List of Prime Ministers of Romania

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Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Romanian state, from the establishment of the United Principalities to the present day.

Affiliations[edit]

The political stance of prime ministers prior to the development of a modern party system is given by:

     C (Conservative)      MC (Moderate Conservative)
     RL (Radical Liberal)      ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of prime ministers after the development of a modern party system is given by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party      PC = Conservative Party
     PNR = Romanian National Party      PP = People's Party
     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party      PNȚ = National Peasants' Party
     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party      PNC = National Christian Party
     FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
     FP = Ploughmen's Front
     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
     FSN = National Salvation Front
     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
     PNȚCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party      PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party
     Mil. = Military      Ind. = Independent

Interim officeholders are denoted by italics.

List of officeholders[edit]

From 1859 to 1862, the two Principalities had each its own Government, and a Cabinet, seated in Iași and Bucharest respectively. In 1862 Alexandru Ioan Cuza changed the Constitution and there appeared a single Government and Cabinet, seated in Bucharest.

PM
Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Election Term of office Party Cabinet Cab.
United Principalities
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1862 – 1881
1 Barbu Catargiu
(1807–1862)
Barbu Catargiu2.jpg  ? 15 February 1862 8 June 1862 C B. Catargiu 1
Apostol Arsache
(1789–1869)
interim
Apostolos Arsakis 3.jpg 8 June 1862 23 June 1862 C
2 Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
Nicolae Cretulescu.jpg 24 June 1862 11 October 1863 ML Crețulescu I 2
3 Mihail Kogălniceanu
(1817–1891)
Mihail Kogalniceanu utexas.jpg 1864 11 October 1863 26 January 1865 ML Kogălniceanu 3
4 Constantin Bosianu
(1815–1882)
Constantin Bosianu.jpg 26 January 1865 14 June 1865 ML Bosianu 4
(2) Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
2nd term
Nicolae Cretulescu.jpg 14 June 1865 11 February 1866 ML Crețulescu II 5
5 Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
Ion Ghica 02.jpg Apr.1866 11 February 1866 10 May 1866 ML I. Ghica I 6
6 Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
Lascarcatargiu.jpg 11 May 1866 13 July 1866 C L. Catargiu I 7
(5) Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
2nd term
Ion Ghica 02.jpg Nov.1866 15 July 1866 21 February 1867 ML I. Ghica II 8
7 Constantin A. Crețulescu
(1809–1884)
Constantin Al. Creţulescu.jpg 1 March 1867 4 August 1867 RL C.A. Crețulescu 9
8 Ștefan Golescu
(1809–1874)
Stefan Golescu - foto.jpg 26 November 1867 12 May 1868 RL Ș. Golescu 10
9 Nicolae Golescu
(1810–1877)
Nicolae Golescu desen.png 1 May 1868 15 November 1868 RL N. Golescu 11
10 Dimitrie Ghica
(1816–1897)
Dimitrie Ghica.jpg 16 November 1868 27 January 1870 MC D. Ghica 12
11 Alexandru G. Golescu
(1819–1881)
Alexandru G. Golescu1.jpg 1869 2 February 1870 18 April 1870 ML A.G. Golescu 13
12 Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
Manolache Costache Epureanu.jpg 20 April 1870 14 December 1870 C Epureanu I 14
(5) Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
3rd term
Ion Ghica 02.jpg 18 December 1870 11 March 1871 ML I. Ghica III 15
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
2nd term
Lascarcatargiu.jpg 11 March 1871 30 March 1876 C L. Catargiu II 16
13 Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
Emanoil Ion Florescu 01.jpg 4 April 1876 26 April 1876 C Florescu I 17
