List of Prime Ministers of Hungary

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország miniszterelnöke, literally: Ministers-President) from when the first Prime Minister (in the modern sense), Lajos Batthyány, took office in 1848 (during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848) until the present day. The prime minister is head of the Government of Hungary.

There are currently five living former Prime Ministers of Hungary.

Heads of Government of Hungary (1848–Present)[edit]

Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (1848–1849)[edit]

Parties       Opposition Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
1 Barabas-batthyany.jpg Lajos Batthyány
(1807–1849)
17 March 1848 2 October 1848 Opposition Party Batthyány Last Diet
1 (1848)
Adam Rétsey.jpg Ádám Récsey
(1775–1852)
appointed illegally
3 October 1848 7 October 1848 Imperial Army
2 Kossuth-Photo.jpg Lajos Kossuth
(1802–1894)
de facto
2 October 1848 1 May 1849 Opposition Party Committee of National Defence
3 SzemereBertalan.jpg Bertalan Szemere
(1812–1869)
2 May 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Szemere

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Hungary became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created.

Kingdom of Hungary during Austria-Hungary (1867–1918)[edit]

Parties       Deák Party/Liberal Party/National Party of Work       National Constitution Party       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
4 Benczur-andrassy gyula.jpg Gyula Andrássy
(1823–1890)
17 February 1867 14 November 1871 Deák Party Andrássy
DP
3 (1865)
4 (1869)
5 Lónyay Menyhért.jpg Menyhért Lónyay
(1822–1884)
14 November 1871 4 December 1872 Deák Party Lónyay
DP
5 (1872)
6 Szlavy Jozsef.jpg József Szlávy
(1818–1900)
4 December 1872 21 March 1874 Deák Party Szlávy
DP
7 Bitto Istvan.jpg István Bittó
(1822–1903)
21 March 1874 2 March 1875 Deák Party Bittó
DPBK
8 Wenckheim Bela.jpg Béla Wenckheim
(1811–1879)
2 March 1875 20 October 1875 Liberal Party Wenckheim
SZP
9 Tisza Kálmán Horowitz.jpg Kálmán Tisza
(1830–1902)
20 October 1875 13 March 1890 Liberal Party K. Tisza
SZP
6 (1875)
7 (1878)
8 (1881)
9 (1884)
10 (1887)
10 Szapáry Gyula Koller.jpg Gyula Szapáry
(1832–1905)
13 March 1890 17 November 1892 Liberal Party Szapáry
SZP
11 (1892)
11 Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
1st term
17 November 1892 14 January 1895 Liberal Party Wekerle I
SZP
12 Bánffy Dezső Ellinger.jpg Dezső Bánffy
(1843–1911)
14 January 1895 26 February 1899 Liberal Party Bánffy
SZP
12 (1896)
13 Széll Kálmán.jpg Kálmán Széll
(1843–1915)
26 February 1899 27 June 1903 Liberal Party Széll
SZP
13 (1901)
14 Khuen-Héderváry Károly.jpg Károly Khuen-Héderváry
(1849–1918)
1st term
27 June 1903 3 November 1903 Liberal Party Khuen-Héderváry I
SZP
15 Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza
(1861–1918)
1st term
3 November 1903 18 June 1905 Liberal Party I. Tisza I
SZP
16 Fejérváry Géza Ellinger.jpg Géza Fejérváry
(1833–1914)
18 June 1905 8 April 1906 Independent Fejérváry
SZP
14 (1905)
(11) Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
2nd term
8 April 1906 17 January 1910 National Constitution Party Wekerle II
FÜG48OAP–KNP–PDP
15 (1906)
(14) Khuen-Héderváry Károly.jpg Károly Khuen-Héderváry
(1849–1918)
2nd term
17 January 1910 22 April 1912 National Party of Work Khuen-Héderváry II
NMP
16 (1910)
17 Lukács László.jpg László Lukács
(1850–1932)
22 April 1912 10 June 1913 National Party of Work Lukács
NMP
(15) Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza
(1861–1918)
2nd term
10 June 1913 15 June 1917 National Party of Work I. Tisza II
NMP
18 Esterházy Móric.jpg Móric Esterházy
(1881–1960)
15 June 1917 20 August 1917 Independent Esterházy
NMPFÜG48OAP–PDP–KNP
(11) Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
3rd term
20 August 1917 30 October 1918 National Constitution Party
'48 Constitution Party
Wekerle III
NMPFÜG48OAP–PDP–KNP
19 Hadik Janos.jpg János Hadik
(1863–1933)
30 October 1918 31 October 1918 National Constitution Party Hadik
not formed

