List of Prime Ministers of Portugal

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Prime Minister of the
Portuguese Republic
Primeiro Ministro da
República Portuguesa
Flag of Portuguese Prime-Minister.svg
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Summit June 2010 (82).jpg
Incumbent
Pedro Passos Coelho

since 21 June 2011
Appointer Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Duke of Palmela
Formation 24 September 1834
Website portugal.gov.pt
Coat of arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Portugal
Constitution
Foreign relations

The Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic (primeiro-ministro, Portuguese pronunciation: [pɾiˈmɐjɾu mɨˈniʃtɾu] or [miˈniʃtɾu]) is the head of the country's Government. He/she coordinates the actions of all ministers, represents the Government as a whole, reports his actions and is controlled by the Assembly of the Republic, and keeps the President of the Republic informed.

There is no limit to the number of mandates as Prime Minister. He/she is appointed by the President of the Republic, after the legislative elections and after an audience with every leader of a party represented at the Assembly. It is usual for the leader of the party which receives a plurality of votes in the elections to be named Prime Minister.

The official residence of the Prime Minister, a mansion next to São Bento Palace, which, in confusion, is also often called "São Bento Palace", although many Prime Ministers didn't live in the palace during their full mandate.

History[edit]

The origins of present office of Prime Minister of Portugal fall back to the beginning of the Portuguese Monarchy in the 12th century. Typically, a senior official of the King of Portugal prevailed over the others, ensuring the coordination of the administration of the Kingdom as a kind of prime minister. Throughout history, the prominent position fell successively on the Mayor of the Palace (Portuguese Mordomo-Mor), on the Chancellor (Chanceler-Mor), on the King's Private Secretary (Escrivão da Puridade) and on the Secretary of State (Secretário de Estado).

In 1736, three offices of secretary of state were created, with the Secretary of State of the Internal Affairs of the Kingdom (Secretário de Estado dos Negócios Interiores do Reino) occupying a prominent position over the others.

Since the 1820 Liberal Revolution of Porto, liberalism and parliamentarism were installed in the country. In the first liberal period, there were three to six secretaries of state with equal position in the hierarchy, but with the Secretary the Internal Affairs of the Kingdom (usually known by Minister of the Kingdom) continuing to occupy a prominent position. Occasionally there was a Minister Assistant to the Dispatch (Ministro Assistente ao Despacho), a coordinator of all secretaries of state, and with a post similar to that of a prime minister. After a brief absolutistic restoration, the second liberalism started. With the beginning of the Constitutional Monarchy, the office of President of the Council of Ministers (President do Conselho de Ministros) was created. The Presidents of the Council were clearly the heads of government of the Kingdom, holding the executive power that absolutistic monarchs had, but were restricted by the controlling power of a National Congress.

With the advent of the Republic in the 5 October 1910 revolution, the head of government was renamed President of the Ministry (President do Ministério). During this period the heads of government were under the strong power of the parliament and often fell due to parliamentary turmoils and social instability.

With the 28 May 1926 coup d'état, and eventually, after the formation of the Estado Novo quasi-fascist dictatorial regime of António de Oliveira Salazar, the Prime Minister was again named President of the Council of Ministers, and was nominally the most important figure in the country. First Salazar and then Marcello Caetano occupied this post for almost 42 years.

With the Carnation Revolution came the Prime Minister, which replaced the President of the Council.

Prime Ministers[edit]

The numbering of the Prime Ministers starts with the first President of the Council of Ministers of the constitutional monarchy. A second column is added after the establishment of the Republic, numbering the Prime Ministers from there to the present day. Another column is added for the numbering inside the three regimes: First Republic, the Second Republic and Third Republic, with a fourth column in the Second Republic to mark the numbering of Prime Ministers since the 1926 revolution that established the National Dictatorship and since the replacement of the National Dictatorship with the Salazarist Estado Novo. In the Third Republic, a fourth column is also used to distinguish the prime ministers of the provisional governments that existed during the period immediately following the Carnation Revolution of 1974 from the prime ministers that assumed office after the entry into force of Portugal's current democratic Constitution adopted 1976.