(12) Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
2nd term
Manolache Costache Epureanu.jpg 6 May 1876 5 August 1876 PNL Epureanu II 18
14 Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
Ion C. Bratianu 01.png 24 July 1876 24 November 1878 PNL I. Brătianu I 19
25 November 1878 10 July 1879 I. Brătianu II 20
11 July 1879 13 March 1881 I. Brătianu III 21
Kingdom of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1881 – 1947
14 Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
Ion C. Bratianu 01.png 13 March 1881 9 April 1881 PNL I. Brătianu III 21
15 Dimitrie Brătianu
(1818–1892)
Dimitrie Brătianu.png 10 April 1881 8 June 1881 PNL D. Brătianu 22
(14) Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
2nd term
Ion C. Bratianu 01.png 9 June 1881 20 March 1888 PNL I. Brătianu IV 23
16 Theodor Rosetti
(1837–1932)
Teodor Rosetti.jpg 23 March 1888 11 November 1888 PC Rosetti I 24
12 November 1888 22 March 1889 Rosetti II 25
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
3rd term
Lascarcatargiu.jpg 29 March 1889 3 November 1889 PC L. Catargiu III 26
17 Gheorghe Manu
(1833–1911)
Gheorghe Manu.jpg 5 November 1889 15 February 1891 PC Manu 27
(13) Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
2nd term
Emanoil Ion Florescu 01.jpg 2 March 1891 29 December 1891 PC Florescu II 28
(6) Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
4th term
Lascarcatargiu.jpg 29 December 1891 15 October 1895 PC L. Catargiu IV 29
18 Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
Sturdza.jpg 15 October 1895 2 December 1896 PNL Sturdza I 30
19 Petre S. Aurelian
(1833–1909)
Petre S Aurelian.jpg 2 December 1896 12 April 1897 PNL Aurelian I 31
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
2nd term
Sturdza.jpg 12 April 1897 23 April 1899 PNL Sturdza II 32
20 Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
Cantacuzino.jpg 23 April 1899 19 July 1900 PC Cantacuzino I 33
21 Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
Carp (The Road to Romanian Independence).JPG 19 July 1900 13 February 1901 PC Carp I 34
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
3rd term
Sturdza.jpg 27 February 1901 4 January 1906 PNL Sturdza III 35
(20) Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
2nd term
Cantacuzino.jpg 4 January 1906 24 March 1907 PC Cantacuzino II 36
(18) Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
4th term
Sturdza.jpg 24 March 1907 9 January 1909 PNL Sturdza IV 37
22 Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
Iicbratianu.png 9 January 1909 4 March 1909 PNL I.I.C. Brătianu I 38
4 March 1909 28 December 1910 I.I.C. Brătianu II 39
(21) Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
2nd term
Carp (The Road to Romanian Independence).JPG 29 December 1910 28 March 1912 PC Carp II 40
23 Titu Maiorescu
(1840–1917)
Titu Maiorescu - Foto01.jpg 28 March 1912 14 October 1912 PC Maiorescu I 41
14 October 1912 31 December 1913 Maiorescu II 42
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu[a]
(1864–1927)
2nd term
Iicbratianu.png 4 January 1914 10 December 1916 PNL I.I.C. Brătianu III 43
11 December 1916 28 January 1918 I.I.C. Brătianu IV 44
24 Alexandru Averescu[a]
(1859–1938)
Averescu.png 29 January 1918 4 March 1918 Mil. Averescu I 45
25 Alexandru Marghiloman[a]
(1854–1925)
Marghiloman 2.jpg 5 March 1918 23 October 1918 PC Marghiloman 46
26 Constantin Coandă[a]
(1857–1932)
Constantin Coanda.jpg 24 October 1918 29 November 1918 Mil. Coandă 47
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
3rd term
Iicbratianu.png 29 November 1918 26 September 1919 PNL I.I.C. Brătianu V 48
27 Artur Văitoianu
(1864–1956)
ArturVaitoianu.jpg 27 September 1919 30 November 1919 Mil. Văitoianu 49
28 Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
Vaida-Voevod.jpg 1919 1 December 1919 12 March 1920 PNR Vaida I 50
(24) Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
2nd term
Averescu.png 1920 13 March 1920 16 December 1921 PP Averescu II 51
