List of Prime Ministers of Iran

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Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Iranian Prime Minister.

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Iran from the creation of the office in 1906 during the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, until 1989 when the post was abolished after the constitutional referendum. Prime Minister was the Head of Government of Iran.

Mirza Nasrullah Khan was the first and Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Prime Minister of Iran, after 1906 constitutional revolution. Before the constitutional revolution also the Iranian Shahs had Viziers whose title in Persian is equivalent to Prime Minister (Vazire Azam, Sadre Azam, Nokhost Vazir), like Bozorgmehr, Nizam al-Mulk, and Amir Kabir.

Prime Ministers of Iran (1906–1989)[edit]

Colour key
(for political fronts)
Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party Head of State
State Flag of Iran (1924).svgSublime State of Persia (1907–1925) • Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg
1 Mirza Nasrullah Khan NKMOD.jpg 1840–1907 1 August 1906 17 March 1907 Constitutional Movement Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg
Mohammad-Ali Shah Qajar
2 Amir Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak.jpg 1843–1907 1 May 1907 31 August 1907
(assassinated)
Independent
3 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1st Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1867–1926 13 September 1907 21 December 1907 Constitutional Movement
4 Hossein Mafi Naserolmolk2.jpg 1857–1934 21 December 1907 21 May 1908 Justice Party
5 Morteza-Gholi Khan Hedayat Hedayat Khan.JPG 1856–1911 21 May 1908 7 June 1908 Constitutional Movement
6 Kamran Mirza Kamranmirza.JPG 1856–1927 7 June 1908 29 April 1909 Justice Party
7 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(2nd Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1867–1948 29 April 1909 3 May 1909 Constitutional Movement AhmadShahQajar2.jpg
Ahmad Shah Qajar
8 Saad ad-Daula
(1st Term)
Samsam Saltaneh.jpg 1851–1931 3 May 1909 16 July 1909 Constitutional Movement
9 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(3rd Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1867–1926 16 July 1909 6 October 1909 Constitutional Movement
10 Vosough od-Dowleh
(1st Term)
Vosoogh.jpg 1873–1950 6 October 1909 15 July 1910 Constitutional Movement
11 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(1st Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 15 July 1910 19 July 1911 Constitutional Movement
12 Vosough od-Dowleh
(2nd Term)
Vosoogh.jpg 1873–1950 19 July 1911 26 July 1911 Constitutional Movement
13 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(4th Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1867–1926 26 July 1911 23 December 1912 Constitutional Movement
14 Saad ad-Daula
(2nd Term)
Samsam Saltaneh.jpg 1851–1931 23 December 1912 11 January 1913 Constitutional Movement
15 Mirza Mohammad-Ali Khan Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 1867–1914 11 January 1913 1 July 1914 Independent
16 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(2nd Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 1 July 1914 1 February 1915 Constitutional Movement