At the right hand side, a column indicates the official numbering of the Constitutional Governments. The numbering of the Constitutional Governments is not the same as the numbering of Prime Ministers since the Constitution because, whenever elections for a new Parliament take place, a new Constitutional Government is installed, even if the Prime Minister remains the same; however, there is also a change of Constitutional Government when the Prime Minister is replaced, even if in mid-Parliament. So, because some Prime Ministers managed to remain in office after fresh elections (thus serving as Prime Ministers under more than one Parliament), there are more Constitutional Governments than there are Prime Ministers.

The colors indicate the political affiliation of each Prime Minister.

      No party
      Chartist/Chamorro
      Chamorro
      Septemberist
      Regenerator
      Historic
      Reformist
      Regenerator/Historic
      Progressist
      Liberal Regenerator
      Republican
      Democratic
      National Republican/Sidonist
      Liberal Republican
      National Reconstitution Republican
      Nationalist Republican
      Democratic Leftwing Republican
      National Union/People's National Action
      Socialist
      Social Democratic/Democratic Alliance
      Democratic and Social Centre/Democratic Alliance

Constitutional Monarchy – Second Liberalism (1834–1910)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Government
1 D. Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1º Duque de Palmela - Domingos Sequeira.jpg Pedro de Sousa Holstein,
Marquess of Palmela

(1781–1850)
24 September
1834
4 May
1835
Chartist/"Chamorro" 1st Dev.
1834
Portugal's first official Prime Minister.
2 Conde de Linhares.jpg Vitório Maria de Sousa Coutinho,
Count of Linhares

(1790–1857)
4 May
1835
27 May
1835
"Chamorro"
——
3 Duque de Saldanha.jpg João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira e Daun,
Marquess of Saldanha

(1790–1876)
27 May
1835
18 November
1835
Independent 2nd Dev.
——
4 José Jorge Loureiro.jpg José Jorge Loureiro
(1791–1860)
18 November
1835
20 April
1836
Independent 3rd Dev.
——
5 Retrato do Duque da Terceira.jpg António José Severim de Noronha,
Duke of Terceira and Marquess of Vila Flor

(1792–1860)
20 April
1836
10 September
1836
"Chamorro" 4th Dev.
Jul.1836
September 1836 Revolution.
6 Conde de Lumiares.jpg José da Gama Carneiro e Sousa,
Count of Lumiares

(1788–1849)
10 September
1836
4 November
1836
Septemberist 1st Set.
——
- Jose castro.jpg José Bernardino de Portugal e Castro,
Marquess of Valença and Count of Vimioso

(1780–1840)
(did not take office)
4 November
1836
5 November
1836
Independent
——
——
7 Sa da Bandeira.jpg Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Viscount of Sá da Bandeira

(1795–1876)
5 November
1836
1 June
1837
Septemberist 2nd Set.
Nov.1836
8 António Dias de Oliveira.jpg António Dias de Oliveira
(1804–1863)
1 June
1837
2 August
1837
Septemberist 3rd Set.
——
Revolt of the Marshals.
9 Sa da Bandeira.jpg Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Viscount of Sá da Bandeira
(2nd time)
(1795–1876)
2 August
1837
18 April
1839
Septemberist 4th Set.
1838
10 Barão de Ribeira de Sabrosa.jpg Rodrigo Pinto Pizarro de Almeida Carvalhais,
Baron of Ribeira de Sabrosa

(1788–1841)
18 April
1839
26 November
1839
Septemberist 5th Set.
——
11 GP Conde de pd-bonfim.jpg José Lúcio Travassos Valdez,
Count of Bonfim

(1787–1862)
26 November
1839
9 June
1841
Septemberist 6th Set.
1840
12 Joaquim António de Aguiar.jpg Joaquim António de Aguiar
(1792–1884)
9 June
1841
7 February
1842
Septemberist 7th Set.
——
13 D. Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1º Duque de Palmela - Domingos Sequeira.jpg Pedro de Sousa Holstein,
Marquess of Palmela
(2nd time)
(1781–1850)
7 February
1842
9 February
1842
Septemberist G.E.
——
14 Marquês de Tomar.jpg António Bernardo da Costa Cabral,
Count of Tomar