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1918–1919)[edit]

Parties       FÜG48–Károlyi       Civic Radical Party (PRP)

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
20 Mihaly-karolyi--outlawsdiary00tormuoft.jpg Mihály Károlyi
(1875–1955)
interim head of state
31 October 1918 11 January 1919 FÜG48–Károlyi M. Károlyi
FÜG48–K–PRP–MSZDP
MNT (—)
Berinkey Dénes.jpg Dénes Berinkey
(1871–1944)
acting
11 January 1919 19 January 1919 PRP Berinkey
FÜG48–K–PRP–MSZDP–OKGFP
21 Dénes Berinkey
(1871–1944)
19 January 1919 21 March 1919

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)[edit]

Parties       MSZP/SZKMMP       MSZDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
22 Garbai Sándor (1919) (cropped).jpg Sándor Garbai
(1879–1947)
de facto
21 March 1919 1 August 1919 MSZP/SZKMMP Central Executive Council
MSZP/SZKMMP
TOGY (—)
23 Peidl Gyula.jpg Gyula Peidl
(1873–1943)
interim head of state
1 August 1919 6 August 1919
(deposed)
MSZDP Peidl
MSZDP

Counter-Revolutionary Governments (1919)[edit]

Parties       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
Karolyi Gyula.jpg Gyula Károlyi
(1871–1947)
5 May 1919 12 July 1919 Independent Arad
Szeged I
P Abraham Dezso.jpg Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám
(1875–1973)
12 July 1919 12 August 1919 Independent Szeged II

Hungarian Republic (1919–1920)[edit]

Parties       Independent       KNEP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
István Friedrich Hungarian Prime Minister.jpg István Friedrich
(1883–1951)
acting
7 August 1919 15 August 1919 Independent Friedrich
KNP/KNEP–OKGFP
24 István Friedrich
(1883–1951)
interim head of state
15 August 1919 24 November 1919 KNP → KNEP
25 Huszar Karoly.jpg Károly Huszár
(1882–1941)
interim head of state
24 November 1919 15 March 1920 KNEP Huszár
KNEP–OKGFP–MSZDP–NDPP

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946)[edit]

Parties       KNEP       EPNEPMÉP       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
26 Simonyi-Semadam.jpg Sándor Simonyi-Semadam
(1864–1946)
15 March 1920 19 July 1920 KNEP Simonyi-Semadam
KNEP–OKGFP
17 (1920)
27 Pál Teleki 01.jpg Pál Teleki
(1879–1941)
1st term
19 July 1920 14 April 1921 KNEP Teleki I
KNEP–OKGFP
28 RetratoIstvanBethlen.jpg István Bethlen
(1874–1946)
14 April 1921 24 August 1931 KNEPEP Bethlen
(KNEP–OKGFP)→EP
18 (1922)
19 (1926)
20 (1931)
29 Karolyi Gyula.jpg Gyula Károlyi
(1871–1947)
24 August 1931 1 October 1932 EP G. Károlyi
EPKGSZP
30 Gombos Gyula.png Gyula Gömbös
(1886–1936)
1 October 1932 6 October 1936
(died)
NEP Gömbös
NEP
21 (1935)
31 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-E05367A, Johann von Daranyi.jpg Kálmán Darányi
(1886–1939)
12 October 1936 14 May 1938 NEP Darányi
NEP
32 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-E05369A, Bela von Imredy.jpg Béla Imrédy
(1891–1946)
14 May 1938 16 February 1939 NEP Imrédy
NEP
(27) Pál Teleki 01.jpg Pál Teleki
(1879–1941)
2nd term
16 February 1939 3 April 1941
(died)
MÉP Teleki II
MÉP
22 (1939)
Keresztes-FischerFerenc.jpg Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
(1881–1948)
acting
3 April 1941 MÉP
33 Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-018-35A, Laszlo von Bardossy.jpg László Bárdossy
(1890–1946)
3 April 1941 7 March 1942 MÉP Bárdossy
MÉP
Keresztes-FischerFerenc.jpg Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
(1881–1948)
acting
7 March 1942 9 March 1942 MÉP
34 Kallay Miklos 1942.jpg Miklós Kállay
(1887–1967)
9 March 1942 22 March 1944
(deposed)
MÉP Kállay
MÉP
35 Sztojay-official portrait 1944.jpg Döme Sztójay
(1883–1946)
22 March 1944 29 August 1944 Independent Sztójay
MÉP–MMP
36 Coa Hungary Country History med (1919-1938).svg Géza Lakatos
(1890–1967)
29 August 1944 16 October 1944
(deposed)
Independent Lakatos
MÉP