29 Take Ionescu
(1858–1922)
Take jonescu.png 17 December 1921 19 January 1922 PCD Ionescu I 52
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
4th term
Iicbratianu.png 1922 19 January 1922 29 March 1926 PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VI 53
(24) Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
3rd term
Averescu.png 1926 30 March 1926 4 June 1927 PP Averescu III 54
30 Barbu Știrbey
(1873–1946)
Barbu Stirbey.jpg 4 June 1927 20 June 1927 Ind. Știrbey 55
(22) Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
5th term
Iicbratianu.png 1927 21 June 1927 24 November 1927 PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VII 56
31 Vintilă Brătianu
(1867–1930)
Vintila Bratianu - Foto01.jpg 24 November 1927 9 November 1928 PNL V. Brătianu 57
32 Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg 1928 10 November 1928 6 June 1930 PNȚ Maniu I 58
33 Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
Mironescu.PNG 7 June 1930 12 June 1930 PNȚ Mironescu I 59
(32) Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
2nd term
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg 13 June 1930 9 October 1930 PNȚ Maniu II 60
(33) Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
2nd term
Mironescu.PNG 10 October 1930 17 April 1931 PNȚ Mironescu II 61
34 Nicolae Iorga
(1871–1940)
Iorga at his desk Luceaferul 2, 1914.jpg 1931 18 April 1931 5 June 1932 PND Iorga 62
(28) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
2nd term
Vaida-Voevod.jpg 1932 6 June 1932 10 August 1932 PNȚ Vaida II 63
11 August 1932 19 October 1932 Vaida III 64
(32) Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
3rd term
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg 20 October 1932 13 January 1933 PNȚ Maniu III 65
(28) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
3rd term
Vaida-Voevod.jpg 14 January 1933 13 November 1933 PNȚ Vaida IV 66
35 Ion G. Duca
(1879–1933)
Ion Gheorghe Duca - Foto02.jpg 1933 14 November 1933 29 December 1933 PNL Duca 67
Constantin Angelescu
(1870–1948)
interim
Constantin Angelescu.jpg 29 December 1933 3 January 1934 PNL
36 Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
Gheorghe Tătărescu.jpg 4 January 1934 1 October 1934 PNL Tătărescu I 68
2 October 1934 28 August 1936 Tătărescu II 69
29 August 1936 14 November 1937 Tătărescu III 70
17 November 1937 28 December 1937 Tătărescu IV 71
37 Octavian Goga
(1881–1938)
Octavian Goga.jpg 1937 29 December 1937 10 February 1938 PNC Goga 72
38 Patriarch Miron Cristea
(1868–1939)
Miron Cristia patriach of Romania.JPG 11 February 1938 29 March 1938 Ind. Cristea I 73
30 March 1938 31 January 1939 Cristea II 74
1 February 1939 6 March 1939 Cristea III 75
39 Armand Călinescu
(1893–1939)
Armand Calinescu.jpg 1939 7 March 1939 21 September 1939 FRN Călinescu 76
40 Gheorghe Argeșanu
(1883–1940)
Argeseanu Gheorghe2.jpg 21 September 1939 28 September 1939 FRN Argeșanu 77
41 Constantin Argetoianu
(1871–1955)
Argeto.jpg 28 September 1939 23 November 1939 FRN Argetoianu 78
(36) Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
2nd term
Gheorghe Tătărescu.jpg 24 November 1939 10 May 1940 FRN Tătărescu V 79
11 May 1940 3 July 1940 Tătărescu VI 80
42 Ion Gigurtu
(1886–1959)
Ion Gigurtu.jpg 4 July 1940 4 September 1940 FRN Gigurtu 81
43 Ion Antonescu[b]
(1882–1946)
Ion antonescu.png 4 September 1940 14 September 1940 Mil. Antonescu I 82
14 September 1940 24 January 1941 Antonescu II 83
27 January 1941 23 August 1944 Antonescu III 84
44 Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
ConstantinSanatescu.jpg 23 August 1944 3 November 1944 Mil. Sănătescu I 85
4 November 1944 5 December 1944 Sănătescu II 86
45 Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
Nicolae Radescu.jpg 6 December 1944 28 February 1945 Mil. Rădescu 87
46 Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
Petru Groza joben.jpg 6 March 1945 30 November 1946 FP Groza I 88