(1803–1889)
9 February
1842
20 May
1846
Chartist 1st R. Cart.
1842, 1845
Revolution of Maria da Fonte.
15 D. Pedro de Sousa Holstein, 1º Duque de Palmela - Domingos Sequeira.jpg Pedro de Sousa Holstein,
Marquess of Palmela
(3rd time)
(1781–1850)
20 May
1846
6 October
1846
Chartist 2nd R. Cart.
——
Emboscada palace coup.
16 Duque de Saldanha.jpg João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira e Daun,
Duke of Saldanha
(2nd time)
(1790–1876)
6 October
1846
18 June
1849
Chartist 3rd R. Cart.
1847
Patuleia or Little Civil War that resulted in a Chartist victory; Convention of Gramido.
17 Marquês de Tomar.jpg António Bernardo da Costa Cabral,
Count of Tomar
(2nd time)
(1803–1889)
18 June
1849
26 April
1851
Chartist 4th R. Cart.
——
18 Retrato do Duque da Terceira.jpg António José Severim de Noronha,
Duke of Terceira and Marquess of Vila Flor
(2nd time)
(1792–1860)
26 April
1851
1 May
1851
Regenerator 5th R. Cart.
——
19 Duque de Saldanha.jpg João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira e Daun,
Duke of Saldanha
(3rd time)
(1790–1876)
1 May
1851
6 June
1856
Regenerator 1st Reg.
1851, 1852
Death of queen Maria II; Pedro V ascends the throne.
20 Duque de Loulé.jpg Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto,
Duke of Loulé

(1804–1875)
6 June
1856
16 March
1859
Historic 2nd Reg.
1856, 1858
Opening of the first railway line in Portugal on 28 October 1856.
21 Retrato do Duque da Terceira.jpg António José Severim de Noronha,
Duke of Terceira and Marquess of Vila Flor
(3rd time)
(1792–1860)
16 March
1859
1 May
1860 (died)
Regenerator 3rd Reg.
1860
22 Joaquim António de Aguiar.jpg Joaquim António de Aguiar (2nd time)
(1792–1884)
1 May
1860
4 July
1860
Regenerator
——
23 Duque de Loulé.jpg Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto,
Duke of Loulé
(2nd time)
(1804–1875)
4 July
1860
17 April
1865
Historic 4th Reg.
1861, 1864
Death of king Pedro V; Luis I ascends the throne.
24 Sa da Bandeira.jpg Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Marquess of Sá da Bandeira
(3rd time)
(1795–1876)
17 April
1865
4 September
1865
Reformist 5th Reg.
——
25 Joaquim António de Aguiar.jpg Joaquim António de Aguiar (3rd time)
(1792–1884)
4 September
1865
4 January
1868
Regenerator (with the Historic Party) 6th Reg.
1865, 1867
Janeirinha uprising.
26 Retrato do Duque de Avila e Bolama - Miguel Angelo Lupi - 1880.jpg António José de Ávila,
Duke of Ávila and Bolama

