List of Prime Ministers of Poland

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Poland

Prime Ministers of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807–1813)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Duke of Warsaw
1 Stanislaw malachowski.jpg Stanisław Małachowski
(1736–1809)
5 October 1807 14 December 1807 Frederick August III Wettin
2 Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski.JPG Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski
(1740–1808)
14 December 1807 November 1808
JPoniatowski.JPG Józef Poniatowski
(1763–1813)
(acting)
November 1808 25 March 1809
3 Graff Stanisław Kostka Potocki.jpg Stanisław Kostka Potocki
(1755–1821)
25 March 1809 May 1813

Presidents of the Polish National Government (1830–1831)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office
1 Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.jpg Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
(1770–1861)
3 December 1830 15 August 1831
Józef Chłopicki 1.PNG Józef Chłopicki
(1771–1854)
(dictator)
5 December 1830 17 January 1831
2 Jan Krukowiecki.jpg Gen. Jan Stefan Krukowiecki
(1772–1850)
17 August 1831 7 September 1831
3 Bonawentura Niemojowski.JPG Bonawentura Niemojowski
(1787–1835)
8 September 1831 23 September 1831
4 Jan Nepomucen Umiński.PNG Jan Nepomucen Umiński
(1778–1851)
23 September 1831 23 September 1831
5 Maciej Rybiński.jpg Maciej Rybiński
(1784–1874)
25 September 1831 9 October 1831

Presidents of the National Government of the Republic of Poland (1846)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office
1 Jan Tyssowski.jpg
Tyssowski
National Government of the Republic of Poland (triumvirate):

Jan Tyssowski (President)
(1811–1857)
Ludwik Gorzkowski
(1811–1857)
Aleksander Grzegorzewski
(1806–1855)

22 February 1846 24 February 1846
2 Jan Tyssowski.jpg Jan Tyssowski
(1811–1857)
(dictator)
24 February 1846 3 March 1846

President of the National Committee in Poznań (1848)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office
1 POL Gustaw Potworowski.jpg Gustaw Potworowski
(1800–1860)
20 March 1848 9 May 1848

Presidents of the National Government (1863–1864)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office
1 Stefan Bobrowski.PNG Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 January 1863 17 February 1863
Ludwik Mieroslawski.jpg Ludwik Mierosławski
(1814–1878)
(dictator)
17 February 1863 11 March 1863
Marian Langiewicz.PNG Marian Langiewicz
(1827–1887)
(dictator)
11 March 1863 18 March 1863
2 Stefan Bobrowski.PNG Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 March 1863 12 April 1863
3 Agaton Giller.JPG Agaton Giller
(1831–1887)
12 April 1863 23 May 1863
4 Franciszek Dobrowolski 1830-1896.jpg Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
23 May 1863 9 June 1863
5 No image.png Piotr Kobylański
(1823–1868)
9 June 1863 10 June 1863
6 Karol Majewski (Beyer).jpg Karol Majewski
(1833–1897)
14 June 1863 17 September 1863
7 Franciszek Dobrowolski 1830-1896.jpg Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
17 September 1863 17 October 1863
8 Traugutt.jpg Romuald Traugutt
(1826–1864)
(dictator)
17 October 1863 10 April 1864
9 Aleksander Waszkowski.PNG Aleksander Waszkowski
(1841–1865)
12 April 1864 19 December 1864
10 No image.png Bronisław Brzeziński
(1837–1865)
20 April 1864 October 1864

Prime Ministers of the Regency Kingdom of Poland (1917–1918)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Political party
1 Jan Kucharzewski.jpg Jan Kucharzewski
(1876–1952)
26 November 1917 27 February 1918 Independent
2 Antoni Ponikowski.JPG Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
27 February 1918 4 April 1918 National-Democratic Party
3 Jan Kanty Steczkowski.PNG Jan Kanty Steczkowski
(1862–1929)
4 April 1918 23 October 1918 Party of the National Right
4 Józef Świeżyński.PNG Józef Świeżyński
(1868–1948)
23 October 1918 3 November 1918 National-Democratic Party
5 Władysław Wróblewski.JPG Władysław Wróblewski
(1875–1951)
3 November 1918 14 November 1918 Independent