E'tedalion Party
17 Hossein Farmanfarma
(1st Term)
Farmanfarma.jpg 1859–1939 1 February 1915 2 July 1915 E'tedalion Party
18 Abdol Majid Mirza
(1st Term)
Ein-oddole.jpg 1845–1927 2 July 1915 18 August 1915 Independent
19 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(3rd Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 18 August 1915 25 December 1915 E'tedalion Party
20 Hossein Farmanfarma
(2nd Term)
Farmanfarma.jpg 1859–1939 25 December 1915 1 March 1916 E'tedalion Party
21 Vosough od-Dowleh
(3rd Term)
Vosoogh.jpg 1873–1950 1 March 1916 7 July 1917 Constitutional Movement
22 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(4th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 7 July 1917 19 December 1917 E'tedalion Party
23 Abdol Majid Mirza
(2nd Term)
Ein-oddole.jpg 1845–1927 28 December 1917 20 May 1918 Independent
24 Hassan Pirnia
(1st Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 20 May 1918 2 August 1918 Constitutional Movement
25 Momtaz os-Saltaneh Momtaz saltaneh.jpg 1869–1955 2 August 1918 20 August 1918 Constitutional Movement
26 Hassan Pirnia
(2nd Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 20 August 1918 16 October 1920 Constitutional Movement
27 Fathollah Khan Akbar Sepahdar.jpg 1878–1967 16 October 1920 21 February 1921
(deposed)
Independent
28 Zia'eddin Tabatabaee SeyyedZiaTabatabai.jpg 1888–1969 21 February 1921 4 June 1921 Homeland Party
29 Ahmad Qavam
(1st Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1876–1955 4 June 1921 12 October 1921 Democratic Party
30 Malek Mansur Mirza Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 1880–1920 12 October 1921 20 January 1922 Democratic Party
31 Hassan Pirnia
(3rd Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 20 January 1922 11 June 1922 Constitutional Movement
32 Ahmad Qavam
(2nd Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1876–1955 11 June 1922 30 January 1923 Democratic Party
33 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(5th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 30 January 1923 15 June 1923 E'tedalion Party
34 Hassan Pirnia
(4th Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 15 June 1923 28 October 1923 Constitutional Movement
35 Reza Khan Sardar Sepah Reza Shah Pahlavi.jpg 1878–1944 28 October 1923 1 November 1925 Military
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980).svgImperial State of Iran (1925–1979) • Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
36 Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1st Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 1 November 1925 13 June 1926 Revival Party Rezashah.jpg
Reza Shah
37 Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(6th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 13 June 1926 2 June 1927 Revival Party
38 Mehdi Hedayat Hedayat mehdiqoli.jpg 1864–1955 2 June 1927 18 September 1933 Revival Party
39 Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(2nd Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 18 September 1933 3 December 1935 Revival Party
40 Mahmoud Jam Mahmud jam.jpg 1880–1969 3 December 1935 26 October 1939 Revival Party
41 Ahmad Matin-Daftari Ahmad matin daftari.jpg 1896–1971 26 October 1939 26 June 1940 Revival Party
42 Ali Mansur
(1st Term)
Mansorolmolk.jpg 1895–1974 26 June 1940 27 August 1941 Revival Party
43 Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(3rd Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 27 August 1941 9 March 1942 Revival Party Shah of iran.png
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
44 Ali Soheili
(1st Term)
Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg 1896–1958 9 March 1942 9 August 1942 Independent