(1807–1881)
4 January
1868
22 July
1868
Independent
(with Reformists)
7th Reg.
——
27 Sa da Bandeira.jpg Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Marquess of Sá da Bandeira
(4th time)
(1795–1876)
22 July
1868
11 August
1869
Reformist 8th Reg.
1868, 1869
28 Duque de Loulé.jpg Nuno José Severo de Mendonça Rolim de Moura Barreto,
Duke of Loulé
(3rd time)
(1804–1875)
11 August
1869
19 May
1870
Historic
(with Reformists)
9th Reg.
Mar.1870
29 Duque de Saldanha.jpg João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun,
1st Duke of Saldanha
(4th time)
(1790–1876)
19 May
1870
29 August
1870
Regenerator 10th Reg.
——
30 Sa da Bandeira.jpg Bernardo de Sá Nogueira de Figueiredo,
Marquess of Sá da Bandeira
(5th time)
(1795–1876)
29 August
1870
29 October
1871
Reformist 11th Reg.
Sep.1870
31 Avila e Bolama.jpg António José de Ávila,
Marquess of Ávila
(2nd time)
(1807–1881)
29 October
1870
13 September
1871
Reformist 12th Reg.
1871
32 Fontes Pereira de Melo.jpg António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo
(1819–1887)
13 September
1871
6 March
1877
Regenerator 13th Reg.
1874
Conducted dynamic industrial and public infrastructure policy; educational reform; start of industrialization process.
33 Avila e Bolama.jpg António José de Ávila,
Marquess of Ávila
(3rd time)
(1807–1881)
6 March
1877
26 January
1878
Reformist 14th Reg.
——
34 Fontes Pereira de Melo.jpg António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo (2nd time)
(1819–1887)
26 January
1878
29 May
1879
Regenerator 15th Reg.
1878
35 Branc.jpg Anselmo José Braamcamp de Almeida Castelo Branco
(1819–1885)
29 May
1879
23 March
1881
Progressist 16th Reg.
1879
36 Rodrigues Sampaio.jpg António Rodrigues Sampaio
(1806–1882)
23 March
1881
14 November
1881
Regenerator 17th Reg.
——
37 Fontes Pereira de Melo.jpg António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo (3rd time)
(1819–1887)
14 November
1881
16 February
1886
Regenerator
1881, 1884
38 Luciano de Castro.jpg José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real
(1834–1914)
16 February
1886
14 January
1890
Progressist 18th Reg.
1887, 1889
Pink Map crisis; Death of king Luis I; Carlos I ascends the throne; 1890 British Ultimatum.
39 Serpa Pimentel.jpg António de Serpa Pimentel
(1825–1900)
14 January
1890
11 October
1890
Regenerator 19th Reg.
1890
40 Joao Crisostomo de Sousa.jpg João Crisóstomo de Abreu e Sousa
(1811–1895)
11 October
1890
18 January
1892
Independent 20th Reg.
——
January 31, 1891 rebellion in Porto.
41 José Dias Ferreira.jpg José Dias Ferreira
(1837–1909)
18 January
1892
22 February
1893
Independent 21st Reg.
1892
42 Hintze Ribeiro.jpg Ernesto Rudolfo Hintze Ribeiro
(1849–1907)
22 February
1893
5 February
1897
Regenerator 22nd Reg.
1894, 1895
43 Luciano de Castro.jpg José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real (2nd time)
(1834–1914)
5 February
1897
26 July
1900
Progressist 23rd Reg.
1897, 1899
44 Hintze Ribeiro.jpg Ernesto Rudolfo Hintze Ribeiro (2nd time)
(1849–1907)
26 July
1900
20 October
1904
Regenerator 24th Reg.
1900, 1901, 1904
45 Luciano de Castro.jpg José Luciano de Castro Pereira Côrte-Real (3rd time)
(1834–1914)
20 October
1904
19 March
1906
Progressist 25th Reg.
1905
46 Hintze Ribeiro.jpg Ernesto Rudolfo Hintze Ribeiro (3rd time)
(1849–1907)
19 March
1906
19 May
1906
Regenerator 26th Reg.
Apr.1906
47 Joao franco.jpg João Ferreira Franco Pinto Castelo-Branco
(1855–1929)
19 May
1906
4 February
1908
Liberal Regenerator 27th Reg.
Aug.1906
Establishment of an authoritarian government; Lisbon Regicide; Manuel II ascends the throne.
48 Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral.jpg Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral
(1844–1923)
4 February
1908
26 December
1908
Independent 28th Reg.
1908
49 Campos Henriques.gif Artur Alberto de Campos Henriques
(1853–1922)
26 December
1908
11 April
1909
Independent
(Regenerator and Progressist)
29th Reg.
——
50 Sousa Telles.jpg Sebastião Custódio de Sousa Teles
(1847–1921)
11 April
1909
14 May
1909
Independent 30th Reg.
——
51 Wenceslau Pereira de Lima.jpg Venceslau de Sousa Pereira de Lima
(1858–1919)
14 May
1909
22 December
1909
Independent 31st Reg.
——
52 Veiga Beirão.gif Francisco António da Veiga Beirão
(1841–1916)
22 December
1909
26 June
1910
Regenerator 32nd Reg.
——
53 Teixeira de Sousa.jpg António Teixeira de Sousa
(1857–1917)
26 June
1910
5 October
1910
Regenerator 33rd Reg.
1910
5 October 1910 revolution; End of Monarchy; royal family exile.