Prime Ministers of the People's Republic (1918)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Political party
Ignacy Daszynski01.jpg Ignacy Daszyński
(1866–1936)
7 November 1918 14 November 1918 Polish Socialist Party

Until 11 November, Daszyński was Prime Minister in the Polish People's Republic, based at Lublin, in the territory occupied by Austrian troops. On 11 November, he was invited to form a national government on 11 November but failed and resigned three days later.

Prime Ministers of the Second Polish Republic (1918–1939)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Political party
1 Jędrzej Moraczewski.jpg Jędrzej Moraczewski
(1870–1944)
18 November 1918 18 January 1919 Polish Socialist Party
2 Ignacy Paderewski 02.jpg Ignacy Jan Paderewski
(1860–1941)
18 January 1919 13 November 1919 Independent
3 L Skulski.jpg Leopold Skulski
(1878–1940)
13 December 1919 27 June 1920 Polish People's Party "Piast"
4 Wladyslaw Grabski.jpg Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
1 27 June 1920 24 July 1920 Popular National Union
5 Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
1 4 July 1920 19 September 1921 Polish People's Party "Piast"
6 Antoni Ponikowski.JPG Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
19 September 1921 28 June 1922 Polish Christian Democratic Party
7 Artur Śliwiński1.jpg Artur Śliwiński
(1877–1953)
28 June 1922 31 July 1922 Polish Socialist Party
8 Julian Nowak1.jpg Julian Nowak
(1865–1946)
31 July 1922 16 December 1922 Party of the National Right
9 Sikor.jpg Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
1 16 December 1922 28 May 1923 Independent
(5) Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
2 28 May 1923 19 December 1923 Polish People's Party "Piast"
(4) Wladyslaw Grabski.jpg Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
2 19 December 1923 20 November 1925 Popular National Union/Christian Union of National Unity
10 Skrzynski A.jpg Aleksander Skrzyński
(1882–1931)
20 November 1925 10 May 1926 Party of the National Right
(5) Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
3 10 May 1926 14 May 1926 Polish People's Party "Piast"
11 Kazimierz Bartel2.gif Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
1 15 May 1926 4 June 1926 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
2 8 June 1926 24 September 1926
3 27 September 1926 30 September 1926
12 Jozef Pilsudski.jpg Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
1 2 October 1926 27 June 1928 Independent
(11) Kazimierz Bartel2.gif Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
4 27 June 1928 14 April 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
13 Switalski K.jpg Kazimierz Świtalski
(1886–1962)
14 April 1929 29 December 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
(11) Kazimierz Bartel2.gif Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
5 29 December 1929 29 March 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
14 Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
1 29 March 1930 25 August 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
(12) Jozef Pilsudski.jpg Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
2 25 August 1930 4 December 1930 Independent
(14) Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
2 4 December 1930 27 May 1931 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
15 Aleksander prystor 1.jpg Aleksander Prystor
(1874–1941)
27 May 1931 10 May 1933 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
16 Janusz Jędrzejewicz.PNG Janusz Jędrzejewicz
(1885–1951)
10 May 1933 15 May 1934 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
17 Leon Kozłowski 2.jpg Leon Kozłowski
(1892–1944)
15 May 1934 28 March 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
(14) Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
3 28 March 1935 13 October 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
18 Zyndram Kościałkowski.jpg Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski
(1892–1946)
13 October 1935 15 May 1936 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
19 Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski.jpg Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski
(1885–1962)
15 May 1936 30 September 1939 Independent

Prime Ministers of the Government of the Republic of Poland in Exile (1939–1990)[edit]

After the German conquest of Poland, a Polish government-in-exile was formed under the protection of France and Britain. The government was recognized by the United Kingdom and, later, by the United States until 6 July 1945, when the Western Allies accepted Stalin's Communist government. Despite having lost recognition by any other government, the government-in-exile continued in London until the election of Lech Wałęsa as President of the Republic of Poland in December 1990.