Party for Progress
45 Ahmad Qavam
(3rd Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1876–1955 9 August 1942 15 February 1943 Democratic Party
46 Ali Soheili
(2nd Term)
Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg 1896–1958 15 February 1943 6 April 1944 Party for Progress
47 Mohammad Sa'ed
(1st Term)
Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg 1883–1973 6 April 1944 25 November 1944 Democratic Party
48 Morteza-Qoli Bayat Morteza-Qoli Bayat.jpg 1890–1958 25 November 1944 13 May 1945 Revival Party
49 Ebrahim Hakimi
(1st Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1871–1959 13 May 1945 6 June 1945 Party for Progress
50 Mohsen Sadr Sadr ul ashraf.jpg 1866–1962 6 June 1945 30 October 1945 Socialist Party
51 Ebrahim Hakimi
(2nd Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1871–1959 30 October 1945 28 January 1946 Party for Progress
52 Ahmad Qavam
(4th Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1876–1955 28 January 1946 18 December 1947 Democratic Party
53 Mohammad-Reza Hekmat Hekmat sardar fakher.jpg 1891–1978 18 December 1947 29 December 1947 Democratic Party
54 Ebrahim Hakimi
(3rd Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1871–1959 29 December 1947 13 June 1948 Party for Progress
55 Abdolhossein Hazhir Abdolhosein hazhir.jpg 1899–1949 13 June 1948 9 November 1948 Arya Party
56 Mohammad Sa'ed
(2nd Term)
Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg 1883–1973 9 November 1948 23 March 1950 Democratic Party
57 Ali Mansur
(2nd Term)
Mansorolmolk.jpg 1895–1974 23 March 1950 26 June 1950 Revival Party
58 Ali Razmara Ali-razmarapic.jpg 1901–1951 26 June 1950 7 March 1951
(assassinated)
Military
59 Hossein Ala'
(1st Term)
Hossein Ala'.jpg 1882–1964 12 March 1951 30 April 1951 Military
60 Mohammad Mosaddegh
(1st Term)
Dr.Mohammad Mosaddeq.jpg 1882–1967 30 April 1951 17 July 1952 National Front
61 Ahmad Qavam
(5th Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1876–1955 17 July 1952 22 July 1952 Democratic Party
62 Mohammad Mosaddegh
(2nd Term)
Dr.Mohammad Mosaddeq.jpg 1882–1967 22 July 1952 19 August 1953
(deposed)
National Front
63 Fazlollah Zahedi Fazlollah zahedi.jpg 1897–1963 19 August 1953 7 April 1955 Military
64 Hossein Ala'
(2nd Term)
Hossein Ala'.jpg 1882–1964 7 April 1955 3 April 1957 Military
65 Manouchehr Eghbal Manuchehr Eghbal.jpg 1909–1977 3 April 1957 31 August 1960 Nationalist Party
66 Jafar Sharif-Emami
(1st Term)
Dr. Jafar Sharif-Emami (1976).jpg 1910–1998 31 August 1960 5 May 1961 Nationalist Party
67 Ali Amini Aliamini.jpg 1905–1992 5 May 1961 19 July 1962 Democratic Party
68 Asadollah Alam Portrait of Asadollah Alam.jpg 1919–1978 19 July 1962 7 March 1964 People's Party
69 Hassan-Ali Mansur Hassan Ali Mansur.jpg 1923–1965 7 March 1964 26 January 1965
(assassinated)
New Iran Party
70 Amir-Abbas Hoveida Hoveyda.jpg 1920–1979 26 January 1965 7 August 1977 New Iran Party

Rastakhiz Party
71 Jamshid Amouzegar Jamshid Amouzegar.jpg 1923– 7 August 1977 27 August 1978 Rastakhiz Party
72 Jafar Sharif-Emami
(2nd Term)
Dr. Jafar Sharif-Emami (1976).jpg 1910–1998 27 August 1978 6 November 1978 Rastakhiz Party
73 Gholam-Reza Azhari Azhari.jpg 1912–2001 6 November 1978 4 January 1979 Military
74 Shapour Bakhtiar Portrait of Bakhtiar.jpg 1914–1991 4 January 1979 11 February 1979
(deposed)
National Front
Flag of Iran.svgIslamic Republic of Iran (1979 – present) • Emblem of Iran.svg
75 Mehdi Bazargan BazarganMehdi.jpg 1907–1995 4 February 1979 6 November 1979
(resigned)
Freedom Movement Khomeini portrait.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini
Council of Islamic Revolution
(Leader: Morteza Motahhari)
6 November 1979 12 August 1980
76 Mohammad-Ali Rajai Rjaee.jpg 1933–1981 12 August 1980 4 August 1981 Islamic Republican Party President of iran Abolhassan Banisadr.jpg
Abolhassan Banisadr
77 Mohammad-Javad Bahonar Mohammad javad Bahonar.jpg 1933–1981 4 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party Rjaee.jpg
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
78 Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani Mahdavi Kani.jpg 1931– 2 September 1981 31 October 1981 Combatant Clergy Association Khamenieiee-sajed (2).jpg
Ali Khamenei
79 Mir-Hossein Mousavi Mir-Hossein Mousavi.jpg 1942– 31 October 1981 3 August 1989 Islamic Republican Party

Independent
Post Abolished (since 3 August 1989)

See also[edit]