First Republic (1910–1926)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Government
54 Teofilo Braga.jpg Joaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga
(1843–1924)
5 October
1910
4 September
1911
Republican 1st
1911
5 October 1910 revolution.
55 Joao Pinheiro Chagas.jpg João Pinheiro Chagas
(1863–1925)
4 September
1911
13 November
1911
Republican 2nd
——
56 AugustodeVasconcelos.jpg Augusto César de Almeida de Vasconcelos Correia
(1867–1951)
13 November
1911
16 June
1912
Republican 3rd
——
57 No image.png Duarte Leite Pereira da Silva
(1864–1950)
16 June
1912
23 September
1912
Republican 4th
——
Royalist attack on Chaves.
- AugustodeVasconcelos.jpg Augusto César de Almeida de Vasconcelos Correia (interim)
(1867–1951)
23 September
1912
30 September
1912
Republican
——
No image.png Duarte Leite Pereira da Silva
(1864–1950)
30 September
1912
9 January
1913
Republican
——
58 Afonso Costa.jpg Afonso Augusto da Costa
(1871–1937)
9 January
1913
9 February
1914
Democratic 5th
——
59 Bernardino Machado.jpg Bernardino Luís Machado Guimarães
(1851–1944)
9 February
1914
12 December
1914
Democratic 6th, 7th
——
Portugal in the World War I.
60 No image.png "Vítor Hugo" de Azevedo Coutinho
(1871–1955)
12 December
1914
28 January
1915
Democratic 8th
——
61 Pimenta de Castro.jpg Joaquim Pereira Pimenta de Castro
(1846–1918)
28 January
1915
14 May
1915
Independent 9th
——
-   Constitutional Junta composed of:
José Norton de Matos
António Maria da Silva
José de Freitas Ribeiro
Alfredo de Sá Cardoso
Álvaro de Castro
14 May
1915
15 May
1915
None
——
- Joao Pinheiro Chagas.jpg João Pinheiro Chagas (did not take office)
(1863–1925)
15 May
1915
17 May
1915
Independent 10th, 11th
——
62 No image.png José Augusto Soares Ribeiro de Castro
(1868–1929)
17 May
1915
29 November
1915
Democratic
1915
63 Afonso Costa.jpg Afonso Augusto da Costa (2nd time)
(1871–1937)
29 November
1915
16 March
1916
Democratic 12th
——
64 Antonio Jose de Almeida.jpg António José de Almeida
(1866–1929)
16 March
1916
25 April
1917
Sacred Union
(Evolutionist Republican with the
Democrats)
13th
——
65 Afonso Costa.jpg Afonso Augusto da Costa
(1871–1937)
25 April
1917
7 October
1917
Democratic 14th
——
- Norton de Matos.jpg José Maria Mendes Ribeiro Norton de Matos (interim)
(1867–1955)
7 October
1917
25 October
1917
Democratic
——
Afonso Costa.jpg Afonso Augusto da Costa
(1871–1937)
25 October
1917
17 November
1917
Democratic
——
Norton de Matos.jpg José Maria Mendes Ribeiro Norton de Matos (interim)
(1867–1955)
17 November
1917
8 December
1917
Democratic
——
66 President Paes of Portugal.jpg Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais
(1872–1918)
8 December
1917
14 December
1918 (died)
National Republican 15th, 16th
1918
Known as the President-King; establishment of an authoritarian regime; assassinated.
67 Canto e Castro.jpg João do Canto e Castro da Silva Antunes Júnior
(1862–1934)
14 December
1918
23 December
1918
National Republican
——
68 João Tamagnini Barbosa.jpg João Tamagnini de Sousa Barbosa
(1883–1948)
23 December
1918
27 January
1919
National Republican 17th, 18th
——
Monarchy of the North.
69 José Relvas.jpg José Maria Mascarenhas Relvas
(1858–1929)
27 January
1919
30 March
1919
Independent 19th
——
70 Domingos Leite Pereira.JPG Domingos Leite Pereira
(1882–1956)
30 March
1919
30 June
1919
Independent 20th
——