1946 1 December 1946 29 December 1947 Groza II 89
Romanian People's Republic/Socialist Republic of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers (informally Prime Ministers)
1947 – 1989
46 Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
Petru Groza joben.jpg 30 December 1947 14 April 1948 FP Groza III 90
1948 15 April 1948 2 June 1952 Groza IV 91
47 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
(1901–1965)
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej1.jpg 2 June 1952 28 January 1953 PMR Gheorghiu-Dej I 92
1952 28 January 1953 4 October 1955 Gheorghiu-Dej II 93
48 Chivu Stoica
(1908–1975)
Chivu Stoica.jpg 4 October 1955 19 March 1957 PMR Stoica I 94
1957 20 March 1957 20 March 1961 Stoica II 95
49 Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
Ion Gheorghe Maurer.jpg 1961 21 March 1961 17 March 1965 PCR Maurer I 96
1965 18 March 1965 20 August 1965 Maurer II 97
21 August 1965 8 December 1967 Maurer III 98
9 December 1967 12 March 1969 Maurer IV 99
1969 13 March 1969 27 February 1974 Maurer V 100
50 Manea Mănescu
(1916–2009)
Manea Manescu.jpg 27 February 1974 18 March 1975 PCR Mănescu I 101
1975 18 March 1975 30 March 1979 Mănescu II 102
51 Ilie Verdeț
(1925–2001)
Ilie Verdet.jpg 30 March 1979 29 March 1980 PCR Verdeț I 103
1980 29 March 1980 20 May 1982 Verdeț II 104
52 Constantin Dăscălescu
(1923–2003)
Constantin Dascalescu.jpg 21 May 1982 28 March 1985 PCR Dăscălescu I 105
1985 29 March 1985 22 December 1989 Dăscălescu II 106
Romania since 1989
53 Petre Roman[c]
(1946– )
Petre Roman.jpg 26 December 1989 28 June 1990 FSN Roman I 107
1990 28 June 1990 30 April 1991 Roman II 108
30 April 1991 16 October 1991 Roman III 109
54 Theodor Stolojan
(1943– )
Theodor Stolojan1.jpg 16 October 1991 19 November 1992 FSN Stolojan I 110
55 Nicolae Văcăroiu
(1943– )
Nicolae Văcăroiu.jpg 1992 19 November 1992 11 December 1996 PDSR Văcăroiu I 111
56 Victor Ciorbea
(1954– )
1996 12 December 1996 17 April 1998 PNȚCD Ciorbea I 112
Gavril Dejeu
(1932– )
interim
No image.svg 30 March 1998 17 April 1998 PNȚCD
57 Radu Vasile
(1942–2013)
17 April 1998 22 December 1999 PNȚCD Vasile I 113
Alexandru Athanasiu
(1955– )
interim
No image.svg 13 December 1999 22 December 1999 PSDR
58 Mugur Isărescu
(1949– )
22 December 1999 28 December 2000 Ind. Isărescu I 114
59 Adrian Năstase
(1950– )
Adrian Năstase.jpg 2000 28 December 2000 21 December 2004 PDSR/PSD Năstase I 115
Eugen Bejinariu
(1959– )
interim
No image.svg 21 December 2004 28 December 2004 PSD
60 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
(1952– )
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu at a government meeting.jpg 2004 29 December 2004 5 April 2007 PNL Tăriceanu I 116
5 April 2007 22 December 2008 Tăriceanu II 117
61 Emil Boc
(1966– )
BocSpeaking1.jpg 2008 22 December 2008 23 December 2009 PD-L Boc Cabinets 118
23 December 2009 6 February 2012 119
Cătălin Predoiu
(1968– )
interim
No image.svg 6 February 2012 9 February 2012 Ind.
62 Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
(1968– )
Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu.jpg 9 February 2012 7 May 2012 Ind. Ungureanu 120
63 Victor Ponta
(1972– )
Wiki ponta.jpg 7 May 2012 21 December 2012 PSD Ponta I 121
2012 21 December 2012 26 February 2014 Ponta II 122
5 March 2014 Incumbent Ponta III 123

Romania used the Julian calendar until 1919, but all dates are given in the Gregorian calendar.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Due to World War I, served in refuge at Iași, 3 December 1916 – 29 November 1918
  2. ^ From 14 September 1940, styled Conducător
  3. ^ Interim until 20 June 1990, following elections

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nicolae C. Nicolescu, Șefii de stat și de guvern ai României (1859–2003), Editura Meronia, Bucharest, 2003
  • Stelian Neagoe, Istoria guvernelor României de la începuturi – 1859 până în zilele noastre – 1995, Editura Machiavelli, Bucharest, 1995

External links[edit]