Government of National Unity (1944–1945)[edit]

Parties       Arrow Cross Party

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
37 Ferenc Szálasi.jpg Ferenc Szálasi
(1897–1946)
head of state
16 October 1944 28 March 1945 NYKP Szálasi
NYKP–MMP

Soviet Backed Provisional Governments (1944–1946)[edit]

Parties       Independent       FKGP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
38 Béla Miklós de Dálnok 1942.jpg Béla Miklós
(1890–1948)
22 December 1944 15 November 1945 Independent Provisional National Government
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPPPDP
23 (1944)
39 Coat of arms of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946, 1990).svg Zoltán Tildy
(1889–1961)
15 November 1945 1 February 1946 FKGP Tildy
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPP
24 (1945)

Hungarian Republic (1946–1949)[edit]

Parties       FKGP       MKP-MDP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
40 Kossuth Coat of Arms.svg Ferenc Nagy
(1903–1979)
4 February 1946 31 May 1947 FKGP F. Nagy
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPP
25 (1945)
41 Dinnyeslajos.jpg Lajos Dinnyés
(1901–1961)
31 May 1947 10 December 1948 FKGP Dinnyés
MKPFKGPMSZDPNPP
26 (1947)
42 Kossuth Coat of Arms.svg István Dobi
(1898–1968)
10 December 1948 20 August 1949 FKGPMDP Dobi
MDPFKGPNPP

Hungarian People's Republic (1949–1989)[edit]

Chairman of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Parties       MDP-MSZMP       MSZP

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
(42) Coat of arms of Hungary (1949-1956).svg István Dobi
(1898–1968)
20 August 1949 14 August 1952 MDP Dobi
MDP
27 (1949)
43 Matyas Rakosi.jpg Mátyás Rákosi
(1892–1971)
14 August 1952 4 July 1953 MDP Rákosi
MDP
44 Nagy Imre - bust in Mátészalka, Hungary.jpg Imre Nagy
(1896–1958)
1st term
4 July 1953 18 April 1955 MDP I. Nagy I
MDP
28 (1953)
45 András Hegedüs 1956 (crop).jpg András Hegedüs
(1922–1999)
18 April 1955 24 October 1956 MDP Hegedüs
MDP
(44) Nagy Imre - bust in Mátészalka, Hungary.jpg Imre Nagy
(1896–1958)
2nd term
24 October 1956 3 November 1956 MDP I. Nagy II
MDP/MSZMPFKGP
3 November 1956 4 November 1956 MSZMP I. Nagy III
MSZMPFKGPMSZDPPP
46 János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár
(1912–1989)
1st term
4 November 1956 28 January 1958 MSZMP Kádár I
MSZMP
47 Ferenc Münnich Memento Park.jpg Ferenc Münnich
(1886–1967)
28 January 1958 13 September 1961 MSZMP Münnich
MSZMP
29 (1958)
(46) János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár
(1912–1989)
2nd term
13 September 1961 30 June 1965 MSZMP Kádár II
MSZMP
30 (1963)
48 Coat of arms of Hungary (1957-1990).svg Gyula Kállai
(1910–1996)
30 June 1965 14 April 1967 MSZMP Kállai
MSZMP
49 Jenő Fock 1972.jpg Jenő Fock
(1916–2001)
14 April 1967 15 May 1975 MSZMP Fock
MSZMP
31 (1967)
32 (1971)
50 Lázár György (PM 1975-1987).jpg György Lázár
(1924–2014)
15 May 1975 25 June 1987 MSZMP Lázár
MSZMP
33 (1975)
34 (1980)
35 (1985)
51 Coat of arms of Hungary (1957-1990).svg Károly Grósz
(1930–1996)
25 June 1987 24 November 1988 MSZMP Grósz
MSZMP
52 Nemeth Miklos.jpg Miklós Németh
(1948– )
24 November 1988 7 October 1989 MSZMP Németh
MSZMP
(52) 7 October 1989 23 October 1989 MSZP