71 No image.png Alfredo Ernesto de Sá Cardoso (reconducted)
(1864–1950)
30 June
1919
15 January
1920
Democratic 21st
1919
- Fernandes da Costa.jpg Francisco José Fernandes Costa (did not take office)
(1857–1925)
15 January
1920
Liberal Republican 22nd
——
- No image.png Alfredo Ernesto de Sá Cardoso (reconducted)
(1864–1950)
15 January
1920
21 January
1920
Democratic 21st
——
72 Domingos Leite Pereira.JPG Domingos Leite Pereira (2nd time)
(1882–1956)
21 January
1920
8 March
1920
Independent 23rd
——
73 Antonio Maria Baptista.jpg António Maria Baptista
(1866–1920)
8 March
1920
6 June
1920 (died)
Democratic 24th
——
74 No image.png José Ramos Preto
(1871–1949)
6 June
1920
26 June
1920
Democratic
——
75 Antonio Maria da Silva.jpg António Maria da Silva
(1872–1950)
26 June
1920
19 July
1920
Democratic
(with the Socialists and Populars)
25th
——
76 António Granjo.JPG António Joaquim Granjo
(1881–1921)
19 July
1920
20 November
1920
Liberal Republican
(with the National Reconstitution
Republicans
)
26th
——
77 Alvaro de Castro1.jpg Álvaro Xavier de Castro
(1878–1928)
20 November
1920
30 November
1920
Democratic
(with National Reconstitution
Republicans
and Populars)
27th
——
78 Liberato Pinto.jpg Liberato Damião Ribeiro Pinto
(1880–1949)
30 November
1920
2 March
1921
Democratic
(with National Reconstitution
Republicans
and Populars)
28th
——
79 Bernardino Machado.jpg Bernardino Luís Machado Guimarães (2nd time)
(1851–1944)
2 March
1921
23 May
1921
Democratic
(with National Reconstitution
Republicans
and Populars)
29th
——
80 Tomé José de Barros Queirós.jpg Tomé José de Barros Queirós
(1872–1925)
23 May
1921
30 August
1921
Liberal Republican 30th
——
81 António Granjo.JPG António Joaquim Granjo (2nd time)
(1881–1921)
30 August
1921
19 October
1921
Liberal Republican 31st
1921
82 Manuel Maria Coelho.png António Manuel Maria Coelho
(1857–1943)
19 October
1921
5 November
1921
Independent 32nd
——
83 Carlos Maia Pinto.jpg Carlos Henrique da Silva Maia Pinto
(1866–1932)
5 November
1921
16 December
1921
Independent 33rd
——
84 Francisco Cunha Leal.jpg Francisco Pinto da Cunha Leal
(1888–1970)
16 December
1921
7 February
1922
Democratic 34th
——
85 Antonio Maria da Silva.jpg António Maria da Silva (2nd time)
(1872–1950)
7 February
1922
15 November
1923
Democratic 35th, 36th, 37th
1922
86 Antonio ginestal machado.jpg António Ginestal Machado
(1874–1940)
15 November
1923
18 December
1923
Nationalist Republican 38th
——
87 Alvaro de Castro1.jpg Álvaro Xavier de Castro (2nd time)
(1878–1928)
18 December
1923
7 July
1924
Nationalist Republican
(with the Democratics)
39th
——
88 Alfredo rodrigues gaspar.jpg Alfredo Rodrigues Gaspar
(1865–1938)
7 July
1924
22 November
1924
Democratic 40th
——
89 Domigues dos santos.jpg José Domingues dos Santos
(1885–1958)
22 November
1924
15 February
1925
Democratic Leftwing Republican 41st
——
90 Vitorino GuimarAes.jpg Vitorino Máximo de Carvalho Guimarães
(1876–1957)
15 February
1925
1 July
1925
Democratic 42nd
——
91 Antonio Maria da Silva.jpg António Maria da Silva (3rd time)
(1872–1950)
1 July
1925
1 August
1925
Democratic 43rd
——
92 Domingos Leite Pereira.JPG Domingos Leite Pereira (3rd time)
(1882–1956)
1 August
1925
18 December
1925
Democratic 44th
——
93 Antonio Maria da Silva.jpg António Maria da Silva (4th time)
(1872–1950)
18 December
1925
30 May
1926
Democratic 45th
1925
28 May 1926 coup d'état.

