kollias
Κωνσταντίνος Κόλλιας
(1901–1998)
No image.png 21 April 1967 13 December 1967 Senior Judge
169 Georgios Papadopoulos
Γεώργιος Παπαδόπουλος
(1919–1999)
No image.png 13 December 1967 8 October 1973 Colonel and leader of the putschist officers. Monarchy abolished on 1 June 1973 and Republic proclaimed, with himself as President.
170 Spyros Markezinis
Σπύρος Μαρκεζίνης
(1909–2000)
No image.png 8 October 1973 25 November 1973 Progressive Party Attempted democratization. Overthrown by hardliners led by Dimitrios Ioannidis
171 Adamantios Androutsopoulos
Αδαμάντιος Ανδρουτσόπουλος
(1919–2000)
No image.png 25 November 1973 24 July 1974

Third Hellenic Republic (1974–present)[edit]

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Election Term of Office Party Government
(Coalition)
Notes
172 Konstantinos G. Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος Γ. Καραμανλής
(1907–1998)
KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg 24 July 1974 21 November 1974 New Democracy National Unity
(NDEK-ND)
Three consecutive terms. Monarchy abolished and parliamentary republic established by referendum on 13 December 1974. New Constitution adopted.
1974 21 November 1974 28 November 1977 K.G.Karamanlis V
1977 28 November 1977 10 May 1980 K.G.Karamanlis VI
173 Georgios Rallis
Γεώργιος Ράλλης
(1918–2006)
No image.png 10 May 1980 21 October 1981 New Democracy Rallis Succeeded Karamanlis, who had resigned to become President
174 Andreas Papandreou
Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου
(1919–1996)
Andreas Papandreou.jpg 1981 21 October 1981 5 June 1985 PASOK A.Papandreou I Two consecutive terms. 1986 Constitutional amendment reduces powers of Presidency.
1985 5 June 1985 2 July 1989 A.Papandreou II
175 Tzannis Tzannetakis
Τζαννής Τζαννετάκης
(1927–2010)
No image.png June
1989
2 July 1989 12 October 1989 New Democracy Tzannetakis
(NDSyn)
Head of coalition government with Synaspismós.
176 Ioannis Grivas
Ιωάννης Γρίβας
(1923– )
No image.png 12 October 1989 23 November 1989 None Grivas Caretaker President of the Court of Cassation. Head of caretaker government.
177 Xenophon Zolotas
Ξενοφών Ζολώτας
(1904–2004)
No image.png Nov.
1989
23 November 1989 11 April 1990 None Zolotas Ecumenical
(NDPASOKSyn)
Former Governor of the Bank of Greece. Head of a national unity government.
178 Konstantinos Mitsotakis
Κωνσταντίνος Μητσοτάκης
(1918– )
Constantine Mitsotakis.jpg 1990 11 April 1990 13 October 1993 New Democracy Mitsotakis Beginning of the Macedonia naming dispute. Resigned due to loss of parliamentary majority
179 Andreas Papandreou
Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου
(1919–1996)
Andreas Papandreou.jpg 1993 13 October 1993 22 January 1996 PASOK A.Papandreou III Resigned due to ill health, died shortly afterwards
180 Konstantinos Simitis
Κωνσταντίνος Σημίτης
(1936– )
Konstantinos Simitis.jpg 22 January 1996 25 September 1996 PASOK Simitis I Elected by party to substitute for ailing Papandreou. Imia crisis. Won 1996 elections, served for two consecutive terms. 2001 Constitutional amendment.
1996 25 September 1996 13 April 2000 Simitis II
2000 13 April 2000 10 March 2004 Simitis III
181 Konstantinos A. Karamanlis
Κωνσταντίνος A. Καραμανλής
(1956– )
Kostas Karamanlis Apr 29 08 cropped.jpg 2004 10 March 2004 17 September 2007 New Democracy K.A.Karamanlis I Two consecutive terms. 2008 Constitutional amendment. 2004 Athens Olympics
2007 17 September 2007 6 October 2009 K.A.Karamanlis II
182 George A. Papandreou
Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου
(1952– )
Papandreou handover cropped.jpg 2009 6 October 2009 11 November 2011 PASOK G.Papandreou 2010–2012 debt crisis. Resigned.
183 Lucas Papademos
Λουκάς Παπαδήμος
(1947– )
LucasPapademos.jpg 11 November 2011 16 May 2012 None Papademos Coalition
(PASOKND
LAOS until 10.2.2012)
National unity government in response to debt crisis.
184 Panagiotis Pikrammenos
Παναγιώτης Πικραμμένος
(1945– )
PanagiotisPikrammenos.png May
2012
16 May 2012 20 June 2012 None Pikrammenos Caretaker President of the Council of State. Caretaker government after failed coalition formation.
185 Antonis Samaras
Αντώνης Σαμαράς
(1951– )
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Congress Bonn (669)(cropped).jpg June
2012
20 June 2012 Incumbent New Democracy Samaras
(NDPASOK
DIMAR until 21.6.2013
SNE from 10.6.2014
)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]