Hungary (1989–Present)[edit]

Parties       MSZP       Fidesz       MDF       Independent

# Picture Name From Until Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
Nemeth Miklos.jpg Miklós Németh
(1948– )
provisional
23 October 1989 23 May 1990 MSZP Németh
MSZP
53 Statue Antall József 02.jpg József Antall
(1932–1993)
23 May 1990 12 December 1993
(died)
MDF Antall
MDFFKGPKDNP[1]
36 (1990)
Péter Boross 2014.JPG Péter Boross
(1928– )
acting
12 December 1993 21 December 1993 MDF Boross
MDF–EKGP–KDNP
54 Péter Boross
(1928– )
21 December 1993 15 July 1994
55 Gyula Horn (2007).jpg Gyula Horn
(1932–2013)
15 July 1994 8 July 1998 MSZP Horn
MSZPSZDSZ
37 (1994)
56 Viktor Orbán cropped.jpg Viktor Orbán
(1963– )
1st term
8 July 1998 27 May 2002 Fidesz Orbán I
FideszFKGPMDF
38 (1998)
57 Peter Medgyessy.jpg Péter Medgyessy
(1942– )
27 May 2002 29 September 2004
(resigned)
Independent Medgyessy
MSZPSZDSZ
39 (2002)
58 Gyurcsany Ferenc-mszp-2-croped.jpg Ferenc Gyurcsány
(1961– )
29 September 2004 9 June 2006 MSZP Gyurcsány I
MSZPSZDSZ
9 June 2006 14 April 2009
(resigned)
Gyurcsány II
MSZPSZDSZ[2]
40 (2006)
59 Bajnai Jerusalem.jpg Gordon Bajnai
(1968– )
14 April 2009 29 May 2010 Independent Bajnai
MSZP[3]
(56) Viktor Orbán cropped.jpg Viktor Orbán
(1963– )
2nd term
29 May 2010 6 June 2014 Fidesz Orbán II
FideszKDNP
41 (2010)
6 June 2014 Incumbent Orbán III
FideszKDNP
42 (2014)

1 FKGP split into two groups on 24 February 1992. EKGP (Group of 33 then 36 MPs) continued to support the government, while FKGP (Group of 12 then 10 MPs) went into opposition.

2 SZDSZ left the Gyurcsány II Cabinet on 20 April 2008.

3 The Bajnai Cabinet was supported externally by SZDSZ.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Bölöny, József – Hubai, László: Magyarország kormányai 1848–2004 [Cabinets of Hungary 1848–2004], Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2004 (5th edition).
  • Izsák, Alajos – Pölöskei, Ferenc – Romsics, Ignác – Urbán, Aladár: Magyar miniszterelnökök 1848–2002 [Prime ministers of Hungary 1848–2002], Kossuth Kiadó, Budapest, 2002, 2003.
  • Markó, László: A magyar állam főméltóságai Szent Istvántól napjainkig – Életrajzi Lexikon [The High Officers of the Hungarian State from Saint Stephen to the Present Days – A Biographical Encyclopedia] (2nd edition); Helikon Kiadó Kft., 2006, Budapest; ISBN 963-547-085-1.

External links[edit]