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Political party
1 Wladyslaw Sikorski 2.jpg Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
2 30 September 1939 18 July 1940 Independent
3 18 July 1940 4 July 1943
2 Mikolajczyk.jpg Stanisław Mikołajczyk
(1901–1966)
14 July 1943 24 November 1944 People's Party
3 Arciszewski1922.jpg Tomasz Arciszewski
(1877–1955)
29 November 1944 6 July 1945
(lost recognition by any
member of the United Nations)
Polish Socialist Party

Prime Ministers of the Government-in-Exile (without international recognition, 1945–1990)[edit]

Chairmen of the Executive for National Unity (1954–1972)[edit]

In 1954, one group within the government-in-exile opposed the continuation of August Zaleski as President of the government-in-exile beyond the end of his seven-year term. They established the Council of National Unity, vested the powers of the President in the Rada Trzech (three-man council), and appointed their own government, the Executive for National Unity. After the death of Zaleski in 1972, the Council of National Unity dissolved and ceded its powers to Zaleski's successor Stanisław Ostrowski.

Prime Ministers of the People's Republic of Poland (1944–1989)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Entered office Left office Political party
1 Osobka morawski.jpg Edward Osóbka-Morawski
(1909–1997)
1 22 July 1944 31 December 1944 Polish Socialist Party
2 31 December 1944 28 June 1945
3 28 June 1945 6 February 1947
2 Cyrankiewicz.jpg Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
6 February 1947 20 November 1952 Polish Socialist Party/Polish United Workers' Party
3 PL Bolesław Bierut (1892-1956).jpg Bolesław Bierut
(1892–1956)
20 November 1952 18 March 1954 Polish United Workers' Party
4 Cyrankiewicz.jpg Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
18 March 1954 23 December 1970 Polish United Workers' Party
5 Piotr Jaroszewicz.jpg Piotr Jaroszewicz
(1909–1992)
23 December 1970 18 February 1980 Polish United Workers' Party
6 Edward Babiuch.jpg Edward Babiuch
(1927– )
18 February 1980 24 August 1980 Polish United Workers' Party
7 Pińkowski.jpg Józef Pińkowski
(1929–2000)
24 August 1980 11 February 1981 Polish United Workers' Party
8 Wojciech Jaruzelski.jpg Wojciech Jaruzelski
(1923– )
11 February 1981 6 November 1985 Polish United Workers' Party
9 Zbigniew Messner, Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Polandr.jpg Zbigniew Messner
(1929–2014)
6 November 1985 27 September 1988 Polish United Workers' Party
10 Mieczysław Rakowski.jpg Mieczysław Rakowski
(1926–2008)
27 September 1988 2 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party
11 Czeslaw Kiszczak.jpg Czesław Kiszczak
(1925– )
(lost vote of confidence)
2 August 1989 24 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party
12 Tadeusz Mazowiecki 80th birthday.jpg Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1927–2013)
(during democratic transition)
24 August 1989 31 December 1989
(People's Republic
abolished)
Solidarity Citizens' Committee

