List of Prime Ministers of India

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Manmohan Singh, the 13th and current Prime Minister of India, has been serving since 22 May 2004.

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. In India's parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as head of state de jure, but his de facto executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. Appointed and sworn-in by the President, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's Parliament.

Since 1947, thirteen people have served as full-time Prime Ministers of India, and one (Gulzarilal Nanda) who has twice acted in that capacity. The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British. Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister. He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 19-month term also ended in death. Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the country's first woman premier. Over eleven years later, she was voted out of power in favour of the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister. After he resigned in 1979, his former deputy Charan Singh briefly held office until Indira Gandhi was voted back in six months later. Indira Gandhi's second stint as Prime Minister ended five years later on the morning of 31 October 1984, when she was gunned down by her own bodyguards. That evening, her son Rajiv Gandhi was sworn-in as India's youngest premier, and the third from his family.

Rajiv's five-year term ended with his former cabinet colleague, V. P. Singh of the Janata Dal, forming the year-long National Front coalition government in 1989. A six-month interlude under Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar followed, after which the Congress party returned to power, forming the government under P. V. Narasimha Rao in June 1991. Rao's five-year term was succeeded by four short-lived governments—Atal Bihari Vajpayee for 13 days in 1996, a year each under United Front prime ministers H. D. Deve Gowda and I. K. Gujral, and Vajpayee again for 19 months in 1998–99. When the Bharatiya Janata Party's Vajpayee was sworn-in for the third time in 1999, he managed to lead his National Democratic Alliance government to a full five-year term, the first non-Congressman to do so.

The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Manmohan Singh who has headed the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance government since 22 May 2004. The first Sikh prime minister, he is set to retire following the upcoming 2014 general election.

Key[edit]

Prime Ministers[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death); constituency
CM Tenure[1] Elections
(Lok Sabha)
Appointed by Political party
(alliance)
1 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-61849-0001, Indien, Otto Grotewohl bei Ministerpräsident Nehru cropped.jpg Jawaharlal Nehru
(1889–1964)
MP for Phulpur
1 15 August
1947
27 May
1964 [†]
16 years, 286 days Lord Mountbatten Indian National Congress
2 1952 (1st) Rajendra Prasad
3 1957 (2nd)
4 1962 (3rd)
Gulzarilal Nanda
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
[4] 27 May
1964
9 June
1964
13 days  – (3rd) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
2 1736 Lal Bahadur Shastri cropped.jpg Lal Bahadur Shastri
(1904–66)
MP for Allahabad
5 9 June
1964
11 January
1966 [†]
1 year, 216 days  – (3rd)
Gulzarilal Nanda
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
[5] 11 January
1966
24 January
1966
13 days  – (3rd)
3 Indira Gandhi (cropped).jpg Indira Gandhi
(1917–84)
MP for Rae Bareli
6 24 January
1966
24 March
1977
11 years, 59 days  – (3rd)
7 1967 (4th)
8 1971 (5th) V. V. Giri
4 Morarji Desai (portrait).png Morarji Desai
(1896–1995)
MP for Surat
9 24 March
1977
28 July
1979 [RES]
2 years, 126 days 1977 (6th) B. D. Jatti Janata Party
5 Charan Singh (cropped).jpg Charan Singh
(1902–87)
MP for Baghpat
10 28 July
1979
14 January
1980 [RES]
170 days  – (6th) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Janata Party (Secular)
with Indian National Congress
(3) Indira Gandhi (cropped).jpg Indira Gandhi
(1917–84)
MP for Rae Bareli
11 14 January
1980 [§]
31 October
1984 [†]
4 years, 291 days 1980 (7th) Indian National Congress (I)
6 Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg Rajiv Gandhi
(1944–91)
MP for Amethi
 [11] 31 October
1984
2 December
1989
5 years, 32 days  – (7th) Zail Singh Indian National Congress
12 1984 (8th)
7 V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg V. P. Singh
(1931–2008)
MP for Fatehpur
13 2 December
1989
10 November
1990 [NC]
343 days 1989 (9th) R. Venkataraman Janata Dal
(National Front)
8 Chandra Shekhar (cropped).jpg Chandra Shekhar
(1927–2007)
MP for Ballia
14 10 November
1990
21 June
1991
223 days  – (9th) Samajwadi Janata Party
with Indian National Congress
9 P V Narasimha Rao.png P. V. Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
MP for Nandyal
15 21 June
1991
16 May
1996
4 years, 330 days 1991 (10th) Indian National Congress
10 Atal Bihari Vajpayee (cropped).jpg Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
MP for Lucknow
16 16 May
1996
1 June
1996 [RES]
13 days 1996 (11th) Shankar Dayal Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
11 H. D. Deve Gowda
(born 1933)
MP (Rajya Sabha) for Karnataka
17 1 June
1996
21 April
1997 [RES]
324 days – (11th) Janata Dal
(United Front)
12 Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg I. K. Gujral
(1919–2012)
MP (Rajya Sabha) for Bihar
18 21 April
1997
19 March
1998
332 days  – (11th)
(10) Atal Bihari Vajpayee (cropped).jpg Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
MP for Lucknow
19 19 March
1998 [§]
22 May
2004
6 years, 64 days 1998 (12th) K. R. Narayanan Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
20 1999 (13th)
13 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in WEF ,2009 (cropped).jpg Manmohan Singh
(born 1932)
MP (Rajya Sabha) for Assam
21 22 May
2004
Incumbent 9 years, 332 days 2004 (14th) A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
22 2009 (15th) Pratibha Patil

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prime Ministers of India. [[Prime Minister's Office (India)|]]. Retrieved on 2 April 2014.