Second Republic (1926–1974)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Government
Ditadura Nacional – Military Dictatorship (1926–1932)
94 President José Mendes Cabeçadas.jpg José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior
(1883–1965)
30 May
1926
19 June
1926
None 1st Dict.
——
28 May 1926 coup d'état.
95 Gomes da costa.jpg Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa
(1863–1929)
19 June
1926
9 July
1926
None 2nd Dict.
——
96 Carmona.jpg António Óscar Fragoso Carmona
(1869–1951)
9 July
1926
18 April
1928
None 3rd Dict.
——
97 José Vicente de Freitas.JPG José Vicente de Freitas
(1869–1952)
18 April
1928
8 July
1929
None 4th Dict.
5th Dict.
——
98 Artur Ivens Ferraz.jpg Artur Ivens Ferraz
(1870–1933)
8 July
1929
21 January
1930
None 6th Dict.
——
99 Domingos Oliveira.jpg Domingos Augusto Alves da Costa e Oliveira
(1873–1957)
21 January
1930
5 July
1932
National Union 7th Dict.
——
Estado Novo – New State (1932–1974)
100 Antonio Salazar-1.jpg António de Oliveira Salazar
(1889–1970)
5 July
1932
25 September
1968
National Union 8th Dict.
9th Dict.
10th Dict.
1934, 1938, 1942, 1945, 1949, 1953, 1957, 1961, 1965
Dictator; Spanish Civil War; Portugal neutrality during World War II; Marshall Plan; Repression of civil liberties and political freedoms; co-founder of United Nations, NATO, OCDE and EFTA; loss of Portuguese India; Portuguese Colonial War; 1962 Academic Crisis; Replaced after suffering a brain hemorrhage.
101 Marcello caetano.jpg Marcello José das Neves Alves Caetano
(1906–1980)
25 September
1968
25 April
1974
National Union
(in 1970 renamed
People's National Action)
11th Dict.
1969, 1973
Portuguese Colonial War; Carnation Revolution