Prime Ministers of the Third Republic of Poland (1990–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Designated
Took office
Voted of confidence
Left office
R.: Resigned
Dis.: Dismissed
N.C.: Voted of no-confidence
Political party Cabinet Sejm
(Election)
1 Tadeusz Mazowiecki 80th birthday.jpg Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1927–2013)
20 August 1989
24 August 1989
12 September 1989
R. 25 November 1990
4 January 1991
Solidarność (KO‘S’) until 1990
Democratic Union (UD) from 1990
Mazowiecki
KO‘S’ZSLPZPRSD
Contract
(1989)
Jan Ferdynand Olszewski.jpg Jan Olszewski
(1930– )
Never took office.[1] Centre Agreement (PC)
2 Bielecki.jpg Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
(1951– )
4 January 1991
4 January 1991
12 January 1991
R. 5 December 1991
6 December 1991
Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD) Bielecki
KLDZChNPCSD
Bronislaw Geremek.jpg Bronisław Geremek
(1932–2008)
Never took office.[1] Democratic Union (UD) I
(1991)
3 Jan Ferdynand Olszewski.jpg Jan Olszewski
(1930– )
6 December 1991
6 December 1991
23 December 1991
Dis. 5 June 1992
5 June 1992
Centre Agreement (PC) Olszewski
PCZChN–PSL.PL
4 Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg Waldemar Pawlak
(1959– )
5 June 1992
5 June 1992
no confidence vote
R. 7 July 1992
11 July 1992
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak I
PSL
5 Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland 1992-1993.jpg Hanna Suchocka
(1946– )
10 July 1992
11 July 1992
11 July 1992
28 May 1993
26 October 1993
Democratic Union (UD) Suchocka
UDKLDZChN–PChD–
PPPP–PSL.PL
(4) Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg Waldemar Pawlak
(1959– )
18 October 1993
26 October 1993
10 November 1993
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak II
SLDPSLBBWR
II
(1993)
6 JKRUK 20090524 JÓZEF OLEKSY BUSKO IMG 7314.jpg Józef Oleksy
(1946– )
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
4 March 1995
26 January 1996
7 February 1996
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Oleksy
SLDPSL
7 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz (senator).jpg Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
(1950– )
7 February 1996
7 February 1996
15 February 1996
R. 17 October 1997
31 October 1997
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Cimoszewicz
SLDPSL
8 Jerzy Buzek, 2010.JPG Jerzy Buzek
(1940– )
17 October 1997
31 October 1997
11 November 1997
Dis. 19 October 2001
19 October 2001
Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) Buzek
AWSUW
III
(1997)
9 L. Miller.jpg Leszek Miller
(1946– )
4 October 2001
19 October 2001
26 October 2001
& 13 June 2003
R. 2 May 2004
2 May 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Miller
SLDUPPSL
IV
(2001)
10 Marek Belka 2004.jpg Marek Belka
(1952– )
2 May 2004
2 May 2004
14 May 2004 (rejected)
N.C. 14 May 2004
11 June 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Belka I
SLDUP
11 June 2004
11 June 2004
24 June 2004
& 15 October 2004
R. 5 May 2005
Dis. 19 October 2005

31 October 2005
Belka II
SLDUP
11 Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz 2006.jpg Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
(1959– )
19 October 2005
31 October 2005
10 November 2005
R. 10 July 2006
14 July 2006
Law and Justice (PiS) Marcinkiewicz
PiSSRPLPR
V
(2005)
12 Kaczynski Jaroslaw 1 067.JPG Jarosław Kaczyński
(1949– )
10 July 2006
14 July 2006
19 July 2006
R. 5 November 2007
16 November 2007
Law and Justice (PiS) Kaczyński
PiSSRPLPR
13 Premier RP D Tusk.jpg Donald Tusk
(1957– )
9 November 2007
16 November 2007
24 November 2007
R. 8 November 2011
18 November 2011
Civic Platform (PO) Tusk I
POPSL
VI
(2007)
8 November 2011
18 November 2011
19 November 2011
Incumbent Tusk II
POPSL
VII
(2011)

1 Invited to form a government by the President, but failed to form a government and resigned.

Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz Marek Belka Leszek Miller Jerzy Buzek Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Józef Oleksy Waldemar Pawlak Hanna Suchocka Waldemar Pawlak Jan Olszewski Jan Krzysztof Bielecki Tadeusz Mazowiecki Czesław Kiszczak Mieczysław Rakowski Zbigniew Messner Wojciech Jaruzelski Józef Pińkowski Edward Babiuch Piotr Jaroszewicz Józef Cyrankiewicz Bolesław Bierut Józef Cyrankiewicz Edward Osóbka-Morawski

See also[edit]

External links[edit]