Third Republic (1974–present)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Government
Provisional Governments of the Revolutionary Period (1974–1976)
-   National Salvation Junta
composed of:
António de Spínola
Francisco da Costa Gomes
Jaime Silvério Marques
Diogo Neto
Carlos Galvão de Melo
José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo
António Rosa Coutinho
25 April
1974
16 May
1974
None
——
102 No image.png Adelino da Palma Carlos
(1905–1992)
16 May
1974
18 July
1974
Independent Prov. I
——
103 Vasco Goncalves 1982 Henrique Matos 01.jpg Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves
(1922–2005)
18 July
1974
19 September
1975
Independent Prov. II
Prov. III
Prov. IV
Prov. V
1975 Cst.
Nationalization of banks and insurance companies after the events of 11 March 1975; Land reform; Introduction of a minimum wage; PREC
104 No image.png José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo
(1917–1983)
19 September
1975
23 June
1976
Independent Prov. VI
——
Coup of 25 November 1975; Approval of the new Constitution.
- No image.png Vasco Fernando Leotte de Almeida e Costa (interim [1])
(1932–2010)
23 June
1976
23 July
1976
Independent
——
Prime Ministers heading Constitutional Governments (1976–Present)
105 Mário Soares par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1978.png Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares
(1924–)
23 July
1976
28 August
1978
Socialist
(from 1977 with the
Democratic and Social Centre)
I
II
1976
First democratically elected prime minister; 1976-1978 economic crisis; International Monetary Fund loan; Submission of the candidacy of Portugal to the EEC.
106 No image.png Alfredo Jorge Nobre da Costa
(1923–1996)
28 August
1978
22 November
1978
Independent (presidential nomination) III
——
107 No image.png Carlos Alberto da Mota Pinto
(1936–1985)
22 November
1978
1 August
1979
Independent (presidential nomination)
(Social Democratic)
IV
——
108 No image.png Maria de Lourdes Ruivo da Silva de Matos Pintasilgo
(1930–2004)
1 August
1979
3 January
1980
Independent (presidential nomination) V
——
Only female Prime Minister of Portugal.
109 Sá Carneiro.jpg Francisco Manuel Lumbrales de Sá Carneiro
(1934–1980)
3 January
1980
4 December
1980 (died)
Democratic Alliance
(Social Democratic)
VI
1979, 1980
First center-right Prime Minister since the Revolution; 1980 Azores Islands earthquake; Died in a tragic plane crash. The accident triggered a number of conspiracy theories.
110 Freitas do Amaral, XV Cimeira Ibero-Americana - Salamanca, Espanha.jpg Diogo Pinto de Freitas do Amaral (interim)
(1941–)
4 December
1980
9 January
1981
Democratic Alliance
(Democratic and Social Centre)
——
Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister under Francisco Sá Carneiro; interim Prime Minister upon Sá Carneiro's death.
111 Pinto Balsemao.jpg Francisco José Pereira Pinto Balsemão
(1937–)
9 January
1981
9 June
1983
Democratic Alliance
(Social Democratic)
VII
VIII
——
1982 constitutional revision.
112 Mário Soares par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1978.png Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares (2nd time)
(1924–)
9 June
1983
6 November
1985
Socialist
(with the Social Democratic Party)
IX
1983
Central Block coalition; Portugal's entry to the EEC; 1983-1985 economic crisis; International Monetary Fund loan; Moimenta-Alcafache train crash.
113 Cavaco Silva 2007.jpg Aníbal António Cavaco Silva
(1939–)
6 November
1985
28 October
1995
Social Democratic X
XI
XII
1985, 1987, 1991
Longest serving prime minister in democracy; economic expansion; privatization of many previously government-owned industries; 1989 and 1992 constitutional revisions; "Secos e molhados" police protests; Maastricht Treaty; end of the Cold War; Early 1990s recession; Riots against tolls on Ponte 25 de Abril.
114 Antonio Guterres 1-1.jpg António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres
(1949–)
28 October
1995
6 April
2002
Socialist XIII
XIV
1995, 1999
Expo 98; Macau handover; East Timor issue; 1997 and 2001 constitutional revisions; Hintze Ribeiro disaster; Portugal joins the European single currency; Resigns after a disastrous result in the 2001 local elections.
115 Jose Manuel Barroso, EU-kommissionens ordforande, under ett mote i Folketinget 2006-05-19 (1).jpg José Manuel Durão Barroso
(1956–)
6 April
2002
17 July
2004
Social Democratic
(with the People's Party)
XV
2002
Prestige disaster; Casa Pia child sexual abuse scandal; Iraq War; UEFA Euro 2004; 2004 constitutional revision; Resigns to become President of the European Commission.
116 Pedro Miguel Santana Lopes.jpg Pedro Miguel de Santana Lopes
(1956–)
17 July
2004
12 March
2005
Social Democratic
(with the People's Party)
XVI
——
Mayor of Lisbon (2002-2004), (2005); Replaced Durão Barroso as Prime Minister; Resigns due to the dissolution of Parliament by the President.
117 Socrates2006-2.jpg José Sócrates de Carvalho Pinto de Sousa
(1957–)
12 March
2005
21 June
2011
Socialist XVII
XVIII
2005, 2009
First time the Socialist Party won an absolute majority; 2005 constitutional revision; 2007 Abortion referendum; Treaty of Lisbon; Independente affair; Face Oculta scandal; Same-sex marriage legislation; 2011 Portuguese protests; 2010–13 Portuguese financial crisis.
118 Passos Coelho EPP2011.jpg Pedro Manuel Mamede Passos Coelho
(1964–)
21 June
2011
Incumbent Social Democratic
(with the People's Party)
XIX
2011
Elected during the 2010–13 Portuguese financial crisis; September 15, 2012 mass protests; European Fiscal Union approval; 2013 governmental crisis and government reshuffle.

Timeline[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]